Events in History on March 1

  • 752 BC Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women
  • 86 BC Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • 293 Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy (rule of four people) elevating Galerius and Constantius Chlorus to Caesar

Roman Empire

317 Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius the younger, son of Emperor Licinius, raised to rank of Caesar

  • 492 Gelasius I elected Catholic Pope; in office until his d eath in 496
  • 492 St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 705 John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 743 The Roman Council at Estinnes decrees that Christian slaves may not be owned by Jews, fearing that the slaves may convert to Judaism
  • 918 Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260 Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquers Damascus
  • 1382 Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
  • 1420 Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
  • 1457 The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

Historic Publication

1516 Printing is completed of Erasmus' "Novum Instrumentum omne", first published New Testament in Greek

  • 1562 Blood bath at Vassy: Francois de Guise's troops open fire on Huguenot congregation, first event in Wars of Religion
  • 1565 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Historic Event

1579 British admiral and explorer Francis Drake surprises and captures the Spanish treasure ship 'Nuestra Señora de la Concepción' off the coast of Peru, Drake's richest plunder [1]

  • 1587 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower

Historic Event

1591 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henry IV

  • 1593 The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.

Historic Event

1628 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date

Historic Event

1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

  • 1634 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642 Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city

Salem Witch Trials

1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts

Historic Publication

1711 Richard Steele and Joseph Addison publish the 1st edition of "The Spectator" in London to "enliven morality with wit, and to temper wit with morality"

  • 1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only)

Articles of Confederation

1781 Continental Congress officially adopts the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America after ratification by the 13th state, Maryland

  • 1785 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 1790 1st US census authorized
  • 1792 US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 1796 1st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • 1809 Embargo Act of 1807 (USA) repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1811 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1815 Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law

Historic Event

1831 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

  • 1840 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France

Historic Event

1845 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

  • 1847 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1852 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1854 SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbour with approximately 480 passengers and crew; she was never seen again
  • 1859 Present seal of San Francisco adopted (its 2nd)
  • 1864 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree

Historic Event

1866 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on the Rio Paraná

  • 1867 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • 1867 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • 1869 US Postage stamps showing scenes issued for 1st time. These pictorials showed a post horse and rider, a locomotive, a shield, an eagle and a ship, the Adriatic.

Battle of Cerro Corá

1870 War of the Triple Alliance finally ends with the Battle of Cerro Corá and the death of Paraguayan Dictator Francisco Solano López after over 5 years of bloodshed between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay

  • 1871 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • 1872 Yellowstone becomes the world's 1st national park
  • 1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter
  • 1875 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 1876 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 1878 First winter ascent of Aneto, highest mountain in the Pyrenees
  • 1879 Library of Hawaii founded
  • 1886 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.

Historic Publication

1890 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

  • 1893 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador

Battle of Interest

1896 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia, killing two generals and capturing General Matteo Albertone

Scientific Discovery

1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity

  • 1909 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
  • 1910 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass, Wa, in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
  • 1912 Isabella Goodwin appointed first US woman detective, NYC
  • 1912 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs first (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • 1913 1First state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Historic Event

1913 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the Royal Navy's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

  • 1914 Dutch Minister of War Hendrikus Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • 1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1916 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1917 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • 1917 US government releases the plain text of the "Zimmermann Telegram" to the public
  • 1919 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • 1920 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • 1920 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • 1920 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • 1921 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1923 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • 1924 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted

Historic Event

1927 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) becomes an American National Bank

  • 1932 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Historic Event

1932 The "Lindbergh kidnapping", 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh kidnapped from home in East Amwell, New Jersey, found dead 12 May

  • 1933 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
  • 1934 Henry Pu Yi crowned Emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • 1936 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1936 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • 1937 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • 1937 Governor Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • 1937 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94
  • 1940 Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
  • 1941 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1941 German troops invade Bulgaria

Historic Event

1941 Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp

  • 1942 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • 1942 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java

Historic Event

1942 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia

  • 1943 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • 1944 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • 1944 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • 1945 British 43rd Division under General Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • 1945 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • 1945 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • 1946 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • 1946 Panama accepts its new constitution
  • 1947 International Monetary Fund begins operation
  • 1949 Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.

