Events in History on June 17

  • 653 St Martin I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 656 Ali ibn Abu Talib elected the 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
  • 676 Pope Adeodatus II's (Deusdetit II) reign ends with his death
  • 1091 Floris II de Vette becomes earl of Holland
  • 1119 Charles the Good becomes earl of Flanders
  • 1397 Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden and Norway

Assassination Attempt

1462 Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II (The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat from Wallachia

  • 1497 Battle of Deptford Bridge - forces under King Henry VII soundly defeat Cornish rebels led by Michael An Gof
  • 1535 English Catholic Cardinal John Fischer state rights
  • 1565 Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru
  • 1579 Anti-English uprising in Ireland
  • 1580 Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels
  • 1583 Brabant: Duke of Parma beats French mercenaries
  • 1609 Netherlands, England and France sign 12 year Covenant

Taj Mahal

1631 Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal

  • 1665 Battle of Viciosa (Monte Claros): English & Portuguese army beat Spain
  • 1700 Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony
  • 1734 French troops occupy Philipsburg at Rhine
  • 1745 American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton Island from French
  • 1769 Design of Madonnina statue chosen, symbol of the city of Milan that stands atop spire of the Cathedral, designed by sculptor Giuseppe Perego [1]
  • 1773 Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it was Breed's Hill)

Historic Event

1788 After a lengthy stay in Europe, future US President John Adams and his wife Abigail Adams return to Boston

  • 1789 French Revolution: During the meeting of the Estates-General, the Third Estate proclaims itself the 'National Assembly'
  • 1815 Stephen Decatur conquers Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • 1824 US Bureau of Indian Affairs established

Historic Invention

1837 Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent

  • 1839 King of Hawaii Kamehameha III issues Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established
  • 1850 Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)
  • 1855 Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, Crimea: 2,000+ killed
  • 1856 Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia
  • 1861 Battle of Boonville, MI-Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces
  • 1863 Battle at Middleburg, Virginia
  • 1863 Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
  • 1863 Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • 1863 Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
  • 1864 -18] Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
  • 1864 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia finished
  • 1864 Confederate General John Bell Hood replaces General Johnston as head of the Army of Tennessee
  • 1864 Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
  • 1876 1st to hit 2 HRs; & score 5 runs in 9 inn NL game (George Hall, A's)
  • 1876 Battle of Rosebud/Battle Where Girl Saved Her Brother
  • 1877 Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon - the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory
  • 1882 Tornado kills 130 in Iowa

Statue of Liberty

1885 Statue of Liberty arrives in NYC aboard French ship `Isere'

  • 1895 US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan

Historic Event

1896 Polar explorers Fridtjof Nansen and Frederick Jackson meet by chance in Franz Josef Land, the Arctic

  • 1897 William Frank Powell, NJ educator, named minister to Haiti
  • 1898 The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established
  • 1901 The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT
  • 1902 US Congress pass the New Lands Reclamation Act, which establishes a fund from sale of public lands to build irrigation dams for arid Western lands
  • 1911 Belgium government of De Broqueville forms

Historic Event

1915 The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations

  • 1916 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 1916 US troops under General Pershing march into Mexico
  • 1920 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
  • 1922 First flight across the South Atlantic Ocean arrives in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, piloted by Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral. First use of the sextant in air navigation.

Historic Event

1928 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland to become 1st woman (passenger) to fly Atlantic (as a passenger in a plane piloted by Wilmer Stultz)

  • 1932 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the US Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits
  • 1932 Oil tanker Cymbeline explodes in Montreal, Canada
  • 1933 Kansas City Massacre: 1 FBI agent, 4 cops & 1 gangster killed by mob
  • 1938 Japan declares war on China
  • 1939 Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre
  • 1940 France asks Germany for terms of surrender in WW II
  • 1940 General De Gaulle departs Bordeaux for London
  • 1940 Germany occupiers ration bread in Holland
  • 1940 USSR occupies Estonia
  • 1940 World War II: sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France
  • 1944 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba

Meeting of Interest

1944 Hitler secretly meets with Field Marshals von Rundstedt and Rommel in Marjival, Soissons, France to assess response to Normandy Invasion

  • 1944 Iceland dissolves its union with Denmark and declares itself a Republic
  • 1944 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • 1945 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • 1946 SW Bell inaugurates mobile telephone commercial service, St Louis
  • 1947 Earnest Reuter becomes mayor of Berlin
  • 1947 Pan Am Airways' 1st round-the-world civil air service leaves NYC
  • 1950 1st kidney transplant (Chicago)
  • 1950 Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia & Syria sign security pact
  • 1952 2 mine cave-ins at Charleroi, Belgium
  • 1953 Riots in East Germany for reunification

Historic Event

1953 US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas stays executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day their 14th anniversary

Historic Event

1954 CIA exile army lands in Guatemala. Organised by John Foster Dulles and United Fruit Co.

Historic Event

1956 Golda Meir begins her term as Israel's foreign minister

  • 1957 Tuskegee boycott begins (Blacks boycotted city stores)

Historic Publication

1958 "Things Fall Apart" by Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe published by Heinemann - considered most widely read book in African literature

