On This Day

Events in History on June 21

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

68 Roman General Vespasian conquers Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor
Vespasian
  • 524 Godomar, King of the Burgundians, defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce
  • 1128 Battle of Akspoele: earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1307 Külüg Khan is enthroned as Emperor of China and seventh Great Khan after defeating rival factions and succeeding his uncle Temür Khan

Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty Temür Khan
Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty
Temür Khan
  • 1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529 Queen Catherine Of England [Catherine of Aragon] speaks against her marriage's annulment at the Blackfriars Legatine Court

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1529 Battle of Landriano: Imperial-Spanish forces under Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova, beat a French army under Francis de Bourbon, Comte de St. Pol
  • 1547 Great fire in Moscow, a third of the largely wooden city destroyed and 2-3,000 killed
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian of Swieten conquers Gouda
  • 1582 Honnō-ji Incident: assassination of Oda Nobunaga by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1607 1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established at Jamestown
  • 1661 Treaty of Kardis: Russia & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 1667 Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter occupies Sheerness, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 Dutch pension advisor Johan de Witt seriously wounded

Statesman and Advisor of Holland Johan de Witt
Statesman and Advisor of Holland
Johan de Witt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Utrecht

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

St Paul's Defies Bombing ConflagrationSt Paul's Defies Bombing Conflagration

1675 Foundation stone for London's St. Paul’s Cathedral is laid

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Herbert Mason's iconic photograph of St Paul's surrounded by fire and destruction
Herbert Mason's iconic photograph of St Paul's surrounded by fire and destruction
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1684 King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1734 In Montreal, New France (Quebec), black slave Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, is tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony
  • 1749 Pieter Steyn installed as pension advisor of Netherlands
  • 1749 Town of Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded by the British - sparks Father Le Loutre's War
  • 1768 1st medical diploma in America is granted to Dr John Archer from the College of Philadelphia

USAConstitution of the United States

1788 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1788 The population of Vizille, France, demands local parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1792 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil & Mexicana off Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1805 Great Stone Face, or the Profile found in New Hampshire
  • 1813 Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria results in a victory for a Spanish, Portuguese and British alliance against the French
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • 1822 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas arrested in South Carolina
  • 1824 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea
  • 1826 Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas

InventionHistoric Invention

1834 American inventor and businessman Cyrus McCormick patents the reaping machine

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus McCormick
  • 1849 Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
  • 1853 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes in Worcester, Massachusetts [1]
  • 1854 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)
  • 1863 Battle at Upperville, Virginia, Union forces hold off Confederate advance, 389 causalities
  • 1864 New Zealand Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 William James 'the Father of American Psychology' passes his medical examination at Harvard Medical School

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1877 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons
  • 1879 Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful "F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store" on North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1893 1st Ferris wheel opens at Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • 1895 British Earl of Rosebery's Liberal Party government falls
  • 1898 US captures Guam from Spain during the Spanish–American War
  • 1900 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1904 The US Republican Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President, but not without opposition from those whom he calls 'malefactors of great wealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1907 E. W. Scripps founds United Press Associations in the US
  • 1913 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • 1915 Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
  • 1915 The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens
  • 1916 Mexican troops defeat US expeditionary force under General Pershing
  • 1917 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
  • 1919 Social Democrat Gustav Bauer forms a German government

Sinking ShipScuttling at Scapa Flow

1919 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands

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German Navy ship SMS Bayern after being scuttled on the orders of German Admiral Ludwig von Reuter
German Navy ship SMS Bayern after being scuttled on the orders of German Admiral Ludwig von Reuter
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  • 1921 The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1924 NCRV, Dutch Christian Radio Society, forms
  • 1933 1st Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans
  • 1937 French People's Popular Front government of Socialist Léon Blum falls
  • 1940 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • 1940 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1941 2nd French troops occupies Damascus, Syria
  • 1942 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Germany's Panzer Army led by Erwin Rommel takes Tobruk in Libya, North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1942 Anneliese Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • 1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead
  • 1944 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • 1945 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa
  • 1946 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas, Texas
  • 1946 Federal judge in Seattle rules that club doesn't have to play returning serviceman
  • 1948 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • 1948 33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced and 78's planned to be phased out (Dr Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1948 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • 1948 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London
  • 1952 Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines
  • 1954 John Landy runs world record mile (3:58.0)
  • 1956 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
  • 1956 German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners
  • 1956 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 John Diefenbaker (C) takes office as Prime Minister of Canada

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • 1957 Ellen Louks Fairclough is sworn in as Canada's first woman Cabinet Minister

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Louis St. Laurent resigns as Prime Minister of Canada, ending the longest uninterrupted run at the federal level in Canadian history

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent
  • 1958 French franc devalues
  • 1962 USAF Major Robert M. White takes X-15 to 75,190 m

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1963 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church, succeeding John XXIII

