Events in History on March 13

  • 483 St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 607 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 624 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 1560 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • 1564 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • 1567 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1569 Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
  • 1591 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar [Jawdar] defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • 1634 First meeting of what would become the Academie Francaise in Paris at the house of Valentin Conrart
  • 1639 Cambridge College, Massachusetts, renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
  • 1656 Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 1735 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
  • 1759 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1772 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Galotti" premieres in Brunswick

Scientific Discovery

1781 William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus

  • 1846 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg

Historic Event

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (US Civil War)

Historic Event

1868 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

  • 1869 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law


1881 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg

  • 1884 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • 1884 US adopts Standard Time
  • 1888 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages across the east coast of the USA and Canada
  • 1897 San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State (Boer War)
  • 1900 In France the length of the working day for women and children is limited by law to 11 hours.
  • 1903 Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy on over 500,000 square miles
  • 1904 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • 1911 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • 1912 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1913 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures
  • 1918 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms

Historic Event

1918 Leon Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

  • 1920 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • 1921 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
  • 1922 WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 American inventor Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • 1925 Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • 1933 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday

Historic Event

1933 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

  • 1935 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • 1938 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • 1940 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
  • 1941 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
  • 1942 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army

Historic Event

1943 Failed assassin attempt on Adolf Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

  • 1943 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)

Historic Event

1943 Nazis liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków; Oskar Schindler with advance information, saves his workers by keeping them in his factory overnight

Historic Event

1944 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio

  • 1945 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst arrests Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • 1946 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - then shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)
  • 1949 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • 1949 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Historic Event

1950 General Motors Corporation reports record net earnings of $656,434,232

  • 1951 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
  • 1951 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany

Historic Event

1954 Viet Minh General Võ Nguyên Giáp opens the assault on French forces at Dien Bien Phu, northwest Vietnam

  • 1955 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal

Battle of Interest

1957 Bloody battles in Cuba after the student led "Revolutionary Directorate" attacks the presidential palace in Havana in an unsuccessful attempt to depose dictator Fulgencio Batista

  • 1958 Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1961 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Historic Event

1961 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress

  • 1961 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • 1961 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • 1962 Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
  • 1963 Indonesia & Netherlands reinstate diplomatic relations
  • 1963 Two Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
  • 1964 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
  • 1967 Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death
  • 1967 Robert Anderson's "You Know I Can't Hear You ..." premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah, kills 6,000 sheep
  • 1969 Apollo 9 returns to Earth
  • 1970 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam
  • 1970 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
  • 1970 San Francisco city employees begin 4-day strike
  • 1973 Minskoff Theater opens at 200 W 45th St NYC
  • 1973 Syria adopts constitution
  • 1978 Moluccan "suicide commandos" occupies Province house
  • 1979 European Monetary System is established, ECU created
  • 1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement

Murder of Interest

1980 American John Wayne Gacy receives the death sentence in Illinois for the murder of 12 people

  • 1980 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
  • 1980 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann GDR
  • 1982 Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)
  • 1983 1st USFL overtime game-Birmingham Stallions beat Oakld Invaders 20-14

Historic Event

1985 Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko in Moscow

  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 Microsoft has its Initial public offering.
  • 1986 Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir

Historic Event

1987 John Gotti, boss of the Gambino crime family, is acquitted of racketeering

  • 1987 Washington Caps score 5 goals against Toronto in 3 mins & 3 secs
  • 1989 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown
  • 1989 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-29 launched
  • 1990 Nicholoas Braithwaite elected premier of Grenada
  • 1991 Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill
  • 1991 Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC oil production cuts will take effect April 1
  • 1992 An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
  • 1992 FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)

Election of Interest

1993 Australian Federal elections: Australian Labor Party headed by Paul Keating re-elected for a fifth term

  • 1993 Blizzard of '93 hits north-east USA
  • 1994 33.3% of Austria votes for ultra-right Freedom Party
  • 1994 Oil tank/airship crash at Bosporus (huge fire/15+ killed)
  • 1994 President Mangope of Bophuthatswana deposed
  • 1995 Anti-fascist Kazakhstan anti-parliament forms
  • 1995 Hungarian Forint devalued 9%
  • 1995 Istanbul police shoot dead 16 Alawitische demonstrators
  • 1996 At Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by Thomas Hamilton who then commits suicide. Results in handguns being banned in the UK.
  • 1996 Sri Lanka beat India in World Cup semi as riots stop play
  • 1997 India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader
  • 2003 The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy
  • 2005 Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
  • 2008 Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.
  • 2012 110 people are killed and 63 are missing after a ferry collides with an oil tanker near Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 2012 19 people are shot dead in a bus attack in Ethiopia
  • 2012 28 people, including 22 children, are killed in a motorway bus crash near Sierre, Switzerland
  • 2012 Encyclopaedia Britannica announces that it will no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopaedia
  • 2013 10 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Kunduz province, Afghanistan
  • 2013 Aleqa Hammond’s Siumut party wins the Greenland parliamentary elections
  • 2013 An Embraer 821 aeroplane crashes and kills 9 people in Para, Brazil

Papal Inauguration

2013 Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio is elected the new pope, taking the papal name Pope Francis

  • 2013 North Korea shreds the Korean Armistice agreement
  • 2013 The European Parliament rejects a European Union budget for the first time
  • 2014 After protests earlier this month, the Israeli parliament votes 65 to 1 for legislation that ends exemptions from military service for ultra-Orthodox Jewish seminary students
  • 2015 Cyclone Pam causes widespread damage in Vanuatu and the South Pacific, including 15-16 deaths.
  • 2016 Suicide Bombing in Ankara, Turkey kills 37 people

Historic Event

2018 National Geographic magazine admits its past coverage was racist in issue to mark 50 years since death of Martin Luther King Jr.

  • 2019 Australian Catholic Cardinal George Pell is sentenced to 6 years in prison for sexual abuse in Australia; conviction overturned in 2020
  • 2019 British MPs vote to reject a no-deal Brexit, defeating Theresa May's government 321 votes to 278

Historic Event

2019 California Governor Gavin Newsom announces an indefinite moratorium on the death sentence in the state, saying it discriminates against marginalized communities

Historic Event

2019 Home of civil rights activists Medgar and Myrlie Evers established as a national monument in Jackson, Mississippi, by President Donald Trump

  • 2019 Member of the New York Gambino mob family Frank Cali shot dead outside his home, first killing of a high-ranking mobster since 1985
  • 2019 President Trump’s former campaign chairman Paul Manafort sentenced to a further 43 months in jail, to add to his previous 47 months
  • 2019 Shooting at school in Suzano, near São Paulo, Brazil, kills six including five children, before former student gunmen turn guns on themselves
  • 2019 US grounds all Boeing 737 Max aircraft after bans by others countries following the plane type's second crash in Ethiopia

Historic Event

2020 African American Breonna Taylor shot and killed by police officers executing a no-knock warrant on her flat with a battering ram in Louisville, Kentucky [1]

Historic Event

2020 Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates steps down from the company's board to focus on philanthropic activities

  • 2020 US President Donald Trump declares a national emergency, freeing up $50 billion to fight COVID-19