Events in History on June 28

  • 683 Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 767 St Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul
  • 1119 Battle of Sarmada - Emir Ilghazi defeats French Crusaders
  • 1245 1st Council of Lyon (13th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1389 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe. Large losses on both sides including Sultan Murad and Serbian leader Prince Lazar. (NS date)

Royal Coronation

1461 Edward IV crowned king of England

  • 1485 Gent/Brugge/Ieper recognize Maximilian of Austria as regent of Netherlands

Election of Interest

1519 King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V

  • 1524 Duke of Bourbon occupies Province
  • 1575 Spanish troops conquer Buren
  • 1593 Earl Mauritius conquers Geertruidenberg
  • 1629 Peace of Alès: Rights of French huguenots limited
  • 1635 French colony of Guadeloupe established in the Caribbean
  • 1651 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1675 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden
  • 1675 King Philip's War: Colonial militia destroys Wampanoag settlement at Mount Hope in Bristol, Rhode Island, in response to recent attacks at Swansea, Massachusetts

Historic Siege

1691 Siege of Cuneo ends in a French defeat and a loss of 700–800 troops after Imperial cavalry arrives to relieve forces led by Duke of Savoy Victor Amadeus II (Nine Years' War)

  • 1748 Riot after public execution in Amsterdam, 200+ killed
  • 1762 1st reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston)

Historic Event

1762 Russian Tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia

  • 1770 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia
  • 1776 Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack

United States Declaration of Independence

1776 Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress

  • 1778 Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (General Washington beats Clinton)
  • 1778 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • 1807 British troops land at Ensenada, Argentina
  • 1820 Tomato is proven to be non-poisonous by Colonel Robert Gibbon eating a tomato on steps of courthouse in Salem, New Jersey
  • 1832 Gerrit Moll measures noise of guns
  • 1833 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtain permission from Chief Moshoeshoe (Moshesh) to found a mission station in Basutoland (now Lesotho)
  • 1841 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • 1855 The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
  • 1859 1st dog show held, in Newcastle upon Tyne, England
  • 1861 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest
  • 1862 Day 4 of 7 Day Battle of Savage's Station [Garnett's Farm] in Virginia
  • 1863 American Civil War: Second Battle of Donaldsonville, Louisiana - Union forces successfully repel Confederate attack on Fort Butler, on the Mississippi River
  • 1865 The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
  • 1869 Amsterdam typographer strike
  • 1870 U.S. Congress creates federal holidays (New Year's Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day), initially applicable only to federal employees
  • 1874 Freedmen's Bank closes

Historic Event

1880 Australian bushranger Ned Kelly captured at Glenrowan

  • 1894 Labor Day established as a holiday for US federal employees
  • 1894 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • 1895 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union

Historic Event

1895 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves France for Tahiti for the second time

  • 1897 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
  • 1902 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1902 US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million
  • 1902 US Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1904 International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1904 SS Norge runs aground and sinks off Rockall, North Atlantic, more than 635 die, largest maritime loss of life until Titanic
  • 1909 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens

Historic Event

1910 1st airship with passengers makes its maiden voyage; the Zeppelin LZ7-Deutscheland and gets stuck in some trees in Mount Limberg, Lower Saxony, injuring one crew member

  • 1911 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France


1914 Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie by Bosnian-Serb assassin Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, setting off chain of alliances that begin WWI

  • 1917 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • 1918 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France

  • 1922 The Irish Civil War starts when Irish Free State forces attack anti-treaty republicans in Dublin

Historic Event

1923 Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London

  • 1924 Tornado strikes Sandusky and Lorain, Ohio, killing 93
  • 1926 Mercedes Benz forms when the world's oldest automobile manufacturers DMG and Benz & Cie merge
  • 1928 Alfred E Smith (NY-Governor) nominated for US President at Democratic Convention
  • 1928 Friedrich Schmiedl attempts rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)
  • 1930 1st night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on KC Monarchs

