Events in History on March 9

  • 141 BC Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne of the Han Dynasty in China and rules for 54 years
  • 590 Bahram Chobin is crowned as King Barham VI of Persia
  • 1009 First known written mention of Lithuania, in the annals of Quedlinburg
  • 1230 Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa
  • 1276 Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City
  • 1496 Jews are expelled from Carintha, Austria

Historic Event

1497 Nicolaus Copernicus' 1st recorded astronomical observation

Historic Expedition

1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral departs Lisbon, Portugal at the head of a 13 ship expedition to India that will also claim Brazil for Portugal

The Protestant Reformation

1522 Martin Luther begins preaching his "Invocavit Sermons" in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God's word rather than violence and thus helping bring to a close the revolutionary stage of the Reformation

  • 1551 Emperor Karel appoints son Philip as heir to the throne
  • 1562 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1566 David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1617 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Stolbowa
  • 1640 Pierre Corneilles "Horace" premieres in Paris
  • 1642 English Queen Henriette Maria arrives in Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
  • 1689 Thomas Shadwell appointed second English Poet Laureate by William and Mary after John Dryden refuses to swear The Oath allegiance
  • 1701 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1721 British Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • 1741 British fleet under admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena
  • 1745 Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston [1]

Murder of Interest

1765 After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.

Historic Publication

1776 Adam Smith publishes the influential economics book "The Wealth of Nations"

  • 1798 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US Navy
  • 1804 Georges Cadoudal, Breton royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon in the Pichegru Conspiracy, arrested
  • 1820 -11) Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
  • 1822 Charles Graham of NY granted first US patent for artificial teeth
  • 1834 French Foreign Legion is founded
  • 1839 Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 1841 US Supreme Court rules the kidnapped slaves from the Spanish schooner the Amistad are free
  • 1856 Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
  • 1858 Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • 1860 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in San Francisco en route to Washington
  • 1861 Us Confederate currency authorized - $50, $100, $500, $1,000
  • 1862 USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads

Appointment of Interest

1864 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

  • 1889 Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
  • 1889 Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US

Great Blizzard of 1891

1891 Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England and lasts until March 13; Kills 200 people and 6,000 animals

Beatification

1898 Peter of Tarantaise (Pope Innocent V) beatified as a saint in the Catholic Church by Pope Leo XIII 9 March 1898

  • 1907 1st involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana
  • 1907 Lady Gregory's "Rising of the Moon" premieres in Dublin
  • 1914 Hendrikus Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

Historic Event

1914 US Senator albert fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"

  • 1916 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • 1916 Mexican General Francisco "Pancho" Villa invades US (18 killed)
  • 1918 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • 1918 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • 1918 Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens

Historic Event

1922 Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Amsterdam taxi strike ends

Historic Event

1923 Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC

  • 1924 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
  • 1925 Pink's War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins
  • 1926 Bertha Landes elected 1st woman mayor of Seattle
  • 1929 Marcel Pagnol's "Marius" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1932 Eamon De Valera becomes President of Ireland

  • 1932 Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi installed as head of Manchuria
  • 1933 Bulgarian communists Georgi Dimitrov, Blagoy Popov & Vasil Tanev arrested in Berlin, Germany, on charges of complicity in the Reichstag fire; all were acquitted

Historic Event

1933 US Congress is called into special session by President Franklin D Roosevelt, beginning its "100 days"

Historic Event

1935 Adolf Hitler publicly announces the creation of a new air force, the Luftwaffe

  • 1942 Construction of the Alaska Highway begins
  • 1943 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • 1943 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • 1945 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
  • 1946 Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang
  • 1947 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1947 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1948 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
  • 1949 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1949 England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes

Historic Event

1950 Willie Sutton robs Manufacturers Bank of $64,000 in NYC

Historic Event

1951 Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam submit a classified paper at the Los Alamos lab, in which they proposed their revolutionary new design, staged implosion, for a practical megaton-range hydrogen bomb

Historic Event

1953 Joseph Stalin's funeral is held in Moscow after four days of national mourning

Historic Event

1954 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

  • 1956 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrested & exiled to Seychelles
  • 1956 Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England
  • 1957 8.1 earthquake shakes Andreanof Islands, Alaska
  • 1959 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
  • 1959 Barbie makes her debut at the American Toy Fair in New York. Over a billion have been sold worldwide since.
  • 1961 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72

Space Dog Laika Launched to her Death

1961 Soviet flight Sputnik 9 carries and returns from orbit a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), frogs and a guinea pig

