Events in History on March 4

Roman Empire

51 Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth)

  • 306 Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia
  • 852 Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources
  • 938 Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, the patron saint of the Czech state

Election of Interest

1152 Frederick I Barbarossa elected Holy Roman Emperor

Historic Event

1215 King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III

  • 1238 Battle of the Sit River: Mongol forces of Batu Khan overcome Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal near Yaroslavl in Russia, ending Russian resistance
  • 1351 Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam
  • 1386 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) crowned King of Poland

Historic Event

1461 Edward Plantagenet lays claim to the throne of England as Edward IV in London

Historic Event

1492 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England

Historic Event

1522 Anne Boleyn makes her debut at the English court at the Green Castle pageant

Historic Event

1570 King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students

  • 1590 Mauritius of Nassau's ship reaches Breda
  • 1611 George Abbot appointed Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1621 Jacarta, Java, renamed Batavia

Historic Event

1628 England's King Charles I grants a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • 1653 Dutch commodore Johan van Galen leads a Dutch fleet to victory against an English naval force at the Battle of Leghorn (Livorno) during the Anglo Dutch wars, later dies from his wounds on March 23

Declaration of War

1665 English King Charles II declares war on Netherlands

Appointment of Interest

1675 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

Historic Event

1681 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania

  • 1699 Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany
  • 1741 British fleet under Rear Admiral of the Blue Sir Chaloner Ogle reaches Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)

Historic Event

1774 First sighting of Orion nebula by William Herschel

  • 1776 American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts

Constitution of the United States

1789 1st US Congress meets and declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)

  • 1789 US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, Fx. Muhlenberg 1st speaker
  • 1790 France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land
  • 1791 First Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • 1791 President Washington calls the US Senate into its first special session
  • 1791 Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • 1792 Oranges introduced to Hawaii
  • 1793 French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • 1793 Washington's 2nd inauguration as US President, shortest speech (133 words)

President Inaugurated

1797 John Adams inaugurated as 2nd President of The United States, Thomas Jefferson 2nd Vice President

  • 1798 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
  • 1804 The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.

President Inaugurated

1809 James Madison becomes 1st US President inaugurated in American-made clothes

President Inaugurated

1817 James Monroe is inaugurated as the 5th President of the United States

  • 1824 The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.

President Inaugurated

1825 John Quincy Adams inaugurated as the 6th US President

  • 1826 1st US railroad chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Massachusetts

President Inaugurated

1829 Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th US President

  • 1829 Unruly crowd mobs White House during President Andrew Jackson's inaugural ball
  • 1835 HMS Beagle moves into Bay of Concepcion (Chile)
  • 1837 Chicago becomes incorporated as a city

President Inaugurated

1837 Martin Van Buren inaugurated as the 8th President of the United States

  • 1837 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American

President Inaugurated

1841 Longest US presidential inauguration speech (8,443 words) by William Henry Harrison

President Inaugurated

1845 James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

  • 1848 Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
  • 1848 Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution

President Inaugurated

1849 US President Zachary Taylor delays his swearing-in and inauguration ceremony for one day due to religious reasons, rising to the false belief by some that Senator David Atchison (President pro tempore) technically assumed the office of President for one day

  • 1853 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • 1853 William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US vice-president

President Inaugurated

1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th US President

  • 1861 Confederate States adopt "Stars & Bars" flag (US Civil War)
  • 1861 US President Abraham Lincoln opens Government Printing Office
  • 1863 Battle of Thompson's Station, Tennessee
  • 1863 Territory of Idaho established

John Wilkes Booth at Lincoln's Inauguration

1865 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US President. The man who would assassinate him weeks later, John Wilkes Booth, is photographed attending the inauguration.

