Events in History on March 5

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death
  • 1046 Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama
  • 1179 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

Historic Event

1496 English King Henry VII grants John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands

  • 1528 Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
  • 1558 Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spanish physician Francisco Fernandes
  • 1579 Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht

Historic Event

1616 Astronomical work 'de Revolutionibus' by Nicolaus Copernicus placed on Catholic Forbidden index

  • 1623 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
  • 1645 Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • 1651 South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
  • 1684 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1713 Handel's "Jubilate" first performance in a public rehearsal at St. Paul's Cathedral, London
  • 1731 Mission San Francisco de la Espada, first of the San Antonio missions, reestablished by Spanish missionaries on the bank of the San Antonio River [1]
  • 1743 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published in Boston
  • 1746 Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen

Historic Event

1750 1st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, NYC

  • 1766 Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Territory from the French

Historic Event

1770 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.

Historic Event

1774 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot

  • 1783 King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • 1784 Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • 1793 French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured
  • 1795 Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
  • 1795 Treaty of Basel - Prussia ends war with France
  • 1803 First newspaper published in Australia the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser by government printer and ex-convict George Howe [1]
  • 1820 Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 1821 Monroe is 1st US President inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sunday
  • 1824 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma

Historic Event

1836 Samuel Colt manufactures first pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model

  • 1841 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • 1842 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • 1848 Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance

Historic Event

1849 Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US President

  • 1850 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened
  • 1856 Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1858 Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston
  • 1860 Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia
  • 1862 Union troops under Brigadier General Wright occupy Fernandina, Florida (US Civil War)
  • 1864 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge
  • 1868 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 1868 US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson

Historic Invention

1872 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

President Inaugurated

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes publicly inaugurated as 19th President of the United States

Historic Event

1894 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, becomes First Lord of the Treasury (the official title of the UK Prime Minister)

  • 1894 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US
  • 1896 Italian governor of Eritrea, General Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • 1896 Italian premier Francesco Crispi resigns
  • 1897 American Negro Academy forms
  • 1900 American Hall of Fame founded
  • 1903 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up

Historic Invention

1904 Nikola Tesla describes the process of the ball lightning formation in Electrical World and Engineer

  • 1907 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops
  • 1908 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
  • 1910 Ramon Inclan's "La Farsa Infantil de la Cabeza del Dragon" premieres
  • 1912 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • 1912 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • 1915 World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.

President Inaugurated

1917 US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term

  • 1921 The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
  • 1921 The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
  • 1923 Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
  • 1924 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • 1924 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
  • 1924 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
  • 1927 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property
  • 1928 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin

Treaty of Interest

1931 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Historic Event

1933 FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday

  • 1933 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
  • 1934 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Texas)
  • 1935 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
  • 1936 Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
  • 1942 Japanese troop march into Batavia

Historic Event

1942 Josip Tito establishes 3rd Proletarian Brigade in Bosnia

  • 1943 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • 1943 RAF bombs Essen Germany
  • 1945 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1945 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • 1945 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • 1946 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.

Historic Event

1946 Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe

  • 1948 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height
  • 1949 The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.

Historic Event

1952 Terence Rattigan's stage drama "Deep Blue Sea" premieres in London

Election of Interest

1957 Eamon de Valera's Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland

  • 1957 Sgt Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)
  • 1958 Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1959 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • 1960 Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)

Famous Photo

1960 Iconic photograph 'Guerrillero Heroico' taken of Che Guevara at a memorial service in Havana, by Cuban photographer Alberto Korda, possibly the most reproduced photo in history

  • 1960 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest
  • 1965 March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence
  • 1966 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
  • 1969 Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris
  • 1969 Gustav Heinemann elected President of West Germany
  • 1969 Joe Orton's "What the Butler Saw" premieres in London
  • 1970 Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
  • 1970 Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St NYC
  • 1970 Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
  • 1970 SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC
  • 1974 First performance in 3,000 years of world's oldest known song "Hymn to Nikkal" a 3,400 year old Hurrian hymn to moon god Nikkal from Ugarit in Syria, played at Berkeley University by Anne Kilmer and Richard Crocker [1]
  • 1974 Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot
  • 1976 British pound falls below $2 for 1st time
  • 1978 Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, California
  • 1979 Iran resumes petroleum exports
  • 1979 Voyager I's closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)
  • 1980 Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49
  • 1981 Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva & I Lisovski (URS)
  • 1981 US government grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer
  • 1982 Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus sends back data

Election of Interest

1983 Australian Labor leader Bob Hawke defeats sitting Liberal Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser in a general election

  • 1984 Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene
  • 1984 US accuse Iraq of using poison gas
  • 1985 Mexican authorities find the body of US drug agent Enrique "Kike" Camarena Salaazar
  • 1986 "Today" tabloid launched (Britain's 1st national colour newspaper); it folded in 1995
  • 1988 Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
  • 1989 19th Easter Seal Telethon raises $37,002,000
  • 1989 Elly Verhulst runs world record 3000 m indoor (8:33.82)
  • 1991 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1992 Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks
  • 1993 Fokker 100 crashes at Skopje Macedonia, 81 die
  • 1994 Largest milkshake made; 1,955 gallons of chocolate in Nelspruit, South Africa
  • 1994 PBA National Championship won by David Traber
  • 1995 Estonia Centrumlinkse Coalition party wins parliamentary election

Historic Event

1995 Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg

  • 1995 Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)
  • 1999 Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut
  • 2001 In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
  • 2003 In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.
  • 2005 The Burkinabé Party for Democracy and Socialism holds its first National Convention.
  • 2012 27 members of Iraq's security force are killed by gunmen disguised as police in Haditha
  • 2012 Tropical Storm Irina kills 65 in Madagascar
  • 2013 The Dow Jones surpasses its 2007 pre-financial crisis levels for the first time

Historic Event

2013 Venezuelan Vice-President Nicolás Maduro assumes the presidency after the death of Hugo Chávez

  • 2013 Willcom announces the world’s smallest mobile phone, weighing 32 grams
  • 2014 A survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights reports that about 1/3 of women in the European Union have experienced physical or sexual violence since the age of 15
  • 2015 -8th Islamic State militants ransack and destroy ancient cities of Nimrud, Hatra and Dur-Sharrukin in Iraq
  • 2016 US air strike kills 150 Al-Shabaab militants north of Mogadishu, Somalia

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump in a tweet accuses former President Obama without offering any evidence of wiretapping Trump Towers during the presidential campaign

  • 2018 China announces a military budget of 1.11 trillion yuan ($175 billion)

Meeting of Interest

2018 North Korean leader Kim Jong-un meets South Korean officials for the first time since taking office, hosting a dinner in Pyongyang

  • 2019 Bugatti announces the most expensive new car ever made - the La Voiture Noire costing €16.7 million (almost $19 million), only one will be made
  • 2019 Japanese architect Arata Isozaki wins architecture's Pritzker Prize
  • 2019 Major study into the MMR vaccine involving over 650,000 children in Denmark finds it does not increase the risk of autism
  • 2019 Second-ever person "cured" of HIV after stem cell transplant treatment in London, England results published in "Nature"

Historic Event

2020 US senator Elizabeth Warren drops out of the Democratic presidential race

Historic Event

2022 Explorer Ernest Shackleton's ship Endurance that sank in 1915, rediscovered in the Weddell Sea, Antarctica in excellent condition [1]