Historic Event

1962 Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians

  • 1962 US advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight
  • 1964 1st Ford Mustang produced
  • 1964 Creighton University's Paul Silas grabs Midwest record 27 rebounds against Oklahoma State
  • 1964 Supreme Court issues NY Times vs Sullivan decision: public officials must prove malice to claim libel and recover damages
  • 1966 Andrew Brimmer becomes 1st black governor of Federal Reserve Board
  • 1971 J M Noreiga takes 9-95 WI v India at Port-of-Spain
  • 1971 Three off-duty Scottish soldiers are killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; 4000 shipyard workers take to the streets to demand internment in response
  • 1972 Four members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature explosion at a house in Clonard Street, Lower Falls, Belfast
  • 1974 Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in the Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
  • 1975 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • 1977 Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), becomes 12th director of CIA replacing acting director Knoche
  • 1977 Hanafi Muslims invade 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., siege ended Mar 11th
  • 1978 Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Rodnina & Zaitsev (Soviet Union)
  • 1978 Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Anett Pötzsch (East Germany)
  • 1978 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Charles Tickner (USA)
  • 1979 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1980 Flemish and Walloon battle in Belgium, 40 injured
  • 1983 Caryl Churchill's "Fen" premieres in London
  • 1983 Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana
  • 1984 Emile Gumbs' Anguilla National Alliance wins elections
  • 1984 The Competitive Enterprise Institute is founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1986 16th Easter Seal Telethon raises $30,100,000
  • 1986 NASA announces searchers found remains of Challenger astronauts
  • 1986 Soviet probe Vega 2 flies by Halley's Comet at 8,030 km
  • 1987 Chrysler Corp offers to buy American Motors Corp for $1 billion

Historic Event

1988 President Reagan presides at unveiling of Knute Rockne stamp

  • 1989 Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy
  • 1989 Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court
  • 1989 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1989 US Senate rejects President George H. W. Bush's nomination of John Tower as Defense Secretary

  • 1990 Dr Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st Hispanic and female US Surgeon General
  • 1991 US 70th manned space mission STS 39 (Discovery 12) launches into orbit
  • 1994 IRA launch 1st of 3 mortar attacks on London's Heathrow Airport
  • 1995 Mexican peso worth 7.55 pesos to a dollar (record)
  • 1995 President Konstantine Karamanlis (88) of Greece, resigns
  • 1996 NASA space shuttle STS-75 (Columbia 19) lands
  • 2006 Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn
  • 2007 The US Justice Department releases an internal audit that found that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had acted illegally in its use of the USA Patriot Act to secretly obtain personal information about US citizens
  • 2011 Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights
  • 2012 Senior members of hacking group Lulz Sec are arrested, including one member of the FBI, in the United States, United Kingdom and Ireland
  • 2013 19 people are killed in two suicide bombings in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2013 Asteroid 2013 ET comes within 960,000 km from the Earth’s surface

Historic Event

2015 US President Barack Obama signs an executive order declaring Venezuela a national security threat to the US

  • 2016 Eighth Democratic presidential candidates debate hosted by Univision and the Washington Post and held in Miami, Florida
  • 2016 EU Migrant Crisis: Macedonia, Croatia and Slovenia close their borders to migrants trying to reach Northern Europe

COVID-19

2020 Italy announces it is locking down the whole country due to a spike in COVID-19 cases with 10,040 cases and 630 deaths

  • 2020 National one-day women's strike held in Mexico to protest high rates of femicide (more than 10 women murdered every day)
  • 2021 Brazil records its highest daily COVID-19 death toll to date of 1,972 deaths with 168,370 deaths overall
  • 2021 China and Russia agree to build a research station on or around the Moon and collaborate on lunar missions, in move that could start another space race

Historic Event

2021 Queen Elizabeth II publicly expresses "concern" after Harry and Meghan, Duke and Duchess of Sussex interview, saying allegations including of racism with be dealt with privately

  • 2022 Russian airstrikes on Ukrainian city of Mariupol hit a hospital, killing at least three people, as attempts to create a humanitarian corridor out of the city fail [1]

Historic Event

2022 Stolen notebooks belonging to naturalist Charles Darwin, including his famous 'tree of life' sketch, mysteriously returned after 22 years to Cambridge University Library [1]

  • 2022 Yoon Suk-yeol elected President of South Korea, defending President Moon Jae-in [1]