Events in History on June 15

  • 763 BC Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history
  • 778 Willibald, Abbot of Heidenheim, dictates his pilgrimage to the Holy Land fifty years before, to nun Hugburc, who records this and biographies of Willibald and his brother - the first known English woman writer [1]
  • 923 Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy

Historic Event

1094 Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar [El Cid] occupies Valencia on the Moren

  • 1184 Magnus V Erlingsson, King of Norway (1156–1184), dies in the Battle of Fimreite

Dannebrog - World's Oldest National Flag

1219 Dannebrog is the flag of Denmark and the oldest national flag in the world. According to legend, it fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse (now Tallinn) in Estonia, and turned the Danes' luck

  • 1219 King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark
  • 1246 Battle at Leitha: Hungary-Austrian
  • 1246 With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria
  • 1567 Battle at Carberry, Scotland: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army
  • 1567 Republic of Genoa expels Jews from its whole territory
  • 1580 Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.
  • 1598 Battle of San Juan: British forces led by Sir George Clifford attack Spanish-held San Juan, capturing the citadel El Moro and holding for 65 days [1]

Historic Event

1626 King Charles I disbands English parliament

  • 1643 Able Tasman returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
  • 1667 1st fully documented human blood transfusion is performed by French physician, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, when a small amount of sheep blood is transfused into a 15-year old boy, who survives the procedure
  • 1715 Ottoman army lands at Acrocorinth, beginning their reconquest of the Morea (Peloponnese)
  • 1741 Captain Vitus Bering leaves Petropavlovsk, sailing to America
  • 1762 Austria uses 1st paper currency

Appointment of Interest

1775 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, the day after Congress establishes the force

  • 1785 2 French balloonists die in world's 1st fatal aviation accident

Historic Event

1802 Toussaint Louverture leaves Haiti, prisoner on French ship Héros

  • 1804 Twelfth Amendment to the US Constitution, establishing the procedure for electing the President and Vice President, ratified in Congress
  • 1808 Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain

Historic Event

1826 Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army

  • 1834 Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
  • 1836 Arkansas becomes 25th state of the Union

Historic Expedition

1842 John C. Frémont sets off from Kansas River on his first expedition of the Oregon Trail with frontierman Kit Carson as his guide

Historic Invention

1844 Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber

  • 1846 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N
  • 1851 Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • 1857 San Francisco Water Works organized
  • 1859 Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers
  • 1860 1st White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
  • 1861 Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry

Historic Event

1862 Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan"

  • 1863 Second Battle at Winchester Virginia, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualties
  • 1864 -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia

Battle of Interest

1864 Battle of Petersburg begins as General Ulysses S. Grant assaults the Confederate line at the important Southern rail center of Petersburg

  • 1864 Capt Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia

Historic Event

1864 Robert E. Lee's home area (Arlington, Virginia) becomes a military cemetery

  • 1864 US Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
  • 1866 Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1867 Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana
  • 1869 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout

Historic Invention

1869 World's 1st plastic celluloid is patented by John Wesley Hyatt in Albany, NY

  • 1871 Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
  • 1876 Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention
  • 1876 Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000

Historic Event

1877 Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

  • 1887 Carlisle D Graham survives 2nd ride in Niagara waterfall in barrel
  • 1887 Stanley's expedition reaches Yambuya waterfalls Congo

Historic Event

1888 Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany

  • 1896 Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku, Japan; 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured and 13,000 houses destroyed
  • 1897 Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
  • 1898 US House of Representatives passes resolution to annex Hawaii
  • 1898 US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • 1902 Canada's Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
  • 1903 The Serbian Assembly meets and elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king
  • 1904 Side-wheeler passenger paddlesteamer "General Slocum" burns in NY's East River (1,031 die)

Historic Publication

1907 Researcher George Soper publishes the results of his investigation into recent typhoid outbreaks in the New York area and announces that Mary Mallon [Typhoid Mary] is the likely source of the outbreak

  • 1907 The 2nd Hague Peace Conference meets in an attempt to stop the arms race; Germany resists, but conference does make important rules around the rights of neutral powers
  • 1908 World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam
  • 1911 Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
  • 1913 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes
  • 1915 US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo

Historic Event

1916 Boeing Model 1 [B & W Seaplane], the 1st Boeing product, flies for the 1st time

  • 1916 Boys Scouts of America forms
  • 1917 In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to the Prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916
  • 1918 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
  • 1919 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
  • 1920 African American circus workers, Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie are taken from jail and lynched by a white mob of thousands in Duluth, Minnesota

Historic Event

1921 Bessie Coleman earns her pilot license in France becoming the 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold one

  • 1923 Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post and railroad strike
  • 1924 1st transmission of radio Bloemendaal

Model T

1924 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth automobile

Historic Event

1924 J. Edgar Hoover assumes leadership of the FBI

  • 1925 Philadelphia As go into bottom of 8th inning trailing 15-4, then score 13 times to defeat Cleveland 17-15

Historic Event

1926 7th French government of Aristide Briand falls

  • 1929 1st time NY curb stock exchange transacts more business than NY Exch
  • 1931 Poland and USSR sign friendship and trade treaty
  • 1934 Great Smokey Mountains National Park on the border between North Carolina and Tennessee is dedicated
  • 1940 38 Italian Fiat bombers bomb Luc-en-Province
  • 1940 Bread & flour rationed in Holland
  • 1940 Soviet Army occupies Lithuania
  • 1940 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris
  • 1943 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • 1943 Race riot in Beaumont, Texas erupts killing 2
  • 1944 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
  • 1945 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • 1949 Phils Eddie Waitkus, shot by Ruth Steinhagen, 19, at Eddgewater Hotel
  • 1950 Dutch police seize condoms
  • 1953 NYC Transit Authority forms
  • 1954 Great Britain's 2 biggest steel factories nationalized
  • 1954 UEFA (Union des Associations Européennes de Football) is formed in Basle, Switzerland
  • 1955 Australia score 8-758 v West Indies at Kingston, their best ever

Historic Event

1955 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual "Operation Alert" (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA's preparations for a nuclear attack

  • 1957 42.01 cm (16.54") of rainfall, East St Louis, Ill (state record)
  • 1959 Galapagos Islands are made Ecuador's first national park, banning the capture of species [1]

'The Banality of Evil'

1960 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichmann

  • 1961 Expansion Washington Senators are 30-30, latest date an expansion team will be at .500, Washington will lose their next 10 games
  • 1962 South Africa passes a bill setting death penalty for many crimes
  • 1962 Students for a Democratic Society complete the Port Huron Statement

Historic Event

1963 Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns

  • 1964 Last French troops leave Algeria
  • 1965 South Africa begins economic boycott of Dutch products
  • 1966 Mexican record temperature of 52.5 °C (126.5 °F) in the shade is recorded in San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora

Historic Event

1967 Governor Reagan signs liberalized California abortion bill

  • 1969 The Campaign for Social Justice publish a second edition of 'Northern Ireland The Plain Truth' which set out the allegations of discrimination against Catholics by Unionists in the region
  • 1971 Vernon E Jordan Jr, appointed exec director of National Urban League
  • 1972 Rock fall inside Vierzy Tunnel (France) causes 2 train crash; 107 die
  • 1972 The Social Democratic and Labour Party meet Secretary of State for Northern Ireland W Whitelaw, to present the IRA's conditions for a meeting
  • 1972 West German police arrested RAF leader Ulrike Meinhof

Historic Publication

1974 "All the President's Men" by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward detailing their Watergate investigation is published by Simon and Schuster in the US

