On This Day

Events in History on March 26

  • 685 Cuthbert (later Saint Cuthbert) s consecrated Bishop of Lindisfarne by Archbishop Theodore at York
  • 1027 Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty
  • 1147 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1484 William Caxton prints his translation of Aesop's Fables
  • 1526 King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France
  • 1534 Lübeck accepts free Dutch ships into East Sea
  • 1552 Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru
  • 1636 University of Utrecht opening ceremony
  • 1668 England takes control of Bombay, India
  • 1692 King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 1780 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 1790 US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 1793 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1799 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1804 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase

  • 1808 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.

VenezuelaMassive Earthquake in Caracas, Venezuela

1812 Earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela and kills an estimated 15,000–20,000 people
Learn More >>

Caracas lies in ruins after the deadly 1812 earthquake
Caracas lies in ruins after the deadly 1812 earthquake
  • 1821 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • 1830 The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.
  • 1839 1st Henley Royal Regatta
  • 1845 Joseph Francis from NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 1845 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precursor of band-aid
  • 1852 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • 1856 New South Wales's first 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW, won
  • 1859 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist
  • 1862 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • 1863 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
  • 1871 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1872 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 1872 Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • 1878 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • 1878 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve
  • 1881 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • 1885 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1885 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel

  • 1886 1st cremation in England
  • 1889 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • 1889 Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • 1889 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • 1895 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1900 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
  • 1903 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • 1909 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1910 US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick
  • 1910 William H Lewis appointed US Assistant Attorney General
  • 1913 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • 1913 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • 1917 British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • 1924 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
  • 1926 ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1926 The 1st lip-reading tournament held in America
  • 1927 Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
  • 1927 Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
  • 1930 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
  • 1931 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • 1931 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • 1934 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • 1935 RJ Mitchell & Mjr Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire
  • 1936 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • 1936 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • 1936 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
  • 1937 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Texas, erect statue of Popeye
  • 1937 William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1940 "The Fifth Column", a play by Ernest Hemingway and adapted by Benjamin Glazer premieres in NYC courtesy of the Theater Guild

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1942 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
Learn More >>

Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
  • 1942 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

BattleBattle of Interest

1942 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
  • 1943 Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal
  • 1944 705 British bombers attack Essen

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 Allies led by US Marine Corps secure island of Iwo Jima from Imperial Japanese Army, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed
Learn More >>

United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleBattle of Interest

1945 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and George S. Patton launch attack at Remagen on the Rhine

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1945 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • 1945 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 United States Air Force flag officially adopted by President Harry S. Truman

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1952 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich

InventionScientific Discovery

1953 Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1955 "Ballad of Davy Crockett" becomes the #1 record in US
  • 1956 Medic Alert Foundation forms
  • 1956 Red Buttons debuts on TV in Studio One
  • 1958 US Army launched America's third successful satellite, "Explorer III"
  • 1958 The African Regroupment Party (PRA) is launched at a meeting in Paris.
  • 1960 Iraq executes 30 after attack on President Kassem
  • 1962 US Supreme Court backs 1-man-1-vote apportionment of seats in state legistature
  • 1966 Large-scale anti-Vietnam War protests take place in the United States, including in New York, Washington D.C. and Chicago
  • 1967 21st Tony Awards: Homecoming & Cabaret win

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1967 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Populorum progressio

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1969 Nuclear reactor Dodewaard Neth goes into use
  • 1969 Soviet weather satellite Meteor 1 launched
  • 1970 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory made city landmark
  • 1970 Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) pleads guilty to "taking immoral liberties" with a 14 year old girl
  • 1970 The Police (Northern Ireland) Act becomes law; the act provides for the disarmament of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the establishment of an RUC reserve force
  • 1971 "Benny Hill Show" tops TV ratings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Bangladesh (East Pakistan) under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declares its independence from Pakistan

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1972 William Whitelaw appointed as the first Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Susan Shaw is first woman in 171 years in London's Stock exchange
  • 1974 Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president
  • 1975 "Tommy" premieres in London
  • 1975 The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.
  • 1976 AL approves purchase of Toronto franchise by LaBatt Brewing for $7M

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Queen Elizabeth II sent out the first royal email, from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1977 Elvis Costello releases his 1st record "Less Than Zero"
  • 1977 Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson
  • 1977 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta State beat Louisiana State University 68-55 in Minneapolis

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1979 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat sign the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C.