Historic Event

1934 Adolf Hitler flies to Essen, Germany for "Night of Long Knives"

Historic Event

1935 FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky

  • 1936 Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China
  • 1939 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper)
  • 1940 "Quiz Kids?" premieres on radio
  • 1940 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • 1941 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • 1941 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • 1942 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • 1945 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • 1946 Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st President of Italy
  • 1948 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • 1950 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War
  • 1954 111°F (44°C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record)
  • 1956 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates (Chicago Illinois)
  • 1956 Riots break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die
  • 1957 Reds' fans stuff ballot box, electing 8 Reds as All Star starters
  • 1959 Meldrim trestle disaster; freight train derails over Ogeechee River in Georgia causing IPG tanks to explode killing 23
  • 1960 10.40" (26.42 cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)
  • 1961 Phils and San Francisco set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 innings tie
  • 1962 Thalidomide drug banned in Netherlands
  • 1963 Belaunde Terry inaugurated as President of Peru

Historic Event

1964 Organization for Afro-American Unity formed in New York by Malcolm X

Historic Event

1965 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson

  • 1965 Dutch Princess Beatrice and Claus von Amsberg announce their engagement
  • 1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem
  • 1968 Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers
  • 1969 Police carry out an early morning raid on gay bar Stonewall Inn, Greenwich Village, NY; about 400 to 1,000 patrons riot against police, it lasts 3 days. Beginning of the modern LGBT rights movement
  • 1970 Around 500 Catholic workers at the Harland and Wolff shipyard are forced to leave their work by Protestant employees as serious rioting continues in Belfast
  • 1973 Lawsuit in Detroit challenges Little League's "no girls" rule
  • 1973 New Zealand ship HMNZS Otago sails for Mururoa nuclear test zone after France’s refusal to accept an International Court of Justice injunction against its atmospheric nuclear testing
  • 1973 Northern Ireland Assembly elections take place
  • 1974 Fall of earth and rocks kill 200 (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia)
  • 1976 1st woman was admitted to Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1976 Three British mercenaries are sentenced to death for their part in the Angolan civil war
  • 1977 Billy Hunter becomes Rangers' 4th manager in 6 days
  • 1977 Supreme Court allows Federal control of Nixon tapes papers
  • 1977 The United Party, main political opposition party in South Africa, is formally disbanded by the majority faction after members leave the party to join other new political parties
  • 1978 Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected
  • 1979 OPEC raises oil prices 24%
  • 1980 NYC transit fare rises from 50 cents to 60 cents
  • 1981 74 government officials die in attack on Islamic Republican Party conference in Tehran, Iran, including Chief Justice Mohammad Beheshti
  • 1983 Bridge section along I-95 in Greenwich, Connecticut collapses, killing 3
  • 1983 NASA launches Galaxy-A
  • 1984 Former member of South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU), Jeannette Schoon, and her six-year-old daughter, Katryn, are killed by a letter bomb at Lubango, in northern Angola
  • 1985 Discovery ferried back to Kennedy Space Center via Bergstrom AFB, Tx
  • 1986 Irish population condemns divorce
  • 1986 Kenneth and Nellie Pike challenge Ala Dem runoff win by AG C Graddick
  • 1986 West European leaders, meeting in the Netherlands, delay indefinitely imposing economic sanctions against South Africa
  • 1991 South Africa signs the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
  • 1992 2 earthquakes, including 3rd strongest in US (7.4) rock California
  • 1992 Burharnuddin Rabbani becomes president of Afghanistan
  • 1992 Italian government of Amato forms
  • 1992 LA Police commissioner Daryl Gates steps down
  • 1992 The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law
  • 1996 The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
  • 1997 TV evangelist Robert Schuller attacks a flight attendant
  • 2000 Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.
  • 2002 In South Africa, the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the Treatment Action Campaign table a national HIV/AIDS treatment plan in the National Economic, Development and Labour Council
  • 2004 Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • 2004 Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation
  • 2004 The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
  • 2005 A final design for Manhattan's Freedom Tower is formally unveiled
  • 2005 Operation Red Wings: 3 members of US Navy SEAL reconnaissance team killed on Sawtalo Sar Mountain, Kunar, Afghanistan, in an ambush; 2 helicopters dispatched to assist shot down, killing an additional 16 US troops [1]
  • 2006 The Republic of Montenegro admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264

