Events in History on March 8

Historic Event

1531 Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England by the Convocation of Canterbury

  • 1586 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt becomes Dutch chief legal advisor
  • 1658 Peace of Roskilde between Sweden & Denmark

Historic Event

1702 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland following the death of William III

  • 1706 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established
  • 1711 Antoin de Guiscard tries English premier Haley for murder
  • 1722 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1746 Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • 1754 Marquis of Ensenada becomes premier of Spain
  • 1766 Willem V (18) becomes governor of United Provinces
  • 1777 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt
  • 1782 Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 Native American

Victory in Battle

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte's forces capture the city of Jaffa from the Ottoman Empire in Palestine, after a 5 day siege

  • 1801 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 1817 The New York Stock Exchange is founded
  • 1838 US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • 1844 King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway

Historic Event

1854 US Commodore Matthew C. Perry's second trip to Japan

  • 1855 1st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • 1857 British seismologist John Milne is hired by the Japanese government as a foreign adviser (oyatoi gaikokujin)
  • 1861 St Augustine Florida surrenders to Union armies
  • 1862 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • 1862 Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • 1865 Battle of Kingston, North Carolina (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks)
  • 1867 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada's constitution for more than 100 years

Historic Event

1884 Susan B. Anthony addresses U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote, 16 years after legislators 1st introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.

  • 1887 Everett Horton, CT, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes
  • 1894 The state of New York enacts the nation's first dog-licensing law
  • 1896 Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • 1898 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen
  • 1908 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, NY
  • 1910 Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris becomes the 1st ever licensed female pilot
  • 1913 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • 1915 1st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • 1916 US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
  • 1917 Russian "February Revolution" begins in earnest with protests celebrating International Woman's Day and riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war [OS=Feb 23]

Historic Event

1917 US Senate introduces the Cloture Rule, requiring a two-thirds majority to end debate, at the urging of Woodrow Wilson [1]

  • 1920 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • 1921 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1924 Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate, Utah
  • 1927 Pan American Airlines incorporates
  • 1929 US worker union commission reports of slavery in Liberia

Famous Photo

1934 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

  • 1939 Lenore Coffee & William Joyce Cowan's "Family Portrait" premieres
  • 1942 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • 1943 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • 1943 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • 1943 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1944 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • 1945 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • 1945 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • 1945 International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • 1945 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst (SD) intelligence agency executes 116 prisoners, and one reluctant police official, at de Woeste Hoeve, Netherlands in response to raid by resistance forces two days earlier
  • 1945 Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn in as US Navy ensign
  • 1946 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use (NYC)
  • 1948 US Supreme Court rules in McCollum v. Board of Education that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional
  • 1949 WBAP-FM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • 1950 1st woman medical officer assigned to naval vessel (BR Walters)
  • 1951 Intl Table Tennis Federation bans Egypt (for refusing to play Israel)
  • 1952 Antoine Pinay forms French government
  • 1953 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years in US
  • 1954 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1957 Egypt reopens the Suez Canal after Israel withdraws from occupied Egyptian territory
  • 1957 Israeli troops leave Egypt
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Silky Sullivan comes from 40 lengths back to win by 3 at Santa Anita

Historic Event

1958 William Faulkner says US school degenerated to become babysitters

  • 1959 Groucho, Chico & Harpo Marx's final TV appearance together
  • 1959 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • 1961 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1961 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Syrian Arab Rep Revolution Day - Military coup in Syria
  • 1965 First US combat forces arrive in Vietnam, on the beaches of Da Nang
  • 1966 An IRA bomb destroys Nelson's Column in Dublin
  • 1968 Bill Graham's New York rock venue Fillmore East opens in Manhattan
  • 1968 Students demonstrate in Warsaw
  • 1971 Gun battle between Official Irish Republican Army and Provisional IRA leave 1 man killed; result of feud between two wings of the IRA developing since the split in 1970
  • 1971 Radio Hanoi broadcasts Jimi Hendrix's "Star Spangled Banner"
  • 1972 1st flight of the Goodyear blimp Europa (N2A); 1st airship flown over Britain in 20 years

Historic Event

1973 Eisenhower Tunnel, world's highest and US longest, opens 60km west of Denver, Colorado

  • 1973 The Provisional Irish Republican Army undertakes its first operation in Great Britain, planting four car bombs in London; 10 members of PIRA are arrested at Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the country
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France
  • 1975 Royal Canadian Mint announces branch opening in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1976 1,774 kg (largest observed) stony meteorite falls in Jilin, China
  • 1977 Henry L Marsh III elected mayor of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1977 Princess Anne announces she's expecting her 1st child (Peter)

Radio Premiere

1978 The first-ever radio episode of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams, is transmitted on BBC Radio 4.

