On This Day

Events in History on March 2

  • 986 Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1121 Dirk VI becomes count of Holland
  • 1127 Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders
  • 1458 Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen king of Bohemia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Vasco da Gama's fleet visits Mozambique Island

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1629 English King Charles I dissolves Parliament against opposition, imprisoning 9 members of parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1675 Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel
  • 1717 The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England
  • 1776 Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1778 Nathanael Greene is appointed Quartermaster General of the Continental Army under George Washington

US General Nathanael Greene
US General
Nathanael Greene
First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1791 Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1796 Napoléon Bonaparte is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French Army in Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1799 Congress standardizes US weights & measures
  • 1807 US Congress bans the slave trade within the US, effective January 1, 1808

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland becomes British Prime Minister for the second time after the fall of William Grenville's Whig government

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • 1808 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.

  • 1815 Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King
  • 1817 1st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Pennsylvania
  • 1819 Territory of Arkansas organized
  • 1819 US passed its 1st immigration law
  • 1824 Interstate commerce comes under federal control
  • 1829 New England Asylum for the Blind, 1st in US, incorporated, Boston
  • 1831 John Frazee becomes 1st US sculptor to receive a federal commission

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico in Columbia

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • 1853 Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
  • 1855 Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1858 Frederick Cook of New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
  • 1861 Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington
  • 1861 US creates Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah territories
  • 1865 British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
  • 1865 Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
  • 1865 Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro, Virginia, during American Civil War
  • 1865 Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
  • 1866 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • 1867 1st Reconstruction act passed by US Congress
  • 1867 US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico

  • 1867 US Congress creates the Department of Education

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 killed

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1868 University of Illinois opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1877 US Electoral Commission declares Rutherford B. Hayes (R) winner of the presidential election with an electoral vote of 185-184 against Samuel J. Tilden (D)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes

MurderAssassination Attempt

1882 Queen Victoria narrowly escapes assassination when Roderick Maclean shoots at her while boarding a train in Windsor

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1888 The Convention of Constantinople signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace
  • 1889 Kansas passes 1st US antitrust law
  • 1893 1st US federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
  • 1899 President McKinley signs bill creating Mt Rainier National Park (5th in US)
  • 1901 Hawaii's first telegraph company opens
  • 1901 United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • 1904 Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio" premieres in Milan
  • 1907 General Louis Botha named premier of Transvaal
  • 1907 Georges Feydeaus' "La Puce à l'Oreille" premieres in Paris
  • 1909 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
  • 1910 2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington Washington, 118 die
  • 1915 British vice admiral Sackville Hamilton Carden begins bombardment of Dardanelles forts
  • 1915 Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
  • 1917 Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted
  • 1919 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • 1920 Karel Čapek "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • 1922 WBAP-AM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • 1922 WLW-AM in Cincinnati OH begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
  • 1925 Japan's House of Representatives recognizes male suffrage
  • 1925 Nationwide road numbering system & US shield marker adopted
  • 1925 SDAP-Second-Faction of parliament demands drastic disarmament
  • 1929 US Congress creates Court of Customs & Patent Appeals
  • 1930 1st US indoor glider flight, St Louis Terminal Building
  • 1933 Sanriku earthquake of 8.4 and tsunami hit Japan, country's most powerful earthquake in 180 years
  • 1934 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha
  • 1937 Mexico nationalizes oil
  • 1938 Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • 1938 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
  • 1939 Eugenio Pacelli chosen as Pope Pius XII
  • 1939 Massachusetts Legislature votes to ratify the US Bill of Rights - 147 years late
  • 1940 Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island, Finland
  • 1940 Beaten by a nose in both the 1937 and 1938 Santa Anita Handicaps, Seabiscuit finally wins the Big 'Cap in his final race; retires the leading money-winning horse in the world
  • 1941 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1942 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • 1943 1st transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
  • 1944 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy
  • 1945 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • 1945 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
  • 1946 Dutch troops land on East Bali

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1946 Ho Chi Minh elected President of North Vietnam

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1946 Kingman Douglass becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1949 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)
  • 1949 Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), completes 1st nonstop round- the-world flight at Fort Worth, Texas, covering 23,452-mis in 94 hrs
  • 1955 King Norodom Sihanukh of Cambodia succeeded by his father
  • 1955 William Inge's "Bus Stop" premieres in NYC
  • 1956 Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declaring independence from France
  • 1958 1st surface crossing of Antarctic continent is completed in 99 days

  • 1958 Yemen announces it would join the United Arab Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 JFK announces US will resume above ground nuclear testing

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup
  • 1965 Montcalm Community College founded in Sidney, Mich
  • 1965 US Air Force begins Operation Rolling Thunder, a three year sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam
  • 1966 215,000 US soldiers in Vietnam
  • 1966 After suffering a hairline fracture of his right hind foot, 5-time US Horse of the Year Kelso is immediately retired; racing's all-time leading money winner with lifetime earnings of $1,977,896
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Ice Pairs Championship at Geneva won by Belousova & Protopopov of the Soviet Union
  • 1968 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Geneva won by Emmerich Danzer of Austria
  • 1968 USAF displays Lockheed C-5A Galaxy, biggest plane in the world, with a cargo compartment 37m long
  • 1968 USSR launches space probe Zond 4; fails to leave Earth orbit
  • 1968 19 year-old American Peggy Fleming wins her 3rd consecutive World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Geneva, Switzerland; announces her retirement, turns professional and eventually goes into broadcasting
  • 1969 1st test flight of the supersonic Concorde
  • 1969 Chinese-Russian borders fight (approx 70 die)
  • 1970 White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic
  • 1970 American Airlines' 1st flight of a Boeing 747
  • 1970 Supreme Court ruled draft evaders can not be penalized after 5 years

