On This Day

Events in History on March 22

  • 238 Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor
  • 752 Stephen II elected Catholic Pope (or 23rd)
  • 871 Battle at Marton: Ethelred van Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1349 Townspeople of Fulda, Germany massacre Jews, blaming them for the Black Death
  • 1421 Battle of Baugé - French defeat English
  • 1556 Cardinal Reginald Pole becomes archbishop of Canterbury

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1594 French King Henry IV festival in Paris

  • 1621 Dutch jurist Hugo de Groot (Hugo Grotius) escapes in book chest from Loevestein Castle in the Netherlands
  • 1622 First American Indian (Powhatan) massacre of Europeans in Jamestown Virginia, 347 killed
  • 1630 1st colonial legislation prohibiting gambling enacted (Boston)
  • 1638 Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1680 Parliament of Breisach accepts French sovereignty over Elzas
  • 1692 Emperor Leopold I names Duke Earnest August of Braunschweig, king

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1765 Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American colonists, organized by Prime Minister George Grenville

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • 1775 Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the Westminster Parliament

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1778 Captain James Cook sights Cape Flattery, now in Washington state

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

ThailandEmerald Buddha

1784 The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand
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The Emerald Buddha of Thailand, considered the palladium of the nation and one of its most sacred sites
The Emerald Buddha of Thailand, considered the palladium of the nation and one of its most sacred sites

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1790 Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State under President Washington

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1794 Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • 1809 Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne
  • 1822 NY Horticultural Society founded
  • 1829 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.

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1832 British Parliament, led by Charles Grey, passes the Reform Act, introducing wide-ranging changes to electoral system of England and Wales, increasing electorate from about 500,000 voters to 813,000

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1841 A method for alkali starch extraction is patented in the US by Orlando Jones, which is later applied to corn (cornstarch)
  • 1861 1st US nursing school chartered
  • 1862 San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • 1865 Raid at Wilson's: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA
  • 1871 William Holden of North Carolina becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • 1872 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • 1873 Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico, celebrated as Emancipation Day
  • 1874 Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • 1888 English Football League established
  • 1903 Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought

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1903 US Anthracite Coal Commission, set up by President Theodore Roosevelt, submits its recommendations for shorter hours, a 10-per cent wage increase, and an 'open shop'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1904 "Bailundo Revolt" ends after almost 2-years in Portuguese victory over Ovimbundu kingdom & allies
  • 1907 The new Boer government in the Transvaal passes an Asiatic Registration Bill, that restricts immigration from India
  • 1912 Agnes Martin, Macklin Canada, Canadian-American abstract painter
  • 1914 The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline
  • 1917 The USA is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia
  • 1922 The Rand Rebellion in Southern Africa, which started as a strike by white mineworkers and became an armed rebellion against the state, is brought to a brutal end by the police
  • 1927 Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio" premieres in Madrid

  • 1929 KIT-AM in Yakima WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 USCG vessel sank Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor

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1933 FDR makes wine & beer with up to 3.2% alcohol legal

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)
  • 1935 Blood tests authorized as evidence in court cases (NY)
  • 1939 Lithuania forced to give Memel territory to Germany
  • 1941 Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation
  • 1943 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
  • 1943 Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • 1943 SS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
  • 1944 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
  • 1945 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
  • 1945 US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
  • 1946 1st US rocket to leave the Earth's atmosphere (50 miles up)
  • 1946 Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan
  • 1947 President Harry Truman signs executive order calling for loyalty
  • 1952 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, killing 44
  • 1953 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1954 Northland Center, the world's largest shopping mall of the time, opens in Oakpark, Michigan
  • 1954 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens
  • 1957 Earthquake shakes San Francisco
  • 1957 Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian

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1958 Under pressure King Saud appoints Faisal Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia

  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

InventionHistoric Invention

1960 1st patent for lasers granted to Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes

  • 1963 British Minister of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler
  • 1965 D Senanayake wins general elections in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
  • 1965 US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1968 Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968 Lynda Johnson ordered off San Francisco cable car for eating an ice cream cone
  • 1968 Student riot in Nanterre near Paris
  • 1969 "Billy" opens & closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC after 1 performance
  • 1970 "Blood Red Roses" opens & closes at John Golden Theater NYC
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 Brian Faulkner becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
  • 1972 Congress approves Equal Rights Amendment (never ratified)
  • 1972 In Eisenstadt v. Baird the US Supreme Court rules unmarried people have same right to contraception as married people.
  • 1975 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta State beats Immaculata 90-81 in Harrisonburg
  • 1975 A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels

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1977 Indira Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1977 Dutch Labour Party (PvdA) government under Joop den Uyl falls
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Robert Frost Plaza, at California, Drumm & Market, San Francisco, dedicated

