On This Day

Events in History on June 24

  • 451 10th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 843 Vikings destroy Nantes
  • 972 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia
  • 1128 Afonso I of Portugal defeats army of his mother Theresa
  • 1298 Rindfleisch Persecutions - Jews of Ifhauben, Austria massacred
  • 1314 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1322 Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time
  • 1340 English fleet destroys the French at the battle of Sluys (the Hundred Years' War)
  • 1396 Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1397 Sultan Bajezid I releases captured crusaders for ransom
  • 1441 Eton College founded in England by Henry VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1472 Byzantine princess Sophia Palaiologina departs Rome with a large entourage for Moscow to marry Ivan III

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 John Cabot claims Eastern Canada for England (believes he has found Asia in Nova Scotia)

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot
  • 1497 Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London

CrownRoyal Coronation

1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey, London

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1522 Portuguese begin construction of Fort Kastela on the island of Ternate in the Maluku Islands after being encouraged to so by Sultan Bayanullah of Ternate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1527 Paracelsus publicly burns standard medical textbooks in Basle as a protest against the current teaching and practice of medicine

Physician and Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician and Alchemist
Paracelsus
  • 1527 Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking Catholic possessions
  • 1529 Zürich and Catholic cantons sign Peace of Kappel
  • 1535 Anabaptist commune of Münster captured and its leaders tortured and killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1540 English King Henry VIII commands his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves, to leave the court

Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1572 5 clergymen of Enkhuizen hanged
  • 1597 Cornelis de Houtman's Dutch fleet reaches Bantam, West Java
  • 1619 Tsar Michail's father Filaret becomes patriarch of Moscow
  • 1648 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1658 French fleet recaptures Duinkerk
  • 1662 Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day)
  • 1664 Colony of New Jersey founded when Duke of York grants Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret ownership of land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1690 King William III's army lands at Carrickfergus Ireland [OS=June 14]

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1692 Kingston, Jamaica, founded
  • 1717 1st Free Masons' grand lodge founded in London

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1731 Freemason and Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen is appointed Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania, the first and youngest Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1748 The Kingswood School is opened by John Wesley and his brother Charles Wesley in Bristol. The school later moved to Bath

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • 1778 David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • 1793 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • 1794 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA

  • 1795 US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1806 British under Commodore Popham and Colonel Beresford reach Buenos Aires

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Armée numbering half a million begin their invasion of Russia by crossing the Nieman River

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 Battle of Beaver Dams - British and native forces defeat US forces (War of 1812)
  • 1821 Battle of Carabobo; Bolívar defeats royalists outside Caracas
  • 1841 Fordham University (then St John's College), opens in the Bronx
  • 1843 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside ghetto in Italy
  • 1846 Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 US President Franklin Pierce signs the Gadsden Purchase, buying 29,670 square-miles (76,800 square km) from Mexico for $10 million (now southern Arizona and New Mexico)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and a Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcomes the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1861 Battle of Mathias Point, Virginia Union forces attack Confederate batteries
  • 1861 Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from Union
  • 1863 Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac
  • 1866 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1881 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico
  • 1884 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention
  • 1885 British government of Salisbury forms
  • 1885 Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop
  • 1894 Marie François Sadi Carnot is assassinated in Lyon by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio
  • 1897 Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas

  • 1898 American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba
  • 1900 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso aged 19, opens in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 1901 Jewish National Fund starts

CrownRoyal Coronation

1902 King Edward VII develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Target Corporation is founded by American businessman George Dayton as Goodfellow Dry Goods in Minneapolis

Businessman and Founder of Target George Dayton
Businessman and Founder of Target
George Dayton
  • 1903 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
  • 1911 French couturier Paul Poiret holds his infamous 'The 1002nd Night' costume ball to launch his “Parfums de Rosine", 1st signature scent linked to a design house
  • 1914 King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent
  • 1917 Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol
  • 1920 Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Adolf Hitler begins a month long prison sentence for paramilitary operations; he rails against the 'Jewish sell-out' of Germany to the Bolsheviks

