Events in History on June 6

  • 640 Arab Muslim army sent by Caliph Omar begins siege of Heliopolis, city succumbs mid to late July, paving way for Muslim conquest of Byzantine Egypt
  • 1002 German King Henry II the Saint crowned
  • 1242 24 wagonloads of Talmudic books burned in Paris
  • 1328 Franciscan theologian William of Ockham [Occam] excommunicated by Pope John XXII
  • 1391 Inhabitants of Seville, Spain, massacre 5,000 Jews
  • 1513 Battle of Novara, the War of the League of Cambrai: the Swiss Confederacy defeat the French
  • 1520 France and England sign treaty of Scotland
  • 1523 Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union
  • 1536 Mexico begins its inquisition
  • 1639 Massachusetts grants 500 acres of land to erect a gunpowder mill
  • 1654 Queen Christina of Sweden resigns and converts to Catholicism
  • 1665 Battle at Monte Carlo: English and Portuguese armies beat Spain
  • 1673 France and Brandenburg sign peace treaty
  • 1683 The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum
  • 1716 French transport the 1st African slaves to Louisiana
  • 1744 France and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1752 3rd great fire in Moscow in 2 weeks; 1/3 of city destroyed
  • 1772 Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles in Chicago
  • 1787 Franklin College founded, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Now part of Franklin & Marshall College.
  • 1795 Fire destroy 1/3 of Copenhagen; 18,000 injured
  • 1801 Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • 1809 Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constitution empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
  • 1813 US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek (Ontario)

Eruption of Mount Tambora

1816 10" of snowfall in New England, part of a "year without a summer" which followed the eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia

Historic Event

1822 Alexis St. Martin shot in the stomach and treated by physician William Beaumont on Mackinac Island. Leads Beaumont to conduct digestion experiments through hole in St. Martin's stomach.

  • 1831 2nd US national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • 1832 The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end

Historic Event

1844 Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) formed by George Williams in London

  • 1859 Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).
  • 1861 Lincoln's cabinet declares Union government will pay for expenses once states have mobilized volunteers
  • 1862 Battle of Memphis fought on the Mississippi River, Union forces defeat Confederate fleet leading to the city's surrender
  • 1862 Skirmish at Harrisonburg, Virginia, sees the Confederates win a minor victory in the Battle of Good's Farm
  • 1863 Battle of Milliken's Bend, Louisiana and Williamsport, Maryland
  • 1864 Battle of Lake Chicot, Arkansas (Dutch Bayou)
  • 1875 Netherlands joins the gold standard
  • 1882 Cyclone in Arabian Sea (Bombay, India) drowns 100,000 (disputed event)
  • 1882 Electric iron patented by New York inventor Henry W. Seely. It weighed almost 15 pounds and was very slow to heat up.
  • 1882 Ethiopia: Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, their victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River.
  • 1889 Great Fire in Seattle destroys 25 downtown blocks
  • 1890 United States Polo Association forms, NYC
  • 1892 Chicago South Side Elevated Railroad opens (1st 3.6 miles)
  • 1896 Frank Samuelsen and George Harbo leave NY harbor to row across Atlantic; their 55 day record for rowing was not broken for 114 years
  • 1900 Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • 1900 US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • 1903 President Emile Loubet of France and Minister of Foreign Affairs Theophile Declasse visit London, furthering the cause of Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • 1904 National Tuberculosis Association organized, Atlantic City, New Jersey
  • 1905 French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request
  • 1906 Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz)
  • 1911 Nicaragua signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)

Eruption of Novarupta

1912 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins, the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century

  • 1913 Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
  • 1914 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)

Historic Event

1916 The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler of much of China since 1912, causes central government to virtually collapse in the face of pressure from warlords, and from political reformers including Sun Yat-sen

  • 1916 Voters in East Cleveland, Ohio approve women suffrage
  • 1918 Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st US victory of WW I
  • 1919 Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
  • 1919 Finland declares war on bolsheviks
  • 1919 The Republic of Prekmurje ends
  • 1920 Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army
  • 1921 Detroit Stars' Bill Gatewood pitches the 1st no-hitter in Negro League history, defeating the Cuban Stars 4-0

