Events in History on June 23

  • 930 World's oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament is established, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi)
  • 1295 Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
  • 1298 Duke Albrecht von Habsburg crowned King of Germany
  • 1305 French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge

Treaty of Interest

1532 Henry VIII of England & Francois I of France sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V

The Protestant Reformation

1547 Champion of the Protestant Reformation, Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse is captured and taken to south Germany

  • 1565 Turgut Reis [Dragut], commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta
  • 1585 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1645 Cretan War begins with attack by Ottoman navy on Venetian-held coast of Crete (war lasts till 1669)
  • 1658 Dutch troops occupy last Portuguese Fort at Jafnapatnam in Ceylon

Contract of Interest

1661 Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal

Treaty of Interest

1683 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

  • 1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1724 Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1757 Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
  • 1760 Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia
  • 1775 1st regatta held on river Thames, England
  • 1780 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township
  • 1784 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)

French Revolution

1789 French King Louis XVI rejects the demands of the Third Estate, calling itself the National Assembly, during the opening stages of the French Revolution

New Settlement

1794 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

Historic Event

1810 John Jacob Astor organizes the Pacific Fur Company in Astoria, Oregon

Historic Publication

1819 First editions of "The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent." by Washington Irving released, featuring story "Rip Van Winkle"

  • 1821 Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • 1848 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1854 Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
  • 1860 US Congress establishes Government Printing Office
  • 1863 Tullahoma campaign, Tennessee
  • 1865 At Fort Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confederate army

Presidential Convention

1888 Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American to be nominated for US Vice President

Historic Event

1890 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

Historic Event

1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President

  • 1900 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • 1900 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • 1908 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • 1908 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899
  • 1909 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1914 Battle of Zacatecas: Pancho Villa's División del Norte attacks and takes the strategic city of Zacatecas, held by President Victoriano Huerta's Constitutionalist forces
  • 1915 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1917 Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000

Historic Event

1919 Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates

  • 1919 Nitti government forms in Italy
  • 1924 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
  • 1925 British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
  • 1925 Landslides create 3-mile long "Slide Lake" (Gros Ventre Wyoming)

Historic Event

1926 8th French government of Aristide Briand forms

  • 1926 The College Board administers the first SAT exam in USA

Historic Event

1931 Wiley Post and Harold Catty take off for a flight around the world

  • 1938 Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • 1938 Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • 1939 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
  • 1939 US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard

Historic Event

1940 After conquering France, Adolf Hitler visits Paris and views the Eiffel Tower and the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte

  • 1940 Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
  • 1940 RAF bombs Schiphol, Netherlands
  • 1941 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuania
  • 1942 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • 1943 British ambassador to Portugal Ronald Hugh Campbell invokes the almost 600 year old Anglo-Portuguese alliance between the two countries to request the use of military facilities on the Azores [1]
  • 1943 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Historic Event

1943 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

  • 1944 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • 1944 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Historic Event

1944 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

  • 1945 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • 1946 In South Africa, a group of white men attack and assault Indian Passive Resisters
  • 1947 Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v South Africa

Historic Event

1947 US President Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress

  • 1949 Dutch Constellation aircraft plunges into the sea near Bari, 33 die
  • 1949 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • 1950 Indians' Luke Easter hits longest ball in Cleveland Stadium history, 477 feet, into upper deck, Section 4
  • 1950 Swiss parliament refuses voting rights for women
  • 1951 Most expensive US hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage & $14M property-Kansas)
  • 1951 Treacherous British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to USSR
  • 1952 US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea
  • 1954 122°F (50°C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)

Election of Interest

1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected President of Egypt

  • 1958 Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers
  • 1958 Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established
  • 1958 US Federal judge rules race separation must end in 2½ years in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 1959 A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people

Historic Event

1959 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific careerhistory of ultrasounds

Historic Event

1960 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.

