Events in History on March 21

  • 630 Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem
  • 717 Battle of Vincy fought in the Cambrai during Frankish Civil War; Charles Martel's forces defeat those of King Chilperic II and his mayor Ragenfrid
  • 1188 Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku

Historic Event

1413 Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales, becomes King Henry V of England upon the death of his father

Historic Event

1610 King James I of England and VI of Scotland addresses English House of Commons

  • 1681 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London

Historic Event

1702 Queen Anne addresses English parliament

  • 1788 Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans, Louisiana

Historic Event

1788 Olaudah Equiano (aka Gustavus Vassa), a freed slave, petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans

  • 1791 Captain Hopley Yeaton becomes 1st commissioned officer in the Revenue Marine, later the Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the modern US Coast Guard
  • 1804 Napoleonic Code adopted in France, stresses clearly written and accessible law
  • 1821 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1824 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses
  • 1844 Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
  • 1844 The original date predicted by William Miller of Massachusetts for the return of Christ and the end of the world
  • 1859 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
  • 1859 Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated

Historic Event

1860 English novelist George Eliot finishes her novel "The Mill on the Floss" in Wandsworth, London

  • 1860 US extradition treaty with Sweden
  • 1863 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • 1864 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
  • 1866 US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • 1868 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC

Historic Event

1871 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)

  • 1885 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • 1888 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • 1890 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • 1899 British & French accord over West Africa
  • 1907 US sends troops to Honduras to halt the Nicaraguan army takeover
  • 1909 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1913 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • 1914 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • 1914 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • 1916 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • 1917 Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
  • 1918 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • 1922 KGW-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
  • 1924 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
  • 1924 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
  • 1925 Edinburgh's Murreyfield Stadium officially opens
  • 1925 Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijri calendar
  • 1925 Tennessee governor Austin Peay passes the "Butler Act," making Tennessee the 1st state to outlaw teaching the theory of evolution (repealed 1967)
  • 1927 Guomindang Army conquers Shanghai as British marines flee
  • 1931 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland

Historic Event

1933 Day of Potsdam in Nazi Germany, a ceremony to open the new Reichstag after the fire in February; Adolf Hitler and Paul von Hindenburg shake hands in public

  • 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500

Theater Premiere

1935 Jean Anouilh's play "Y avait un prisonnier" premieres in Paris

  • 1935 Persia is officially renamed Iran
  • 1937 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • 1939 Nazi Germany demands the return of Danzig (Gdańsk) from Poland
  • 1942 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk

Assassination Attempt

1943 Assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler fails

  • 1943 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.

Historic Event

1944 General Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy

  • 1945 1st Japanese kamikaze "flying bombs" (MXY-7 Ohka) attack Okinawa
  • 1945 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • 1945 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • 1946 UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)

Catholic Encyclical

1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur

  • 1947 U.S. President Harry Truman signs executive order 9835 requiring "complete and unswerving loyalty to the United States" of Federal employees

Historic Event

1947 US President Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States

  • 1951 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea
  • 1952 -22] Tornadoes in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and Kentucky cause 343 deaths
  • 1955 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus to join Greece

Historic Event

1957 Tennessee Williams' "Orpheus Descending" premieres in NYC

  • 1958 1st presentation of West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1960 Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC
  • 1962 Dutch RC bishop Beckers declares himself in favor of birth control
  • 1962 Yogi the bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds by the US military testing ejection seats

Historic Event

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama

  • 1965 US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
  • 1966 US Supreme Court reverses Massachusetts ruling that "Fanny Hill" is obscene
  • 1968 "Royals" chosen as the name of new KC AL franchise
  • 1968 Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases

Historic Event

1968 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares banished to Sao Tomé, having been arrested by secret police under dictator António de Oliveira Salazar

  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2"
  • 1972 US Supreme Court rules states can't require 1-yr residency to vote
  • 1974 Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall
  • 1975 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • 1978 San Francisco passes its and the U.S.' most comprehensive homosexual rights bill
  • 1979 Egyptian Parliament unanimously approve peace treaty with Israel
  • 1981 9-time World Grand Prix motor cycle champion Mike Hailwood along with his 9-year old daughter Michelle are killed when his Rover SD1 collides with a truck near their home in Tanworth-in-Arden in England
  • 1982 "Little Johnny Jones" opens & closes at Alvin Theater NYC
  • 1983 Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled
  • 1984 Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
  • 1985 Bloodbath at Langa (Uitenhage) South-Africa, 19 killed
  • 1986 199.22 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Kania skates ladies world record 500 m (39.52 sec) & 3 km (4:18.02)
  • 1989 1st sea test of Trident 2 missile self-destructs, Cape Canaveral, Florida
  • 1990 Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president
  • 1991 27 lost at sea when 2 US Navy anti-submarine planes collide
  • 1991 UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq


