Events in History on May 23

Victory in Battle

1040 Battle of Dandanaqan: Tughril's Seljuk army defeats Ghaznavid force, near Merv (present-day Turkmenistan), brings about the fall of the Ghaznavid Empire

Historic Event

1059 Henri I crowns his son King Philip I (called the Amorous) of France

Historic Event

1275 King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews

  • 1420 Jews of Syria and Austria expelled
  • 1421 Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled

Historic Event

1430 Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne and sold to the English

Historic Event

1493 King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria sign Peace of Senlis

  • 1536 Pope Paul III installs Portuguese inquisition

Historic Event

1544 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognizes King Christian III of Denmark

Papal Inauguration

1555 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV

  • 1568 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
  • 1568 The Netherlands declares independence from Spain

Historic Event

1576 King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to astronomer and nobleman Tycho Brahe to build an Observatory

  • 1609 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place
  • 1611 Matthias von Habsburg chosen King of Bohemia
  • 1618 Second Defenestration of Prague: Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary are thrown out of a window and amazingly are not seriously injured by the 70 foot (21m) fall. Triggers the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1644 Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
  • 1647 Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland

Historic Event

1660 King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England

  • 1667 King Afonso VI of Portugal flees

Execution

1701 Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and the murder of William Moore

Victory in Battle

1706 Battle of Ramillies during War of the Spanish Succession.: John Churchill (1st Duke of Marlborough) defeats French; 17,000 killed

  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo" premieres in Mantua
  • 1774 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)

Historic Invention

1785 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

Historic Event

1813 South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

  • 1844 Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
  • 1845 New York City Police Department (NYPD) is formed, replacing an old night watch system
  • 1853 Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • 1861 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe, Virginia
  • 1861 Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union

Historic Event

1862 Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia

  • 1863 Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan
  • 1864 Battle of North Anna, Virginia, 1st of 3 days of fighting
  • 1865 -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)
  • 1865 Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot

Historic Event

1867 Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)

  • 1873 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • 1873 Postal cards sold in San Francisco for 1st time
  • 1878 Attorney John Henry Smyth named US minister to Liberia
  • 1882 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
  • 1887 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1894 William Love hosts groundbreaking ceremonies for Love Canal
  • 1898 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
  • 1900 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • 1900 William Harvey Carney becomes the first African-American soldier awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Civil War at the Battle of Fort Wagner
  • 1901 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent

Victory in Battle

1901 US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo

  • 1903 1st automobile trip across US leaves San Francisco for New York, (arrives July 26)
  • 1903 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
  • 1907 The single chamber Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
  • 1908 Dirigible explodes over San Francisco Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed

Historic Event

1911 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President William Howard Taft

  • 1914 Dutch socialist Henk Sneevliet co-founds The Indies Social Democratic Association (Communist Party) in Dutch Indonesia
  • 1915 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1917 Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
  • 1918 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • 1920 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • 1923 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
  • 1926 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
  • 1928 Bomb attack on Italian embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
  • 1931 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England

Bonnie and Clyde Killed

1934 American outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow - Bonnie and Clyde - are killed by police in an ambush near Sailes, Louisiana

  • 1934 The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers
  • 1935 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)

Historic Event

1939 Adolf Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

  • 1939 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
  • 1939 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • 1940 1st great dogfight between Spitfires and Luftwaffe
  • 1943 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Historic Event

1943 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

  • 1944 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • 1944 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • 1944 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • 1945 German island of Helgoland in the North Sea surrenders to British

Historic Event

1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary

Historic Event

1945 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Dönitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany

  • 1947 PC Hooft prize forms for literature
  • 1948 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • 1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
  • 1951 Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London
  • 1951 Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet signed in Beijing, formally establishes Chinese sovereignty over Tibet
  • 1956 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco
  • 1958 Explorer 1 ceases transmission.