KnighthoodDictator Bokassa I

1972 Jean-Bédel Bokassa appoints himself President for life of Central African Republic
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Jean-Bédel Bokassa is crowned as 'Emperor of Central Africa' atop a golden throne in 1976
Jean-Bédel Bokassa is crowned as 'Emperor of Central Africa' atop a golden throne in 1976
  • 1972 NASA launches its Pioneer 10 space probe to Jupiter
  • 1973 "Black September" terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum
  • 1974 1st class postage raised to 10 cents from 8 cents

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Grand jury concludes US President Richard Nixon is involved in Watergate cover-up

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1977 Libya amends constitution
  • 1978 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • 1981 Aircraft hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists
  • 1981 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWDC in Washington, D.C.

InventionScientific Discovery

1981 Discovery of minor planet 5020 Asimov, named after sci-fi writer Isaac Asimov

Author and Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author and Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • 1982 Terror group "The Illuminated Path" frees 260 prisoners in Peru
  • 1983 Compact Disc recordings developed by Phillips & Sony introduced

  • 1983 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 Iran offensive against Iraq fails
  • 1985 FDA in the US approves an ELISA screening test for AIDS antibody for all blood banks
  • 1986 1st million-dollar purse for a handicap race won at Santa Anita
  • 1986 Protesters try to stop Land Rover motor company being sold to US
  • 1986 The first million dollar purse for a handicap race is won by British bred 5-year old Greinton with Laffit Pincay Jr. aboard taking out the $1,359,500 Santa Anita Handicap
  • 1988 Dutch Liberal Party merged with SDP
  • 1989 12 European nations agree to ban chlorofluorocarbon production by 2000
  • 1989 Tanker Exxon Houston runs aground in Hawaii, spills 117,000 gallons of oil
  • 1990 Greyhound Bus goes on strike
  • 1991 Del Ballard Jr throws most famous gutter ball in PBA Tour history
  • 1991 UN votes in favor of US resolutions for cease fire with Iraq
  • 1991 US Army controversially destroys a retreating Iraqi Republican Guard column at Rumaila Oil Field, despite a ceasefire being observed
  • 1992 Moldova joins the United Nations.
  • 1994 William Natcher, (Rep-D-Ky), casts his 18,401 & last consecutive vote
  • 1994 Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender if taped statement is broadcasted, it is, but he doesn't
  • 1995 British trader Nick Leeson arrested for collapse of Barings Bank PLC
  • 1995 Ferry boat sinks off Sumbe Angola, 42+ killed
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-67 (Endeavour 8), launches
  • 1997 Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal acquires 5% of Apple
  • 1997 Soyuz TM-24 returns to Earth (Russia)
  • 1998 Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicates that Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet heads home after being told the UK would not extradite him on torture charges

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • 2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: US conventional forces first deployed as part of Operation Anaconda
  • 2003 The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
  • 2004 Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag.
  • 2004 War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500
  • 2004 Rosetta space probe is launched by the European Space Agency to study comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko with Philae lander module aboard
  • 2008 Riots in Yerevan, Armenia concerning the Armenian presidential election, 2008 come to a fatal end, with police forces clashing with civilians in their peaceful protest, resulting in 8 deaths.
  • 2012 Tornadoes kill at least 27 people in the American states of Indiana and Kentucky
  • 2012 The Red Cross is denied access to provide relief to the Baba Amr district in Homs by the Syrian army
  • 2012 New fiscal compact to prevent excessive debt is signed by 25 out of 27 European Union members

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 President Vladimir Putin receives unanimous approval from Russia's parliament to send troops to the Ukraine

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 2016 Longest non-stop scheduled commercial flight by distance, Emirates A380 flies 14,200km (8,824 miles) Dubai to Auckland in 17 hours, 15 minutes
  • 2016 Oldest known land fossil (Tortotubus - 440 million years old) from Gotland, Sweden, revealed by British scientists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 US astronauts Scott Kelly and Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko return to earth after nearly a year (340 days), setting an ISS record

Astronaut Scott Kelly
Scott Kelly
  • 2017 US Attorney General Jeff Sessions recuses himself from the investigation into Trump campaign contacts with Russia after revelations he met Russian ambassador
  • 2018 Gunmen attack the French embassy and army HQ in suspected terrorist incident in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, killing 8 and injuring 80

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 Amy Klobuchar drops out of the US Democratic presidential race and endorses Joe Biden

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says Turkey can not longer enforce 2016 deal with EU to stop migrants entering Europe, warns millions may try

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • 2020 Russian President Vladimir Putin proposes constitutional amendment banning gay marriage