Events in History on June 22

  • 217 BC Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
  • 168 BC Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War
  • 431 Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens to settle dispute between Nestorius, Bishop of Constantinople and Cyril, Bishop of Alexandria
  • 816 Pope Stephen IV, [V] elected to succeed Leo III
  • 1266 Pope Clement IV commissions English philosopher Roger Bacon to begin "writings and remedies for current conditions" ie. write a summary of the sciences (results in his 1267 "opus major")

Historic Event

1377 10-year-old Richard of Bordeaux succeeds his grandfather Edward III as Richard II, king of England

Battle of Interest

1476 Battle at Morat/Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland

  • 1497 Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath

Treaty of Interest

1533 Ferdinand of Austria and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign peace treaty

Execution

1535 Cardinal John Fisher is beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for refusing to acknowledge King Henry VIII as head of the Church of England

  • 1559 Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted
  • 1593 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks

Historic Event

1596 Cornelis de Houtman's Dutch fleet reaches Bantam (Banten), Java

Historic Event

1611 English explorer Henry Hudson, his son and seven others set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again

Historic Event

1633 Galileo Galilei recants his "heretical" position that the Earth orbiting the Sun was at odds with the Bible and church teaching (Vatican apologizes in Oct 1992 for how it handled the case)

Historic Event

1675 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

  • 1679 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots
  • 1740 King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion & freedom of the press
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1772 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement
  • 1774 British parliament accepts Quebec Act, which extends the province's territory and restores French civil law
  • 1775 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • 1799 Britain and Russia decide to invade Batavian Republic
  • 1807 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812

Victory in Battle

1812 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn British troops, results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams

  • 1814 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC v Herefordshire

Historic Event

1815 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)

  • 1825 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America
  • 1832 John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
  • 1844 Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University
  • 1847 First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory

Presidential Convention

1848 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President

  • 1848 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1851 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City Hall and Jenny Lind Theatre, city's seventh fire in 2 years
  • 1864 Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia (Wilson's Raid)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
  • 1865 The CSS Shenandoah fires the last shot of the American Civil War in the Bering Strait to indicate surrender
  • 1868 Arkansas re-joins the US
  • 1870 US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • 1874 Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • 1875 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • 1878 Swedish ship SS Vega with explorer Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld sets out to find the Northeast Passage (succeeds 1879)
  • 1893 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • 1897 Bombay plague commissioner Walter Charles Rand shot by Chapekar brothers as protest against his extreme measures to combat city's plague epidemic (dies July 3)
  • 1900 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • 1904 Chinese laborers arrive in South Africa following a severe labor shortage
  • 1906 Haakon VII crowned King of Norway

Royal Coronation

1911 King George V crowned King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea

  • 1915 BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
  • 1918 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe, Illinois)
  • 1922 Herrin massacre, 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.
  • 1925 Spain and France fight Morocco
  • 1931 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • 1932 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a federal offense (amended 1934)
  • 1932 NL finally approves players wearing numbers
  • 1933 German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden

Historic Event

1934 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One

  • 1936 Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee & survives
  • 1936 Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US (Organic Act)

Meeting of Interest

1939 Princess and future Queen Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN)

  • 1940 1st Dairy Queen restaurant opened, in Joliet, Illinois
  • 1940 About 10,000 Afrikaner women march to the union buildings in protest of South Africa's involvement in WWII
  • 1940 France surrenders to Nazi Germany, with the northern half of the country occupied and the south established as the Nazi client state Vichy France
  • 1940 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • 1941 June Uprising in Lithuania begins, resulting in the collapse of the Soviet occupation, but replaced with invading German forces shortly after

Germany Invades the Soviet Union

1941 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history

  • 1941 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group
  • 1942 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • 1942 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms

Historic Event

1943 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

Historic Event

1943 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

  • 1944 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • 1944 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese
  • 1944 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre

Historic Event

1944 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

  • 1944 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea

Historic Event

1946 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites

  • 1947 12" rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)
  • 1947 Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)
  • 1954 Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands

Historic Event

1955 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy

  • 1955 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea
  • 1957 Kansas City stops using streetcars in its transit system
  • 1959 Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games
  • 1959 Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to SF voyage
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1961 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
  • 1962 1st test flight of a Hovercraft
  • 1962 French Boeing 707 crashes at Guadeloupe, 113 killed
  • 1966 South African Bishop Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu, is refused a passport and thus permission to attend an international church conference by the South African government
  • 1969 Cleveland's Cuyahoga River catches fire due to pollution
  • 1969 The Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) stage a protest by blocking the Lecky Road in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry

Historic Event

1970 President Richard Nixon signs extension of the 1965 Voting Rights Act that requires voting age at 18 in all federal, state, and local elections

  • 1970 Supreme Court ruled juries of less than 12 are constitutional
  • 1971 Pretoria court rules that the former leader of the banned Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), Robert Sobukwe, will not be allowed to use his exit permit to leave South Africa for study in the United States
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army announce that it would call a ceasefire from 26 June 1972 provided that there is a "reciprocal response" from the security forces
  • 1973 Dutch High Council stops fluorine addition to drink water
  • 1973 Skylab 2's astronauts land
  • 1975 Ulster Volunteer Force try to derail a train by planting a bomb on the railway line near County Kildare, Ireland; a civilian who tries to stop them is stabbed-to-death (his actions delay the explosion to let the train pass safely)
  • 1977 Former US Attorney General John Mitchell starts 19 months in Alabama prison for perjury regarding his involvement the Watergate Scandal
  • 1978 James Christy's discovery of Pluto's moon Charon announced
  • 1978 Neo-Nazis call off plans to march in Jewish community of Skokie, Illinois
  • 1979 Pro Football Researchers Association forms (Canton Ohio)
  • 1980 Jim King begins riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours

Beatification

1980 Pope John Paul II beatifies Kateri Tekakwitha, making her the 1st Native American to be beatified

  • 1981 2 Habash terrorists attack a travel agency in Greece killing 2
  • 1981 Iranian president Bani Sadr deposed
  • 1982 Manhattan institutes bus-only lanes

Historic Event

1982 Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales take their first new-born son Prince William home from hospital

  • 1982 Susan Lea Hammett, of Miss, 18, crowned 25th America's Junior Miss
  • 1983 1st time a satellite is retrieved from orbit by Space Shuttle
  • 1984 Calvin Griffith signs letter of intent to sell ownership of Twins
  • 1984 Jolande van de Meer swims Dutch record 800 m freestyle (8:39.30)
  • 1984 Joseph Luns resigns as secretary-general of NATO

Historic Event

1984 Richard Branson's Virgin Atlantic Airways commences operations with flight from Gatwick to Newark

  • 1986 Pirate Radio Euro Weekend (Holland) begins transmitting
  • 1986 Spain's premier Gonzalez' Socialist Party wins elections
  • 1987 The International Labour Organisation, meeting for its annual conference in Geneva, calls for international sanctions against South African minerals
  • 1989 Business Day reports that SA is about to test an intermediate range ballistic missile capable of carrying nuclear warheads
  • 1990 Florida passes a law which prohibits wearing a thong bathing suit

United Nations Speech

1990 Nelson Mandela addresses the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid in New York, saying that nothing has occurred in South Africa to reverse the ANC's position

  • 1991 Underwater volcano, Mount Didicas, erupts in the Philippines
  • 1992 Supreme Court rules "hate crime" laws violated free-speech rights

Historic Event

1992 Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg, Russia identified as Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra

  • 1994 Mets reliever John Franco sets lefty save mark at 253
  • 1999 Former Mpumalanga premier, Ndaweni Mahlangu causes a storm within political circles with his now infamous statement, "It is acceptable for politicians to lie", South Africa
  • 2002 An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.
  • 2009 Two Metro subway trains collide in Washington, D.C., killing 9 and injuring over 80

Historic Publication

2010 Danielle Steel’s novel “Family Ties” is published

Historic Event

2011 After hiding for 16 years, Boston gangster Whitey Bulger is arrested outside an apartment in Santa Monica, California

  • 2012 Two Baghdad market bombings kill 14 people and injure 106
  • 2013 Roskilde 6, world's longest Viking longship (37 meters/123 ft) rediscovered 1996, probably part of King Canute's royal fleet (built 1025 AD) goes on display for the first time at National Museum in Copenhagen [1]
  • 2015 JAMA Internal Medical Journal announces obese Americans now outnumber those just overweight

Historic Event

2015 South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley calls for the removal of the Confederate flag from statehouse grounds in wake of killings in a Charleston church

Historic Publication

2017 Prince Harry claims no one in UK royal family wants to be King or Queen in article published in Newsweek

  • 2018 Eurozone countries agree debt relief deal for Greece, signalling end to the country's economic crisis

Historic Event

2018 President Trump spokesperson Sarah Sanders is asked to leave Red Hen Restaurant in Lexington, Virginia over her support of Trump's policies, igniting debate

  • 2019 Attempted coup fails in Ethiopia, four officials killed including army chief of staff General Seare Mekonnen
  • 2019 Russian volcano Raikoke erupts from 700m-wide-crater, seen from International Space Station. Turns sunsets purple across the Northern Hemisphere all summer.
  • 2019 Seven-story building collapses in Sihanoukville, Cambodia, with at least 25 construction workers sleeping inside killed
  • 2020 Brazil becomes second country to pass 50,000 deaths (officially) with states of Amazonas, Pará, Ceará, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro most effected.
  • 2020 Japanese supercomputer Fugaku in Kobe by Riken institute wins world contest to be the fastest
  • 2020 New York City, once the epicentre of the pandemic in America, begins stage 2 of re-opening, allowing outdoor dinning and some in-store shopping
  • 2020 US government data shows African Americans four times more likely than whites to be hospitalized for COVID-19 highlighting racial disparities for the pandemic

Historic Event

2021 Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez pardons nine Catalan politicians and activists for the 2017 illegal secession referendum

  • 2021 Unesco says Australia's Great Barrier Reef should be put on list of World Heritage Sites that are "in danger"
  • 2022 6.1 magnitude earthquake, Afghanistan's deadliest in twenty years, strikes near Khost, in the south-east, killing at least 1000 and injuring 1500

Murder of Interest

2022 Tooth of murdered Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba arrives for a tour of Democratic Republic of Congo, before being laid to rest in Kinshasa (Lumumba's body was dissolved in acid) [1]

  • 2022 United Kingdom posts highest inflation rate in the G7 at 9.1%, a 40-year high, lead by a rise in the price of food and fuel [1]