Historic Event

1921 Southwark Bridge in London is opened to traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.

Historic Event

1923 Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison

Historic Event

1925 Walter Chrysler founds automobile manufacturer Chrysler Corporation

  • 1926 Egyptian government of Adly Pasha forms
  • 1931 Belgian government of Henri Jaspar falls
  • 1932 The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1/4 ¢/L) sold
  • 1933 Richard Hollingshead opens the world's 1st Drive-In movie theater on Admiral Wilson Boulevard in Pennsauken, New Jersey
  • 1933 US Employment Service created
  • 1934 Securities & Exchange Commission established
  • 1936 Aviation gasoline 1st produced commercially Paulsboro, New Jersey

Historic Event

1938 Sigmund Freud arrives in London

  • 1939 NY supreme court justice J F Crater legally declared dead
  • 1939 The ship MS St. Louis, carrying 907 Jewish refugees from Europe, begins sailing back to the continent after it was refused entry into America. Approximately a quarter of those on board would perish in the Holocaust.
  • 1941 1st US Navy vessel constructed as mine layer, USS Terror (CM-5) launched from the Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • 1942 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • 1942 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • 1942 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
  • 1944 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • 1944 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay


1944 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église

  • 1944 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II
  • 1945 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1946 Henry Morgan is 1st to take off shirt on TV
  • 1947 Treaty drawn up for establishment of International Patent Institute
  • 1949 Orapin Chaiyakan becomes the first Thai woman to be elected to the Parliament of Thailand
  • 1950 German DR & Poland sign treaty about Oder-Neisse border
  • 1950 Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
  • 1956 David Marshall, Singapore's first Chief Minister, resigns.

Historic Event

1958 French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle says Algeria will always be French

  • 1958 Ozzie Virgil is 1st black to play as a Tiger
  • 1960 South African police kill 11 Pondo's at Nqusa Hill
  • 1963 Gasunie, Dutch gas and transportation company established
  • 1964 Under a temporary order, the rocket launches at Cuxhaven, Germany, are terminated, though they never resume

Historic Event

1966 Civil rights activist James Meredith wounded by white sniper in Mississippi

  • 1966 Gemini 9 completes 45 orbits after rendezvous with "angry alligator"
  • 1966 Stokely Carmichael launches "Black Power" movement

Historic Event

1968 Senator Robert F. Kennedy dies from his wounds after he was shot the previous night

  • 1971 Air West flight 706 collides with a US Marine Corps F-4B Phantom jet over Los Angeles killing all 49 aboard the DC-6 and the pilot of the F-4B
  • 1971 Soyuz 11 takes 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 1 space station
  • 1972 Explosion at world's largest coal mine kills 427 (Wankie, Rhodesia)
  • 1972 Gold hits record $60 an ounce in London
  • 1972 US bombs Haiphong, North-Vietnam; 1000s killed
  • 1974 47th National Spelling Bee: Julie Ann Junkin wins spelling hydrophyte
  • 1974 A new Instrument of Government is promulgated making Sweden a parliamentary monarchy
  • 1975 British voters decide to remain in Common Market
  • 1975 Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam established
  • 1976 "The Omen" premieres in the UK
  • 1977 "Washington Post" reports US has developed neutron bomb
  • 1977 Joseph L Howze installed as bishop of Roman Catholic diocese (Miss)
  • 1977 Supreme Court tosses out automatic death penalty laws
  • 1978 Proposition 13 cuts California property taxes 57%
  • 1979 200th running of horse's Derby in England
  • 1979 Royal Air Force receives 1st F-16
  • 1979 Willie Horton becomes 43rd player to hit 300 HRs in the majors
  • 1981 A passenger train travelling between Mansi and Saharsa, India, jumps the tracks at a bridge crossing the Bagmati river, killing 268 officially with another 300 or more missing
  • 1981 Maya Yang Lin wins competition to design the Vietnam War Memorial
  • 1982 30,000 Israeli troops invade Lebanon to drive out the PLO
  • 1982 36th Tony Awards: Life & Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby & Nine win
  • 1982 Bernard Glassman installed as abbot of Zen Center of NY
  • 1983 Bottle with note of June 9, 1910 found in Queensland

