On This Day

Events in History on June 29

  • 512 A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland.
  • 1072 Former Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes blinded by rivals and exiled
  • 1149 Raymond of Antioch is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din.
  • 1194 Sverre is crowned King of Norway.
  • 1312 Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII crowned
  • 1377 French raid at Rye, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1428 Jacoba of Bavaria signs cease fire with Philip the Good

Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good
  • 1529 Emperor Karel V & Pope Clemens VII sign Treaty of Barcelona

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1534 Jacques Cartier discovers Prince Edward Islands Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1540 Former Lord Privy Seal and Chancellor of the Exchequer of England Thomas Cromwell indicted as a heretic

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1552 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Girolamo Cardano

Notable FireworksGlobe Theatre Fire

1613 Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London, England, burns down during a performance of "Henry VIII"

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Shakespeare's Globe Theatre on fire
Shakespeare's Globe Theatre on fire
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  • 1659 The Russians, led by Prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • 1682 Sofia names herself regent of Russia
  • 1694 Dutch fleet attacks French grain transports
  • 1749 New Governor Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).

  • 1755 515 prominent Filipinos baptized as Catholic
  • 1767 British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America, helping to intensify opposition to British rule
  • 1776 Mission Dolores founded at San Francisco Bay by Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga and Francisco Palóu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Virginia state constitution adopted and Patrick Henry made governor

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1786 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1800 Free mason lodge establishes in Alkmaar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; dies three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1850 Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • 1854 Netherlands allows corporal punishment
  • 1857 Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
  • 1858 Great fire in London docks
  • 1858 Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • 1862 Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Va
  • 1863 Battle at Westminster, Maryland: Federal assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 George Armstrong Custer, aged 23, appointed Union Brigadier General

  • 1863 Confederate General Robert Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1863 Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1864 Grand Trunk Railway accident; 100 killed
  • 1864 Samuel Crowther, bishop of Niger, becomes the first Black bishop of the Church of England
  • 1867 Pope Pius IX declares Gorcumse holy martyrs

  • 1874 Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • 1880 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1881 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1891 US National Forest Service organized
  • 1891 Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • 1895 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1899 Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 mil damage
  • 1900 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • 1903 British government protests against abuses in Belgian Congo
  • 1904 2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe
  • 1906 US Congress pass the Hepburn Act, permitting the regulation of rates charged by railroads, pipelines, and terminals engaged in interstate commerce
  • 1911 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • 1913 The attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions leads to beginning of the second Balkan War

MurderAssassination Attempt

1914 Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia

  • 1918 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • 1922 France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes."
  • 1925 Canada House opens in London, England.
  • 1926 Carter G. Woodson wins Springarn Medal for research into Black history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • 1927 1st flight from West Coast arrives in Hawaii

  • 1927 First test of Wallace Turnbull's controllable pitch propeller.
  • 1928 The Outerbridge Crossing and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York both opened.
  • 1929 1st high-speed jet wind tunnel completed Langley Field Ca
  • 1929 31.1°C (88°F) highest temperature on this day in De Bilt
  • 1929 Mexico & Vatican sign Concord
  • 1931 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1931 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1932 USSR & China sign non-aggression treaty
  • 1936 Empire State Building broadcasts high definition TV-343 lines

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1936 Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1939 4th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 1939 Dixie Clipper completes 1st commercial plane flight to Europe
  • 1940 Anjer (Carnation) Day-anniversary of Prince Bernhard
  • 1940 US passes Alien Registration Act requiring Aliens to register
  • 1941 DiMaggio extends hitting streak to 42 breaking Sisler's record

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1943 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1943 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • 1943 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe
  • 1944 German counter attack at Caen
  • 1944 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1944 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • 1944 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • 1945 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • 1945 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • 1946 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv
  • 1949 South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages
  • 1949 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • 1950 West Indies beat England by 326 runs thanks to Ramadhin & Valentine
  • 1952 USS Oriskany becomes 1st aircraft carrier to sail around Cape Horn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 US Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr Robert Oppenheimer

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1955 Argentine state of siege ends
  • 1956 US Federal interstate highway system act signed
  • 1956 Dutch PM Drees refuses resignation of queen Juliana (Greet Hofmans)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganowitsj and Sjepilov leave USSR communist party

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1959 Pope John XXIII publishes his 1st encyclical "On truth, unity, & peace, in charity"

  • 1960 KYA-AM in San Francisco changes call letters to KDBQ (for 2 weeks)
  • 1961 Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)
  • 1961 The International Labour Organisation (ILO) calls for South Africa's withdrawal at the Geneva Conference in protest of the racial policies of the South African government

  • 1962 1st flight Vickers (British Aerospace) VC-10 long-range airliner
  • 1963 SVB, Students Unions, established under Barrel Regtien

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed after 83-day filibuster in the US Senate

