Events in History on June 16

  • 632 Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era
  • 1487 Battle of Stoke, Nottinghamshire: Henry VII beats John de la Pole & Lord Lovell

Historic Event

1567 Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison, Scotland

  • 1624 Virginia becomes an English crown colony following the bankruptcy of the London Company

Historic Event

1673 Peace of Vossem: French King Louis XIV and Frederik Willem of Brandenburg

  • 1745 British fleet occupies Cape Breton on St Lawrence River
  • 1746 Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish and French army
  • 1755 British capture Fort Beauséjour, expel Acadians
  • 1774 Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • 1779 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of France and the USA, starting the Great Siege of Gibraltar which goes on to last 3 years, 7 months and 2 weeks

Victory in Battle

1779 US General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, New York, inflicting heavy losses on the British

  • 1784 Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes
  • 1794 1st stone laid at biggest Dutch grain windmill De Walvisch in Schiedam
  • 1815 Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French

Victory in Battle

1815 French army under Napoleon defeats Prussia in the Battle of Ligny, Napoleon's last military victory

  • 1822 Denmark Vesey (aka Telemaque) Black American carpenter accused of planning a slave rebellion in South Carolina; tried and convicted, later executed by hanging
  • 1823 King Willem I opens shipyard at Rotterdam-Antwerp
  • 1832 Battle of Kellogg's Grove, Illinois - Illinois militia fight small force of Native Americans
  • 1836 London Working Men's Association forms

Historic Event

1858 Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand" accepting Illinois Republican Party's nomination for the Senate

  • 1861 Battle of Vienna, Virginia and Secessionville, South Carolina (James Island)
  • 1864 Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia; Confederate troops fend off forces of Union general David Hunter
  • 1864 Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • 1871 Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
  • 1871 The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology
  • 1873 US President Ulysses Grant decrees a portion of Wallowa Valley, Oregon for Nez-Percé Indians; order rescinded two years later and tribe forcibly re-located to Oklahoma
  • 1881 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 1882 17" hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs fall in Dubuque Iowa
  • 1883 The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
  • 1884 1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY)

Historic Event

1891 John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister

  • 1893 German-American F.W. Rueckheim introduces "Cracker Jack" brand snack food consisting of caramel-coated popcorn and peanuts
  • 1896 Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, California
  • 1897 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later
  • 1898 China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei
  • 1900 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks

Historic Event

1903 Ford Motors under Henry Ford incorporates

  • 1903 Pepsi Cola company forms
  • 1903 Reichstag elections with gains for the Social Democratic Party of Germany

Historic Event

1903 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway

Historic Event

1904 Bloomsday (date of events in James Joyce's novel "Ulysses")

  • 1904 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland

Historic Event

1907 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities

Republican Party

1908 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor

  • 1909 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000
  • 1911 A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn
  • 1913 South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans
  • 1915 The foundation of the British Women's Institute
  • 1916 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • 1916 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • 1917 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • 1922 Henry Berliner demonstrates his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics
  • 1922 Irish republicans are beaten in a national election; the vote is in favor of the Treaty of London, which leaves the Irish Free State as a dominion within the British Commonwealth

Historic Event

1923 Sun Yat Sen founds Chinese military academy

  • 1924 South Africa all out 30 v England in 48 minutes, Gilligan 6-7
  • 1925 The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, is established
  • 1925 The Union Government rejects a round-table conference with India on the grounds that it will constitute interference in South African affairs
  • 1930 Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR
  • 1931 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • 1932 Germany forbids SA/SS-gang fights

Presidential Convention

1932 US President Herbert Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis renominated by Republican Convention

  • 1933 US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) created
  • 1933 US National Industrial Recovery Act becomes law (later struck down)

Historic Event

1936 Pope Pius XI receives Anton Mussert (Dutch Nazi collaborator)

  • 1940 Communist government installed in Lithuania
  • 1940 General De Gaulle arrives in Bordeaux
  • 1941 1st US federally owned airport opened Washington, D.C.

George Stinney is Executed

1944 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

  • 1944 Iceland adopts constitution

Historic Event

1944 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

  • 1944 US bombs Kyushu, Japan
  • 1947 1st network news-Dumont's "News from Washington"
  • 1947 Pravda denounces Marshall Plan
  • 1949 Gas turbine-electric locomotive demonstrated at Erie, Pennsylvania
  • 1952 Soviet Fighters shoot Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight down
  • 1954 Dutch military conscription shortened from 20 to 18 months

Election of Interest

1954 Ngô Đình Diệm elected Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam)

Historic Event

1955 Pope Pius XII ex-communicates Argentine President Juan Perón

  • 1957 French offensive in Algeria
  • 1958 Government troops land on North-Celebes Indonesia
  • 1959 South African Apartheid government efforts to remove Black people from Cato Manor close to the Durban city center to newly established black township Kwa Mashu, on outskirts met with violent resistance