  • 1979 1st extraterrestrial volcano discovered on Jupiter's satellite Io
  • 1979 China withdraws invasion troops from Vietnam
  • 1979 Shuttle Columbia (OV-102) transported 38 miles overland from Palmdale
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 House Foreign Affairs Com endorses nuclear weapons freeze with USSR
  • 1983 IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0

Historic Event

1983 President Reagan 1st known use of term "Evil Empire" (about the USSR) in speech in Florida

  • 1986 4 French TV crew members are abducted in west Beirut Lebanon
  • 1986 Japanese probe Suisei passes Halley's Comet at 109,800 km
  • 1987 17th Easter Seal Telethon raises $35,184,425
  • 1987 FBI apprehends most wanted Claude L Dallas, Jr in California
  • 1987 Nelli Cooman becomes world champion 60m indoor
  • 1990 NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 1st victim, Mario Orosco
  • 1991 Planeloads of US troops arrive home from the Persian Gulf, Iraq hands over 40 foreign journalists & 2 American soldiers it captured
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1994 B737 collides with Ilyushin-86 in New Delhi, at least 8 killed
  • 1994 Train accident at Pinetown, Natal, kills 47
  • 1994 US Defense Department announces smoking ban in workplaces
  • 1995 -26°F (-32.2°C) in Bismarck, North Dakota
  • 1995 -44°F (-42.2°C) in Chosedacharad, Komi-district, on 67°N
  • 1995 Dutch Liberal Party wins Provincial-National elections

Murder of Interest

1999 The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.

  • 2004 A new constitution is signed by Iraq's Governing Council after the invasion and occupation by American-led forces
  • 2012 Greece secures debt-restructuring deal with private lenders
  • 2012 Toyota recalls 700,000 vehicles over safety concerns
  • 2013 North Korea terminates all peace pacts with South Korea

Flight MH370 Disappears

2014 Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 with 239 people loses contact and disappears, prompting the most expensive search effort in history and one of the most enduring aviation mysteries

  • 2017 Aboriginal DNA study by University of Adelaide shows Aboriginal population dates back 50,000 years from one migration
  • 2017 FC Barcelona in a great comeback become 1st team to overturn 4-0 deficit beating St-Germain 6-5 in return game to reach the Champions League quarter finals
  • 2018 5 million Spanish women mark International Women's Day by striking over gender inequality and sexual discrimination
  • 2018 Asia-Pacific trade deal signed in Santiago, Chile by 11 countries after US pulled out

Historic Event

2018 US President Donald Trump authorizes tariffs on steel and aluminium, excluding Canada and Mexico

  • 2020 America registers 521 cases of COVID-19 with 21 deaths across 33 states
  • 2020 Italy announces it is locking down northern region of Lombardy, including Milan, with 16 million people, as COVID-19 cases reach 5,800 with 233 deaths

Historic Event

2021 US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen says COVID-9 pandemic has had an "extremely unfair" effect on income and economic opportunities for women

  • 2022 Florida Senate passes controversial "Parental Rights in Education bill, known as the "Don't Say Gay" bill, restricting teachers from discussing gender identity [1]

Historic Event

2022 President Joe Biden announces the US is banning Russian oil imports with UK phasing out imports by the end of the year

  • 2022 Scottish first minister Nicola Sturgeon formally apologises to the 4,000 Scots, mostly women, accused of witchcraft between 1563 and 1736 [1]
  • 2022 Sydney has wettest start to the year since records began, recording 822 millimetres of rain amid widespread flooding [1]

Historic Event

2022 Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy invokes Winston Churchill speaking virtually to the UK parliament "We will not fail. We will fight till the end" [1]