  • 1978 Karl Wallenda of The Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1979 Israeli parliament approves peace treaty with Egypt
  • 1979 Provisional Irish Republican Army assassinates Richard Sykes, the British ambassador to the Netherlands, in Den Haag
  • 1979 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode 24 bombs in various locations across Northern Ireland
  • 1981 US 1st class postage raised to 18 cents from 15 cents
  • 1981 Soyuz 39 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Mongolian) to Salyut 6
  • 1981 Toshihiko Seko runs world record 25k (1:13:55.8)/30k (1:29:18.8)
  • 1982 3rd Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 3 launched
  • 1982 Iran offensive against Iraq
  • 1983 Chaim Herzog elected Israeli president
  • 1984 Teachers at the McMartin preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are charged with Satanic ritual abuse of the children in the school. The charges are later dropped as completely unfounded.
  • 1985 NASA launches Intelsat VA F-10
  • 1986 Ehrig skates ladies world record 5 km (7:20.99)
  • 1986 Ice Pairs Championship at Geneva won by Gordeeva & Grinkov (URS)
  • 1986 Kania skates ladies' world record 1500m (1:59.30)
  • 1986 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Debi Thomas (USA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 US Congress overrides President Reagan's veto of sweeping civil rights bill

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1989 US Supreme Court upholds 1 person 1 vote rule of NYC Board of Estimate
  • 1990 Anchorage jury finds Capt Hazelwood not guilty of Valdez oil spill
  • 1991 Law enforcement officers raid fraternities at University of Virginaa, seizing drugs
  • 1991 NY Daily News begins using motto "Forward with NY"
  • 1991 Pamela Smart (HS teacher) found guilty in NH of manipulating her student-lover to kill her husband
  • 1992 US Air NY to Cleveland crashes on take off at LaGuardia, 27 die

InventionHistoric Invention

1993 Intel introduces Pentium-processor (80586) 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS

Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel Andrew Grove
Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel
Andrew Grove
  • 1994 Dutch Ambassador to US christens a new tulip (the Hillary Clinton)
  • 1994 South African government and ANC take power in Ciskei homeland

  • 1994 Soyuz TM-21 lands
  • 1995 Deputy Governor of Bank of England, Rupert Pennant-Rea, resigns following revelations of his affair with a freelance journalist
  • 1996 Cheryl Depew of Florida crowned 13th Miss Hawaiian Tropic International
  • 1996 STS 76 (Atlantis 16), launches into orbit
  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp Closest Approach to Earth (1.315 AU)
  • 2004 Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of the Palestinian Sunni Islamist militant group Hamas, and bodyguards killed in the Gaza Strip by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles
  • 2006 ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declares permanent ceasefire
  • 2006 BC Ferries' M/V Queen of the North runs aground on Gil Island British Columbia and sinks; 101 on board, 2 presumed deaths
  • 2006 Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox
  • 2009 Mount Redoubt, a volcano in Alaska began erupting after a prolonged period of unrest
  • 2012 Massive fire devours thousands of hectares of ancient forests and threatens wildlife on Mount Kenya
  • 2012 Australia's most wanted man, Malcolm Naden, is captured after seven years on the run in Gloucester, New South Wales
  • 2012 Largest protest in Quebec's history occurs in Montreal with over 200,000 people marching against government tuition hikes and for free access to post-secondary education
  • 2012 Ireland returns to recession as GDP falls by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2011 following a fall of 1.1% in the third quarter
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 200 are injured in a refugee camp fire in Ban Mae, Thailand
  • 2014 251 people are killed after a boat capsizes in Lake Albert, Uganda
  • 2014 43 people are killed by a mudslide in Oso, Washington
  • 2014 Guinea confirms Ebola outbreak has already killed 59 people
  • 2014 The US and EU impose sanctions on Russia
  • 2016 Suicide bombings at Brussel's Zaventem airport and Maelbeek metro station, leave around 28 victims dead and 260 injured, ISIS claim responsibility
  • 2017 Arctic records its lowest ever winter ice cover according to US National Snow and Ice Data Center, 5.5 million square miles
  • 2017 Tomb of Jesus reopens after restoration in Jerusalem
  • 2017 Terrorist attack on London's Westminster Bridge and Houses of Parliament kills 4 including a police officer and injures 40

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2018 US President Donald Trump imposes $60 billion worth of tariffs on Chinese imports

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2018 The "Great Pacific Garbage Patch" between Hawaii and California has 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic and increasing rapidly according to new research
  • 2019 "Mind-blowing" discovery announced of 518 million year old fossil site in near Danshui river, Hubei province, China, with thousands of unknown fossils well preserved
  • 2019 Huge blast from a chemical factory so big it registers as an earthquake kills at least 64 with 28 missing in Yancheng, eastern China