Events in History on May 19

  • 715 St Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1182 The high altar of Paris cathedral Notre Dame is consecrated by Cardinal Henri de Château-Marçay and Maurice de Sully

Appointment of Interest

1506 Christopher Columbus selects his son Diego Columbus as sole heir

  • 1515 George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to arch duke Charles
  • 1517 Philip van Bourgondie installed as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1518 Public unveiling of Titian's masterpiece "Assumption of the Virgin" a painted altarpiece in the Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice

Execution of Anne Boleyn

1536 Anne Boleyn, second wife of English King Henry VIII, is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason

  • 1547 Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel
  • 1571 Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founds Manilla in the Philippines
  • 1585 Spain confiscates English ships
  • 1608 Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
  • 1635 France's First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain (Franco-Spanish War 1635–59)
  • 1643 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • 1643 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England
  • 1649 England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years
  • 1652 Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • 1662 Uniformity Act of England goes into effect

New Settlement

1749 George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley

  • 1780 About midday, near-total darkness descends on New England, now known to be caused by forest fires in Canada
  • 1792 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793 Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
  • 1796 Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
  • 1802 French Order of Legion d'Honneur forms

Historic Event

1828 U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828/Tariff of Abominations into law to protect industry in the North

  • 1856 Senator Charles Sumner of Massachesetts speaks out against slavery
  • 1857 Americans William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patent the electric fire alarm
  • 1863 Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • 1864 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Bermuda Hundred)
  • 1864 Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
  • 1864 Skirmish at Cassville, Georgia
  • 1878 Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
  • 1883 William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody opened Buffalo Bill's Wild West show in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1884 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • 1885 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)

Historic Event

1885 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland

  • 1891 Rice Institute, which became Rice University in Houston, Texas, is chartered
  • 1892 Charles Brady King invents pneumatic hammer
  • 1892 National Society of Colonial Dames of America founded
  • 1893 Heavy rain washes "quick clay" into a deep valley killing 111 in Norway

Historic Event

1896 1st auto (Karl Benz) arrives in Netherlands

Historic Event

1897 Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol

  • 1898 US Congress passes the Private Mailing Card Act, allowing private publishers and printers to produce postcards, had to be labelled "Private Mailing Cards" until 1901, known as "souvenir cards"
  • 1900 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) linking Italy and Switzerland opens
  • 1902 Great Britain and Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
  • 1906 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
  • 1906 Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier
  • 1910 Passage of Earth through tail of Halley's Comet causes near-panic
  • 1913 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • 1918 Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
  • 1919 Kelud volcano on Java, erupts killing 5,160

Historic Event

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence

  • 1921 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
  • 1923 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • 1926 French air force bombs Damascus Syria
  • 1928 "Firedamp" explodes in Mather coal mine, Pennsylvania, killing 195 of 273 miners
  • 1928 51 frogs enter 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" (Angel's Camp, California)

Declaration of War

1929 Chinese warlord Feng Yuxiang declares war on Chiang Kai-shek's nationalist government

  • 1930 White women win voting rights in South Africa
  • 1931 Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • 1934 Military coup by Colonel Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • 1934 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars


1935 English Cardinal John Fisher and statesman Thomas More, executed by Henry VIII, canonized as saints by Pope Pius XI

  • 1940 Amsterdam time becomes MET (Middle European Time)

Historic Event

1940 French counter attack at Pronne under General Charles de Gaulle

  • 1941 New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
  • 1943 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • 1943 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan

Famous Photo

1944 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands, including Sinti girl Settela Steinbach famously filmed by Jewish photographer Rudolf Breslauer [1]

  • 1944 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • 1946 Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1950 NY Times reports of worlds smallest & dumbest mechanical brain
  • 1953 Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St George, Utah)
  • 1954 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project
  • 1955 Atkinson & Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt WI v Australia
  • 1956 Pittsburgh Pirates Dale Long hits 9th-inning HR, 1st HR in 8 straight games
  • 1957 Adone Zoli forms Italian government