Historic Event

1958 Mao Zedong starts the "Great Leap Forward" movement in China

  • 1958 US schools 1st use Cliff's Notes
  • 1960 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • 1962 OAS leader general Raoul Salan sentenced to life
  • 1962 Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7
  • 1965 Franz Jonas elected President of Austria
  • 1965 Pontoon ferry overturned on Shire River, Malawi, kills 150
  • 1967 Government bans submarines near South Africa
  • 1969 Lauwerszee Dike in Holland closes
  • 1970 A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
  • 1974 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed
  • 1977 Benin adopts its constitution
  • 1977 Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Neth, children released May 27, siege ends June 11

Historic Event

1977 US Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell

  • 1978 General strike in Peru
  • 1979 West-Germany elects Karl Carstens president
  • 1981 Barcelona fascists take 200 people hostage
  • 1981 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 501

Murder of Interest

1981 Peter Sutcliffe is convicted for the "Yorkshsire Ripper" murders of 13 women at the Old Bailey in London and sentenced to life sentences for each

  • 1982 Colin Wilson rides a surfboard 294 miles

Canonization

1982 Pope John Paul II declares "Peerke" Donders a saint

  • 1983 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1986 US & Western Europe veto heavier sanctions against South Africa
  • 1988 Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990
  • 1989 Cleve loses & drop to 21-22, this is the latest a sub .500 team is in 1st place (AL East)
  • 1989 Lincoln Square in Bronx named
  • 1990 Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion
  • 1990 Dow Jones average hits a record 2,856.26
  • 1991 Last Cubans troops leave Angola
  • 1991 US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion

Historic Event

1992 US President George H. W. Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees

  • 1994 270 pilgrims die in the bustle round Mina, Saudi-Arabia
  • 1994 Roman Herzog elected President of Germany
  • 1996 Fred Norris of the Howard Stern show changes his name legally to Eric
  • 1998 The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
  • 2002 The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland
  • 2003 The Euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999
  • 2004 Part of Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport's Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
  • 2008 The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries.
  • 2014 Russia and China veto the U.N. Security Council resolution to establish an International Criminal Court for war crimes in Syria
  • 2016 Chinese archaeologists announce findings of earliest use of barley in China to make beer, Shaanxi province 3400-2900 BC
  • 2017 Library of Al-Qarawiyyin, the world's oldest continually operating library, reopens after a major restoration by King Mohammed VI in Fez, Morocco [1]
  • 2017 UK raises terror threat level to critical following Manchester bombing
  • 2018 Hamburg, Germany, becomes the first city to ban diesel cars on some roads
  • 2019 Brazilian cosmetics group Natura buys UK's Avon for $2 billion, creating the world's fourth-largest cosmetics company
  • 2019 Fifty children rescued from an international paedophile ring on the dark web in Thailand, Australia and the US by Interpol under Operation Blackwrist, main organizer sentenced to 146 years

Election of Interest

2019 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) wins re-election in a landslide over the opposition Congress Party, world's largest-ever democratic election with over 600 million voters

  • 2019 More than 170 tornadoes reported in a week in US states of Missouri, Oklahoma and Iowa, killing seven and causing widespread damage
  • 2019 Prototype of new high-speed train that will float above the track, capable of travelling 600km an hour (370 mph), unveiled by Chinese Railway Rolling Stock Corporation in Qingdao
  • 2019 Six migrant children have now died in US custody in eight months prompting calls for an investigation
  • 2019 The last slave ship to smuggle slaves to America from Africa, the Clotilda (sunk 1860), is found in Mobile river, Alabama
  • 2021 21 runners die in freezing conditions during an ultramarathon in Yellow River Stone Forest Park, Gansu Province, China
  • 2021 Belarus accused of “state-sponsored hijacking" after diverting commercial Ryanair flight to Minsk to arrest dissident journalist Roman Protasevich
  • 2022 New York City removes its last public payphones in Midtown Manhattan, they will become part of a museum display [1]

Historic Event

2022 US President Joe Biden says for the first time he would be willing to use force to defend Taiwan against a Chinese invasion

  • 2022 US President Joe Biden with countries including India, South Korea and Japan, launches the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework in Tokyo, an economic alliance of Asia-Pacific nations to counter Chinese influence [1]