Events in History on March 19

  • 1227 Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
  • 1279 A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
  • 1452 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome
  • 1524 Giovanni de Varrazano, a Florentine explorer in the service of King Francis I of France, lands around area of Carolinas
  • 1540 Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
  • 1563 Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
  • 1571 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1628 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England
  • 1644 200 members of Peking imperial family and court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor
  • 1682 Assembly of the French clergy issues a declaration stating, among other things, that the power of the King is not subject to papal authority
  • 1687 Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men
  • 1748 Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize North American colonies
  • 1775 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 1775 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1799 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schöpfung" premieres in Vienna
  • 1803 Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar

Historic Event

1808 Charles IV, king of Spain, abdicates after riots and a popular revolt at the winter palace Aranjuez. His son, Ferdinand VII, takes the throne

  • 1812 The first Spanish constitution is enacted, one of the earliest constitutions ever promulgated
  • 1822 Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city
  • 1831 1st US bank robbery, the City Bank in New York robbed of $245,000
  • 1861 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
  • 1863 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville, Confederates retreat from Greenville North Carolina
  • 1866 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 1877 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match

Historic Event

1882 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia basilica in Barcelona, designed by Antoni Gaudí

  • 1883 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes

Historic Event

1885 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

  • 1895 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • 1907 18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record)
  • 1911 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
  • 1915 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • 1917 US Supreme Court uphoelds 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • 1918 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • 1918 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time

Historic Publication

1919 Literary Magazine "Littérature", edited by André Breton, Philippe Soupault, and Louis Aragon publishes its first issue

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

1920 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)

  • 1921 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded

Appointment of Interest

1925 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (future Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop, appointed as Apostolic Visitor to Bulgaria

  • 1927 Bloody battles between communists & Nazis in Berlin
  • 1930 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
  • 1931 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • 1932 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened in Sydney, Australia
  • 1937 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays

Catholic Encyclical

1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism

  • 1940 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt

Historic Event

1940 French government of Édouard Daladier falls

Historic Event

1942 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty

  • 1943 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • 1943 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard
  • 1945 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

Historic Event

1945 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

  • 1945 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • 1945 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • 1946 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
  • 1946 Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
  • 1947 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms

Victory in Battle

1947 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

  • 1948 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1949 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • 1950 City College of NY defeats Bradley to win the NIT
  • 1951 Herman Wouk's novel "The Caine Mutiny" published (Pulitzer Prize 1952)

Historic Event

1953 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

  • 1954 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1954 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • 1954 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins

Historic Event

1958 Britain's first planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's, London

  • 1958 Gary Sobers completes a century in each innings for WI vs. Pakistan
  • 1962 Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal
  • 1965 Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
  • 1965 Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000 guilders
  • 1965 Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania
  • 1965 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000, said to have been most powerful Confederate cruiser, discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.
  • 1966 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
  • 1967 French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
  • 1968 Howard University, Washington, D.C., students seize administration building
  • 1969 British invade Anguilla
  • 1969 Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
  • 1969 The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.
  • 1970 W German chancellor & E German premier meet
  • 1972 India & Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
  • 1973 Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency"
  • 1974 Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1977 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)
  • 1978 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
  • 1981 2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
  • 1982 Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the U.K.
  • 1982 National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
  • 1984 John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of New York
  • 1984 KSD-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA
  • 1984 Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River
  • 1984 STS 41-C vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1985 "Spin Magazine" begins publishing
  • 1985 US Senate votes 55-45 to authorize production of the MX "Peacekeeper" intercontinental ballistic missile

Historic Event

1987 American televangelist Jim Bakker resigns amid rape accusation by his secretary, Jessica Hahn

  • 1987 Fred Currey acquires Greyhound Bus Company
  • 1987 Hassanali inaugurated as president of Trinidad & Tobago
  • 1988 Two British Army corporals are attacked during a funeral procession, beaten and shot dead by the Provisional IRA in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1989 Boeing V-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight
  • 1989 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)

Historic Event

1991 Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by nearly half

  • 1992 Britain's Prince Andrew & Sarah, Duchess of York, announce separation
  • 1993 Ice Pairs Championship in Prague won by I Brasseur & L Eisler (CAN)
  • 1993 US Supreme Court Justice Byron R White announced plans to retire
  • 1994 2,500 kilograms of cocaine intercepted in Zeewolde, Netherlands
  • 1994 Largest omelette (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan
  • 1995 Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new telephone area code 520
  • 1995 Finnish Social Democratic Party wins parliamentary election
  • 1995 Neil Marshall skates world record 3 km (3:54.08)
  • 1997 Ice Pairs won by Mandy Woetzel & Ingo Steuer (GER)
  • 1997 US Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments
  • 2001 The Bank of Japan issued a monetary policy known as quantitative easing, which stimulated the Japanese economy after the burst of the dot-com bubble.
  • 2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities

Invasion of Iraq

2003 Airstrikes by an American and British-led coalition signal the beginning of the invasion of Iraq, without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion

  • 2004 A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
  • 2004 A truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
  • 2004 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.

Historic Event

2006 On the weekend of his 84th birthday, Fred Shuttlesworth gives his final sermon in front of 300 people at the Greater New Light Baptist Church

  • 2008 GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye is briefly observed
  • 2012 Wendy's overtakes Burger King to become the second best-selling hamburger chain
  • 2013 16 people are killed by mudslides in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 14 are injured in a bus crash in Maharashtra, India
  • 2013 NASA's Mars rover Curiosity discovers further evidence of water-bearing minerals
  • 2014 Israel sends airforce against Syrian military units involved in an attack yesterday on an Israeli patrol in the Golan Heights
  • 2014 Russia captures the Ukrainian naval base in Sevastopol
  • 2018 Mississippi signs into law the US's strictest abortion laws, no termination after 15 weeks
  • 2018 World's last male northern white rhino, 45 year old Sudan, dies in Kenya
  • 2019 "Superbloom" of poppies in Walker Canyon, southern California visible from space, after high rainfall
  • 2019 American Karen Uhlenbeck becomes the 1st woman to win mathematics Abel Prize
  • 2019 Image of Australian rules footballer Tayla Harris attacked by internet trolls and controversially removed before being reinstated

Historic Event

2019 Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev announces his resignation after nearly 30 years in office, the last soviet-era head of state

  • 2020 Italian death toll from COVID-19 at 3,405 surpasses China's official total (3,245) making it then the worst-affected country in the world
  • 2020 Professional football in England is further postponed until 'no earlier than 30 April' due to the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 2020 State of California with 910 cases of COVID-19 locks down and orders people to "stay at home"
  • 2021 Icelandic volcano Fagradalsfjall erupts for the first time in 800 years and after more than 50,000 earthquakes