  • 1865 US Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"

President Inaugurated

1869 Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated as 18th US President

Execution

1870 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

  • 1876 US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
  • 1877 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • 1880 NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S. H. Horgan
  • 1881 California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation

President Inaugurated

1881 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America

  • 1881 Sherlock Holmes & Dr. Watson begin their 1st case together in "A Study in Scarlet"

Historic Event

1881 South African politician Paul Kruger accepts ceasefire during First Boer War

  • 1882 Britain's first electric trams run in East London

Historic Event

1885 Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

President Inaugurated

1889 Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd US President

Historic Event

1890 Longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) at 1,710 ft in length is opened in Scotland by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII

  • 1893 Francis Dhanis' Belgian Congo Free State army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe
  • 1893 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)
  • 1894 Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed

President Inaugurated

1897 William McKinley inaugurated as 25th US President

  • 1899 Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead.
  • 1901 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)
  • 1901 Term of George H. White, last of post-Reconstruction US congressmen, ends
  • 1901 William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as US president; Theodore Roosevelt serves as Vice President
  • 1902 American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago

Theater Premiere

1905 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Elga" premieres in Berlin

  • 1908 Primary school catches fire in Collingwood, Ohio (180 killed)
  • 1909 US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds

Historic Event

1909 William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm

  • 1911 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
  • 1913 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • 1913 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments

President Inaugurated

1913 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

  • 1918 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • 1921 Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas

President Inaugurated

1921 Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States

Historic Event

1923 Vladimir Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Soviet bureaucracy)

  • 1924 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
  • 1925 Swain's Island (near American Samoa) annexed by US
  • 1925 US President Coolidge's inauguration broadcast live on 21 radio stations
  • 1926 De Geer government in Netherlands takes office
  • 1928 "Bunion Run" race from LA to NYC begins; It is won by Andy Payne

President Inaugurated

1929 Herbert Hoover inaugurated as the 31st US President

  • 1929 National Revolutionary Party founded in Mexico by Plutarco Elías Calles (will go on to hold power until 2000)

Historic Event

1929 Republican Charles Curtis becomes the 1st Native American to be Vice President of the United States

  • 1930 Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated
  • 1930 Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
  • 1930 Terrible floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
  • 1931 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG
  • 1933 Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves Austrian parliament
  • 1933 Frances Perkins becomes Secretary of Labor, 1st female member of the US Cabinet

President Inaugurated

1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself"

  • 1933 Henderson, DeSylva & Brown's "Strike Me Pink" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 Easter Cross on Mt. Davidson (San Francisco) dedicated

Hindenburg Disaster

1936 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany

  • 1941 18 Geuzen resistance fighters sentenced to death in The Hague

Historic Event

1941 Serbian Prince Paul visits Adolf Hitler

  • 1941 The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands, during World War II.
  • 1943 Transport #50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
  • 1944 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • 1944 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • 1945 Finland declares war on Nazi Germany

Historic Event

1945 United Kingdom's Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II), joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver

Historic Event

1949 Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister

  • 1949 Piet Van de Pol (Neth) becomes world champion billiard player
  • 1949 Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
  • 1954 James E. Wilkins appointed 1st black US sub-cabinet member
  • 1954 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant
  • 1955 1st radio facsimile transmission sent across the continent
  • 1957 Gold Coast officially changes its name to Ghana ahead of its independence
  • 1957 The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
  • 1959 US Pioneer IV misses Moon & becomes 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet
  • 1960 French freighter "La Coubre" explodes in Havana Cuba, killing 100
  • 1961 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as Secretary-General of NATO
  • 1962 AEC announces 1st atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation
  • 1964 Jimmy Hoffa convicted of jury tampering
  • 1966 Canadian Pacific airliner explodes on landing at Tokyo, 64 die
  • 1966 North Sea Gas 1st pumped ashore by BP
  • 1967 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Belousova & Protopopov (USSR)

Historic Event

1968 Martin Luther King Jr. announces plans for Poor People's Campaign

  • 1968 Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 5 launched
  • 1969 London East End gang bosses twins Ronnie and Reggie Kray are found guilty of murder. Both will die in captivity.
  • 1970 French submarine "Eurydice" explodes off Cape Camarat in the Mediterranean, all 57 crew lost
  • 1971 "City Command" kidnaps 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey
  • 1972 Abercorn Restaurant bombing: a bomb explodes in a crowded restaurant in Belfast, killing two civilians and wounding 130
  • 1972 Erhard Keller (Germany) skates world record 1000m (1:18.5)
  • 1972 Last train run between Penrith to Keswick, UK
  • 1972 Libya & USSR signs cooperation treaty
  • 1974 David Hares' "Knuckle" premieres in London
  • 1974 Educational series "The Letter People" debuts on KETC-TV (PBS) in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1976 John Pezzin bowls 33 consecutive strikes at Toledo, Ohio
  • 1977 1st CRAY 1 supercomputer shipped, to Los Alamos Laboratories, New Mexico
  • 1977 Earthquake in Romania kills 1,541
  • 1978 Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, publishes last issue

