Events in History on March 3

  • 78 Origin of Saka Era (India)
  • 468 St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
  • 473 Glycerius appointed a puppet Emperor of the Western Empire by Burgundian king and patrician Gundobad (deposed 474)
  • 493 Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
  • 1284 Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England
  • 1409 Austrian civil war ends
  • 1431 Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV

Victory in Battle

1575 Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi

  • 1585 The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.

Victory in Battle

1627 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn attacks and conquers 22 Portuguese ships in Bay of Salvador, Brazil

  • 1634 1st tavern in Boston (Mass) opens (Samuel Cole)
  • 1638 Duke Bernard of Saxe-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
  • 1776 American commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau, Bahamas
  • 1789 First whale harpooned in the Pacific Ocean by English ship Emilia off the coast of South America [1]
  • 1791 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • 1791 Congress establishes US Mint
  • 1794 Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • 1801 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • 1803 1st impeachment trial of a US federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • 1803 Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
  • 1805 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
  • 1812 US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • 1813 Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 1815 US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • 1817 Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi
  • 1820 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
  • 1821 American tailor and inventor Thomas L. Jennings (30) receives US patent for his "dry-scouring" process. the forerunner of today’s modern dry-cleaning
  • 1835 Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
  • 1837 Congress increases US Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9

Historic Event

1837 US President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognize the Republic of Texas

  • 1838 Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada
  • 1842 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • 1843 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • 1845 Florida becomes 27th state of the Union
  • 1845 For the first time the US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • 1845 US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • 1847 US Post Office Department is authorized to issue postage stamps

Historic Event

1848 American education reformer Horace Mann joins the US Senate, representing Massachusetts

  • 1849 Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin and the $1 Gold Liberty coin in the USA
  • 1849 Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • 1849 US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
  • 1851 Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • 1853 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
  • 1853 US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • 1855 US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
  • 1855 US Congress authorizes registered mail
  • 1857 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China

Emancipation of the Serfs

1861 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granting them the full rights of free citizens [O.S. Feb 19]

  • 1862 Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • 1863 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Historic Event

1863 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

  • 1863 Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • 1863 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1863 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • 1863 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • 1863 Idaho Territory forms

Historic Event

1863 US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad

  • 1865 Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
  • 1865 US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
  • 1869 University of South Carolina opens to all races
  • 1871 US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • 1871 US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • 1873 US Congress & government retroactively raise own salaries
  • 1873 US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
  • 1873 US Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail
  • 1875 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • 1875 US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years

Historic Event

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes takes the oath of office privately as official inauguration day falls on a Sunday

  • 1878 Treaty of San Stefano signed by Russian and Ottoman empires grants independence to Bulgaria after 500 years of Turkish rule
  • 1879 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
  • 1879 US Geological Survey director authorized in Department of the Interior
  • 1882 NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
  • 1883 Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • 1885 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • 1885 American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • 1885 US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
  • 1885 US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
  • 1887 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa

Historic Event

1887 Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller

  • 1889 US President Harrison announced the government would open the 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory for settlement precisely at noon on April 22
  • 1891 The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
  • 1891 US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
  • 1891 US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
  • 1891 US Congress establishes the Office of Immigration
  • 1892 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova, Penn
  • 1893 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
  • 1893 US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
  • 1894 "NY Atlantis" 1st Greek-language publication in US begins
  • 1894 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns

Historic Event

1899 George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy

  • 1899 US Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
  • 1900 US Steel Corporation organizes
  • 1901 US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
  • 1903 North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses

Historic Event

1904 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder

Agreement of Interest

1905 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

  • 1905 US Forest Service forms
  • 1906 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traian Vuia tested in France

Historic Event

1910 Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can be devoted full time to being a philanthropist

  • 1911 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri

Woman Suffrage Procession

1913 Woman suffrage procession through Washington, D.C. organized by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns and led by Inez Milholland. Ida B. Wells marched with her Illinois delegation despite blacks being told to march in a separate section.