  • 1977 Spain's 1st free elections since 1936 (41 years)
  • 1977 Wim Polak becomes mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1978 Belgian government resigns
  • 1978 Italy's pres Leone resigns due to Lockheed affair
  • 1978 Soyuz 29 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6; they stay 139 days
  • 1979 1st space shuttle SRB qualification test firing; 122 seconds
  • 1982 Riots occur in Argentina after the country is defeated in the Falklands Island War
  • 1982 Supreme Court rules all children, regardless of citizenship, are entitled to a public education
  • 1983 Supreme Court struck down state and local restrictions on abortion
  • 1984 "Thicke Of The Night" TV Talk Show last airs in syndication
  • 1985 En route to Halley's Comet, USSR's Vega 2 drops lander on Venus
  • 1985 Rembrandt's painting Danaë is attacked by man later judged insane; he throws sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with his knife
  • 1985 Russian space probe Vega 2 lands on Venus
  • 1987 Bettino Craxi's Socialist Party wins election in Italy
  • 1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-213
  • 1988 Turkish premier Özal meets Greek premier Papandreou in Athens
  • 1991 Birth of the first federal political party in Canada that supports Quebec nationalism, le Bloc Québécois
  • 1991 Climactic eruption of the Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines, the second-largest volcanic eruption on Earth of the 20th century
  • 1992 1st Berlin Air Show in 60 years
  • 1992 Dan Quayle, relying on faulty card, erroneously instructs Trenton NJ, elementary student to spell "potato," "potatoe" during spelling bee
  • 1992 Erie Sailors (Fla Marlin farm team) 1st game beat Jamestown 6-5 in 13
  • 1992 Ghana Airways inaugurates flights to JFK Airport (NYC)
  • 1995 Mark Ilott takes 9-19 incl all lbw hat-trick, Essex v Northants
  • 1995 Northants all out 46 v Essex & wins game next day
  • 1996 IRA bomb in Manchester wrecks city centre at 11.17am, injuring 200
  • 2001 ExxonMobil and Qatar Petroleum sign a letter of intent for a natural gas to liquids (GTL) project that would be the largest in the world
  • 2002 Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon
  • 2006 Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument (Papahānaumokuākea) established, at 582,578 square miles one of the largest marine conservation areas in the world [1]
  • 2008 62nd Tony Awards: In the Heights & August: Osage County win
  • 2012 Apple I computer sells for a record $374,500
  • 2012 Five Dutch banks, including ING, receive credit rating downgrades of one or two notches
  • 2014 Juan Manuel Santos is reelected President of Columbia

Historic Event

2015 800 year anniversary of "the birthplace of modern democracy", the signing of the Magna Carta by King John at Runymede, England

Historic Event

2015 Jeb Bush, Governor of Florida, announces he will run for the US Presidency in Miami

  • 2015 Remains of a 2,000 year old women dubbed "the sleeping beauty" are announced discovered in Northern Ethiopia from ancient kingdom of Aksum
  • 2017 New record set for price of a parking lot in Hong Kong - $664,000
  • 2017 Rebel Wilson win defamation case against Bauer Media at The Supreme Court of Victoria in Melbourne

Historic Event

2017 Scotland Yard launches criminal inquiry and British Prime Minister Theresa May announces a public inquiry a day after the Grenfell Tower fire

  • 2018 Glasgow School of Art, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh burns down, four years after a previous fire

Historic Event

2018 Physicist Stephen Hawking's ashes are interred in Westminster Abbey, London, between the remains of Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin

Historic Event

2018 Theranos founder Elizabeth Holmes charged with fraud over company's blood tests

  • 2020 In landmark decision US Supreme Court rules 6-3 that gay and transgender workers cannot be discriminated against in the workplace
  • 2020 New COVID-19 cluster of more than 100 cases in Beijing called a 'significant event' by WHO

Historic Event

2020 Philippines journalist and 'Time Person of the Year' Maria Ressa found guilty of cyber libel in Manila amid claims charges politically motivated

  • 2021 North Korean leader Kim Jong Un warns of possible food shortages and COVID-19 restrictions while addressing national conference

COVID-19 Pandemic

2021 NY Governor Andrew Cuomo announces a "return to life as we know it" lifting all COVID-19 restrictions after the state passes 70% vaccinated with one dose

  • 2021 US death toll from COVID-19 tops 600,000 (Johns Hopkins), with 65% of adults vaccinated with at least one dose
  • 2022 Black Death, the 14th century plague, originated in Kyrgyzstan, according to new DNA research taken from burials at Lake Issyk Kul [1]
  • 2022 US Federal Reserve raises interest rates by 0.75, the largest increase since 1994 in attempt to control rising inflation [1]