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1928 With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada
  • 1930 1st detection of airplane using reflected radio waves, a precursor to radar, by US Naval Research Laboratory engineers, Anacostia, Washington, D.C.
  • 1931 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • 1932 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
  • 1936 Mary McLeod Bethune named director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Adm
  • 1938 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1939 Pan Am's 1st US to England flight

  • 1940 France signs an armistice with Italy during WW II
  • 1941 Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy, Lithuania, exterminated
  • 1941 Germans advance into Russia and take Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
  • 1942 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • 1942 Africa Korps invades Egypt

BattleExecution

1942 Village of Ležáky, Czechoslovakia destroyed by Nazis after Gestapo finds a radio transmitter believed to have been involved coordinating the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, 33 adults were executed by firing squad on site, and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • 1945 Schermerhorn government forms in the Netherlands
  • 1945 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • 1946 11.72" (29.77 cm) of rainfall at Mellen, Wisconsin (state 24-hr record)
  • 1946 Georges Bidault elected premier of France
  • 1947 Flying saucers sighted over Mount Rainier by pilot Ken Arnold

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1948 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

1948 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

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Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Learn More
  • 1949 A M de Jong's murderer, Ton van Gog, arrested in Scheveningen, Netherlands
  • 1949 Cargo airlines 1st licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board
  • 1950 French government led by prime Minister Georges Bidault resigns
  • 1950 NY Giant Wes Westrum hits 3 HRs & a triple
  • 1951 Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations
  • 1957 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment in Roth v. United States
  • 1960 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's

  • 1961 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • 1963 Levi Eshkol forms 11th Israeli government
  • 1963 Zanzibar granted internal self-government by Britain
  • 1964 FTC rules health warnings must appear on all cigarette packages
  • 1964 In South Africa, the 90-Days Act commences, providing for any person to be detained, without trial, for 90 days; further, the person could be re-arrested under the same law for another 90 days
  • 1966 Period of relative peace following WW II exceeds that following WW I

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1967 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Sacerdotalis coelibatus

Pope Paul VI
Pope
Paul VI
  • 1967 Zaire adopts constitution
  • 1968 Australia all out for 78 v England at Lord's
  • 1968 Deadline for redeeming silver certificate dollars for silver bullion
  • 1968 Jim Northrup hits 2 grand-slammers to help Tigers beat Cleve 14-3
  • 1968 Resurrection City in Washington, D.C. closed permanently
  • 1970 Bobby Murcer ties record of 4 consecutive HRs
  • 1970 Reds play final game at Cincinnati's Crosley Field, beat Giants 5-4
  • 1970 US Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • 1972 Wake Island becomes unincorporated territory of US (US Air Force)
  • 1972 Yvonne Brathwaite Burke becomes 1st black chair of a Democratic convention
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill 3 British Army soldiers in a land mine attack near Dungiven, County Derry
  • 1973 Marlene Raymond (15), limboes under a flaming bar at 6 1/8"
  • 1975 Eastern 727 crashes at JFK Airport NY, kills 113

  • 1975 Moon tremor perceived (hit by Taurid meteors)
  • 1976 A Principal's office in Hlengisi Primary, Nyanga, outside Cape Town, South Africa, is burnt down; part of the broader resistance against the oppressive new Bantu Education policy of Afrikaans as a teaching medium in their schools

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 IRS reveals Jimmy Carter paid no taxes in 1976

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1977 Josiah Mutabuzi Isaya Kibira is the first African to be elected president of the Lutheran World Federation (LWF)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Equal Rights Amendment goes down to defeat

Eagle Forum President Phyllis Schlafly
Eagle Forum President
Phyllis Schlafly
  • 1982 1st spacionaut Jean-Loup Chrétien and 2 Soviet cosmonauts, lift off aboard Soyuz T-16
  • 1982 Soyuz T-6 Launch (USSR)
  • 1982 US Supreme Court rules president can't be sued for actions in office
  • 1983 7th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1985 18th Space Shuttle Mission (51-G)-Discovery 5 returns to Earth
  • 1985 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51-F
  • 1986 Guy Hunt elected 1st Republican governor of Alabama in 112 years
  • 1986 US Senate approves "tax reform"