Historic Event

1950 Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan

Historic Event

1950 Klaus Fuchs sentenced in London to 14 years for atomic espionage

  • 1950 USSR issues golden roubles
  • 1952 Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasha resigns
  • 1952 Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
  • 1954 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members
  • 1954 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die

Castle Bravo Nuclear Test

1954 US explodes Castle Bravo, a 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, which accidentally became the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US

  • 1955 Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
  • 1956 The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • 1957 Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
  • 1958 Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years

Historic Event

1961 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corps

  • 1962 American Airlines 707 plunges nose first into Jamaica Bay, NY, killing 95
  • 1962 Kresge Corporation openes the first Kmart store in Garden City, Michigan
  • 1962 US and British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
  • 1963 200,000 French mine workers strike
  • 1965 Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex in La Salle, Quebec
  • 1966 Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
  • 1966 Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
  • 1967 Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain
  • 1967 Queen Elizabeth Hall in London's South Bank Centre opens
  • 1967 US House of Representatives expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting
  • 1968 Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
  • 1968 Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
  • 1969 Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast

Album Release

1970 Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released

  • 1970 End of US commercial whale hunting
  • 1970 Kreisky's Social Democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
  • 1971 Bomb attack on the Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  • 1971 Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
  • 1972 Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
  • 1972 David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones" premieres in NYC
  • 1972 Two Catholic teenagers shot dead by the Royal Ulster Constabulary while 'joy riding' in a stolen car in Belfast
  • 1974 Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
  • 1977 Bank of America adopts the name VISA for its credit cards
  • 1977 US extends territorial waters to 200 miles
  • 1980 Commonwealth Trade Union Council established
  • 1980 Snow falls in Florida
  • 1980 The US enacts the Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act as part of a compromise between the Carter Administration and the Congress over the decontrol of crude oil prices
  • 1981 Republican prisoners in the Maze began a second hunger strike; among them is Bobby Sands
  • 1982 NY Times raises its price from 25 cents to 30 cents
  • 1982 Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus, sends back data
  • 1982 Ski lift malfunctions at Luz-Ardiden in Pyrenees, kills five people
  • 1983 Tornado tears through Los Angeles, injuring 33 people
  • 1984 Landsat 5 & ham satellite Oscar 11 launched into polar orbit
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR #3931 Batten, #4529 Webern, #4530 Smoluchowski, #4818 Elgar, #5502 Brashear & #5943 Lovi
  • 1985 Pentagon accepts theory that atomic war would cause a nuclear winter
  • 1988 Iraq says it launched 16 missiles into Tehran
  • 1988 Pontiac announces the end of the Fiero automobile
  • 1989 Comet du Toit at perihelion
  • 1989 The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1990 Benin nullifies its constitution
  • 1990 Luis Alberto Lacelle sworn in as president of Uruguay
  • 1990 Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
  • 1991 US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens
  • 1993 Authorities near Waco, Texas, negotiate (unsuccessfully) with Branch Davidians
  • 1994 Martti Ahtisaari inaugurated as president of Finland
  • 1994 Senate rejectes a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution
  • 1995 Belgium ends military conscription
  • 1995 Jozef Oleksy succeeds Waldemar Pawlak on as premier of Poland
  • 1995 Julio Maria Sanguinetti sworn in as president of Uruguay
  • 1995 Part of Houston begins using new area code 281
  • 1995 Ukraine premier Vitaly Massol resigns
  • 1996 New toll-free 888 area code introduced in USA
  • 1996 Plans approved allowing traffic cameras High Harrington & Shap England
  • 1997 5th annual ESPY Awards shown on TV
  • 2000 Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.
  • 2000 The Constitution of Finland is rewritten
  • 2002 The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).
  • 2002 The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (€).
  • 2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan as US special operations forces infiltrate the Shahi-Kot Valley in Eastern Afghanistan
  • 2003 Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
  • 2004 Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.

Murder of Interest

2004 Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh

  • 2006 English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station
  • 2006 Tarja Halonen is inaugurated as President of Finland for the second and last time
  • 2007 "Squatters" are evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots
  • 2007 Tornadoes swarm across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.
  • 2011 Tomb of a 700 year old female mummy, discovered by road workers, opened in Taizhou, Jiangsu, China
  • 2012 Euro zone unemployment reaches historical high of 10.7%
  • 2013 14 people are killed in the Lahad Datu standoff between Malaysian government and rebel forces
  • 2013 The 2013 US budget sequestration comes into effect
  • 2014 29 people are killed & 130 are injured by a group of knife-wielding terrorists at Kunming Railway Station, China

Historic Event

2014 US President Barack Obama warns Russian President Vladimir Putin over involvement in Ukraine

Historic Event

2016 Forbes Richest List released, Bill Gates No. 1 with $75 billion, number of world's billionaires shrinks to 1,810