Historic Event

1958 Radio Moscow reports execution of Hungarian ex-premier Imre Nagy

  • 1958 The Wooden Roller Coaster at Playland, which is in the Pacific National Exhibition, Vancouver, Canada opened, and is still open to this day

Election of Interest

1959 Eamon de Valera elected President of Ireland

  • 1963 British House of Commons debates Profumo-Christine Keeler affair
  • 1963 Supreme Court rules against Bible reading/prayer in public schools
  • 1965 11.08" (28.14 cm) of rainfall, Holly, Colorado (state 24-hour record)
  • 1965 1st bombing by B-52 (50 km north of Saigon)
  • 1966 Peter Green joins John Mayall's Bluebreakers
  • 1967 China becomes world's 4th thermonuclear power by exploding a hydrogen bomb
  • 1967 Longest doubleheader 9:15 (Tigers & Athletics)
  • 1968 Belgium government of Eyskens-Merlot forms
  • 1968 Ohio Express' "Yummy Yummy Yummy" goes gold

Oh! Calcutta! - The Bare Facts

1969 "Oh! Calcutta!" opens in NYC (almost entirely in the nude)

  • 1972 9 firefighters are killed in the Hotel Vendome fire in Boston

Historic Event

1972 Chilean President Salvador Allende forms a new socialist government

  • 1972 Five men arrested after trying to bug Democratic National Committee office in Watergate Complex, Washington
  • 1974 The Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs the Houses of Parliament in London, injuring 11 people and causing extensive damage
  • 1975 Voters in Northern Mariana Islands approve commonwealth status with US
  • 1976 Indonesia annexes Portuguese East-Timor
  • 1976 Soweto Uprising: Government deploys armed military to quell student protests; hundreds of civilians and children killed
  • 1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army kill an RUC officer and kidnap another near Crossmaglen, County Armagh
  • 1981 Battle between Muslims & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed

Historic Event

1982 President of Argentina Leopoldo Galtieri resigns as commander in chief of the army and as president after leading Argentina to a disastrous defeat against the British in the Falkland Islands War

Historic Event

1982 US President Reagan's 1st UN General Assembly address "We must serve mankind through genuine disarmament."

Historic Event

1983 Ed Warren and Lorraine Warren exorcise a "werewolf demon" from Bill Ramsey, although lack of photo or video evidence has called this claim into question

  • 1985 18th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-G): Discovery 5 launches
  • 1986 US Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger resigns and Antonin Scalia nominated as his replacement
  • 1987 With the death of the last individual, the Dusky Seaside Sparrow becomes extinct
  • 1988 Microsoft releases MS DOS 4.0
  • 1988 Soyuz TM-5 launches
  • 1988 Women sentenced to 90 years in 1st product tampering murder case
  • 1991 Country entertainer Minnie Pearl suffers a stroke at 78
  • 1991 South Africa abolishes last of its apartheid laws

Historic Event

1991 The body of the 12th US President, Zachary Taylor, is exhumed to test how he died; rumors had persisted since his death in 1850 of arsenic poisoning - no evidence of this was found

  • 1992 Slaughtering by Inkhata-followers at Boipatong, South Africa, kills 42
  • 1993 Indians' Carlos Baerga hits 3 home runs against Detroit
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Syracuse NY on WAQX 95.7 FM
  • 1996 The Fifteenth Amendment to the Irish Constitution, which removes the prohibition on divorce, is signed into law following a vote the previous year

Hall of Fame

2006 Sci-Fi author Anne McCaffrey inducted into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame

  • 2008 First day of legal same-sex marriage in California
  • 2012 France's Socialist Party wins a majority in the legislative election
  • 2012 Greek voters return to the polls after the failed May 6 election
  • 2015 9 people are shot and killed inside Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, South Carolina, by a 21 year old gunman

Historic Event

2015 US Treasury announced that the image of Alexander Hamilton will be replaced from the US $10 bill by an image of a woman

  • 2017 Collision at sea between U.S.S. Fitzgerald and ACX Crystal, a Philippine cargo ship kills 7 US sailors in Japanese waters
  • 2017 Forest fires in Pedrógão Grande, Portugal begin, kill 62 people, more than 1,600 firefighters fight 156 fires
  • 2018 Historic deal signed between Greece and Macedonia to end dispute over Macedonia's name - changing to North Macedonia
  • 2018 Ivan Duque is elected President of Columbia
  • 2018 World electric speed record broken by Jaguar Vector V20E in battery-powered boat at 88.61 mph (142.60 kph) Coniston Water, English Lake District

Historic Event

2019 Activist Joshua Wong calls on Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam to resign after leaving prison amid street protests the day before of over 2 million people.

  • 2019 Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi dies after collapsing during a court appearance in Cairo
  • 2019 Mayor of Phoenix, Arizona, Kate Gallego apologies for local police threatening to shoot African American family after their four-year shoplifted a doll
  • 2020 First major breakthrough in treating COVID-19 using steroid dexamethasone announced by Oxford University
  • 2020 Former police officer who shot Rayshard Brooks in Atlanta charged with his murder and aggravated assault
  • 2021 China launches its Shenzhou-12 spacecraft with three astronauts arriving at its new space station Tiangong six and a half hours later

Historic Event

2021 US President Joe Biden signs into law the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act making June 19th a federal holiday commemorating emancipation