  • 1960 Japan signs security treaty with the US
  • 1961 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force
  • 1961 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,830 m
  • 1962 Suvanna Phuma forms government in Laos
  • 1963 The Detroit March to Freedom occurs with 125,000 people participating, the largest civil rights demonstration in America up to that point

Historic Event

1963 US President John F. Kennedy tours Western Europe

  • 1964 General Maxwell Taylor appointed US ambassador in South Vietnam
  • 1967 Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.1, Bakersfield CA)

Summit of Interest

1967 US President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, New Jersey (about halfway between NYC and Washington, DC) [1]

  • 1967 US Senate censures Thomas J Dodd from Connecticut (D). for misusing campaign funds
  • 1969 24 Africans from the Graaff-Reinet district, Cape Province, appear in the Grahamstown Supreme Court on charges under the Sabotage Act; alleged they had conspired or incited others to kill White people or police
  • 1969 French government of Couve de Murville resigns
  • 1969 Warren E. Burger sworn in as US Supreme Court Chief Justice

Historic Event

1970 Charles Rangel defeats Adam Clayton Powell Jr. in Democratic primary in New York

  • 1972 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound
  • 1972 Hurricane Agnes becomes America's costliest natural disaster, affecting 15 states, with 119 deaths and $3 billion in damage

Agreement of Interest

1972 US President Nixon & his Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman agree to use CIA to cover up Watergate

  • 1973 World Court condemns French nuclear tests in the Pacific
  • 1974 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space
  • 1976 CN Tower, world's tallest free-standing structure (555 m/1,815.3 ft), built by Canadian National Railway, opens in downtown Toronto, Ontario (surpassed in 2007)
  • 1976 The U.S. vetoes Angola’s application for membership of the United Nations Security
  • 1977 Violence erupts in Soweto, South Africa, again and the police make at least 146 arrests
  • 1979 Charlie Daniels Band releases "The Devil Went Down to Georgia"
  • 1979 Supertramp's "Breakfast in America" becomes No. 1 album in the US featuring "Take the Long Way Home"
  • 1980 1st solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation

Historic Event

1980 South African Prime Minister P. W. Botha warns the country that confrontation will be inevitable if his proposed President's Council fails

  • 1981 Amanda Maccaro becomes 1st American to win Russian Ballet Competition
  • 1981 French government of Mauroy forms, with 4 communists
  • 1982 "Cleavage" opens and closes at Playhouse Theater NYC
  • 1982 -117°F; All time low at South Pole
  • 1982 Himmy, of Australia, weighs in at domestic cat record 20.7 kg (45 lb)
  • 1982 US pass the Intelligence Identities Protection Act (Public Law 97-200)

Meeting of Interest

1983 Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa meets Pope John Paul II during papal visit to Poland

  • 1983 Syria throws out PLO leader Arafat
  • 1983 US Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions
  • 1985 Bomb destroys Air India Boeing 747 in air near Ireland, 329 die

Historic Event

1986 Tip O'Neill refuses to let President Reagan address House

  • 1990 A rally to save Alien Nation from cancellation held at Statue of Liberty

Historic Event

1990 African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, on a US tour, receives a tumultuous welcome in Boston

  • 1990 Moldavia declares independence
  • 1990 Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1991 "Odd Couple" opens & closes at Belasco Theater NYC
  • 1991 A peace summit, brokered by the clergy and business and attended by all major political parties, but boycotted by the Conservative Party, is held to end the violence in South Africa
  • 1992 "Tin Bigha Day" protest in India of corridor opening to Bangladesh

Election of Interest

1992 Yitzhak Rabin wins Israeli parliamentary election

  • 1993 Lorena Gallo Bobbitt amputates husband's John Wayne Bobbitt's penis

Election of Interest

1993 Nigeria's military dictator, General Ibrahim Babangida, annuls results of presidential elections and halts a return to democracy

  • 1993 United Nations authorizes worldwide oil embargo against Haiti
  • 1994 Moshood Abiola is accused of treason and arrested after declaring himself president of Nigeria
  • 1994 Opération Turquoise: 2,500 French troops head into Rwanda to protect civilians under the mandate of the United Nations
  • 1994 South Africa reclaims its seat in United Nations

