Events in History on March 15

Assassination of Julius Caesar

44 BC Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome

  • 221 Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself Emperor of Shu-Han, claiming legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty

Roman Empire

351 Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.

  • 493 Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths, murders King Odoacer of Italy with his sword at a banquet in Ravenna
  • 933 Battle of Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyars
  • 1311 Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
  • 1360 French attack English south coast, raiding Winchelsea
  • 1382 Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence, Italy
  • 1391 Anti-Semite monk in Seville, Spain stirs up people to attack Jews

Voyage of Discovery

1493 Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first voyage to the New World

  • 1526 French Dauphin Francis and his brother Henry exchanged as hostages for their father Francis I, beginning four years of captivity in Spain under Treaty of Madrid
  • 1529 Second Diet of Speyer convenes, condemns and attempts to reverse 1526 Diet of Speyers relaxation of ban on Luther's teachings); official protest to attempted reversal on 25 April creates the term "Protestantism"
  • 1560 Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise, France
  • 1562 General Francois de Guise enters Paris

Historic Event

1580 Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince William of Orange

Historic Event

1672 King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence

  • 1729 Sister St Stanislas Hachard, 1st American nun, takes her vows in New Orleans
  • 1744 French King Louis XV declares war on Britain

Historic Event

1778 Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island discovered by Captain James Cook

Battle of Interest

1781 Battle of Guilford Court House; British troops under Cornwallis defeat American forces but their heavy losses led to ceding of territory and a strategic loss

Historic Event

1783 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.

  • 1812 1st Russian settlement in California at Russian River
  • 1820 Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • 1827 University of Toronto is chartered
  • 1848 A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • 1855 Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 1862 General John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, Tennessee
  • 1864 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
  • 1867 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • 1875 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • 1887 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
  • 1889 6 US & German warships sunk by a typhoon in Apia harbour, Samoa, 200 die
  • 1892 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)
  • 1892 New York State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)
  • 1897 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden

Historic Event

1906 Britons Henry Rolls, Charles Royce and Claude Johnson formalize their existing partnership as Rolls Royce Ltd

  • 1907 Finland is 1st European country to give women the right to vote

Conference of Interest

1913 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)

  • 1913 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • 1916 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • 1916 General Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Pancho Villa into Mexico
  • 1916 University of Ghent taken under Dutch control

Historic Event

1917 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]

  • 1919 American Legion forms (Paris)
  • 1922 1st southern radio station begins (WSB, Atlanta Georgia)
  • 1922 France, which up until now has insisted on currency for all WWI reparation payments from Germany, now accepts raw materials as payment
  • 1922 Sultan Faud crowned King of Egypt, England recognizes Egypt
  • 1926 Belgium's "black monday", franc falls

Historic Event

1928 Benito Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)

  • 1930 1st seaplane glider flown at Port Washington, NY
  • 1930 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched
  • 1933 NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation & discrimination
  • 1934 US Information Service opens
  • 1937 1st state contraceptive clinic opens in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • 1937 First American blood bank in a hospital is opened at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, Illinois

Hitler Invades Czechoslovakia

1939 Adolf Hitler summons Czech President Emil Hácha to a meeting in Berlin and informs him of the impending attack by Germany; Hácha suffers a heart attack and later capitulates

Historic Event

1939 Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Adolf Hitler and Germany occupy and annex Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

1940 Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest

  • 1941 Blizzard in North Dakota kills 151 people
  • 1943 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • 1943 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • 1944 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • 1945 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens

Agreement of Interest

1946 British Prime Minister Clement Attlee agrees with India's right to independence

  • 1947 John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy
  • 1950 NYC hires Dr Wallace E Howell as its official "rainmaker"
  • 1951 Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
  • 1951 UN forces recapture Seoul, the fourth and final time the city changes hands in the Korean War
  • 1952 Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean
  • 1955 Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
  • 1955 US Air Force unveils self-guided missile
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test in Ground Zero, Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan (of 36 total for 1958)
  • 1959 Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
  • 1960 Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve, also known as John D. Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, established as 1st underwater park, off the coast of Florida
  • 1961 South Africa withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • 1962 Donald Jackson of Canada is 1st to land a triple lutz ice skate jump
  • 1962 Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1965 T.G.I. Friday's 1st restaurant opens in NYC
  • 1966 Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles, California
  • 1967 Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT)-headquarter moves from France to Brunssum, Netherlands
  • 1967 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva sworn in as President of Brazil

Historic Event

1968 British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns after having a drunken row with Prime Minister Harold Wilson

