Events in History on May 15

  • 756 Abd-al-Rahman I becomes emir of Cordova, Spain
  • 884 Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1004 Henry II the Saint crowned King of Italy

Appointment of Interest

1213 King John of England names Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury

Meeting of Interest

1222 Mongolian leader Genghis Khan meets the leader of the Taoist Dragon Gate sect Chang Chun at his camp in Parwan (Afghanistan)

  • 1248 Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden lays cornerstone for Cologne Cathedral
  • 1252 Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition
  • 1492 Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands
  • 1514 Jodocus Badius Ascensius publishes Christiern Pedersen's Latin version of Saxo's "Gesta Danorum" (Deeds of the Danes), in Paris
  • 1525 The battle of Frankenhausen: German peasant army surrounded, 5,000 slaughtered ; ends the peasants' uprising

Execution of Anne Boleyn

1536 Anne Boleyn and her brother George, Lord Rochford, accused of adultery and incest

  • 1572 Louis van Nassau & huguenots occupy Valenciennes
  • 1602 Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold

Historic Event

1610 Parliament of Paris appoints Louis XIII (8) as French King

Scientific Discovery

1618 German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the third of his three planetary laws his "harmonics law"

  • 1625 16 rebellious farmers hanged in Vocklamarkt, Upper-Austria
  • 1648 Treaty of Munster ratified by Spain & Netherlands

Historic Event

1665 Pope Alexander VII appoints committee to investigate Jansenism

  • 1672 1st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts
  • 1701 The War of the Spanish Succession begins

Historic Publication

1711 Alexander Pope's "An Essay on Criticism" is published anonymously

  • 1718 James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents world's 1st machine gun

Historic Event

1791 Maximilien Robespierre proposes the self-denying ordinance, making it so that no deputy who sat in the Constituent Assembly could sit in the succeeding Assembly

  • 1793 Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for "about 360 metres", at a height of 5-6 metres, one of the first attempted flights

Historic Event

1796 First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph with French troops

  • 1796 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris

Assassination Attempt

1800 King George III survives a second assassination attempt

Historic Event

1800 Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles

  • 1817 Ambonese uprising against Dutch authority (modern Indonesia), under Thomas Matulesia (aka Kapitan Pattimura)
  • 1817 First private mental health hospital opens in the US, Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

1829 Joseph Smith ordained by John the Baptist according to Joseph Smith

  • 1836 Francis Baily observes "Baily's Beads" during annular solar eclipse
  • 1841 First emigrant wagon train to make it to California leaves Independence, Missouri on a 1,730 mile journey over the Sierra Nevada [1]
  • 1849 Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • 1851 King Mongkut [Rama IV or Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua] crowned in Siam (Thailand)
  • 1856 2nd San Francisco Vigilance Committee organized
  • 1862 -May 17] Battle of Princeton, West Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Fort Darling), Virginia
  • 1862 Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret

Historic Event

1862 Major General Benjamin Butler issues order (New Orleans) that Confederate women abusing Union soldiers be treated as whores

  • 1862 US Department of Agriculture created

Historic Event

1863 Salon des Refusés opens in Paris, exhibition of works rejected by official Salon, features Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler, and Édouard Manet

  • 1864 Battle of New Market, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)
  • 1868 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls

Historic Event

1882 May Laws-Tsar Alexander III bans Jews from living in rural Romania

  • 1883 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1885 Canadian Métis insurgent Louis Reil captured in the aftermath of the Battle of Batoche in Saskatchewan

Historic Event

1886 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to midshipman

  • 1891 British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms
  • 1891 Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland

Catholic Encyclical

1891 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum

  • 1896 Tornado kills 78 in Texas
  • 1897 The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.

Historic Event

1897 The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee is founded in Berlin by Magnus Hirschfeld, the first-ever LGBT rights organization

  • 1902 "Bailundo Revolt" begins after Ovimbundu kingdom & allies revolt against Portuguese Empire in Benguela Highlands, central Portuguese Angola
  • 1902 Lyman Gilmore is 1st person to fly a powered craft
  • 1905 Las Vegas founded in Nevada
  • 1905 Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza reaches Leopoldville
  • 1908 Reich Association Law comes into force
  • 1910 The last time a major earthquake happened on the Elsinore Fault Zone
  • 1911 British House of Commons accept Parliament Bill
  • 1911 Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Indiana University, incorporates
  • 1911 Supreme Court dissolves Standard Oil (Sherman Antitrust Act)
  • 1911 The Georgios Averof cruiser is bought by Greece
  • 1914 Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1914 US Colonel Edward House sails for Europe to persuade major powers to reduce armies and navies; from Germany, House reports: 'Everybody's nerves are tense; it only needs a spark to set the whole thing off'
  • 1916 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • 1916 Claiming that the USA must act to quell dangerous disorder, the government orders US Marines to land in Santo Domingo; the American occupation will continue until 1924
  • 1917 The first officer's training camp is opened in the US, as the country prepares for war
  • 1918 1st regular US airmail postal service between NY, Philadelphia & Washington, D.C.
  • 1918 Greeks troops land at Smyrna
  • 1918 The Finnish Civil War ends
  • 1921 British Legion formed to care for ex-servicemen
  • 1922 Germany turns over the Upper Silesia region to Poland under Allied pressure and despite a plebiscite in favor of merging with Germany
  • 1923 Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • 1929 Fire in X-ray film stock kills 125 at Crile Clinic (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1930 Ellen Church becomes 1st female airline stewardess aboard a United flight from San Francisco to Cheyenne