Historic Event

1996 Archbishop Tutu retires as Archbishop of Cape Town and head of the Anglican Church in South Africa

  • 1997 Dow Jones drops 192.25 pts
  • 1997 In the Central African Republic, soldiers fire on foreign peacekeepers in the third major rebellion since May
  • 2000 The bulk ore carrier MV Treasure sinks off the western coast of South Africa, soiling more than 19 000 penguins; this resulted in the world's largest ever rescue of birds from an oiling event
  • 2000 The Cotonou Agreement, a trade and aid framework, is signed in Cotonou, Benin

Appointment of Interest

2009 Akio Toyoda is confirmed as the new President of the Toyota Motor Corporation

Historic Event

2010 Marina Bay Sands casino resort owned by Las Vegas Sands officially opens in Singapore, with an infinity pool on the world's largest cantilevered platform

  • 2012 76 monks are hospitalized in Thailand following an attack by a swarm of bees
  • 2012 A coach crashes in Croatia killing 8 Czech tourists and injuring 44
  • 2012 Greece proposes to slow down austerity measures by two years
  • 2013 18 Romanians are killed and 32 are injured after a bus crash in Montenegro
  • 2013 9 tourists and 1 tour guide are killed after gunmen storm a hotel near Nanga Parbat, Pakistan

Historic Event

2014 Claude Monet's Water Lilies is sold at auction for US$54 million

  • 2014 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz is re-elected President of Mauritania

Britain Votes for Brexit

2016 Brexit referendum: United Kingdom votes to leave the European Union

  • 2016 Ceasefire agreement signed between Colombian government and Farc rebels - ending more than 50 years of conflict
  • 2016 Storms and widespread flooding in West Virginia leave at least 24 dead

#1 in the Charts

2017 "Bridge Over Troubled Water" single organized by Simon Cowell for those affected by Grenfell tower fire reaches No. 1 in UK charts

  • 2017 Landslide in Xinmo village, Sichuan province, China kills 15 with more than 100 missing
  • 2017 Saudi Arabia and allies, Egypt, UAE and Bahrain issue list of 13 conditions to Qatar in return for lifting sanctions, including closing Al Jazeera TV
  • 2018 12 boys and their coach are stranded in Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand by monsoon flooding, prompting an international rescue effort when they are discovered 9 days later

Historic Event

2018 Explosion at a rally in Addis Ababa after speech by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed kills two and injures 150

Historic Event

2018 Laura Ingalls Wilder's name removed from book award by US Association for Library Service to Children, due to author's racist views and language

  • 2018 Violent clashes over several days between ethnic Berom farmers and Fulani herders in Plateau state, Nigeria, kill 86

Assassination Attempt

2018 Zimbabwe's President Emmerson Mnangagwa survives probable assassination attempt after blast at election rally in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe kills 2 and injures nearly 50

Historic Event

2019 Biggest protests in Prague since the fall of communism against Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis, with estimated 250,000 in Letna Plain park

  • 2019 Turkey's ruling AK party lose the re-run of Istanbul's mayoral election to Ekrem Imamoglu of the Republican People's Party
  • 2020 125 pilots grounded by Pakistan International Airlines after revelations many had cheated in exams or held fake licenses
  • 2020 COVID-19 cases rise sharply again in America as country records its 3rd highest daily total, more than 35,000
  • 2020 Germany locks down a second area after a spike in COVID-19 cases in Gütersloh and Warendorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, affecting half a million people
  • 2021 Rembrandt's masterpiece "The Night Watch" seen in its entirety for first time in 300 years after AI used to fill in pieces trimmed at the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  • 2021 US Supreme Court rules in favor of teen kicked off cheerleading team after profane social media post, saying school violated her free speech [1]
  • 2022 US Supreme Court declares for the first time that there is a constitutional right to carry a handgun in public for self defense, striking down a century-old gun law in New York that limited licenses, in a 6-3 vote [1] [2]