  • 1968 Diocese of Rome announces that it "deplored the concept", but wouldn't prohibit rock & roll masses at Church of San Lessio Falconieri
  • 1968 Uprising in South Yemen
  • 1968 US Mint stops buying & selling gold
  • 1969 US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigns
  • 1969 Violent Chinese-Russian border dispute leaves 100s dead
  • 1970 Expo '70 opens in Osaka, Japan
  • 1971 Chatrooms make their debut on ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet
  • 1972 Danish airliner hit mountain in Sheikdom of Oman killing 112
  • 1972 NASA selects 3 part configuration for Space Shuttle
  • 1972 Two British soldiers killed when attempting to defuse a bomb in Belfast; an RUC officer is also killed in an IRA attack in Coalisland, County Tyrone
  • 1974 Brazilian president Garastazu Médici resigns
  • 1975 Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colorado
  • 1975 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (37.99 sec)
  • 1976 Failed coup in Niger
  • 1977 US House of Representatives begins 90 day test of televising its sessions
  • 1978 -21] operation Litani: Israeli offensive in South Lebanon
  • 1978 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1979 Apparat releases Newdos + 2.1 for Radio Shack's TRS-80
  • 1979 Sarfraz takes 9-86 at MCG as Australia lose 7-5 to lose the Test
  • 1981 "Broadway Follies" opens/closes at Nederlander Theater NYC
  • 1981 Suriname failed coup under sgt-mjr Wilfred Hawker
  • 1982 Nicaragua suspends their citizens rights for 30 days
  • 1984 Tanzania adopts constitution
  • 1985 The first Internet domain name, is registered
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 Funeral services held for murdered Swedish PM Olaf Palme
  • 1988 Eugene Marino of Atlanta appointed 1st African American archbishop
  • 1988 NASA reports accelerated breakdown of ozone layer by CFK
  • 1989 US Department of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position
  • 1990 Fernando Collor de Mello sworn in as President of Brazil

Rodney King Riots

1991 4 officers of the Los Angeles Police Department are charged with excessive force over the beating of Rodney King

  • 1991 Territories of Amapa & Roraima become states in Brazil
  • 1992 UN officially embarks on its largest peacekeeping operation
  • 1993 In a landmark case, Mohamed Tabet, police commissioner of Casablanca, is convicted of sexually abusing over 1,500 women and sentenced to death
  • 1993 Vinod Kambli scores 227 v Zimbabwe, his 2nd consecutive Test 200
  • 1998 An earthquake measuring 6.4 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran
  • 2001 The world's largest oil rig, located off Brazil and operated by Petrobras, suffers three explosions

Historic Event

2003 Hu Jintao becomes President of the People's Republic of China

  • 2004 Announcement of the discovery of 90377 Sedna, the farthest natural object in the Solar system so far observed
  • 2006 18th Commonwealth Games open in Melbourne, Australia
  • 2013 16 people are killed by a fireworks accident in Tlaxcala, Mexico
  • 2013 24 people die after a double decker bus veers of a pass in Cape Town, South Africa

Historic Event

2013 Li Keqiang assumes office as the 7th Premier of the People's Republic of China

  • 2016 Google's DeepMind artificial intelligence wins Go challenge against Lee Se-dol 4-1

Election of Interest

2017 Dutch elections; Prime Minister Mark Rutte's centre-right VVD party win 33 seats vs against 20 for right wing Geert Wilder's Party of Freedom

Historic Event

2017 French fashion house Givenchy appoints it first female designer, Englishwoman Clare Waight Keller

  • 2018 More than 12,000 people flee Hamouria in Eastern Ghouta, Syria, after town bombarded
  • 2018 Pedestrian bridge in Miami, Florida, collapses onto 8-lane highway 5 days after it was built, killing 6
  • 2018 Slovakia’s prime minister Robert Fico resigns amid crisis after the murder of a journalist Jan Kuciak investigating mafia connections
  • 2018 Toy chain Toys R Us announces it will close all its stores after filing for bankruptcy

Historic Event

2019 Climate change strikes held by school children take place around the world inspired by Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg

  • 2019 Terrorist attack on two mosques by a right-wing Australian gunman kills 51 and wounds 50 in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 2019 The Vessel, a honeycomb viewing structure designed by Thomas Heatherwick opens at Hudson Yards development, New York City
  • 2020 European countries impose restrictions on gatherings and borders as COVID-19 deaths rates rise dramatically - Italy 1,809, Spain 288, France 120
  • 2020 US Federal Reserve slashes interest rates to near zero to support the economy during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 2021 Armed attackers kill at least 58 people in the Tillabery region, southwest Niger, government declares three days of mourning
  • 2021 AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine halted in Germany, France and Italy joining some other countries despite little evidence of unusual blood clotting
  • 2021 Deb Haaland confirmed as US Secretary of the Interior by the Senate, 1st Native American to lead a cabinet agency
  • 2021 Largest sandstorm in northern China in a decade engulfs Beijing turning air pollution levels hazardous
  • 2021 Mass March 4 Justice rallies held across Australia to protest against violence and discrimination towards women
  • 2021 Vatican issues judgement that priests cannot bless same-sex unions, that God “does not and cannot bless sin”
  • 2022 Architectures' Pritzker Prize awarded to Francis Kéré from Burkina Faso [1]
  • 2022 Hong Kong amid its worst COVID-19 outbreak records over 4,000 deaths in a few months, largely due to low vaccination, as Omicron hits, forcing it to abandon its covid-zero policy,