On This Day

Events in History on March 25

  • 1 Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word
  • 31 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus
  • 421 Friday at 12 PM - city of Venice founded
  • 708 Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1150 Tichborne family of Hampshire England start tradition of giving gallon of flour to residents to keep deathbed promise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1199 King Richard I (the Lion Heart) of England, is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leads to his death on April 6

  • 1305 Consecration of the Scrovegni Chapel (Arena Chapel) in Padua, Italy, with fresco masterpiece by Florentine painter Giotto

CrownRoyal Coronation

1306 Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
  • 1409 Council of Pisa opens - elects Antipope Alexander V
  • 1436 Florentine cathedral Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore with then the largest dome in the world by Filippo Brunelleschi, consecrated by Pope Eugene IV (begun 1296)
  • 1571 Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves England
  • 1581 Portuguese Cortes calls Philip II king of Portugal

InventionHistoric Invention

1584 English explorer Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert's patent to explore North America

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh
  • 1593 Recantation of Loos, Dutch scholar Coinelius Loos recants his earlier written protest against witchcraft persecution in Trier, Germany before officials in Brussels
  • 1598 Cornelis de Houtman's fleet departs for East-Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609 Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Company to find a passage to Asia

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson
  • 1634 Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore and led by his brother Leonard Calvert first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland
  • 1647 Cape of Good Hope: tour ship Haerlem stranded in Tafel Bay
  • 1655 Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan (Saturn's largest satellite)
  • 1669 Mount Etna in Sicily erupts, destroying Nicolosi, killing 20,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1740 Construction begins on evangelist George Whitefield's Bethesda Orphanage in Georgia

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1753 Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Continental Congress authorizes a medal for George Washington

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1802 Great Britain and the French Republic sign the Treaty of Amiens
  • 1807 First fare-paying, passenger railway service in the world established on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, Wales

UKBritain Abolishes the Slave Trade

1807 British Parliament abolishes slave trade throughout the British Empire; penalty of £120 per slave introduced for ship captains

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'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 George Canning becomes British Foreign Secretary

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
  • 1811 Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism
  • 1813 1st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific by the frigate Essex
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank established
  • 1817 Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians
  • 1821 The Greek revolution against the Ottoman Turks is officially declared, with hostilities having started two months earlier

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1846 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Sydney to a hero's welcome after completing his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1847 Pope Pius issues IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • 1851 Yosemite Valley discovery made public by Major James D. Savage and Captain John Boling after being shown by Indian guides in California
  • 1852 Friedrich Hebbel's tragedy "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich
  • 1856 A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine
  • 1857 Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse
  • 1857 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville receives a patent for his phonautograph, a device which created visual images of sound

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded to six army soldiers by US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton in Washington

US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
US Secretary of War
Edwin Stanton
  • 1863 Skirmish at Brentwood, Tennessee
  • 1864 Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
  • 1865 Battle of Bluff Spring, Florida
  • 1865 Battle of Petersburg: In an unsuccessful counter attack, Confederate forces attack Fort Stedman
  • 1865 Battle of Mobile, Alabama (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
  • 1865 SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400
  • 1882 1st demonstration of pancake making, held at a department store in NYC
  • 1888 Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • 1894 Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon, Ohio, for Washington, D.C.
  • 1895 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1898 Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC
  • 1898 Swami Vivekananda initiates Margaret Noble (Sister Nivedita) into vow of Brahmacharya, first western woman received into Indian monastic order

The Story of Writer O. Henry’s Short LifeThe Story of Writer O. Henry’s Short Life

1898 Writer O. Henry sentenced to 5 years in prison for embezzling $854 from a bank reportedly to pay for his sick wife's medical bills. Goes on to write many classics while in jail including "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking".