  • 1915 US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA
  • 1917 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [OS=Feb 18]
  • 1917 German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann publicly admits the "Zimmermann Telegram" is genuine. Generates support for the US declaration of war on Germany in April.
  • 1917 Mexico and the USA renew diplomatic relations
  • 1917 US Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
  • 1918 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • 1918 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • 1919 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
  • 1919 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • 1921 The Asiatic Inquiry Commission, established by the South African Government, proposes a system of voluntary repatriation and segregation of Indians and prohibits Indians from buying agricultural land in a specified area along the coast
  • 1921 Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
  • 1922 Italian fascists occupy Fiume & Rijeka
  • 1922 WWJ-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
  • 1923 US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague
  • 1924 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • 1924 Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock" premieres in Dublin
  • 1926 International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)
  • 1933 German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
  • 1933 Mount Rushmore dedicated

Historic Event

1934 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

  • 1935 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • 1936 Clarence Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v South Africa
  • 1937 Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • 1938 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)

Historic Event

1939 Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast in Mumbai (Bombay) to protest against autocratic rule in India

Historic Event

1941 Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Hermann Goering in Berlin

  • 1942 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • 1943 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
  • 1943 Bethnal Green Tube disaster: 173 die in a stampede sheltering in an air raid, UK's greatest loss of civilian life in WWII (details censored till January 20 1945)
  • 1943 F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
  • 1945 Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
  • 1945 US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
  • 1945 US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall

Meeting of Interest

1945 Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters

  • 1946 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1946 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1952 Puerto Rico approves its 1st self-written constitution
  • 1953 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • 1956 Indonesian government of Harahap resigns
  • 1956 Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
  • 1956 Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
  • 1957 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul of Canada
  • 1957 Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins of the USA
  • 1957 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss (US)
  • 1958 Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
  • 1959 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
  • 1959 British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
  • 1959 The Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts opens in Yerevan, Armenia, with a collection of over 23,000 manuscripts [1]
  • 1960 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5")
  • 1961 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
  • 1962 British Antarctic Territory forms
  • 1963 Senegal adopts a new constitution
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 James Goldman's "Lion in Winter" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1966 Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to exile in Conakry, Guinea

  • 1966 Twister hits Jackson Mississippi; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die
  • 1967 Grenada gains partial independence from Britain
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 "Here's Where I Belong" opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC
  • 1968 Greek, Portuguese & Spanish embassies bombed in the Hague
  • 1968 Pirate station "Radio Caroline" goes off the air when its ships Mi Amigo and Caroline are boarded and seized before the day's broadcasting began
  • 1969 Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)

Historic Event

1971 Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa

Historic Event

1972 Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia

  • 1974 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes in the Ermenonville Forest outside Paris, killing all 346 people onboard
  • 1976 5 workers are killed by the police in a demonstration in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
  • 1976 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
  • 1977 Ice Pairs Champs at Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (URS)
  • 1977 Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
  • 1977 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)
  • 1980 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus is decommissioned
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

Historic Event

1980 Pierre Trudeau sworn in, for the second time, as the 17th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1982 Senate begins debate on expulsion of Sen Harrison Williams (D-NJ)
  • 1985 National Union of Mine Workers in Britain ends a 51 week strike
  • 1989 Machinists strike Eastern Airlines; pilots honor picket lines
  • 1989 Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, 2 yrs probation for pleading guilty to whitholding information from Congress in Iran-Contra illegal arms-for-hostages affair

Historic Event

1991 Iraqi generals and US general "Stormin' Norman" Schwarzkopf meet to discuss Gulf War cease fire

  • 1991 Latvia & Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR

Rodney King Riots

1991 Los Angeles police officers severely beat motorist Rodney King, the beating is famously captured on amateur video and later leads to riots when the police officers are acquitted

  • 1991 Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (22.24 sec)
  • 1991 Miguel Trovoada installed as president of Sao Tomé e Principal
  • 1991 Switzerland votes on lowering voting age from 20 to 18
  • 1991 United Airlines 737 crashes near Colorado Springs, kills 25
  • 1992 Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak Turkey, 263 die
  • 1992 Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina established.

Historic Event

1992 US President George H. W. Bush apologizes for raising taxes after pledging not to

  • 1994 "Philoktetes Variations" with Ron Vawter premieres in Brussels
  • 1996 Auckland beat Wellington by 9 wickets to win Shell Trophy Final
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fayetteville, North Carolina on WRCQ 103.5 FM
  • 1997 The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.

Historic Event

1998 Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee about Microsoft's dominant position in the software industry

  • 2002 Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.

Agreement of Interest

2004 Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival Ambev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal forming InBev, the world's largest brewer

  • 2005 Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. Deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 North-West Rebellion.
  • 2005 Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo without any stops without refueling - a journey of 40,234 km/25,000 mi completed in 67 hours and 2 minutes.