Historic Event

2009 Professor Stephen Hawking hosts a 'party for time travellers' at the University of Cambridge, not sending out the invites until after the party

Election of Interest

2011 Christine Lagarde becomes the 1st women to be elected head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • 2012 A series of car bombs in Iraq kills 14 and injures 50 people
  • 2015 David Sweat shot and captured near Canadian border. 2nd prisoner to escape maximum-security Clinton Correctional Facility June 6
  • 2015 Greek Credit Crisis: Greek government says banks closed for a week and ATM withdrawals restricted after European Central Bank refused to supply emergency funds
  • 2016 Suicide bombings and gun attacks at Istanbul's Ataturk Airport kill 42 and wound more than 200

Historic Event

2017 China’s president, Xi Jinping begins 3 day trip to Hong Kong to mark 20 years since the territory handed back to China

  • 2017 Wilshire Grand Center becomes the tallest building in Los Angeles and in the US west of the Mississippi at 1,100 ft
  • 2018 Amsterdam elects its first-ever woman mayor Femke Halsema since its first mayor in 1343
  • 2018 Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo declared "largely contained" by World Health Organization, first outbreak to use new Merck vaccine
  • 2018 Employee charged with attempted poisoning of colleague's sandwich in Schloss Holte-Stukenbrock, Germany, leading authorities to investigate 21 other suspicious deaths
  • 2018 Fire starts on Winter Hill on Lancashire moorland, England, lit by arson
  • 2018 Lone gunman attacks offices of Capital Gazette newspaper in Annapolis, Maryland, killing nine
  • 2018 Power company uncovers Neolithic wooden trackway 2,300 years old in Suffolk, England. One of the largest archaeological digs in Europe at 16,000 square meters
  • 2019 3,400 year old Bronze Age palace from the Mittani Empire uncovered on the banks of the Tigris River, due to lack of rainfall dropping the water level in the Mosul Dam reservoir
  • 2019 Highest-ever temperature recorded in France 45.9C in Gallargues-le-Montueux, southern France
  • 2019 The EU and South American trade bloc Mercosur agree historic trade deal, the EU's biggest to date
  • 2020 50th anniversary of 1st Gay Pride march in New York City marked around the world
  • 2020 COVID-19 cases surge in southern and western US states with California, Texas and Florida closing bars, Arizona reports 20% of tests returning as positive
  • 2020 Global death toll from COVID-19 passes 500,000, doubling in less than two months (Johns Hopkins)
  • 2021 AirCar, prototype flying car capable of flying 1,000km (600 miles), at height of 8,200ft (2,500m), completes 35 min test flight between Nitra and Bratislava airports in Slovakia
  • 2021 Mexico's Supreme Court decriminalizes marijuana use by adults
  • 2021 Tigray Defense Forces retake Tigray's regional capital of Mekelle in Ethiopia's Tigray War. The Ethiopian government declares a unilateral ceasefire to save face but neither side sticks to it. [1]
  • 2021 US Supreme Court declines to hear school's appeal in transgender bathroom case made by Gavin Grimm in Virginia, upholding an earlier decision it was discriminatory
  • 2022 Ghislaine Maxwell sentenced to 20 years in US federal prison for grooming and aiding Jeffery Epstein to abuse underage girls [1]
  • 2022 In dramatic testimony to the Jan 6 Committee hearing, a senior White House aide testifies Trump wanted to march to the Capitol and his fury when he couldn't [1]
  • 2022 Rocket Lab launches NASA's CAPSTONE, a microwave-oven sized CubeSat spacecraft from Mahia peninsula, New Zealand, to orbit the Moon, research for future Gateway and Artemis missions [1]