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The U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in 2012 commemorating the 150th anniversary of the birth of William Porter
The U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in 2012 commemorating the 150th anniversary of the birth of William Porter
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  • 1900 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • 1901 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, Iowa
  • 1902 Irving W. Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine
  • 1902 In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • 1903 Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, is founded.
  • 1905 Confederate battle flags captured during the American Civil War are returned to South
  • 1908 Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • 1910 Chalmers Auto Co offers a new car to each leagues' batting champ
  • 1911 L. D. Swamikannu publishes "Manual of Indian Chronology" in Bombay
  • 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls in Greenwich Village, New York
  • 1913 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster
  • 1915 1st submarine disaster; a US F-4 sinks off Hawaii, killing 21
  • 1915 German U boat torpedoes Netherlands merchant ship Medea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Canadian flying ace Billy Bishop claims his first victory, shooting down and mortally wounding German Leutnant Theiller

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1918 Belarusian People's Republic is established

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1919 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Greek Independence Day
  • 1923 British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
  • 1924 Greek parliament selects admiral Paul Koundouriotis as premier
  • 1931 Scottsboro Boys arrested in Alabama, accused of raping a white woman
  • 1935 1st Belgium government of Van Zealand resigns
  • 1936 200-inch mirror blank to build the Hale telescope leaves Corning New York for California (then largest telescopic mirror ever made)
  • 1937 Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
  • 1937 Washington Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page
  • 1941 Carolina Paprika Mills in Dillon, South Carolina, incorporated
  • 1942 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • 1943 97% of all Dutch physicians strike against Nazi registration
  • 1944 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • 1945 US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen, Germany after crossing the Rhine
  • 1945 US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
  • 1945 US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
  • 1947 Agreement of Linggadjati ratified in Batavia
  • 1947 Coal mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois kills 111
  • 1949 The Soviet Union begins Operation Pribioi, the mass deportation of 90,000 Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians to inhospitable areas in the Soviet Union
  • 1951 E Purcell & EM Ewen detect 21-cm radiation at Harvard physics lab

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1954 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1955 East Germany granted full sovereignty by occupying power, USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" as obscene.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1957 Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community (Common Market)
  • 1958 West German parliament desires German atomic weapons
  • 1959 French President De Gaulle acknowledges Oder-Neisse boundary
  • 1960 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)

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1960 DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover" ruled not obscene (NYC)

  • 1960 Italian government Tambroni forms
  • 1961 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
  • 1961 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
  • 1962 French OAS-leader ex-general Jouhaud arrested

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Britain sets memorial for the late President John F. Kennedy

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Egypt ends state of siege (1952-64)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. leads 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 West German Bondsdag extends war crimes retribution
  • 1966 US Supreme court rules "poll tax" unconstitutional
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 Who & Cream make US debut at Murray the K's Easter Show
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Members of the Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) disrupt a meeting of Londonderry Corporation to protest at the lack of housing provision in the city, Northern Ireland
  • 1969 Andes Pact signed in Peru
  • 1969 Pakistan General Agha Mohammed Jagja Khan succeeds Ayub Chan as president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Ian Paisley and Ronald Bunting, loyalists in Northern Ireland are jailed for organising an illegal counter demonstration in Armagh on 30 November 1968

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
  • 1970 Concorde makes its 1st supersonic flight (700 MPH/1,127 KPH)
  • 1971 European council accepts Mansholt plan laying off 5 million farmers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 James Callaghan speaks at a rally of the Northern Ireland labour movement, but rejects calls for the Labour Party to open membership to those living in N. Ireland

