Events in History on May 13

  • 535 St Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 609 Pope Boniface I turns the Pantheon in Rome into a Catholic church
  • 641 Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes bishop of Doornik-Noyon
  • 1106 Henry I of Limburg loses the duchy of Lower Lorraine to Godfrey of Louvain
  • 1110 Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath
  • 1277 As Vizier Mehmet I of Karaman issues a firman (decree) ordering only the Turkish language to be used, not Arabic or Persian
  • 1364 Peter Coutherel banished from Leuven
  • 1497 Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Italian Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola (urged the expulsion of the Medici's from Florence)
  • 1559 Exhumed corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel

Victory in Battle

1568 Mary Queen of Scots is defeated at Battle of Langside

  • 1588 King Henri III flees Paris

Historic Event

1607 English colonists led by John Smith make a second landing near James River in Virginia

  • 1624 Dutch Admiral Hermites' Nassau fleet blockades Lima, Peru
  • 1637 Cardinal Richelieu of France reputedly creates the table knife
  • 1638 Construction of the Red Fort begins at Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (now Dehli, India)
  • 1643 Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • 1643 Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population
  • 1652 Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki
  • 1654 Venetian fleet under Norwegian Admiral Cort Adeler beats Turkish fleet the near the Dardanelles, sinking 15 Turkish galleys
  • 1777 University library at Vienna opens
  • 1779 War of Bavarian Succession ends

Historic Event

1787 Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia

  • 1830 Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president
  • 1835 1st foreign embassy in Hawaii forms
  • 1846 US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins

Historic Event

1861 Queen Victoria announces Britain's position of neutrality

  • 1861 The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia
  • 1864 -16] Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca, Georgia
  • 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed
  • 1874 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • 1876 Amersfoort-Zutphen railway in the Netherlands opens
  • 1877 Caesar Franck's symphonic poem "Lesson Eolides" premieres
  • 1882 Toba indians kill 20 members of French expedition in Argentina, including explorer Jules Nicolas Crevaux
  • 1884 Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York
  • 1888 DeWolf Hooper 1st recites "Casey at Bat"
  • 1888 Princess Isabel of Brazil acting as regent signs the "Lei Auréa" (Golden Law) abolishing slavery in Brazil

Historic Event

1890 Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria

  • 1906 Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem
  • 1909 Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
  • 1911 NY Giant Fred Merkle is 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • 1912 Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain

Historic Event

1913 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

  • 1915 US Secretary of State Bryan sends a note to Germany demanding that Germany disavow the attacks on the Lusitania and make immediate reparations; however, the note is written only to 'pacify exited public opinion', according to Bryan
  • 1916 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day
  • 1916 Lafayette Escadrille, an American air force unit under French command comprised of volunteers to fight for France, see first combat at the Battle of Verdun
  • 1917 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal
  • 1918 1st US airmail stamps issued (24 cents)
  • 1923 Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter for "One of Ours"
  • 1927 "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange
  • 1931 Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • 1934 Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
  • 1936 Quiroga government takes office in Spain
  • 1939 SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jewish fugitives
  • 1940 British bomb factory at Breda, Netherlands
  • 1940 German breakthrough at Grebbelinie

Historic Event

1940 Winston Churchill says "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat" in his first speech as Prime Minister to British House of Commons

Appointment of Interest

1941 Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Chancellery in Germany

  • 1941 Trial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins
  • 1943 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • 1943 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands
  • 1945 US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
  • 1946 Sarwate & Banerjee add 249 for 10th wkt for Indians v Surrey
  • 1946 US sentences 58 camp guards of Mauthausen concentration camp to death
  • 1946 Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam
  • 1947 US Senate approves the Taft-Hartley Act limiting the power of unions
  • 1949 1st British-produced jet bomber, the Canberra, makes its 1st test flight
  • 1950 Diner's Club issues its 1st credit cards
  • 1952 The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting
  • 1954 Chinese Middle School students in Singapore take part in anti-National Service riots
  • 1954 Labour Party wins British municipal elections
  • 1954 Robin Roberts gives up a HR then retires next 27 men in a row
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1956 Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1958 French settlers riot against French army in Algeria
  • 1958 Jordan & Iraq form Arab Federation
  • 1958 Pierre Pflimlin forms French government

Nixon Attacked in Venezuela

1958 The motorcade carrying US Vice President Richard Nixon is attacked in Caracas, Venezuela; several of Nixon's staff are injured

  • 1958 The trade mark Velcro is registered
  • 1960 1st launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed
  • 1965 Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1966 US Federal education funding is denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
  • 1967 Zakir Husain is elected the third President of India
  • 1969 Race riots, later known as the May 13 Incident, take place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 1971 Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane seriously injured in a car accident
  • 1972 115 die in nightclub atop 7-story Sennichi department store (Osaka Japan)
  • 1972 Battle at Springmartin: following a loyalist car bombing of a Catholic-owned pub in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast, clashes erupt between PIRA, UVF and British Army
  • 1975 Hail stones as large as tennis balls hit Wernerville, Tennessee
  • 1978 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m steeplechase (8:05.4)
  • 1978 Joie Chitwood drives a Chevette 5.6 miles on just 2 wheels
  • 1979 "Utter Glory... Morrissey Hall" opens & closes at Mark Hellinger NYC

