Events in History on March 14

Victory in Battle

1369 Battle of Montiel: Peter of Castile (Peter the Cruel) with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II

  • 1489 The last Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro is forced to abdicate by Venice
  • 1559 Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands

Battle of Ivry

1590 Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion

  • 1592 "Ultimate Pi day": on this day at 6.53am is the largest correspondence between calendar dates and significant digits of pi, since the introduction of the Julian calendar (3.14159265358)
  • 1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • 1647 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm

Historic Event

1689 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen

  • 1743 1st American town meeting is held in Boston's Faneuil Hall
  • 1757 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for failing to come to aide of besieged British garrison

Historic Invention

1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Historic Event

1800 Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII

Election of Interest

1801 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

  • 1812 US Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • 1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama
  • 1845 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen, Netherlands

Historic Event

1858 Ellen G. White receives a vision while attending a funeral service in Lovett's Grove, near Bowling Green, Ohio

  • 1862 Battle of New Bern North Carolina: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • 1864 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1869 Defeat of Maori Ngāti Ruanui leader Riwha Titokowaru in Taranaki, New Zealand by British forces
  • 1870 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 1888 Second largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • 1889 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen
  • 1896 Sutro Baths in San Francisco opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)

Historic Invention

1899 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin receives a US patent for a "Navigable Balloon"

Scientific Discovery

1900 Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Gregor Mendel's laws of heredity and genetics

  • 1900 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
  • 1901 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with Great Britain in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • 1903 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
  • 1903 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • 1904 In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the US Supreme Court finds the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; first case in T. Roosevelt's 'trust-busting' campaign
  • 1907 By Presidential order, Japanese laborers are excluded from entering the USA
  • 1909 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • 1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere
  • 1912 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt

Historic Event

1913 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

  • 1913 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1914 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1915 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Cumières-le-Mort-Homme and Chattancourt in France
  • 1918 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched in San Francisco
  • 1922 KGU-AM in Honolulu HI begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 KSD-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WGR-AM in Buffalo NY begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Allies accepts Vilnius taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • 1923 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Historic Event

1923 US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

  • 1926 Train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93
  • 1933 US Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation program
  • 1935 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars in San Francisco
  • 1936 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue

Catholic Encyclical

1937 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge

  • 1939 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
  • 1939 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1940 27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen, Texas
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies

Historic Event

1943 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

  • 1945 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • 1948 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
  • 1950 FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
  • 1951 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
  • 1955 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • 1957 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
  • 1958 Recording Industry Association of American created
  • 1958 RIAA certifies 1st gold record - Perry Como's single "Catch A Falling Star"
  • 1958 South Africa's government prohibits the African National Congress
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1960 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield, California
  • 1962 Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France
  • 1965 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany

Historic Event

1967 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial

  • 1971 South Vietnamese troops flee Laos
  • 1972 Two IRA members shot dead by British soldiers in the Bogside area of Derry

Historic Event

1973 Future US senator John McCain is released after spending over five years in a North Vietnamese prisoner of war camp

  • 1973 Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Marines terminate Moluccan action in Province house (1 dead)
  • 1979 Hawker Siddeley Trident plane crashes into a factory near Beijing, China, killing at least 200
  • 1980 Ice Pairs Championship at Dortmund won by Cherkasova & Shakhrai (USSR)
  • 1980 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch
  • 1983 OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida), for mating of STS 41-C mission

Assassination Attempt

1984 Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast

  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) completes 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km)
  • 1987 Providence, with Billy Donovan's 25 points, beats Austin Peay 90-87
  • 1987 Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m

Historic Event

1990 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress

  • 1991 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991 English Court of Appeal frees "Birmingham 6" who had been unjustly sentenced in August 1975 to life imprisonment
  • 1991 Ice Pairs Championship at Munich won by N Mishkutenok & A Dmitriev
  • 1992 Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication
  • 1993 3,000th performance of "Nunsense"
  • 1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5km (6:36.57)
  • 1993 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Ukrainian Oksana Baiul
  • 1994 Mexican banker and billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-21 launches with V Dezyurov, G Strekalov & N Thagard
  • 1994 Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released
  • 1995 1st time 13 people in space
  • 1996 Crufts show at NEC Birmingham, (1995 winner, Joshua, an Irish setter)
  • 1997 68 year old Gordie Howe signs AHL contract with Syracuse Crunch
  • 1997 Iranian military plane crashes, killing 80

Historic Event

1997 President Clinton trips & injures his knee requiring surgery

  • 1997 The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality
  • 2003 Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions
  • 2005 Cedar Revolution, where over a million Lebanese march in the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
  • 2013 25 people are killed and 50 are wounded by a series of car bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 7 people are killed after gunmen storm a bar in Cancun, Mexico

Historic Event

2013 Xi Jinping named the new President of the People's Republic of China

  • 2016 Marco Rubio announces he is dropping out of the Republican presidential nomination race
  • 2016 NASA releases data showing February 2016 warmest month ever recorded globally - 1.35C above the long-term average

Historic Event

2016 President Putin orders Russian troops out of Syria

  • 2017 European Court of Justice rules companies can ban staff from wearing religious symbols, including headscarves

Election of Interest

2018 Angela Merkel sworn in for fourth term as German Chancellor, head of a coalition government, 171 days after the general election

  • 2018 Brazilian human rights politician Marielle Franco is murdered in Rio, prompting mass protests

Historic Event

2018 NASA twin study finds that Scott Kelly is no longer identical to his twin brother after one year in space, 7% of his genes altered

  • 2018 UK announces it will expel 23 Russian diplomats after Russian-made nerve agent used on former spy in UK
  • 2018 US students across American commemorate Florida high school shooting with mass walkouts across the country
  • 2018 World Happiness Report names Finland as world's happiest country and Burundi the unhappiest
  • 2019 California officially free of drought for the first time in more than 7 years (Dec 2011)
  • 2019 Former US Democratic representative Beto O'Rourke announces he is running for president
  • 2019 Google announces its employee Emma Haruka Iwao has broken the world record for calculating pi, to 31.4 trillion digits, on pi day using Google Cloud
  • 2019 Tropical Cyclone Idai comes ashore in Mozambique, killing at least 417 people, and Malawi killing at least 56, after causing widespread flooding

Historic Event

2019 US Senate passes resolution overturning President Donald Trump's national emergency declaration

  • 2020 Longest-ever scheduled passenger flight by distance by Air Tahiti Nui from French Polynesia to mainland France 9,765 m (15715 km) due to COVID-19 and it was domestic
  • 2021 Myanmar opposition leader Mahn Win Khaing Than calls for a revolution "This is the darkest moment of the nation and the moment that the dawn is close," as protester death toll over 120
  • 2021 UK police officer charged with the death of Sarah Everard, who disappeared walking home in south London, and whose death sparked debate about violence against women
  • 2022 Civilians able to leave heavily bombed Ukranian city of Mariupol for the first time, amid dead toll of 2,500 in the city and a humanitarian crisis [1]
  • 2022 Omicron causes the largest outbreak of COVID-19 in China since Wuhan 2020 with 26 million people under lockdown in Changchun and Shenzhen [1]