On This Day

Events in History on June 30

Events 1 - 200 of 204

  • 296 St Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome
  • 833 Louis crowned King of Austria
  • 949 Otto I the Great gives away bishopric of Utrecht "foreestrecht"
  • 1294 Jews are expelled from Berne, Switzerland
  • 1371 Arnold II of Horne chosen bishop of Utrecht
  • 1397 Denmark, Norway and Sweden sign Union of Kalmar under Queen Margaretha
  • 1422 Battle of Arbedo between the Duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Spanish conquistadors are expelled from Tenochtitlan following an Aztec revolt against their rule under Hernán Cortés during "La Noche Triste" (the Night of Sadness). Many soldiers drown in the escape, and Aztec emperor Montezuma II dies in the struggle

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1528 Burgundian army occupies Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1548 Augsburg Interim issued by Charles V becomes law - orders Lutherans to return to Catholic practices with some concessions

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1559 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1596 English and Dutch fleet reach Cadiz
  • 1598 King Philip II moves to Escorial palace
  • 1607 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
  • 1643 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies

  • 1648 French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
  • 1651 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory
  • 1688 Whig Lords questions prince William III of Orange on Protestantism
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head: French under Tourville beat Dutch/English fleet
  • 1700 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
  • 1722 Hungarian Parliament condemns Emperor Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1734 Russian army occupies Danzig
  • 1741 Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
  • 1755 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place
  • 1794 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 1815 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • 1834 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • 1851 Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • 1859 French acrobat Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1861 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
  • 1862 Battle of Glendale [Frayser's Farm], day 6 of 7 days battles, Virginia Confederate assault attack (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • 1863 Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties

  • 1863 Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • 1863 Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • 1865 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
  • 1870 Ada Kepley becomes 1st American female law college graduate (Old University of Chicago, later Northwestern)
  • 1871 Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • 1876 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full of stolen goods
  • 1881 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
  • 1893 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) then world's largest, discovered in Jagersfontein Mine, South Africa
  • 1894 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • 1894 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • 1896 W S Hadaway patents electric stove
  • 1898 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”
  • 1899 Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick Eng v Australia at Headingley
  • 1900 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • 1902 Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • 1905 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • 1905 Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5
  • 1906 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

RussiaTunguska Fireball

1908 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history
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Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
  • 1910 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1911 Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
  • 1911 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes
  • 1913 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

1916 British General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits" the day before the Battle of the Somme began
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A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
  • 1918 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1921 The South African Reserve Bank is established
  • 1924 England score 2-503 in day's play v South Africa at Lord's

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1924 J. B. M. Hertzog becomes Primes Minister, head of a coalition government between the National and Labour Parties in South Africa

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1927 Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
  • 1927 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
  • 1928 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards
  • 1930 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady, NY
  • 1933 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism/war
  • 1933 US Assay Offices in Helena Mon, Boise ,Indiana and Salt Lake City Utah closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 "Night of Long Knives" - Adolf Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1935 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1936 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1936 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • 1937 The world's first emergency call telephone service is launched in London using the number 999
  • 1938 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • 1938 Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • 1939 Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
  • 1940 US Fish and Wildlife Service forms
  • 1940 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands
  • 1941 Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) declare Ukraine independent
  • 1941 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1942 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • 1942 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation

  • 1942 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1944 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • 1944 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • 1944 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces
  • 1945 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins
  • 1948 Last British troops leave Israel
  • 1948 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)
  • 1949 Dutch troops evacuate Jakarta
  • 1950 US General MacArthur visits front in South Korea/asks for US troops
  • 1951 NAACP begins attack on school segregation & discrimination
  • 1952 Hussein Sirri Pasha forms Egyptian government
  • 1953 1st Chevrolet Corvette manufactured
  • 1954 Largest check: Internal US Treasury check at $4,176,969,623.57

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1956 Lenin's politics testament (1923) published in Moscow

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1956 United DC-7 & TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128
  • 1958 Dutch government of Drees ends obligatory dismissal of married teachers
  • 1959 During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time
  • 1960 US stops sugar import from Cuba
  • 1960 Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium
  • 1961 Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
  • 1961 NASA Explorer Micrometeoroid research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1962 French Foreign Legion leaves Algeria
  • 1962 Premier Ben Khedda disbands Algerian Liberation Army fighters
  • 1962 Rwanda and Burundi become independent

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1963 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1963 Ciaculli massacre: A car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo
  • 1963 International Labour Organisation excludes South Africa from its two-day meeting because of its apartheid policies

  • 1964 Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit
  • 1964 Last UN troops leave Congo
  • 1966 Leopoldville, Congo is renamed Kinshasa
  • 1966 Richard Helms promoted from deputy director to 8th director of US Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1966 Vice Adm William F Raborn Jr, USN, ends term as 7th director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. named 1st black astronaut

  • 1967 Moise Tsjombe kidnapped to Algeria
  • 1968 East German Communist Party leader Walter Ulbricht receives "Order of October Revolution"
  • 1968 Gaullists win French parliamentary election, 358 of 458 seats
  • 1969 Spain cedes Ifni to Morocco
  • 1969 In South Africa, General Laws Amendment Bill is passed; the Bill contains far-reaching provisions and restrictions affecting the administration of justice and the disclosure of evidence
  • 1971 Crew of Russian space mission Soyuz 11 found dead upon arrival on earth (only people to die in space)
  • 1971 Ohio becomes 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, thus ratifying 26th amendment
  • 1972 One leap second is added to the UTC time system; also 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985
  • 1972 Ulster Defence Association (UDA) begin to organise its own 'no-go' areas (this is a response to the continuation of Republican 'no-go' areas and fears about concessions to the IRA)
  • 1973 Biggest US tanker "Brooklyn" christened (230,000 ton)
  • 1973 Observers aboard Concorde jet observe 72-min solar eclipse
  • 1974 Petty thief Peter Leonard sets fire to cover burglary that torches "Gulliver's" nightclub killing 24 (Port Chester NY)
  • 1974 Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects to west
  • 1975 Bundy victim Shelley Robertson disappears in Colorado
  • 1975 University of California reports galaxy 3C123 at 8 billion light years distance
  • 1976 John Walker of NZ sets record for 2000 m, 4:51.4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Jimmy Carter cans B-1A bomber later "B-1's the B-52"