Historic Event

1960 President Eisenhower cancels trip to Japan

  • 1961 Reconnaissance satellite Discoverer 25 launched from the US
  • 1962 2 US army officers killed in Saigon

Historic Event

1963 Levi Eshkol replaces David Ben-Gurion as Israeli Prime Minister

Historic Event

1963 Soviet space mission Vostok 6 is launched with Valentina Tereshkova onboard, who becomes the 1st woman in space

  • 1964 Quake strikes Niigata, Japan
  • 1966 20th Tony Awards: Marat/Sade & Man of La Mancha win
  • 1969 US Supreme Court rules suspension of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr from House of Representatives violated Article I of the Constitution by citing reasons beyond the exclusive list of qualifications in the article [1]
  • 1970 Kenneth A. Gibson elected 1st black mayor of Newark, New Jersey
  • 1970 Race riots in Miami, Florida
  • 1971 Racial disturbance in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1972 The largest single-site hydro-electric power project in Canada starts at Churchill Falls, Labrador
  • 1975 Italy's Communist party PCI, wins
  • 1975 Randy Farland finds a 14-leaf clover near Sioux Falls, South Dakota
  • 1975 US Supreme Court rules uniform minimum legal fees are a violation
  • 1976 Soweto Uprising: Over 10,000 students in Soweto, South Africa, march against the use of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction in Black secondary schools; clashes with police kills dozens
  • 1977 Fianna Fail party wins Irish elections

Historic Event

1977 Leonid Brezhnev named Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union

Historic Event

1977 Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates

  • 1979 Muslim Brotherhood kills 62 sheiks in Aleppo, Syria
  • 1980 US Supreme Court rules that live, human-made micro-organisms created in labs could be patentable, in Diamond v. Chakrabarty
  • 1982 Britain makes request to Argentina to arrange for return of prisoners
  • 1983 European Space Agency launches European Comm Satellite 1, Oscar 10

Appointment of Interest

1983 General Secretary Yuri Andropov appointed President of the Soviet Union

Papal Visit

1983 Pope John Paul II visits Poland

  • 1984 Matt de Waal finishes 14,290-mi round trip from Salt Lake City (106d)
  • 1986 1 day general strike in South Africa
  • 1987 Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami, opens
  • 1987 New York City subway gunman Bernhard Getz acquitted on all but gun possession charges after shooting 4 black youths who tried to rob him

Historic Event

1989 Funeral for Imre Nagy, leader of Hungarian uprising in 1956

Historic Event

1990 Nelson & Winnie Mandela visit Leidseplein, Amsterdam

  • 1991 -23] NYC Mayor Dinkins declares "Joseph Doherty Week"
  • 1991 Otis Nixon steals NL record 6 bases in 1 day
  • 1992 British postage stamp celebrates 350th anniversary of the Battle of Edgehill
  • 1992 Caspar Weinberger, former US Secretary of Defense (1981-87), indicted on Iran-contra charge
  • 1992 Longest salami is 68ft-9in long & 25ft in circumference, weighs 1,492lbs/5oz in Flekkefjord, Norway
  • 1997 The Dairat Labguer massacre in Algeria; 50 people are killed

Election of Interest

1999 Thabo Mbeki is elected 2nd President of a democratic South Africa

  • 2000 Israel complies with UN Security Council Resolution 425 after 22 years, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel withdraws from all of Lebanon, except the disputed Sheba Farms
  • 2012 30 people are killed and 15 injured after a bus falls into a gorge in Osmanabad, India
  • 2012 32 people are killed by a car bomb in Baghdad
  • 2012 Coca-Cola begins business in Myanmar after 60 years
  • 2013 20 people are killed by a series of car bombings across Iraq
  • 2016 British MP (L) Jo Cox is shot and killed outside her constituency surgery in Birstall, West Yorkshire
  • 2016 Philadelphia is the first US city to pass a tax on sweetened drinks
  • 2017 Amazon announces it is buying Whole Foods for $13.7 billion

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump reinstates Cuban travel and business restrictions after they were loosened by President Obama

  • 2018 Two suicide bombers attack Damboa in Borno state, Nigeria, killing at least 31 people
  • 2019 India imposes retaliatory tariffs on 28 US goods
  • 2019 Massive unprecedented power cut affects all of Argentina, Uruguay and parts of Paraguay

Historic Event

2019 Sara Netanyahu, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu admits to misuse of state funds in court

  • 2019 Three suicide bomb attacks kill 30 people in Konduga, north east Nigeria
  • 2020 At least 20 Indian soldiers killed in 1st deadly clash on the Chinese Indian border in 45 years in the Galwan Valley, Himalayas

Summit of Interest

2021 Summit between US President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin in Geneva, Switzerland, over issues including cyberattacks and human rights

  • 2022 Ninety-year-old US cosmetics company Revlon files for bankruptcy, blaming supply issues and rising costs [1]