Events in History on May 1

Roman Empire

305 Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor

  • 1006 Supernova observed by Chinese and Egyptians in constellation Lupus
  • 1048 Bishop Bernold flees St Pieterskerk for Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1328 Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1394 Ekiho exorcised the Zen temple and its surroundings of an old badger

Historic Event

1486 Christopher Columbus proposes his plan to search for a western route to India in an audience with Spanish monarch, Isabella I. Full support is granted 3 years later, in 1489

Historic Event

1523 Danish King Christian III arrives in Veere

  • 1544 Turkish troops occupy Hungary

Historic Event

1551 Council of Trente resumes

  • 1598 Jacob van Neck's merchant fleet departs for Java, modern day Indonesia
  • 1625 Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)

Appointment of Interest

1625 Prince Frederick Henry appointed viceroy of Holland

  • 1682 Louis XIV & his court inaugurate Paris Observatory
  • 1703 Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians
  • 1704 Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper advertisement
  • 1707 Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1711 Archduke Karel of Austria/Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar
  • 1715 Prussia declares war on Sweden
  • 1718 Spanish Catholic missionaries establish Mission San Antonio de Valero (now known as Alamo), the fist of several settlements in what is now San Antonio, Texas
  • 1725 Spain and Austria sign trade treaty

Historic Publication

1753 Publication of "Species Plantarum" by Carl Linnaeus - the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

  • 1756 France and Austria sign alliance
  • 1757 Austria and France divide Prussia
  • 1759 British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West Indies, capturing it from France
  • 1776 Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
  • 1777 RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • 1778 American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.

Victory in Battle

1795 Kamehameha, King of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and conquors island of Oʻahu at Battle of Nuʻuanu (approx. date)

  • 1822 John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston
  • 1834 Belgian parliament accepts railway laws

Penny Black

1840 "Penny Black", the world's first adhesive postage stamp issued by Great Britain

Presidential Convention

1844 Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate

  • 1846 Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
  • 1848 The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1850 John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • 1851 First public flushing toilets the 'Monkey Closets' unveiled by George Jennings as part of The Great Exhibition at Hyde Park, London, costing one penny
  • 1851 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, at Hyde Park, London

Historic Publication

1852 Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm publish the first part of their German Dictionary (fully completed 1961)

  • 1852 The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation
  • 1853 Argentina adopts its constitution
  • 1854 Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes
  • 1857 William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy
  • 1861 Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper's Ferry

Historic Event

1862 Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans (US Civil War)

  • 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, 29,000 injured or died
  • 1863 Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • 1863 Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • 1863 Confederate congress passes resolution to kill black soldiers
  • 1863 Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled first opens its doors in New York City, oldest orthopaedic hospital in the United States
  • 1864 -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
  • 1864 Atlanta campaign, Georgia begins
  • 1866 American Equal Rights Association forms
  • 1867 Howard University chartered
  • 1867 Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
  • 1869 Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • 1873 1st US postal card issued
  • 1873 Emperor Franz Joseph opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • 1875 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • 1875 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • 1883 Amsterdam World's Fair opens
  • 1884 Construction begins on Chicago's 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
  • 1884 Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • 1885 Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
  • 1886 US general strike for 8-hour working day begins
  • 1889 2nd International Congress calls for 1st International Workers Day 1st May 1890 to mark protests in Chicago in 1886
  • 1892 US Quarantine Station opens on Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
  • 1893 World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago

Historic Event

1896 Seven days after parliament was dissolved, Charles Tupper is sworn in as the 6th Prime Minister of Canada

Historic Event

1898 US Admiral George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US rout Spanish fleet at Manila

  • 1900 Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah

Historic Event

1901 Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo, New York (runs till 2 November)

Historic Event

1903 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the signing of the Entente Cordiale on 8 April, 1904

  • 1907 Belgium government of De Trooz forms
  • 1907 Indian Mine Laws passes (concessions from Neth-Indies)
  • 1908 World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo, Panama
  • 1909 Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
  • 1912 Beverly Hills Hotel opens
  • 1913 Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC

Historic Event

1914 China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification

Historic Event

1915 British liner Lusitania leaves NY for Liverpool

  • 1915 German submarine torpedoes US tanker Gulflight

Historic Event

1919 "L'Ordine Nuovo" Italian socialist weekly newspaper established in Turin by Antonio Gramsci, Angelo Tasca and Palmiro Togliatti

Historic Event

1919 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to Admiral of the Fleet

  • 1919 Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
  • 1920 Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • 1921 Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
  • 1922 Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game

Historic Event

1923 Adolf Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

  • 1924 Admiral Paul Koundouriotis becomes President of Greece

Historic Event

1924 German automobile manufacturers Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie begin their first joint venture (later merge into Mercedes-Benz)

  • 1925 Cyprus becomes a British Crown Colony
  • 1926 British coal miners go on strike
  • 1927 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
  • 1928 6 children die and 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
  • 1928 Drunken fascist Erich Wichman attacks VARA-radio transmitter
  • 1928 Lei Day begun (a Hawaiian celebration)
  • 1928 Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service
  • 1929 Farm workers strike begins in East-Groningen
  • 1929 Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin
  • 1930 The planet Pluto is officially named by 11 year-old Venetia Burney
  • 1931 Empire State Building opens in New York City
  • 1931 Norway claims Peter I Island
  • 1932 1st Suriname union congress at Paramaribo
  • 1934 Austria signs pact with Vatican
  • 1934 Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence
  • 1934 Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
  • 1935 Canada's 1st silver dollar is circulated