Catholic Encyclical

1931 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno

  • 1932 The 15th May Incident: in an attempted coup d'état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is shot and killed by Navy officers in his home
  • 1933 1st voice amplification system to be used in US Senate
  • 1934 Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
  • 1934 US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
  • 1935 Moscow Metro opens to public; initial phase was 11 km (6.8 mi) long and included 13 stations

Historic Event

1936 Amy Johnson arrives in Croydon, England having flown from South Africa in a record 4 days and 16 hours

  • 1938 Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium
  • 1940 German armoured division moves into Northern France
  • 1940 German troops occupy Amsterdam, General Winkelman surrenders
  • 1940 Nazis capture General Dutch Persbureau (ANP)
  • 1940 Richard and Maurice McDonald open the 1st McDonald's restaurant in San Bernardino, California
  • 1940 USS Sailfish (SS-192) recommissioned, originally the Squalus
  • 1941 1st British turbojet flies
  • 1941 British attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt and Libya
  • 1942 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • 1942 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • 1943 Halifax bombers sinks U-463

Historic Event

1943 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International) to avoid upsetting his Western allies with claims he was trying to foment revolution globally

Historic Event

1944 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz

Historic Event

1944 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and King George VI discuss the plan for D-Day

  • 1944 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of the Patriarch Throne of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1945 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia
  • 1948 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • 1948 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • 1948 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1951 AT&T becomes the 1st US corporation to have a million stockholders after young car salesman Brady Denton purchases 7 shares worth $1,078

Historic Event

1951 First vaginoplasty procedure (sex reassignment surgery) in the UK performed on Roberta Cowell by Harold Gillies

  • 1951 Polish cultural attache in Paris, Czesław Miłosz, asks the French government for political asylum
  • 1953 Osip Zadkine's monument to "The destroyed city" unveiled in Rotterdam
  • 1953 The Urey-Miller experiment using primordial soup to show how life of earth might have originated, written by Stanley Miller, is published in the journal "Science" [1]
  • 1955 Building of space travel center at Baikonur Kazakhstan begins
  • 1955 The first ascent of Makalu, the world's fifth highest mountain
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1955 Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence

Historic Event

1957 Evangelist Billy Graham launches his "crusade" in front of 18,000 people at Madison Square Garden in NYC

UK Tests a Hydrogen Bomb

1957 Operation Grapple: Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb near Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean

  • 1958 USSR launches Sputnik III
  • 1960 Chic Cub Don Cardwell no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0
  • 1960 Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed
  • 1960 Taxes took 25% of earnings in US
  • 1961 36 Unification church couples wed in Korea

Catholic Encyclical

1961 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et Magistra

  • 1962 US marines arrive in Laos
  • 1963 Last Project Mercury flight, L Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched
  • 1963 Peter, Paul & Mary win their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer)
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 Igor Vodic beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1966 South Vietnamese army battle Buddhists, about 80 die
  • 1967 "In re Gault", US Supreme Court rules juveniles accused of crimes should be given same legal rights as adults
  • 1968 1st AL game played in Milwaukee, is a 4-2 California win against Chicago
  • 1968 Tornado strikes Jonesboro, Arkansas at 10 PM, killing 36
  • 1969 Associate Justice Abe Fortas resigns from Supreme Court
  • 1970 Elizabeth Hoisington and Anna Mae Mays named 1st female US generals
  • 1970 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1970 Mississippi Highway Patrol kill 2 students during racial disturbance at Jackson State University in Mississippi
  • 1971 Irish Republican Army member William 'Billy' Reid is shot dead by British soldiers in Belfast
  • 1971 Radio Nordsee International's ship bombed

Assassination Attempt

1972 Assassination attempt on US Governor George Wallace of Alabama by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Maryland