Historic Event

1979 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and family sentenced to death in Tehran

Assassination Attempt

1981 Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter's Square, Vatican City

  • 1982 Braniff Airlines files for bankruptcy
  • 1982 Soyuz T-5 is launched-Berezovoi & Lebedev for 211 days in space
  • 1985 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania police drop explosive device on house occupied by revolutionary Black separatist group "Move", killing 11, during stand-off after a shoot-out; ensuing fire destroys 61 homes
  • 1989 Approx 2,000 students begin hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China
  • 1991 Apple releases Macintosh System 7.0
  • 1992 3 astronauts simultaneous walked in space for the 1st time
  • 1992 Concrete foundation for ballpark at Jacobs Field (now Progressive Field) is poured, In downtown Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1992 Li Hongzhi gave the first public lecture on Falun Gong in Changchun, People's Republic of China.
  • 1993 6th annual business person run held in Wall Street
  • 1993 Methane gas explosion in Secunda coal mine South-Africa, kills 50
  • 1995 6.5 earthquake hits Greece
  • 1996 Severe thunderstorms and a tornado in Bangladesh kill 600 people.
  • 1998 India carries out two nuclear tests at Pokhran, in addition to the three conducted on May 11. The United States and Japan impose economic sanctions on India.
  • 1998 Race riots break out in Jakarta, Indonesia, where shops owned by Indonesians of Chinese descent are looted and women raped
  • 1999 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi is elected 10th President of Italy
  • 2000 In Enschede, the Netherlands, a fireworks factory explodes, killing 22 people, wounding 950, and resulting in approximately €450 million in damage

Election of Interest

2001 Silvio Berlusconi's right-wing "House of Freedoms" coalition wins the Italian general election

  • 2005 The Andijan Massacre occurs in Uzbekistan
  • 2007 5th Republic protest in support of state secularism held in İzmir, Turkey
  • 2007 Construction of the Calafat-Vidin Bridge between Romania and Bulgaria begins.
  • 2011 Portugal slips into double-dip recession after the economy contracts by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2011, with a 0.6% contraction in the last quarter of 2010, it is reported today
  • 2011 Romania officially leaves the recession after 2 years following economic growth of an annualised 1.6% in the first quarter
  • 2012 49 dismembered bodies are found on a Mexican highway as part of the Mexican drug war
  • 2012 Torrential rain in Hunan Province, China, destroys a bridge, 3,500 homes and displaces 28,000 people

Historic Event

2013 Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield departs the International Space Station to return to Earth

  • 2014 301 miners are killed by an underground explosion and mine fire in Soma Mine, Manisa, Turkey
  • 2014 Unidentified shipwreck is discovered off the northern coast of Haiti by marine archaeologist Barry Clifford
  • 2017 22 year old UK blogger halts spread of global ransomware cyber-attack by accidentally identifying "kill switch"
  • 2017 Bus plunges off cliff near Marmaris, Turkey, killing at least 23, injuring 11

Canonization

2017 Portuguese children Francisco and Jacinta Marto (died 1919 & 1920 aged 10 & 9 in flu epidemic) canonized by Pope Francis at Fátima - the youngest Catholic saints not to die as martyrs

  • 2018 China's first domestically built aircraft carrier begins sea trials in Dalian, China
  • 2018 Family of six carry out 3 church bombings in Surabaya, Indonesia, killing at least 13. Islamic State claims responsibility.
  • 2019 China retaliates against the US as their trade war escalates, raising tariffs on $60 billion worth of goods affecting over 4,000 items
  • 2019 Diary of Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt's last days rediscovered and displayed for the 400th anniversary of his execution

Anti Omar al-Bashir Protest

2019 Former President of Sudan Omar al-Bashir is charged in connection with the deaths of protesters the previous month

  • 2019 New study on the moon shows it is still shrinking with recent moonquakes as it cools, published in journal "Nature Geoscience"
  • 2019 Sri Lanka imposes a nationwide curfew from 9pm to 4am to curb violence against Muslims after the Easter Sunday terrorist attacks
  • 2020 Every African country now has cases of COVID-19 as The Kingdom of Lesotho becomes the last country on the continent to record a case
  • 2021 American CDC says people fully vaccinated against COVID-19 can stop wearing masks
  • 2021 Gaza conflict has killed 103 people in Palestine, including 27 children, through Israeli airstrikes, more than 1000 rockets fired into Israel by Gaza militants killing seven, city of Lod center of street fighting [1]
  • 2021 World's largest iceberg 'A-76' at 1,667-square-miles (4,320 square km) calves off the Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica [1]