Events in History on June 3

  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.

Historic Event

1083 Henry IV of Germany storms Rome, capturing St Peter's Cathedral

  • 1098 After 5-month siege during the First Crusade, the Crusaders seize Antioch
  • 1140 French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy
  • 1326 Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark
  • 1357 Peace of Ath signed (in modern Belgium), settles Brabant succession

Historic Event

1540 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto crosses the Appalachian Mountains, 1st European to do so

  • 1620 Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 1621 Dutch West India Company (WIC) receives charter for The West Indies (The Americas, Caribbean and West Africa)

Historic Event

1658 Pope Alexander VII appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France

Historic Event

1665 Duke of York (future James II) defeats Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft

  • 1748 Amsterdam establishes municipal postal service
  • 1752 Moscow houses and churches destroyed by fire
  • 1770 Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded in California

Historic Event

1781 Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack

  • 1784 US army officially established by Congress of the Confederation
  • 1789 Explorer Alexander Mackenzie sets out on his first expedition to the Pacific from Fort Chipewyan (finds the Arctic Ocean instead)
  • 1818 Maratha Wars between British and Maratha Confederacy in India ends
  • 1833 4th national black convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • 1856 Cullen Whipple patents a machine for making screws
  • 1860 Comanche, Iowa, completely destroyed by one of a series of tornadoes
  • 1861 1st American Civil War land battle: Union forces defeat the Confederacy at Philippi in modern-day West Virginia

Victory in Battle

1864 General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of the US Civil War at the Battle of Cold Harbor

Historic Event

1871 Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

  • 1876 Lacrosse introduced in Britain and Canada
  • 1884 John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
  • 1886 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda
  • 1889 The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast

Appointment of Interest

1896 British naval officer David Beatty is seconded to the Egyptian government and appointed second in command of the river flotilla

  • 1906 Belgian King Leopold II claims Congo as his private possession
  • 1907 Centro Escolar University is established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines
  • 1913 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws
  • 1915 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1916 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • 1918 US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
  • 1919 Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) - first insurance company organized by African Americans formed
  • 1921 A sudden cloudburst kills 120 near Pikes Peak, Colorado
  • 1924 Gila Wilderness Area established by US Forest Service
  • 1925 Goodyear airship "Pilgrim" is the first to have an enclosed cabin
  • 1929 1st trade show at Atlantic City Convention Center (electric light)
  • 1929 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1932 John McGraw, who came to NY in 1902, resigns as manager of Giants

Catholic Encyclical

1933 Pope Pius XI encyclical "On oppression of the Church in Spain"

  • 1935 French liner SS Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of four days, three hours and 14 minutes on her maiden voyage
  • 1935 One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1938 German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery

Miracle of Dunkirk

1940 Last British and French troops evacuated from Dunkirk

  • 1941 Attack on telephone exchange in Schiphol
  • 1941 German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports

Zoot Suit Riots

1943 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

  • 1943 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms
  • 1944 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • 1944 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • 1946 1st bikini bathing suit displayed in Paris
  • 1946 International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals

Historic Event

1947 British Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten visits Pakistan

  • 1948 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • 1948 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • 1949 1st African American to graduate from US Naval Academy (Wesley Anthony Brown)
  • 1949 Dragnet is 1st broadcast on radio (KFI in Los Angeles)
  • 1949 Georgia Neese Clark Gray becomes the 1st female Treasurer of the United States
  • 1950 French expedition reaches top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal
  • 1952 Romanian communist leader Petru Groza chosen as President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly
  • 1956 3rd class travel on British Railways ends
  • 1959 1st US Air Force Academy graduation in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1959 Singapore adopts constitution

Historic Communication

1959 US President Eisenhower routes Canadian premier Diefenbaker a message off the Moon

Meeting of Interest

1961 American President JFK & Soviet Premier Khrushchev meet in Vienna

  • 1962 Air France Boeing 707 crashes on takeoff from Paris, kills 130

Historic Event

1962 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives by train in Oldenzaal, Netherlands

  • 1963 A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia, killing 101
  • 1965 1st US Space walk made by NASA astronaut Ed White during the Gemini 4 mission (23 minutes)
  • 1965 Gemini 4 launched; 2nd US 2-man flight (McDivitt & White); mission included 1st US spacewalk
  • 1966 European DX Council forms in Copenhagen (shortwave listeners)
  • 1966 Gemini 9 launched; 7th US 2-man flight (Stafford & Cernan)

Assassination Attempt

1968 American radical feminist Valerie Solanas attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times. She is later diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and pleads guilty to "reckless assault with intent to harm", serving a 3 year sentence.

  • 1968 Canada announces it will replace silver with nickel in coins
  • 1968 Poor Peoples March on Washington, D.C.

Historic Publication

1969 Innovative and much loved children's picture book "The Very Hungry Caterpillar" by Eric Carle is published

  • 1970 1st artificial gene synthesized
  • 1972 1st female US rabbi installed, Sally J Priesand at 25
  • 1973 At Paris air show, Tupolev 144, a Soviet supersonic airliner ("Concorde-ski"), crashes, 15 killed

Historic Event

1974 Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, and forms a new government

  • 1977 Belgium government of Tindemans forms
  • 1977 US & Cuba talk about diplomatic relations
  • 1979 Ixtoc I rig in the Gulf of Mexico blows, spilling 3 million barrels of oil in one of the worst oil spills in history
  • 1980 Crew of Soyuz 36, Valery Kubasov and Bertalan Farkas return to Earth aboard Soyuz 35

Historic Event

1980 Jimmy Carter wins enough delegates for renomination as US President

  • 1980 Mexican architect Luis Barragán is awarded architecture's Pritzker Prize at a ceremony at Dumbarton Oaks, Washington D.C.