Catholic Encyclical

1979 Pope John Paul II publishes his first encyclical "Redemptor Hominis"

  • 1979 US Voyager I photo reveals Jupiter's rings

Election of Interest

1980 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) comes to power, winning the parliamentary election in Zimbabwe, making Mugabe Zimbabwe's first black prime minister

  • 1982 2nd double hat trick in Islander history-Bossy & D Potvin
  • 1982 Bertha Wilson is appointed as first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada
  • 1982 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 504
  • 1983 U.S. Public Health Service's publishes its guidelines for blood donors and AIDS
  • 1985 STS 51-E vehicle rolls back to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida); mission cancelled
  • 1985 Virtual ban on leaded gas ordered by US Environment Protection Agency
  • 1985 WWII veterans return to the "Bridge over the River Kwai"
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines machinists strike

Louvre Pyramid

1989 The Louvre Pyramid designed by I. M. Pei is inaugurated by French President François Mitterrand in Paris

  • 1990 US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) returns from space
  • 1991 Bank of Credit & Commerce Intl divests itself of 1st American Bank
  • 1991 Iraq releases 6 US, 3 British & 1 Italian POW
  • 1994 4 Arab terrorist founded guilty of bombing the World Trade Center
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16), launches into orbit
  • 1995 1st NYC Mayor Trophy's High school track meet in 19 years
  • 1995 Blind teenage boy receives a 'Bionic Eye' at a Washington Hospital
  • 1995 Michael Johnson runs world record 400m indoor (44.63 sec)
  • 1997 Brazil Senate allows women to wear slacks
  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp directly above the Sun (1.04 AU)

Historic Event

1997 US President Clinton bans federally funded human cloning research

  • 1997 Zeya Start-1 launched (Russia)
  • 1998 Gay rights: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
  • 2001 Hintze Ribeiro disaster, a bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people
  • 2001 Tests in recent days confirm the world's largest oil find in three decades in the Kashagan field in the Caspian Sea
  • 2002 Canada bans human embryo cloning but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions.
  • 2002 Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
  • 2005 The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by US soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers.
  • 2005 United Nations warns that about 90 million Africans could be infected by HIV in the future without further action against the spread of the disease.
  • 2006 Final contact attempt with Pioneer 10 by the Deep Space Network. No response received.
  • 2007 Estonian parliamentary election: approximately 30,000 voters take advantage of electronic voting in Estonia, world's 1st nationwide vote where part of the vote casting allowed by remote electronic voting
  • 2009 International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur becoming the first sitting head of state to be indicted
  • 2009 Malaysia has a 50% chance of slipping into the recession as growth is expected to reach just 0.5% for the year, announces the executive director Datuk Mohamed Ariff Abdul Kareem of the Malaysian Institute of Economic Research
  • 2009 U.S. Steel announce the closure of the Stelco Lake Erie Works in Nanticoke, Ontario due to the increasingly worsening effects of the global economic slowdown
  • 2012 Munitions dump explosions kill at least 250 people in the Republic of Congo
  • 2012 Over 10,000 illegal Peruvian gold miners clash with police to gain control of Puerto Maldonado

Election of Interest

2012 Vladimir Putin wins Russian presidential election amid allegations of voter fraud

  • 2013 11 children are killed after a bus collides a truck in the Jalandhar district, India
  • 2013 40 Syrian soldiers are killed in an ambush in Western Iraq

Historic Event

2013 The Papal Conclave begins to select the successor of Pope Benedict XVI

Historic Event

2014 Chinese premier Li Keqiang declares war on pollution at the National People’s Congress

  • 2016 Ben Carson announces he is dropping out of the Republican presidential nomination race