Events in History on June 15

  • 763 BC Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history
  • 923 Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1094 Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar [El Cid] occupies Valencia on the Moren

Spanish National Hero El Cid
Spanish National Hero
El Cid
  • 1184 Magnus V Erlingsson, King of Norway (1156–1184), dies in the Battle of Fimreite

Historic PublicationMagna Carta

1215 King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor, England
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  • 1219 King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark

DenmarkDannebrog - The World's Oldest National Flag

1219 Dannebrog is the flag of Denmark and the oldest national flag in the world. According to legend, it fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse (now Tallinn) in Estonia, and turned the Danes' luck
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  • 1246 Battle at Leitha: Hungary-Austrian
  • 1246 With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria
  • 1389 Battle of Kosovo; Turks defeat Serbs
  • 1567 Battle at Carberry, Scotland: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army
  • 1567 Republic of Genoa expels Jews from its whole territory
  • 1580 Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1626 King Charles I disbands English parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1643 Able Tasman returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
  • 1667 1st fully documented human blood transfusion is performed by French physician, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, when a small amount of sheep blood is transfused into a 15-year old boy, who survives the procedure

  • 1741 Captain Vitus Bering leaves Petropavlovsk, sailing to America
  • 1762 Austria uses 1st paper currency

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, the day after Congress establishes the force

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • 1785 2 French balloonists die in world's 1st fatal aviation accident
  • 1802 Toussaint L'Ouverture leaves Haiti, prisoner on French ship Héros
  • 1804 Twelfth Amendment to the US Constitution, establishing the procedure for electing the President and Vice President, ratified in Congress
  • 1808 Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain
  • 1826 Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army
  • 1834 Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
  • 1836 Arkansas becomes 25th state of the Union

InventionHistoric Invention

1844 Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber

Chemist and Inventor Charles Goodyear
Chemist and Inventor
Charles Goodyear
  • 1846 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N
  • 1851 Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • 1857 San Francisco Water Works organized
  • 1859 Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers
  • 1860 1st White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
  • 1861 Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Jeb Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan"

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1863 Second Battle at Winchester Virginia, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualties
  • 1864 -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Petersburg begins as General Ulysses S. Grant assaults the Confederate line at the important Southern rail center of Petersburg

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1864 Capt Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia
  • 1864 US Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Robert E. Lee's home area (Arlington, Virginia) becomes a military cemetery

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

  • 1866 Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1867 Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana
  • 1869 World's 1st plastic Celluloid is patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
  • 1869 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
  • 1871 Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
  • 1876 Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention
  • 1876 Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1887 Carlisle D Graham survives 2nd ride in Niagara waterfall in barrel
  • 1887 Stanley's expedition reaches Yambuya waterfalls Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Stockbroker's Clerk" (BG)
  • 1896 Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku, Japan; 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured and 13,000 houses destroyed
  • 1897 Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
  • 1898 US House of Representatives passes resolution to annex Hawaii
  • 1898 US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • 1902 Canada's Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
  • 1903 The Serbian Assembly meets and elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king
  • 1904 Side-wheeler passenger paddlesteamer "General Slocum" burns in NY's East River (1,031 die)
  • 1907 The 2nd Hague Peace Conference meets in an attempt to stop the arms race; Germany resists, but conference does make important rules around the rights of neutral powers

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1907 Researcher George Soper publishes the results of his investigation into recent typhoid outbreaks in the New York area and announces that Mary Mallon [Typhoid Mary] is the likely source of the outbreak

  • 1908 World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam
  • 1911 Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
  • 1913 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes
  • 1915 US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo
  • 1916 Boys Scouts of America forms
  • 1917 In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to the Prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916
  • 1918 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
  • 1919 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
  • 1920 African American circus workers, Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie are taken from jail and lynched by a white mob of thousands in Duluth, Minnesota
  • 1921 Bessie Coleman reaches France as US 1st black pilot
  • 1923 Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post and railroad strike
  • 1924 1st transmission of radio Bloemendaal

Historic InventionModel T

1924 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth automobile
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 J. Edgar Hoover assumes leadership of the FBI

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1925 Philadelphia As go into bottom of 8th inning trailing 15-4, then score 13 times to defeat Cleveland 17-15
  • 1926 7th French government of Briand falls
  • 1929 1st time NY curb stock exchange transacts more business than NY Exch
  • 1931 Poland and USSR sign friendship and trade treaty
  • 1934 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
  • 1940 38 Italian Fiat bombers bomb Luc-en-Province
  • 1940 Bread & flour rationed in Holland
  • 1940 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris
  • 1940 Soviet Army occupies Lithuania
  • 1943 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • 1944 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
  • 1945 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • 1949 Phils Eddie Waitkus, shot by Ruth Steinhagen, 19, at Eddgewater Hotel
  • 1950 Dutch police seize condoms
  • 1953 Browns end Yankees win streak at 18 & Browns 14-game losing streak
  • 1953 Johnny Mize is 93rd player to get 2,000 hits
  • 1953 NYC Transit Authority forms
  • 1954 Great Britain's 2 biggest steel factories nationalized
  • 1954 UEFA (Union des Associations Européennes de Football) is formed in Basle, Switzerland
  • 1955 Australia score 8-758 v West Indies at Kingston, their best ever

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual "Operation Alert" (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA's preparations for a nuclear attack

