Events in History on March 27

  • 196 BC Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.
  • 1003 Peace deal signed between Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor and the pagan Wends (Slavs)
  • 1309 Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.
  • 1329 Pope John XXII issues his 'In Agro Dominico' condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.
  • 1351 Battle of the Thirty: 30 English and 30 Breton knights and squires square off using swords, maces, lances and daggers - considered one of the most chivalrous battles in history

Historic Expedition

1513 Spaniard Juan Ponce de León and his expedition first sight Florida

  • 1599 English nobleman Robert Devereux becomes Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • 1613 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy

Historic Event

1625 Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland ascends the English throne

  • 1642 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.

Historic Event

1668 English king Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company

  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III flees to Dunkirk
  • 1709 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 1713 Spain loses Menorca and Gibraltar to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht
  • 1721 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid

Election of Interest

1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

  • 1790 The modern shoelace with an aglet patented in England by Harvey Kennedy
  • 1794 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact
  • 1794 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.

Victory in Battle

1814 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Sticks, part of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

  • 1836 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland, Ohio)
  • 1841 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC
  • 1848 John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 1849 Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill

Historic Invention

1855 Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

  • 1860 M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)

Historic Event

1863 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

  • 1865 Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • 1866 American Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

Historic Event

1866 US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment

  • 1868 The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • 1879 Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • 1881 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire in England, to protest against the Salvation Army's daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance
  • 1884 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 1890 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • 1900 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • 1906 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1912 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.
  • 1914 1st successful non-direct blood transfusion is performed by Dr. Albert Hustin in Brussels

Historic Event

1915 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid

  • 1918 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania
  • 1920 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • 1924 Canada recognizes USSR
  • 1924 New French government of Poincaré begins
  • 1928 KGB-AM in San Diego CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea
  • 1933 Farm Credit Administration (US) authorized
  • 1933 Japan leaves League of Nations
  • 1933 Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett
  • 1936 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • 1938 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.

Election of Interest

1940 Peter Fraser becomes Prime Minister of New Zealand after the death of his predecessor Michael Joeseph Savage from cancer

Historic Event

1941 Adolf Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)

  • 1941 Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years
  • 1941 Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
  • 1942 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • 1942 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • 1943 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau
  • 1943 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia

Historic Event

1944 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp

  • 1944 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • 1944 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • 1944 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno

Historic Event

1945 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine

  • 1945 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title

Historic Event

1945 General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

  • 1945 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • 1945 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • 1948 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened
  • 1950 Netherlands recognizes People's Republic of China

Assassination Attempt

1952 Failed assassination attempt of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

  • 1952 Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records
  • 1953 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • 1955 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours & Pajama Game win
  • 1956 French commandos land in Algeria
  • 1958 Havana Hilton opens in Cuba, later HQ for Fidel Castro

Historic Event

1958 Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party

  • 1961 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • 1961 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962 Ann Jellicoe's play "Knack" premieres in London
  • 1962 Archbishop Rummel ends race segregation in New Orleans Catholic schools
  • 1963 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
  • 1964 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)
  • 1964 Great Train Robbers sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars
  • 1964 The Great Alaska Earthquake (9.2 magnitude) and resulting tsunami kill 139 people in the largest US earthquake and second largest ever recorded
  • 1964 UN troops arrive in Cyprus
  • 1968 Japanese Trade & Cultural Center (Japan Center) dedicated in San Francisco

Historic Event

1968 Suharto officially succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia

  • 1969 Black Academy of Arts & Letters forms in Boston
  • 1969 Launch of Mariner 7, flies 2,190-mi above southern Mars
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) holds its first Annual Conference in the Ulster Hall in Belfast
  • 1972 Adolph Rupp retires after 42 years of coaching University of Kentucky
  • 1972 Ulster Vanguard organise industrial strike against the imposition of direct rule on Northern Ireland by Westminster
  • 1972 Venera 8 launches to explore Venus
  • 1976 Washington, D.C. underground Metro opens

Tenerife Airport Disaster

1977 583 die in aviation's worst ever disaster when two Boeing 747s collide at Tenerife airport in Spain