Historic Event

1983 Li Xiannian becomes President of the People's Republic of China and Deng Xiaoping the supreme commander

  • 1983 Nicaragua expels 3 US diplomats
  • 1984 1,200 die in Sikh "Golden Temple" uprising India
  • 1985 58th National Spelling Bee: Balu Natarajan wins spelling milieu
  • 1985 Body of Nazi concentration camp doctor Dr Josef Mengele located and exhumed
  • 1985 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts "status" of Aruba
  • 1985 Soyuz T-13 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
  • 1986 Kathy Ormsby, a 21-year-old member of NC State track team jumps off a bridge permanently paralyzing herself
  • 1988 3 giant turtles found in Bronx sewage plant
  • 1988 George H. W. Bush makes campaign promise to support reparations for WW II to Japanese-American internees (promise broken, May 1989)
  • 1990 2nd International Rock Awards
  • 1991 Albert Belle is shipped to minors for not running out a ground ball
  • 1991 Dana Plato receives 6 yr suspended sentence for robbing a video store
  • 1993 47th Tony Awards: "Angels in America" and "Kiss of the Spider Woman" win
  • 1993 6th Children's Miracle Network Telethon
  • 1993 Punsalmaagiyn Otsjirbat recognized as President of Mongolia
  • 1993 Ramiro de Leon Carpio elected President of Guatemala
  • 1994 6.0 earthquake/avalanche destroys Toez, Colombia (about 1000 killed)
  • 1994 CD-councillor H Selhorst arrested for hard-drugs trade
  • 1994 Tupolev-154M crashes at Xian China, 160 killed
  • 1994 Warwickshire score 4 for 810 declared against Durham
  • 1995 Moses Kiptanui of Kenya runs world 5,000m record 12:55.30 in Rome, Italy
  • 1999 53rd Tony Awards: "Fosse" and "Side Man" win
  • 1999 Largest jailbreak in Brazilian history at the Putim maximum security prison in Brazil, 345 prisoners run from the main gate. In the ensuing manhunt, two fugitives are killed and five innocent bystanders are accidentally jailed.
  • 2002 A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. Resulting explosion estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
  • 2004 58th Tony Awards: Avenue Q & I Am My Own Wife win
  • 2004 Tamil is established as a Classical language by the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
  • 2005 The United States Supreme Court votes to ban medical marijuana in Gonzales v. Raich.
  • 2012 The Solar Impulse completes the world's first intercontinental flight powered by the sun
  • 2012 Transit of Venus (between Earth & Sun) occurs - last transit of 21st century
  • 2013 Kevin Barry's City of Bohane wins the IMPAC Dublin Literary Award
  • 2015 236th Epsom Derby: Golden Horn ridden by Frankie Dettori wins
  • 2015 Convicted killers Richard Matt and David Sweat break out of Clinton Correctional Facility in Dannemora, New York
  • 2017 Floods in Salto, Paysandú and Artigas in Uruguay displace over 3,000 people
  • 2017 Indian Arundhati Roy publishes her 2nd novel "The Ministry Of Utmost Happiness" 20 years after her first
  • 2017 Syrian Democratic Forces backed by the US launch offensive to take Raqqa from Islamic State in Syria
  • 2018 At least 46 Ethiopian migrants drown after their boat capcizes of fthe coast of Yemen
  • 2018 French man announced to have won France's €1 million My Lottery for the second time in 2 years, with odds of 1 in 16 trillion

Election of Interest

2018 Iraqi parliament orders manual recount of legislative elections in May after Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi claims evidence of irregularities

  • 2018 Special pedestrian lane introduced just for "phubbers" slow-walking smartphone users in Xi'an, China
  • 2019 Amir Ohana becomes the first openly gay minister in Israel as acting justice minister
  • 2019 German serial killer nurse Niels Hoegel jailed for a second life sentence for the murder of 85 more people (previously convicted for six). Germany's worst post-war serial killer.

Historic Event

2019 On 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots, New York City’s police commissioner James O’Neill apologizes for his department's actions during the 1969 raid on the Stonewall Inn

  • 2021 Four members of a London, Ontario, family killed when they are struck by a truck in an anti-Muslim attack
  • 2022 Former chairman of far-right group the Proud Boys Enrique Tarrio and four others, indicted for seditious conspiracy for their role in Jan 6 attack on the US Capitol [1]

Historic Event

2022 UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson wins Tory party no-confidence vote 211-148, with 41% of MPs voting against him [1]