Theater Premiere

1958 Premiere of Harold Pinter's play "Birthday Party" in London

  • 1959 Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
  • 1959 The USS Triton, the first submarine with two nuclear reactors, is completed
  • 1960 Alan Freed & eight other radio DJs accused of taking radio payola (bribes from record companies)
  • 1960 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed
  • 1960 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m
  • 1961 New pier opens in Scheveningen, the Netherlands
  • 1962 Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1964 US diplomats find at least 40 secret microphones in Moscow embassy
  • 1965 Patricia R. Harris named 1st US black female ambassador (Luxembourg)
  • 1967 USSR ratifies treaty with Britain & US banning nuclear weapons in space
  • 1968 Frank Howard fails to homer, after hitting 10 in 6 consecutive games
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Brumble of Northern England 1st heard
  • 1971 USSR launches Mars 2, becomes the 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Valeri Giscard d'Estaing wins French presidential election
  • 1975 Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India
  • 1976 Gold ownership legalized in Australia
  • 1976 Senate establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 5 British Army soldiers are killed when their armoured vehicle is ripped apart by a Provisional Irish Republican Army roadside bomb near Bessbrook, County Armagh
  • 1981 Pirate Jim Bibby gives up a leadoff single to Brave Terry Harper, then retires next 27 batters
  • 1983 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 506
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Anti-apartheid activist Hélène Pastoors sentenced to 10 yrs in South Africa
  • 1988 Carlos Lehder Rivas, of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, is convicted in Florida for smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into US
  • 1989 Dow Jones Avg passes 2,500 mark for 1st time, closes at 2,501.1
  • 1992 27th Amendment ratified, prohibits Congress from raising its salary

Historic Event

1992 Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco in the face in an altercation over an affair with her husband, in Massapequa, New York

  • 1992 Englishman Dave Gauder, 224 lbs, pulls 196 ton jumbo jet, 3 inches
  • 1993 Boeing 727 crashes into mountain at Medellin Colombia, kills 132
  • 1993 Dow Jones closes above 3,500 for 1st time (3,500.03)
  • 1995 World's youngest doctor, Balamurali Ambati, 17, graduates Mount Sinai
  • 1996 STS 77 (Endeavour 11), launches into orbit
  • 1999 Andrew Motion is appointed British Poet Laureate for 10 years, the first to request a definite term
  • 2009 Sri Lanka announces victory in its 25-year war against the terrorist organization, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Historic Event

2011 Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, project to search for dark matter, led by Samuel C. C. Ting, installed on the International Space Station

Historic Event

2015 Historic first handshake between Prince Charles and Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at the National University of Ireland in Galway

  • 2015 UK inflation is recorded as a negative for the first time since 1960
  • 2016 EgyptAir flight MS804 goes missing over the Mediterranean on route Paris to Cairo
  • 2019 US billionaire Robert F. Smith announces he will pay off college loans of nearly 400 students of the graduating class of Morehouse College, Atlanta
  • 2020 Greenhouse gas emissions dropped 17% worldwide in April 2020 when world was in lockdown, in study published in "Nature Climate Change"
  • 2020 Two dams on Tittabawassee River in central Michigan breached by floodwaters, forcing evacuation of thousands of residents
  • 2021 Argentine President Alberto Fernandez announces a 'circuit-breaker lockdown' as the country records over 39,000 daily COVID-19 cases
  • 2021 New York City begins re-opening after 423 days (March 2020) with the COVID-19 death toll at 33,000
  • 2021 The EU agrees to open its borders to vaccinated travelers from safe countries
  • 2022 Argentine landmark criminal trial finds state responsible for massacre of more than 400 Qom and Moqoit people in 1924 in the Chaco region. First trial of its kind in Latin America. [1]
  • 2022 Environmental pollution caused by “obesogen" toxins is having a significant effect on the obesity crisis and can be passed down through the generations according to major new study [1]
  • 2022 Mercedes confirms the sale of world's most expensive car - a 1955 Mercedes-Benz SLR coupe for €135 million ($142 million) [1]
  • 2022 Oklahoma passes a bill banning nearly all abortions, the most restrictive in the country [1]
  • 2161 Syzygy: 8 of 9 planets aligned on same side of sun