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1979 Michigan State Spartans snaps Indiana State's 33-game winning streak
  • 1979 OPEC makes full 14.5% oil price increase for 1979 effective on April 1
  • 1981 Police & Albanian demonstrators battle in Kosovo, Yugoslavia
  • 1981 Soyuz T-4 lands
  • 1982 Groundbreaking in Washington, D.C. for Vietnam Veterans Memorial
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Pope John Paul II proclaims first ever World Youth Day

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1987 August Wilson's "Fences" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 Hyderabad beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1987 NASA launches Fltsatcom-6, it fails to reach orbit

  • 1987 National Federation of State High School Associations adopt the college 3 point shot (21 feet)
  • 1988 Janet B Evans swims 1500m freestyle female world record (15:52.10)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1989 1st free elections in USSR; 190 million votes cast; Boris Yeltsin wins

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1991 Fuel pipe explodes under 58th street & Lexington Ave, NYC
  • 1991 Marc Camoletti's "Don't Dress for Dinner" premieres in London

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1994 Bonnie Blair skates world record 500 m ladies (38.99 sec)

Speed Skater Bonnie Blair
Speed Skater
Bonnie Blair
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates world record 5 km ladies (7:03.26)
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates un-official world record 10 km ladies (14:22.60)
  • 1994 Yuka Sato of Japan wins world figure skating championship in Tokyo
  • 1995 Mashonaland beat Mashonaland U-24 by 165 runs to win Logan Cup
  • 1995 The Schengen Treaty goes into effect.
  • 1996 The International Monetary Fund approves a $10.2 billion loan for Russia
  • 1997 Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven's Gate cult suicides
  • 1998 Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria; 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.
  • 1999 The "Melissa worm" infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.
  • 1999 A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man.
  • 2001 Kazakhstan's Prime Minister opens an oil pipeline from the giant Tengiz Field to the Russian port of Novorossiysk on Monday, giving the Central Asian producer its first direct link to international markets
  • 2005 The Taiwanese government calls on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attend the walk.
  • 2006 In Scotland the prohibition of smoking in all substantially enclosed public places comes into force
  • 2006 Burma's military junta officially names Naypyidaw, a new city in Mandalay Division, the new capital (Yangon previous capital)
  • 2012 Macky Sall elected as President of Senegal
  • 2014 Taavi Rõivas becomes Prime Minister of Estonia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Richard III of England (1452-1485) is reburied at Leicester Cathedral in England, after being discovered under a carpark in Leicester in 2012

King of England Richard III
King of England
Richard III

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2016 US primary elections: Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders wins Washington, Hawaii and Alaska

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Anti-corruption protests in Russia result in hundreds arrested including opposition leader Alexei Navalny

Political Activist Alexei Navalny
Political Activist
Alexei Navalny
  • 2017 Mass protests in Chile over country's privatised pension system
  • 2017 Carrie Lam is first woman elected to lead Hong Kong by Beijing-influenced electorial commission
  • 2018 US, European Union and Ukraine expel more than 100 Russian diplomats in response to Russian use of nerve gas in UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 E-commence group Alibaba Group and US car maker Ford unveil a car vending machine without sales people 5 stories high in Guangzhou, China

Alibaba Entrepreneur Jack Ma
Alibaba Entrepreneur
Jack Ma
  • 2018 US Federal Trade Commission confirms it will investigate Facebook over privacy concerns
  • 2018 US soldier receives world's first penis and scrotum transplant at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 2019 European Parliament votes for changes to copyright laws, making internet companies responsible for copyright infringements

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Stolen Pablo Picasso painting "Buste de Femme" (Dora Maar) (1938) recovered after 20 years by Dutch art detective

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • 2019 Charges of staging fake racist and homophobic attack dropped against Justin Smollet by Chicago prosecutors
  • 2019 Maker of Oxyconti, Purdue Pharma agrees to pay Oklahoma $270 million settlement ahead of trial accusing the company of fueling the opioid epidemic
  • 2019 State of emergency declared in Rockland |County, New York, due to measles epidemic with unvaccinated children banned from public spaces for 30 days after 153 cases

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Michelle Obama's biography "Becoming" sells over 10 million copies according to its publisher Bertelsmann

US First Lady Michelle Obama
US First Lady
Michelle Obama
  • 2019 First organ transplant between a live HIV donor and an HIV recipient with a kidney transplant in Boston, Massachusetts