Historic Event

1936 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italy invades

Historic Event

1936 FBI's J. Edgar Hoover arrests gangster Alvin "Creepy" Karpis

Historic Event

1937 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Neutrality Act, banning travel on belligerent ships and imposes an arms embargo on warring nations

  • 1939 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling)
  • 1940 140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship
  • 1941 General Mills introduces CheeriOats (renamed Cheerios in 1945) an oat-based, ready-to-eat cold cereal
  • 1941 German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941 US savings bonds go on sale to help finance the war effort
  • 1942 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • 1943 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
  • 1943 Food rationing begins in the United States during World War II
  • 1943 German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives
  • 1943 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • 1943 SS General Hanns Albin Rauter announces that all Jews will be 'removed' from the occupied Netherlands
  • 1944 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • 1944 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • 1944 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • 1945 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • 1945 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • 1945 Australian & Dutch troops land on Tarakan
  • 1945 General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
  • 1945 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • 1945 Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
  • 1945 Soviet army reaches Rostock

Appointment of Interest

1946 Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

  • 1946 Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named "American Mother of Year"
  • 1946 Start of 3 year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians.
  • 1946 The Paris Peace Conference concludes that the islands of the Dodecanese should be returned to Greece by Italy
  • 1947 Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA
  • 1947 Radar for commercial & private planes 1st demonstrated
  • 1947 Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA
  • 1948 Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham, Alabama, for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes"
  • 1948 North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Catholic Encyclical

1948 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam

  • 1949 A's Elmer Valo is 1st AL'er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game
  • 1949 Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)
  • 1950 Gwendolyn Brooks is 1st African American awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry
  • 1950 Mayor of Brussels reluctantly bans May Day parade
  • 1950 New marriage laws enforced in People's Republic of China
  • 1951 600,000 march for peace & freedom in Germany
  • 1951 Dutch Reformed Church introduces new church choir
  • 1952 Mr Potato Head introduced
  • 1952 TWA introduces tourist class
  • 1952 US Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada
  • 1954 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • 1954 HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
  • 1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation to form the American Motors Corporation [1]

Miss Atomic Pageant

1955 Showgirl Linda Lawson is crowned "Miss-Cue" in the Atomic Pageant, after the Operation Cue test is repeatedly delayed by high winds

  • 1956 A doctor in Japan reports an "epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system", marking the official discovery of Minamata disease
  • 1957 US gives Poland credit of $95 million
  • 1957 Vanguard TV-1 booster test reaches 195 km
  • 1958 Ambonese rebellion bombs Ambon, conquers Morotai
  • 1958 Arturo Frondizi sworn in as President of Argentina
  • 1959 West Germany introduces 5 day work week
  • 1960 India's Bombay state split into Gujarat & Maharashtra states

Historic Event

1960 Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk

  • 1961 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba

Historic Event

1961 Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

Historic Event

1961 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for her novel "To Kill a Mockingbird"

  • 1961 Tanganyika granted full internal self-government by Britain
  • 1962 1st French underground nuclear test in the Sahara at Ecker, Algeria

Historic Event

1962 JFK authorizes Area Redevelopment Act (ARA)

  • 1963 1st American (James Whittaker) conquers Mount Everest

Historic Publication

1963 Gloria Steinem's exposé, "A Bunny's Tale", on the working conditions for waitresses (bunnies) at New York City’s famed Playboy Club, published in "Show" magazine

  • 1963 Indonesia takes control of Irian Jaya (west New Guinea) from Neth
  • 1964 1st BASIC program runs on a computer (Dartmouth)
  • 1965 Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC, takes place.
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 5; later impacts on Moon
  • 1966 Radio RSA, South Africa begins shortwave transmitting
  • 1966 US troops shooting targets in Cambodia
  • 1967 Jelle Zijlstra becomes president of Netherlands Bank
  • 1967 Pulitzer prize awarded to Bernard Malamud (Fixer)
  • 1969 43 Unification church couples wed in NYC

Election of Interest

1969 James Chichester-Clark is elected as leader of the Unionist party, succeededing Terence O'Neill as the Northern Ireland Prime Minister

  • 1969 Pirate Radio Station 259 (England/France) begins transmitting
  • 1971 Amtrak Railroad begins operation
  • 1972 North Vietnamese troops occupy Quang Tri Activities Committee
  • 1972 Pulitzer prize awarded to Wallace Stegner (Angle of Repose)
  • 1972 Radio's Mutual Black Network premieres
  • 1977 36 people are killed in Taksim Square, Istanbul, during the Labour Day celebrations.
  • 1978 1st African American mayor of New Orleans, Ernest Nathan Morial, inaugurated
  • 1978 Naomi Uemura became 1st to reach North Pole overland alone
  • 1979 Home rule introduced to Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland)
  • 1979 Marshall Islands (in Pacific) become self-governing
  • 1980 Amer Book Award: William Styron (Sophie Choice)/T Wolfe (Right Stuff)
  • 1981 Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) convicted on FBI Abscam charges
  • 1981 Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3
  • 1982 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville Tennessee opens

Historic Publication

1984 Danielle Steel’s romance novel “Full Circle” is published

  • 1984 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 "Communist" bomb attack kills 2 firemen in Brussels

Historic Event

1985 US President Reagan ends embargo against Nicaragua