US Vice President Hubert Humphrey
US Vice President
Hubert Humphrey
  • 1965 USAF Capt Joseph Henry Engle reaches 85,530 m in X-15
  • 1966 Vietnam War: US planes bomb the North Vietnamese capital Hanoi and the port city of Haiphong for the first time
  • 1967 Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem
  • 1969 1st Jewish worship service at White House
  • 1970 US ends 2 month military offensive into Cambodia
  • 1972 Supreme Court rules (5-4) that death penalty is cruel & unusual
  • 1972 USSR launches Prognoz 2 into earth orbit (549/200,000 km)
  • 1974 Military coup in Ethiopia
  • 1975 8.10" (20.57 cm) of rainfall, Litchville No Dakota (state 24-hr rec)
  • 1976 The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1977 Supreme Court rules out death penalty for rapists of adults
  • 1977 South Africa opposition party, the New Republic Party (NRP), is formed after the integration of the United Party (UP) and Democratic Party (DP)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US Vice President Walter Mondale begins trip to Middle East

42nd Vice President of the United States Walter Mondale
42nd Vice President of the United States
Walter Mondale
  • 1979 San Diego Chicken reborn at Jack Murphy Stadium
  • 1981 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Tehran, 72 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Hu Yaobang succeeds Hua Guofeng as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 1982 Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended

  • 1983 Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly Air Force Base
  • 1984 USSR offers to start talking about banning SDI
  • 1985 NASA launches Intelsat VA F-11
  • 1985 STS 51-F vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Moses Mayekiso, former General Secretary of Metal and Allied Workers Union (MAWU) and member of South African Communist Party (SACP), detained for a second time, spends months in solitary confinement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Richard Branson aboard Virgin Atlantic Challenger II reaches Bishop Rock, Isles of Scilly, fastest crossing of Atlantic

Business Magnate Richard Branson
Business Magnate
Richard Branson
  • 1987 Phil's Steve Bedrosian is 1st to record 12 saves in 12 attempts
  • 1989 South Africa's National Party adopts five year programme of its objectives, including a political "reform" plan to give Black majority role in national and local government; ANC responds it would consider only a one-man, one-vote system
  • 1990 World's first female diocesan Anglican bishop, Dr Penny Jamieson, appointed in New Zealand
  • 1991 6.0 earthquake hits southern Calif
  • 1992 2 earthquakes including 7.4 hits southern Calif
  • 1992 Algerian head of state, Mohamed Boudiaf, is assassinated by military officers during a public speech at the opening of a cultural center in Annaba
  • 1994 Socialist, Tomiichi Murayama, elected premier of Japan
  • 1994 US reopens Guantanamo Naval Base to process refugees
  • 1996 Andrea Leah Plummer, of Tennessee, crowned 39th America's Junior Miss
  • 1996 Superman's Action Comic #1 (1938) auctioned at Sotheby at $61,900
  • 1997 Progress M-35 Soyuz Launch (Russia)
  • 1997 Tyrenda Williams, 18, of Alabama, crowned 40th America's Junior Miss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 US Vice President Dick Cheney, serves as Acting President for two and a half hours, while President George W. Bush undergoes a colonoscopy procedure.

46th Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney
46th Vice President of the United States
Dick Cheney
43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2002 Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that President George W. Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violates U.S. and international law.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2007 Two car bombs are found in the heart of London at Picadilly Circus.
  • 2008 Thomas Beatie, the world's first pregnant man, gives birth to a daughter
  • 2009 Financier Bernie Madoff sentenced to 150 years in US maximum prison, for conducting a massive Ponzi scheme
  • 2012 16 Naxalite Maoist insurgents in India are killed by police
  • 2012 Three bombs in Balid, Iraq, kill 6 people and injure 45
  • 2012 15,000 Japanese anti-nuclear protesters blockade the Japanese Prime Minister's office in Tokyo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi announces establishment of worldwide "caliphate" at the Great Mosque of al-Nuri in Mosul, Iraq

Leader of Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Leader of Islamic State
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
  • 2015 Beijing Times reports 30% of the Great Wall of China has disappeared due to natural forces and stealing of bricks
  • 2016 US Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter lifts Pentagon's ban on transgender people serving in the US armed forces
  • 2017 Vatican treasurer Cardinel George Pell charged with historic sexual offences in Victoria, Australian
  • 2017 Mihai Tudose confirmed as Romanian Prime Minister, by parliament, succeeding Sorin Grindeanu
  • 2017 Battle for Mosul: Iraqi forces retake destroyed Great Mosque of al-Nuri from Islamic State - symbolic site where their leader declared a "caliphate"
  • 2020 US Supreme Court rules 5-4 that abortion restrictions in Louisiana unconstitutional, striking down a 2014 state law
  • 2020 Golden State Killer and former police officer Joseph DeAngelo Jr pleads guilty to 12 murders and dozens of rapes