1993 Pope John Paul II beatifies Duns Scotus, a philosopher-theologian of the Middle Ages

  • 1993 South Africa White Wolves kill 5 year old black girl
  • 1994 Anne P Sidamon-Eristoff named chairwoman of Museum of National History
  • 1994 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) enters into force after being ratified by the required number of nations
  • 1995 NYC agrees to sell its 2 owned radio stations (WNYC AM & FM)
  • 1999 Swiss aviator Bertrand Piccard and British aviator Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
  • 2002 In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2002 Schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is abducted in broad daylight on her way home from Heathside School in Walton-on-Thames, England
  • 2004 In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority

Historic Event

2006 First ever tweet sent out by Twitter founder Jack Dorsey "just setting up my twttr"

  • 2006 Immigrant workers constructing the Burj Dubayy in Dubai, The United Arab Emirates and a new terminal of Dubai International Airport join together and riot, causing $1M in damage.
  • 2012 Five former Guatemalan paramilitaries are sentenced to 7,710 years in jail for their role in the Plan de Sanchez massacre in 1982
  • 2012 Greek Parliament votes in favour of an international bailout deal
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 30 are injured by a car bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2013 24 people are killed and 100 are injured by a tornado and hail storm in southern China
  • 2013 42 people are killed and 84 are injured by a bombing in a mosque in Damascus, Syria
  • 2013 A barter dispute loses control and results in 10 people being killed, 20 injured, and 4 mosques being burnt to the ground in Myanmar
  • 2013 At least 45 people drown and 60 are missing after a Nigerian boat sinks off the shore of Gabon
  • 2013 The European Space Agency reveals new data that indicates that the universe is 13.82 billion years old
  • 2014 Russia formally annexes Crimea amid international condemnation
  • 2018 African trade deal agreed by 44 African countries in Kigali, Rwanda
  • 2018 Austin bombing suspect Mark Conditt kills himself in chase with police in Austin, Texas
  • 2018 Dave Patterson and John Hennessy win computings' Turing Award for RISC computer chips

Historic Event

2018 Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg admits they "made mistakes" after data on 50 million users is harvested by Cambridge Analytica

  • 2018 Nigerian government confirms 101 out of 110 schoolgirls kidnapped from Dapchi returned
  • 2018 Palestinian teenager Ahed Tamimi accepts plea deal for 8 months in prison after slapping Israeli officer
  • 2018 Peru's President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski offers his resignation amid vote-buying scandal
  • 2018 Suicide bomber kills 31 in crowd celebrating Persian New Year in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2019 A huge blast from a chemical factory in Chenjiagang Chemical Industry Park in eastern China is so big it registers as an earthquake, kills 78 people and injuries 617
  • 2019 Bangladeshi woman with two uteruses safely gives birth to twins 26 days after giving birth to another child
  • 2019 Former Brazilian President Michel Temer is arrested in São Paulo as part of a large corruption investigation
  • 2019 Governor of Missouri Mike Parson declares a state of emergency as flooding from Nebraska and Iowa flows downstream into the state

Historic Event

2019 Levi Strauss & Company is traded publicly for the second time in its history on the New York stock exchange

Historic Event

2019 New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announces a ban on military-style semiautomatic weapons, 6 days after the Christchurch terrorist attack

  • 2019 Overloaded boat sinks in the Tigris river near Mosul, Iraq, drowning nearly 100

Historic Event

2019 US President Donald Trump says US should recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights on Twitter

  • 2020 Italy records record daily death toll of 793 for COVID-19 as the worldwide death tolls surpasses 12,000 with 299,000 known infections (Johns Hopkins figures)
  • 2021 45 crushed to death in a crowd paying respects to the late President John Magufuli at a stadium in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 2022 178 wildfires have burnt more than 108,000 acres across southwest Texas according to local fire officials with 23 still active [1]
  • 2022 China Eastern Airlines jetliner crashes in mountains in Guangxi region, China, with 132 people on board
  • 2022 Ketanji Brown Jackson's Supreme Court confirmation hearings begin in Washington D.C.

Historic Event

2022 Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador inaugurates Felipe Angeles International Airport to serve Mexico City [1]