Events in History on June 19

  • 936 Louis IV [Louis of Overseas], crowned King of France
  • 1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil war
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne
  • 1269 King Louis IX of France decrees all Jews must wear a yellow badge in public or be fined 10 livres of silver
  • 1286 Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim

Victory in Battle

1306 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert the Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven

Historic Event

1464 French King Louis XI forms postal service

  • 1502 Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
  • 1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 1588 Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna
  • 1603 Merga Bien arrested for witchcraft in Fulda, Germany, part of Fulda witch trials. She and about 250 people later burned at the stake.

Victory in Battle

1610 Samuel de Champlain and his French army defeat the Mohawk people at the Battle of Sorel in New France, present-day Sorel-Tracy, Quebec

  • 1631 Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
  • 1669 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king

Historic Event

1741 Russian mathematician Leonhard Euler leaves St. Petersburg for a position at the Berlin Academy, offered to him by Frederick the Great of Prussia

  • 1754 Albany Congress held by seven British colonies & Iroquois indians
  • 1770 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion
  • 1770 General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • 1778 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
  • 1790 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree abolishing the titles, orders and other privileges of the French nobility
  • 1807 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos
  • 1816 Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1819 HMS Kite chases the steamship SS Savannah on its historic voyage across the Atlantic for 3 hours off the coast of Ireland believing it to be on fire. Unable to catch the steamship HMS Kite fires warning shots forcing it to stop and be inspected to the amazement of the British.
  • 1821 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia)

‘Bobbies’ Take To The Streets Of London

1829 Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London, the city's 1st modern police force

  • 1835 New Orleans gives US government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
  • 1861 Anaheim Post Office established
  • 1861 Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
  • 1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • 1863 Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
  • 1864 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864 Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia


1865 Union General Gordon Granger declares slaves are free in Texas, now the date the end of slavery is celebrated across the US as Juneteenth

  • 1868 Major general E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1875 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio in San Francisco.
  • 1875 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins
  • 1881 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • 1897 Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends

Presidential Convention

1900 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

  • 1910 1st airship in service "Germany"
  • 1910 Father's Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Washington)
  • 1912 Tennessee University is established (as the Tennessee Agricultural & Industrial State Normal School for Negroes), in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1913 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • 1917 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
  • 1919 Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • 1921 Census held in Great Britain
  • 1921 Turks and Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
  • 1923 Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
  • 1926 DeFord Bailey is 1st African American to perform on Nashville's "Grand Ole Opry"
  • 1931 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven, Connecticut
  • 1932 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China
  • 1933 Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
  • 1934 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
  • 1936 Dutch Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn denies relation with German call-girl

Victory in Battle

1937 Francisco Franco's troops conquer the Bilbao Basques

  • 1938 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47

Historic Event

1940 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

Historic Event

1940 Hermann Goering orders seizure of Dutch horses, car, buses and ships

  • 1941 Romania orders Jewish evacuation of Darabani
  • 1941 Soviet anthropologist Michael Gerasimov opens tomb of Timurid Empire founder Timur and allegedly finds the inscription that whoever opens the tomb shall "unleash an invader more terrible than I." Three days later Germany invades Russia.

Historic Event

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act

Famous Photo

1944 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"

  • 1944 French troops free Elba
  • 1944 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • 1944 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • 1944 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • 1945 El Teniente Mine accident [Smoke Tragedy] 355 men die from smoke inhalation from a fire in the Andes, Chile
  • 1947 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California
  • 1948 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • 1953 Albert W Dent elected president of US National Health Council
  • 1954 Tasmanian Devil debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
  • 1959 Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secetary of Commerce
  • 1960 1st Copa Libertadores Final, Asunción: Luis Cubilla scores 83' equaliser for Peñarol of Uruguay for 1-1 draw against Olimpia (Paraguay); win 2-1 on aggregate after taking 1st-leg 1-0 in Montevideo
  • 1961 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
  • 1961 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • 1961 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
  • 1963 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
  • 1963 Charter members of Canadian Football Hall of Fame chosen
  • 1963 Greek government of Pipinolis forms

Historic Event

1963 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth

Historic Event

1964 Luther Burbank Home and Gardens, home of the famous horticulturist, is designated a National Historical Landmark in Santa Rosa, California

  • 1965 Algerian coup under colonel Houari Boumedienne, pres Ben Bella fired
  • 1965 KYW-AM in Cleveland Ohio returns call letters to Philadelphia
  • 1968 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People's Campaign
  • 1969 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances
  • 1970 A Nikolayev & V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9