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1977 US Railway Post Office final train run (NY to Washington, D.C.)
  • 1977 Yankee DH Cliff Johnson hit 3 consecutive HRs in Toronto
  • 1978 Giants' Willie McCovey becomes 12th to hit 500 HRs
  • 1980 West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt visits Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 China's Communist Party condemns late Mao Zedong's policy

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1981 Zwelakhe Sisulu, President of the Black Media Workers Association of South Africa, is detained

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Federal Equal Rights Amendment fails 3 states short of ratification

Eagle Forum President Phyllis Schlafly
Eagle Forum President
Phyllis Schlafly

  • 1982 Orbiter Challenger (OV-099) rolled out at Palmdale
  • 1984 Failed coup by cocaine growers in Bolivia
  • 1984 Last sixpence minted in Great-Britain (in use since 1551)
  • 1984 Longest pro football game, LA Express beats Mich Panthers 27-21 in USFL playoffs, games lasts 93 minutes 33 seconds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Pierre Trudeau officially steps down as Prime Minister of Canada after serving two separate terms for a total of 15 years

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1985 39 remaining hostages from Flight 847 are freed in Beirut
  • 1985 LA Dodger Pedro Gonzalez sets NL record of 15 HRs in June
  • 1986 Georgia sodomy law upheld by US Supreme Court (5-4)
  • 1987 The Royal Canadian Mint introduces the $1 coin, known as the Loonie.
  • 1988 Brooklyn dedicates a bus depot honoring Jackie Gleason
  • 1988 French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre is excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1989 US Attorney General Thornburgh orders Joseph Doherty deported to UK
  • 1989 Congressman Lukins found guilty of having sex with a 16 year old girl
  • 1989 NASA closes down tracking stations in Santiago, Chile & Guam
  • 1989 NY State Legislature passes Staten Island secession bill
  • 1989 Sudan suspends interim constitution following coup
  • 1990 East and West Germany merge their economies
  • 1991 South Africa's Government repeals the 1913 Native Land Act, an important part of the system of Apartheid (Racially Based Land Measures Act)
  • 1992 Fidel Ramos installed as president of Philippines
  • 1992 Total solar eclipse in Uruguay (5m21s)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joins the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1992 South African ANC President Nelson Mandela meets with UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali at Dakar

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1993 Richard Jacobs announces Chief Wahoo will go to Jacobs Field
  • 1994 Airbus A330 crash at Toulouse France (7 killed)
  • 1994 US Ice Skating Federation bars Tonya Harding for life
  • 1995 Exxon signs a $15.2-billion deal to develop oil and gas fields near Russia's Sakhalin Island
  • 1996 Caroline Frolic (Miss Ontario), crowned Miss Renaissance USA
  • 1997 Leap Second to synchronize atomic clocks
  • 1998 Sega Channel, cable's 1st on-demand video game service, closes down
  • 2001 ENI of Italy signs a $550 million contract to develop Iran's Darquain field, expected to produce 160,000 barrels of petroleum per day

  • 2005 Spain legalizes same-sex marriage.
  • 2007 A car crashes into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland, believed to be a terrorist attack
  • 2009 Yemenia Flight 626 crashes off the coast of Moroni, Comoros killing 152 people and leaving 1 survivor
  • 2009 Turkey records its fastest contraction of 13.8% in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 2008, leading the country into recession; this is Turkey's biggest economic slump since 1945
  • 2012 30 people attending a funeral in Zamalka, Syria, are killed on a day that saw 83 civilian deaths
  • 2012 Mid-Atlantic storms in the United States kill 13 and leave millions without power in Ohio, Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia
  • 2012 Mohamed Morsi is sworn in as President of Egypt
  • 2013 30 people are killed after a fuel truck explodes in Kampala, Uganda
  • 2013 19 fire fighters are killed controlling a wildfire in Yarnell, Arizona
  • 2014 Australian entertainer Rolf Harris is convicted of indecent assault in London, England
  • 2014 The corpses of the 3 Israeli teenagers kidnapped in the West Bank earlier in month are found

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 US Supreme Court rules that family-owned corporations can reject provision of 'Obamacare' on religious grounds

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2015 Hercules transporter plane crashes minutes after take-off in Medan, Indonesia killing 116
  • 2015 A man self-immolates aboard a Nozomi Shinkansen train and kills one other passenger in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 British political candidates announce their bids for leader of Conservative party, including Theresa May and Michael Gove, Boris Johnson rules himself out

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson
British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 The Ikea Museum opens in the former very first Ikea store in Älmhult, Sweden

Entrepreneur and Founder of IKEA Ingvar Kamprad
Entrepreneur and Founder of IKEA
Ingvar Kamprad
  • 2017 Germany votes to legalize same-sex marriage in a snap vote
  • 2018 The popular online game for children, Fantage, shuts down after ten years
  • 2018 March of the Flowers in Managua, Nicaragua, commemorating youth killed under government crackdown turns violent with 1 person killed and eight injured