Pope Paul VI
Pope
Paul VI
  • 1964 Byron De La Beckwith arrested for the murder of civil rights activist Medger Evers, found guilty 30 yr later
  • 1964 Three civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, disappear after being released from a Mississippi jail, later found murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan
  • 1966 Queen Juliana opens Coen tunnel in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 US Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren announces he will resign once a successor is found

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1969 1st reported hearing of pirate radio WGHP (With God's Help Peace)
  • 1970 Detroit's Cesar Gutierrez goes 7-for-7 to tie a record set in 1892
  • 1971 International Court of Justice asks South Africa to pull out of Namibia
  • 1975 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth
  • 1976 Italian General Election; Enrico Berlinguer's Communist party win their greatest-ever share of the vote (34.4%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Former White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman enters prison

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman
Nixon's White House Chief of Staff
H. R. Haldeman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Menachem Begin (Likud) becomes Israel's 6th Prime Minister

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1977 Bülent Ecevit forms a minority government in Turkey which lasts only 1 month
  • 1978 The British Army shoots dead 3 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and a passing Ulster Volunteer Force member at a postal depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast; it is claimed that the PIRA volunteers were about to launch a bomb attack
  • 1979 Sri Lanka beat Canada by 60 runs to win the 1st ICC Trophy
  • 1981 12-bottle case of 1979 Napamedoc Cabernet wine auctioned for $24,000
  • 1981 Bread riots in Casablanca, Morocco, kill 66 people (government figure vs opposition estimate of 637)
  • 1981 Socialists and communists win French parliamentary election

Assassination AttemptRonald Reagan is Shot

1982 John Hinckley found not guilty of 1981 attempted assassination of President Reagan by reason of insanity

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The scene moments after John Hinckley, Jr. attempted to assassinate President Reagan on March 30, 1981
The scene moments after John Hinckley, Jr. attempted to assassinate President Reagan on March 30, 1981
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  • 1983 Stephanie Kay Ashmore, of Alabama, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1985 American, Brazilian & West German forensic pathologists confirm skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were Nazi Dr Josef Mengele

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 President Reagan gives speech defending his judicial appointments

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1987 Discovery rolls over from OPF to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida)
  • 1988 Many killed at demonstration against General Ne Win in Rangoon
  • 1989 Supreme Court rules ok to burn US flag as a political expression
  • 1990 7.7 Manjil-Rudbar Earthquake with hundreds of aftershocks hits Iran; killing about 50,000
  • 1990 NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 4th victim, Larry Parham
  • 1990 Parliaments of W & E Germany recognize Oder-Neissegrens
  • 1990 US House of Representatives votes 254-177 to stop US flag burning, doesn't pass
  • 1991 Jirg Haider resigns as premier of Austrian province of Karinthia
  • 1991 P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister of India as head of a Congress Party minority government
  • 1993 English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat
  • 1993 STS-57 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 2000 Section 28 (outlawing the 'promotion' of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) is repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote
  • 2001 Total solar eclipse in Madagascar-Indian Ocean (4m56s)
  • 2001 A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is the 1st Hispanic woman to be honored on a US postage stamp

Painter Frida Kahlo
Painter
Frida Kahlo

Book releaseHistoric Publication

2003 "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix" the 5th book of the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide in English

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 2004 SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight
  • 2006 Pluto's newly discovered moons are officially named Nix and Hydra
  • 2012 Moody's downgrades 15 major banks in the UK, US, Canada and Europe
  • 2012 A boat of 200 asylum seekers headed to Australia capsizes and 110 survivors are rescued
  • 2013 15 people are killed and 20 are injured after a suicide bomber attacks a mosque in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2015 Hackers ground 1400 passengers by attacking IT system at Warsaw Chopin airport in Poland
  • 2015 94 people die & 45 are hospitalized after drinking moonshine in Mumbai, India
  • 2017 Romanian Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu outed after losing no-confidence vote 241-7
  • 2017 In landmark case Israeli woman wins sexism case against airline El Al after asked to change seat away from a man
  • 2018 EU imposes tariffs on US goods worth $3.2 billion in response to US tariffs
  • 2018 New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Arden becomes the second world leader to give birth in office, to a daughter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Sara Netanyahu, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, is charged with fraud

Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 UK police called to house of leader contender Boris Johnson over alleged altercation with his girlfriend

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson
British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson
  • 2020 WHO records a new record number of new daily cases of COVID-19 - 183,020, with 116,000 coming from North and South America
  • 2020 New archaeological discovery announced near Stonehenge of a large circle of shafts surrounding a village 2500 BC, largest prehistoric structure in Britain
  • 2020 Saudi Arabia bans international visitors from making the Islamic Hajj pilgrimage in 2020 due to COVID-19
  • 2021 Swedish government of Prime Minister Stefan Lofven toppled after a no confidence vote for the first time in Swedish history
  • 2021 Colombia's COVID-19 recorded death toll passes 100,000, the tenth country in the world to do so