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1986 In Britain, Foreign Office Minister Lynda Chalker, meets Oliver Tambo, president of the African National Congress to discuss means of ending Apartheid without violence

Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary Oliver Tambo
Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary
Oliver Tambo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Jiang Zemin appointed the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Paramount Leader of China Jiang Zemin
Paramount Leader of China
Jiang Zemin
  • 1992 Eddie Antar, CEO (Crazy Eddies), $74 m stock fraud caught in Israel

MurderMurder of Interest

1992 Mafia boss John Gotti begins life sentence in jail for murder and other crimes

Gangster John Gotti
Gangster
John Gotti
  • 1993 Arab terrorist group planning bombing of Holland and Lincoln Tunnels caught
  • 1993 Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mailbomb from the Unabomber
  • 1994 1st French "all news" TV (LCI) begins broadcasting

  • 1997 Melissa Drexler, 18, charged with killing her baby during her prom
  • 1997 USAF reports Roswell 'space aliens' were dummies
  • 2002 The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history
  • 2004 Capital punishment is declared unconstitutional in New York
  • 2007 The Angora Fire starts near South Lake Tahoe, California destroying 200+ structures in its first 48 hours

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

2011 Italian economist Mario Draghi is confirmed as new President of the European Central Bank

Economist and Prime Minister of Italy Mario Draghi
Economist and Prime Minister of Italy
Mario Draghi
  • 2012 Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood becomes President of Egypt
  • 2014 Rebels in Ukraine have agreed to a ceasefire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 British Prime Minister David Cameron resigns after the UK votes to leave the EU

British Prime Minister David Cameron
British Prime Minister
David Cameron
  • 2017 UN states Yemen cholera epidemic reached 200,000 cases, with 1,300 deaths. Worst cholera outbreak anywhere in the world.
  • 2018 Women drive for the first time in Saudi Arabia after ban is lifted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan wins second term with president's AK Party winning 42% parliamentary votes

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Britain's Prince William begins a five-day tour of the Middle East visiting Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories

Duke of Cambridge Prince William
Duke of Cambridge
Prince William

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 US President Donald Trump imposes sanctions on Iran, targeted at Iran's Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei in response to the shooting down of a US drone

2nd Supreme Leader of Iran Ali Hosseini Khamenei
2nd Supreme Leader of Iran
Ali Hosseini Khamenei
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2019 Greek Cypriot army officer Nicos Metaxas given seven life sentences for the murder of five women and two children in Nicosia
  • 2019 Mysterious sickness affects 718 children with 152 deaths around Indian city of Muzaffarpur, previously thought due to lychee fruit but now unknown
  • 2019 El Salvador immigrant father and his 23-month-old daughter drown trying to cross the Rio Grande into the US with their photo causing widespread condemnation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 NY Governor Andrew Cuomo announces people arriving from nine states hard-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic will have to isolate for two weeks

NY Governor Andrew Cuomo
NY Governor
Andrew Cuomo
  • 2020 COVID-19 pandemic worsens dramatically in Yemen, the Arab world's poorest country, with 25% mortality according to the UN
  • 2020 Russia celebrates its victory 75 years ago over Nazi Germany with huge military parade through Red Square in Moscow (delayed from May 9 due to pandemic)
  • 2020 World Monetary fund predicts a deeper global recession with contraction of 4.9% (down from 3%), noting 2/3 of all countries used 11 trillion to support their economies
  • 2021 Second discovery of the remains of 761 people, mainly indigenous children announced at former Marieval Indian Residential School in Saskatchewan
  • 2021 Residential tower Champlain Towers South collapses at 1.30am in Surfside, Miami Beach, with 156 people missing