  • 1972 Bus plunges into Nile River killing 50 pilgrims in Minia, Egypt
  • 1972 Ryukyu Is & Daito Is returned to Japan after 27 yrs of US control
  • 1972 The island of Okinawa, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, reverts to Japanese control.
  • 1974 Beginning of the Ulster Workers' Council strike called by Ulster loyalists and unionists who were against the Sunningdale Agreement, which proposed the sharing of political power with Irish nationalists
  • 1974 Ma'alot massacre: Palestinian terrorist take school hostage, 25 mostly children killed and 68 injured
  • 1974 Walter Scheel succeeds Gustav Heinemann as West German President
  • 1976 The Provisional Irish Republican Army kill 3 Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers in County Fermanagh and 1 in County Down
  • 1976 The Ulster Volunteer Force launch gun and bomb attacks on 2 pubs in County Armagh, killing 4 Catholic civilians and wounding many more; a British Army soldier is later convicted for taking part in the attacks
  • 1981 Len Barker of Cleveland pitches perfect game vs Toronto
  • 1981 Soyuz 40 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Romanian) to Salyut 6
  • 1983 Madison Hotel (Boston) destroyed by implosion

Historic Event

1986 Former President of Argentina Leopoldo Galtieri is sentenced to 12 years in prison for mishandling the Falkland Islands War [1]

  • 1987 1st Energiya Launch (USSR)
  • 1988 USSR begins withdrawing its 115,000 troops from Afghanistan

Summit of Interest

1989 Soviet President Gorbachev visits Beijing for the 1st Sino-Soviet summit in 30 years

Historic Event

1990 "Portrait of Doctor Gachet" by Vincent van Gogh sells for $82.5 million

  • 1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,822.45

Historic Event

1991 Defense releases docs claiming Noriega is "CIA's man in Panama"

  • 1991 Edith Cresson becomes France's 1st female premier
  • 1991 Nepal premier Bhattarai resigns
  • 1992 Colombo '92 opens in Genoa Italy
  • 1992 NY department store chain Alexanders announces closing of all 11 stores
  • 1992 Part of Cruger Avenue in Bronx renamed Regis Philbin Avenue
  • 1993 Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas opens
  • 1993 Montreal Expo retires their 1st number, #10 for Rusty Staub
  • 1995 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1997 STS 84 (Atlantis 19), launches, 6th Shuttle-Mir Mission
  • 2008 California becomes the second U.S. state after Massachusetts in 2004 to legalize same-sex marriage after the state's own Supreme Court rules a previous ban unconstitutional.
  • 2009 Eurostat report that Austria, Belgium, and Romania have all entered recession in the first quarter of 2009
  • 2009 French Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies announce French narrowly avoided recession in 2008, gross domestic product shrank 1.2% in 1st quarter of 2009 after falling by 1.5% in final quarter of 2008
  • 2012 Eurozone economy narrowly avoids recession
  • 2012 Greece's fifth attempt to a form a coalition government fails and new June elections are scheduled
  • 2013 The Eurozone records a recession for the sixth straight quarter

Historic Event

2015 Carl Icahn invests $100 million in Lyft, a ride-sharing service

  • 2017 1st US prosecution under federal Hate Crimes Act of violence against transgender person, murder of Mercedes Williamson
  • 2017 State of Emergency declared in Sanaa, Yemen after outbreak of cholera kills 115
  • 2017 UN Security Council condemns North Korea missile test
  • 2018 "Laurel vs Yanny" disagreement over what word heard in an audio file begins across social media
  • 2018 58 Palestinians killed by Israeli forces and 1700 hospitalized on the Gaza border protesting opening of US embassy in Jerusalem and 70 year founding of Israel

Historic Event

2018 Controversial Kerch bridge linking Russia and annexed Crimea opened by Russian President Vladimir Putin. At 19km the longest bridge in Europe.

  • 2018 Flyover collapses in Varanasi, India, killing at least 18
  • 2018 Malaysian politician Anwar Ibrahim is released from prison after being pardoned by King Muhammad V
  • 2018 North Korea threatens to pull out of summit with US and South Korea saying it can "not hide our feeling of repugnance" towards US security advisor John Bolton
  • 2018 Taliban forces attack and claim to has seized control of the western city of Farah, Afghanistan
  • 2019 Alabama passes law banning abortion in almost all cases including rape or incest
  • 2019 Findings from China's Chang'e-4 rover to the Moon suggests huge asteroid created the giant crater on Moon's far side with impact so great it cracked its crust and reached the mantle below published in "Nature"

Historic Event

2019 Five of world's biggest tech companies pledge to tackle extremist material at "The Christchurch Call" initiative in Paris hosted by Jacinda Ardern and Emmanuel Macron

  • 2019 Mexico City declares an environmental emergency after air pollution reaches dangerous levels
  • 2019 US birthrate in 2018 the lowest for 32 years (total fertility rate 1,728 births per 1,000 women), with record lows for teen births
  • 2020 Germany, Europe's largest economy, officially in recession due to COVID-19, as figures show economy shrank 2.2% 1st 3 months of 2020
  • 2021 China lands its Zhurong rover on Utopia Planitia, Mars, for the first time as part of the Tianwen-1 mission [1]
  • 2022 Finland's government says it intends to apply to join NATO, following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, ending decades of neutrality [1]
  • 2022 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud elected President of Somalia in a vote restricted to the country's 328 members pf parliament amid security concerns