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
  • 1973 27th Tony Awards: "That Championship Season" and "Little Night Music" win
  • 1976 Argentine military junta bans leftist political parties
  • 1978 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, UCLA beat Maryland 90-74 in Los Angeles
  • 1979 Space Shuttle Columbia arrives at Kennedy Space Centre to prepare for its first launch, which would eventually happen in 1981
  • 1979 Major riot at Bourda prevents day's play in WSC Supertest
  • 1979 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Old Dominion beat Louisiana Tech 75-65 in Greensboro
  • 1983 Christa Rothenburger skates world record 500 m ladies (39.69 sec)
  • 1983 Pavel Pegov skates world record 1000m (1:12.58)
  • 1985 Edwin Meese III takes office as US Attorney General
  • 1986 Supreme Court rules Air Force could ban wearing of yarmulkes
  • 1987 The US Supreme Court rules that gender-based workplace affirmative action plans do not constitute discrimination on the basis of sex under the Civil Rights Act 1964
  • 1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-206
  • 1990 Fire in illegal NYC social club, kills 87
  • 1991 Nigerian crude becomes competitive in US Gulf Coast as Nigeria cuts crude prices
  • 1992 British scientists find new largest perfect # (2 756839 -1 * 2 756839)
  • 1992 Russian manned space craft TM-14, lands
  • 1992 Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates ladies world record 3 km (4:09.32)
  • 1994 Yasunori Miyabe skates world record 1000 m (1:12.37)
  • 1996 Comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) approaches within 0.1018 AUs of Earth
  • 1996 Freedom Shoemakers on Maryport's Solway Estate closes
  • 1996 Ice Pairs Championship at Edmonton won by Eltsova & Bushkov (RUS)
  • 1996 US issues newly-redesigned $100 bill
  • 1996 The European Union's Veterinarian Committee bans the export of British beef and its by-products as a result of "mad cow disease" (BSE).
  • 2006 Capitol Hill massacre: A gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood
  • 2006 Protesters demanding a re-election in Belarus following the rigged Belarusian presidential election, 2006 clash with riot police. Opposition leader Aleksander Kozulin is among several protesters arrested.
  • 2009 Gay dating site Grindr launched by Joel Simkhai, first ever dating application to combine dating information and location
  • 2016 Suicide attack during a football match in Iskandariya, Iraq kills at least 32 people, ISIS claim responsibility
  • 2017 Largest banana split ever, at 8,040 metres long, is made in Innisfail, Australia
  • 2018 First scheduled non-stop flight between Australia and the UK, leaves Perth for Heathrow airport in London, arrives after 17 hours
  • 2018 Fire in a shopping mall in the Siberian city of Kemerovo, Russia, kills at least 64

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 North Korean leader Kim Jong un begins surprise trip to Beijing by train to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-un
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-un
Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping
  • 2019 First rocket fired from Gaza since 2014 toward Tel Aviv prompts Israeli return air strikes on Gaza
  • 2019 Teacher of the Year awarded to rural Kenyan math and physics teacher and Franciscan brother Peter Tabichi in Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  • 2019 Further power blackouts in Caracas, Venezuela, prompt government to tell workers and students to stay at home
  • 2019 NASA cancels a planned historic all-female spacewalk because it doesn't have enough spacesuits to fit women
  • 2019 British Airways flight from London mistakenly flies to Edinburgh, Scotland instead of Düsseldorf, Germany when wrong flight plan submitted
  • 2019 First organ transplant between a live HIV donor and an HIV recipient with a kidney transplant in Boston, Massachusetts

PandemicCOVID-19

2020 United Kingdom's Prince Charles tests positive for COVID-19

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Burial of a coronavirus victim in Iran during the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic
Burial of a coronavirus victim in Iran during the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic
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  • 2020 Spain's death toll from COVID-19 overtakes China's at 3,434 to become then second worldwide behind Italy with 7,503 deaths with a worldwide toll of 20,836
  • 2021 Renaissance masterpiece The Ghent Altarpiece (1432) by Hubert and Jan Van Eyck goes on display, after seven-year restoration, in St Bravo's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium [1]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2021 US President Joe Biden announces a new goal of 200 million vaccinations in his administration's first 100 days (previously 100 million)

46th US President, Vice President and Senator Joe Biden
46th US President, Vice President and Senator
Joe Biden
  • 2021 Republican-led Georgia Senate passes restrictive changes to state voting. President Joe Biden calls it "Jim Crow in the 21st Century" and "a blatant attack on the Constitution".