Election of Interest

1970 Conservatives led by Edward Heath win British parliamentary election

  • 1970 The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed
  • 1971 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Georgia due to racial disturbance
  • 1972 -29] Tropical storm Agnes upgraded to a hurricane, makes landfall in Panama City (would kill 128)
  • 1972 A Catholic civilian is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in the Cracked Cup Social Club, Belfast
  • 1972 Hundreds of thousands of holidaymakers face flight delays and cancellations after pilots threaten to strike over hijack fears
  • 1972 Secretary of State for Northern Ireland William Whitelaw concedes 'special category' status, or 'political status' for paramilitary prisoners in Northern Ireland
  • 1974 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) suspends constitution
  • 1976 US Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth

Historic Event

1977 Pope Paul VI makes 19th-cen bishop John Neumann 1st US male saint

Historic Event

1978 Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip

  • 1979 Mali's constitution goes into effect
  • 1980 Battle between police and demonstrators in Capetown, 34 killed
  • 1981 Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter is certified
  • 1981 European Space Agency's Ariane carries 2 satellites into orbit
  • 1981 Heaviest known orange (2.5 kg) exhibited, Nelspruit, South Africa
  • 1981 India's APPLE satellite, 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes, launched
  • 1982 The body of God's Banker, Roberto Calvi is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London
  • 1987 ETA bomb attack in Barcelona, 15 killed
  • 1987 Supreme Court rules school teaching evolution need not teach creation
  • 1988 Namphy takes control of Haitian government
  • 1988 World's then largest sausage completed at 13 1/8 miles long
  • 1989 Barry Switzer resigns as head coach of Oklahoma's football team

Historic Event

1990 Grupo Carso, S.A. de C.V., founded by Carlos Slim is listed on the Mexico Stock Exchange

  • 1991 2 of Mia Farrow's daughters arrested for shoplifting lingerie
  • 1992 Guardian Angel Curtis Sliwa is shot twice in NYC
  • 1992 Inkhata-blood bath in Boipatong South-Africa
  • 1994 Ernesto Samper elected president of Colombia
  • 1994 Tigers tie record of hitting HRs in 25th consecutive games

Historic Event

1999 At about 4:30 pm, Stephen King is hit by a car on the shoulder of Route 5, in Lovell, Maine. He would suffer numerous injuries, including a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip

  • 2006 Prime ministers of several northern European nations participate in a ceremonial "laying of the first stone" at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Spitsbergen, Norway.
  • 2012 A man is beheaded for witchcraft and sorcery in Saudi Arabia
  • 2012 Antonis Samaras, the leader of the New Democracy party in Greece, forms a coalition government
  • 2013 48 people are killed by armed bandits in Zamfara State, Nigeria

Historic Event

2014 Felipe VI ascends to the Spanish throne after the abdication of his father King Juan Carlos

  • 2015 The right-wing Venstre block wins the 2015 Danish general election
  • 2017 Bexit negotiations begin between United Kingdom and the European Union in Brussels
  • 2017 First full genetic study of cats published in "Nature Ecology and Evolution", reveals domesticated 9,000 years ago, descended from one species (African wildcat)
  • 2017 Record 65.6 million people displaced around the world in 2016 reported by UN refugee agency
  • 2017 Russia warns the US it will target US and allied aircraft over Syria after US fighter shoots down Syrian warplane
  • 2018 Canada's Senate votes to legalize recreational marijuana use, first major economy to do so
  • 2018 General Electric is dropped form the Dow Jones Index, the last original member from 1907

Historic Event

2018 US ambassador Nikki Haley announces the US is leaving the UN Human Rights Council

  • 2019 Oklahoma writer Joy Harjo is named the first Native American US Poet Laureate by the Library of Congress
  • 2019 UN says over 70 million people in the world are displaced, asylum seekers or refugees around the world, their highest-ever number in 70 years
  • 2019 US Nxivm sex cult leader Keith Raniere found guilty in New York court of racketeering, sex trafficking and child pornography
  • 2019 US Senators receive a classified briefing on possible UFO sightings by the US Navy

Historic Event

2020 Australian government and companies suffer a months-long state-based cyber attack according to PM Scott Morrison

  • 2022 Colombian elects its first leftist President, former member of the M-19 guerrilla movement Gustavo Petro [1]
  • 2022 French President Emmanuel Marcon's centralist coalition loses its ruling majority in the National Assembly after gains by the right and the left in legislative elections [1]
  • 2022 US Center for Disease Control recommends Covid-19 vaccines for kids aged 6-months to 5 years [1]