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1957 42.01 cm (16.54") of rainfall, East St Louis, Ill (state record)
  • 1957 Yanks trade Billy Martin & Ralph Terry for Ryne Duran
  • 1961 Expansion Washington Senators are 30-30, latest date an expansion team will be at .500, Washington will lose their next 10 games
  • 1962 South Africa passes a bill setting death penalty for many crimes
  • 1962 Students for a Democratic Society complete the Port Huron Statement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1964 Last French troops leave Algeria
  • 1965 South Africa begins economic boycott of Dutch products

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Governor Reagan signs liberalized California abortion bill

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1969 The Campaign for Social Justice publish a second edition of 'Northern Ireland The Plain Truth' which set out the allegations of discrimination against Catholics by Unionists in the region
  • 1971 Vernon E Jordan Jr, appointed exec director of National Urban League
  • 1972 Rock fall inside Vierzy Tunnel (France) causes 2 train crash; 107 die
  • 1972 West German police arrested RAF leader Ulrike Meinhof

  • 1972 The Social Democratic and Labour Party meet Secretary of State for Northern Ireland W Whitelaw, to present the IRA's conditions for a meeting

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1974 "All the President's Men" by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward detailing their Watergate investigation is published by Simon and Schuster in the US

Investigative Reporter Carl Bernstein
Investigative Reporter
Carl Bernstein
  • 1976 Yankees trade May, Martinez, Pagan, MacGregor & Demsey to Baltimore for Holtzman, Alexander, Grant Jackson, Elrod Henrick & Jim Freeman
  • 1977 Spain's 1st free elections since 1936 (41 years)
  • 1977 Wim Polak becomes mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1978 Belgian government resigns
  • 1978 Italy's pres Leone resigns due to Lockheed affair
  • 1978 Soyuz 29 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6; they stay 139 days
  • 1979 1st space shuttle SRB qualification test firing; 122 seconds
  • 1982 Riots in Argentina after Falklands/Malvinas defeat
  • 1982 Supreme Court rules all children, regardless of citizenship, are entitled to a public education
  • 1983 Supreme Court struck down state and local restrictions on abortion
  • 1984 "Thicke Of The Night" TV Talk Show last airs in syndication
  • 1984 Thomas Hearns KOs Roberto Duran
  • 1985 En route to Halley's Comet, USSR's Vega 2 drops lander on Venus
  • 1985 Russian space probe Vega 2 lands on Venus
  • 1985 Rembrandt's painting Danaë is attacked by man later judged insane; he throws sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with his knife
  • 1987 Bettino Craxi's Socialist Party wins election in Italy
  • 1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-213
  • 1988 Turkish premier Özal meets Greek premier Papandreou in Athens
  • 1990 "Dick Tracy" with Warren Beatty & Madonna premieres
  • 1991 Carolyn Tanny & Bob Trischel wed
  • 1991 Climactic eruption of the Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines, the second-largest volcanic eruption on Earth of the 20th century
  • 1991 Birth of the first federal political party in Canada that supports Quebec nationalism, le Bloc Québécois
  • 1992 1st Berlin Air Show in 60 years
  • 1992 Erie Sailors (Fla Marlin farm team) 1st game beat Jamestown 6-5 in 13
  • 1992 Ghana Airways inaugurates flights to JFK Airport (NYC)
  • 1992 Jeff Reardon breaks Rollie Fingers' save record with #342
  • 1992 Dan Quayle, relying on faulty card, erroneously instructs Trenton NJ, elementary student to spell "potato," "potatoe" during spelling bee
  • 1995 Mark Ilott takes 9-19 incl all lbw hat-trick, Essex v Northants
  • 1995 Northants all out 46 v Essex & wins game next day
  • 1996 IRA bomb in Manchester wrecks city centre at 11.17am, injuring 200
  • 2001 ExxonMobil and Qatar Petroleum sign a letter of intent for a natural gas to liquids (GTL) project that would be the largest in the world
  • 2002 Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon
  • 2008 62nd Tony Awards: In the Heights & August: Osage County win
  • 2012 Apple I computer sells for a record $374,500
  • 2012 Five Dutch banks, including ING, receive credit rating downgrades of one or two notches
  • 2014 Juan Manuel Santos is reelected President of Columbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Jeb Bush, Governor of Florida, announces he will run for the US Presidency in Miami

US Governor Jeb Bush
US Governor
Jeb Bush
  • 2015 Remains of a 2,000 year old women dubbed "the sleeping beauty" are announced discovered in Northern Ethiopia from ancient kingdom of Aksum
  • 2015 800 year anniversary of "the birthplace of modern democracy", the signing of the Magna Carta by King John at Runymede, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Real estate mogul Donald Trump launches his campaign for US President

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Scotland Yard launches criminal inquiry and British Prime Minister Theresa May announces a public inquiry a day after the Grenfell Tower fire

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
  • 2017 New record set for price of a parking lot in Hong Kong - $664,000
  • 2017 Rebel Wilson win defamation case against Bauer Media at The Supreme Court of Victoria in Melbourne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Physicist Stephen Hawking's ashes are interred in Westminster Abbey, London, between the remains of Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Theranos founder Elizabeth Holmes charged with fraud over company's blood tests

Entrepreneur and CEO of Theranos Elizabeth Holmes
Entrepreneur and CEO of Theranos
Elizabeth Holmes
  • 2018 Glasgow School of Art, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh burns down, four years after a previous fire