Assassination Attempt

1981 Pope John Paul II released from hospital after assassination attempt

  • 1982 55th National Spelling Bee: Molly Dieveney wins spelling psoriasis
  • 1982 Israeli ambassador Shlomo Argov seriously wounded by Palestinians
  • 1984 38th Tony Awards: Real Thing & La Cage Aux Folles win
  • 1985 Massive anti-ETA demonstration in Basques
  • 1986 Battles in Beirut; 53 killed
  • 1987 "Little Shop of Horrors" released in France

Tiananmen Square Massacre

1989 Beginning of the Tiananmen Square Massacre as Chinese troops open fire on pro-democracy supporters in Beijing

  • 1989 Leaking pipe in Asha, USSR, causes 2 trains to catch fire; 460 die
  • 1990 3rd Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $894,560
  • 1990 44th Tony Awards: "Grapes of Wrath" and "City of Angels" win
  • 1991 Kuwait asks Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members to produce 800,000 bbl/d (130,000 m3/d) of oil on its behalf
  • 1991 Mount Unzen erupts in Japan, worst eruption in Japanese history
  • 1992 Joan Lunden ordered to pay her ex-husband $18,000 a month support
  • 1992 Landmark Australian High Court Mabo Decision: recognizes Torres Strait Islanders ownership of Murray Island, rendering terra nullius a legal fiction
  • 1992 World's largest environmental summit opens in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1993 66th National Spelling Bee: Geoff Hooper wins spelling kamikaze
  • 1994 5.9 earthquake/floods SE Java (150+ killed)
  • 1994 WIIZ (98.7) FM goes off the air
  • 1998 Eschede train disaster: an ICE high speed train derails in Lower Saxony, Germany, causing 101 deaths
  • 2001 Iraq announces that it will halt crude oil exports in response to the UN's resolution that extends the oil-for-food program by only 1 month, instead of the normal 6-month period

Historic Publication

2003 Danielle Steel’s novel “Sunset in St. Tropez” is published

Historic Publication

2005 'The Knight of Sainte-Hermine' by Alexandre Dumas is published in France by Editions Phébus, completed by Claude Schopp, 135 years after the author's death.

  • 2006 The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro's formal declaration of independence
  • 2007 USS Carter Hall (LSD-50) engages with pirates after they board Danish ship Danica White off the coast of Somalia
  • 2012 Plane crash in Lagos, Nigeria, kills all 152 passengers and 40 people on the ground
  • 2012 Suicide car bombing kills 15 and inures 42 people in Bauchi, Nigeria
  • 2013 119 people are killed in a poultry farm fire in Jilin Province, China
  • 2013 20 people, including 10 children, are killed by a suicide bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2013 US extends sanctions against Iran through its automotive industry and currency

Historic Event

2014 President Obama announces his plan for a $1 billion fund to increase deployment of US troops to Europe

  • 2015 200 people are killed by an explosion at a gasoline station in Accra, Ghana
  • 2015 Dr. Jesse Selber performs the world's first partial-skull and scalp transplant at Houston Methodist Hospital
  • 2016 A week of heavy rains in Germany and France leave 10 dead and closing Paris museums along the Seine, including the Louve

Historic Event

2017 Largest-ever exhibition of works by Piet Mondrian opens at the Gemeentemuseum in The Hague, Netherlands to mark centenary of De Stijl movement

  • 2017 Terrorist attack in Borough Market, London by three men who drive van into pedestrians then stab and kill 7 and wound 48. Attackers shot dead by British police.

Historic Event

2017 The Amazing World of Dr. Seuss Museum opens in Springfield, Massachusetts

  • 2018 Boat capsizes off eastern Tunisia drowning at least 48 migrants
  • 2018 Dead whale found with 17 pounds (80 pieces) of plastic in its stomach in Songkhla province, Thailand
  • 2018 Guatemala's Fuego volcano erupts killing at least 110, with 332 missing and forcing the evacuation of over 3,100
  • 2019 Apple announces it is shutting down iTunes and replacing it with three different apps
  • 2019 Canadian government inquiry find deaths of over 1,000 indigenous women and girls over decades who have been murdered or are missing a "national genocide"
  • 2019 Sudanese military attacks protesters in Khartoum killing 100 people, some dumped in the river Nile, prompting international condemnation
  • 2019 US federal government departments and Congress begin anti-trust investigations into large tech companies including Apple, Google, Facebook and Amazon

Historic Event

2019 US President Donald Trump begins a three-day visit to the UK by calling London Mayor Sadiq Khan "a stone cold loser" after Khan called Trump's language that of a 20th century fascist

  • 2020 Former Defense Secretary James Mattis says in The Atlantic: "Donald Trump is the first president in my lifetime who does not try to unite the American people — does not even pretend to try. Instead, he tries to divide us."

Murder of Interest

2020 Three former police officers charged in connection with death of George Floyd in Minneapolis, Derek Chauvin's charge upgraded to second degree murder

  • 2021 NASA administrator Bill Nelson announces two new missions to study ‘Lost Habitable’ world of Venus in 2028 and 2030 [1]
  • 2021 NASA launches 128 baby squid and 5,000 microscopic animals, to study effects of spaceflight, to the International Space Station aboard Space X's Falcon 9 rocket [1]