  • 1978 The Rutles mockumentary "All You Need is Cash" is shown on British TV
  • 1979 US Supreme Court rules 8-1 that cops can't randomly stop cars
  • 1980 Elevator in Vaal Reefs gold mine, South Africa plunges more than 1900m killing all 23 miners aboard

Mount St. Helens Erupts

1980 Mount St Helens becomes active after 123 years

  • 1980 Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212
  • 1982 Randy Holt sets Wash Cap record of 34 penalty minutes
  • 1984 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines

Victory in Battle

1987 Chadian President Hissène Habré's troops reconquer Faya Largeau in Chad

  • 1988 Ice Pairs Championship at Budapest won by E Valova & O Vasiliev (URS)
  • 1990 Bus accidentally touches high voltage wire in Karagpur India; 21 die
  • 1990 The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.
  • 1991 New Kid Donnie Wahlberg, arrested on arson charges in Kentucky

Hall of Fame

1991 Scotty Bowman inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a "builder" of the game

Appointment of Interest

1993 Jiang Zemin appointed President of the People's Republic of China

  • 1994 Church in Piedmont Alabama collapses in tornado, 19 killed
  • 1994 Ice Pairs Championship at Chiba won by Shishkova/Vadim Naumov (RUS)
  • 1994 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Yuka Sato (JPN)
  • 1994 The Eurofighter takes its first flight in Manching, Germany
  • 1994 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Elvis Stojko of Canada

Meeting of Interest

1997 Martin Luther King's son meets James Earl Ray, his father's killer

  • 2000 Phillips explosion kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas.
  • 2002 Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.
  • 2004 HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander class frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
  • 2006 The United Nations Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.
  • 2009 Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails killing at least 99 people.

Historic Publication

2012 Danielle Steel’s novel “Betrayal” is published

  • 2012 On This Day launches a sister site in Spanish, Hoy en la Historia
  • 2013 12 people are killed in the Philippines after a mini-tornado causes a boat to capsize
  • 2014 UN General Assembly condemns Russia's annexation of Crimea
  • 2015 Russia's Soyuz TMA-16M launches to deliver three crew members to the international space station to research the long-term effects of micro gravity
  • 2016 Suicide bomb kills more than 70 people at a park in Lahore, Pakistan, Taliban connected Jamaat-ul-Ahrar claim responsibility
  • 2019 Facebook bans white nationalism and white supremacy following criticism that Christchurch terrorist able to live-stream his attack

Historic Event

2019 Former president of the Gambia Yahya Jammeh stole almost 1 billion from his country before his exile in 2017 according to a corruption report

Historic Event

2019 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announces the country is now a "space power" after successfully shooting down a satellite from space in a ballistic missile test

  • 2019 UK Prime Minister Theresa May promises to stand down if parliament accepts her Brexit plan
  • 2019 US Special Council Robert S. Mueller writes a letter to US Attorney William Barr regarding Barr's summary of the Mueller Report stating Barr's letter "did not fully capture the context, nature, and substance" of the findings. "There is now public confusion about critical aspects of the results of our investigation. This threatens to undermine a central purpose for which the Department appointed the Special Counsel: to assure full public confidence in the outcome of the investigations."

Historic Event

2020 $2.2 trillion stimulus package, largest in US history, signed into law by President Donald Trump saying "I never signed anything with a 'T' on it"

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson announces he has contracted COVID-19 but will continue to lead the country "thanks to the wizardry of modern technology" while in self-isolation

  • 2021 114 people including children killed in one day by armed forces in Myanmar, with more than 420 killed since protests began against the military coup [1]
  • 2021 Iran and China sign major agreement guaranteeing Chinese investment of $400 billion and Iranian oil supply in return in Tehran [1]
  • 2021 Militants attack the town of Palma, northern Mozambique, killing dozens in an escalation of violence in the area
  • 2022 China announces Shanghai will be locked down in two stages over nine days affecting 25 million people to carry out COVID-19 testing [1]
  • 2022 Duke and Duchess of Cambridge end an eight-day tour of Belize, Jamaica and the Bahamas that highlighted issues of decolonization and calls for slave reparations [1]
  • 2022 El Salvador's parliament declares a state of emergency after 62 gang killings in one day [1]
  • 2134 32nd predicted perihelion passage of Halley's Comet