On This Day

Events in History on May 25

  • 1085 Alfonso VI of León and Castile captures Toledo
  • 1241 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1420 Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ

Papal VisitThe Protestant Reformation

1521 Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers
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1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1522 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1632 Albrecht von Wallenstein recaptures Prague on Saksen
  • 1659 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname "Tumbledown Dick" as a result of his abrupt fall from power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 King Charles II of England lands in Dover

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1720 The Ship "Le Grand St Antoine" reaches Marseille, bringing Europe's last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000
  • 1721 John Copson becomes America's 1st insurance agent
  • 1738 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
  • 1784 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1793 Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 1810 The Primera Junta (local government) is established in Argentina
  • 1810 In the May Revolution, citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Spanish Viceroy Cisneros during Semana de Mayo

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1816 Collection of poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge published by John Murray in London, including "Kubla Khan" and "Christabel"

Poet, Critic and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • 1825 American Unitarian Association founded
  • 1837 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

  • 1844 1st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • 1861 John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a supreme court decision protecting writ
  • 1862 First Battle of Winchester, Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
  • 1870 Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
  • 1876 1st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1895 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
  • 1911 Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Jose Porfirio Diaz
  • 1914 British House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill
  • 1915 Second Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
  • 1915 Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pitts (Federal League), 10-0
  • 1923 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • 1926 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of the Ukrainian People's Republic

Historic InventionModel T

1927 Henry Ford announces that he is ending production of the Model T Ford
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The 1910 Model T Ford
The 1910 Model T Ford
  • 1934 Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres

  • 1936 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
  • 1937 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
  • 1938 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • 1940 German troops conquer Boulogne
  • 1940 Golden Gate International Exposition reopens
  • 1941 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India
  • 1943 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • 1943 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1945 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • 1946 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • 1947 Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co's Mine #5 killing 111
  • 1948 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast


1948 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1949 Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai
  • 1950 Brooklyn Battery Tunnel opens in NYC
  • 1953 1st atomic cannon electronically fired at Frenchman Flat, Nevada
  • 1955 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas & most of Blackwell Okla
  • 1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Russian premier Nikita Khrushchev visits Angola

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1960 George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit HR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on the Moon before the end of decade

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1962 US unions AFL-CIO starts campaign for 35-hour work week
  • 1963 Organization for African Unity formed by Chad, Mauritania and Zambia
  • 1964 Frank Gilroy's "Subject is Roses" premieres in NYC
  • 1964 Ground is broken for a new stadium in St Louis
  • 1964 US Supreme Court rules closing schools to avoid desegregation is unconstitutional
  • 1965 India and Pakistan border fights
  • 1965 Roel van Duyn, Martijn Ananar & Rob Faado align in Provo
  • 1968 BPAA All-Star Bowling Tournament won by Jim Stefanich
  • 1968 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Dotty Fothergill
  • 1968 Gateway Arch in St Louis dedicated
  • 1969 Sudanese government is overthrown in a military coup
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The Provisional Irish Republican Army throw a time bomb into Springfield Road British Army base in Belfast, killing British Army Sergeant Michael Willetts and wounding seven officers
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 Peronist Hector Campora installed as President of Argentina
  • 1973 US launches 1st Skylab crew Kerwin, Conrad, Weitz
  • 1975 Cleve's Dennis Eckersley, debuts shuting out the A's 6-0
  • 1977 Dutch social democratic party wins parliamentary election
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago killing 273 including 2 on the ground
  • 1979 Israel begins to return Sinai to Egypt
  • 1979 Raul Gonzales of Mexico completes 50,000 m walk in record 3:41:38.4
  • 1981 Daniel Goodwin scales outside of Chicago's Sears Tower in 7 hours
  • 1981 Rangers' Bill Stein sets AL record with 7 consecutive pinch hits
  • 1982 Iranian troops reconquer Khorramshar
  • 1982 STS-4 vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1983 1st US National Missing Children's Day is proclaimed
  • 1983 Fire in Nassermeer, Egypt, kills 357
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1985 Cyclone ravages Bangladesh; 11,000 killed
  • 1986 95-year-old woman scores a hole-in-one in Florida

  • 1986 Ferry boat Shamia sinks on Maghna River Bangladesh, 600 killed
  • 1986 Hands Across America - 6.5 million people hold hands from California to NY
  • 1986 Virgilio Barco elected president of Colombia
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines graduates it 1st class of non-union pilots
  • 1989 Mariners trade Mark Langston to Montreal for Randy Johnson

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1989 Mikhail Gorbachev elected Executive President in the Soviet Union

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1991 Israel evacuates 14,000 Ethiopian Jews
  • 1992 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro elected President of Italy
  • 1995 The Bosnian Serb Army kills 72 youngsters in the Bosnian city of Tuzla.
  • 1996 Jennifer Maria Holsten, 18, crowned Miss Filipino-American
  • 1997 Todd and Mel Stottlemyre become 1st father and son to win 100 games
  • 1997 A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.
  • 1999 The United States House of Representatives releases the Cox Report detailing People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over prior two decades
  • 2000 Liberation Day of Lebanon. Israel withdraws its army from most of the Lebanese territory after 22 years of its first invasion in 1978.
  • 2001 32-year-old Erik Weihenmayer, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest
  • 2002 A train crash in Tenga, Mozambique kills 197 people.
  • 2002 China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people
  • 2003 Néstor Kirchner becomes President of Argentina after defeating Carlos Menem. He is the first elected President since the economic crisis.

RussiaOstankino Tower

2007 The Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire for the second time
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Ostankino Tower, Moscow
Ostankino Tower, Moscow
  • 2009 North Korea conducts its second nuclear test while also conducting several missile tests
  • 2009 Thailand’s economy shrank more than expected in the first quarter of 2009, contracting the most in a decade and plunging the nation into recession

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011 Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her twenty five year run of The Oprah Winfrey Show

Talk show host Oprah Winfrey
Talk show host
Oprah Winfrey
  • 2012 Up to 116 people are massacred, including women and children, by the Syrian army in Houla, in the Homs province

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 A SpaceX Dragon becomes the first commercial spacecraft to dock at the International Space Station

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Elon Musk
  • 2013 17 children are killed by a gas cylinder explosion on a school bus in Gujrat, Pakistan
  • 2013  Yuichiro Miura of Japan becomes the oldest person to climb Mount Everest at 80
  • 2014 Petro Poroshenko is elected President of Ukraine
  • 2014 Dalia Grybauskaitė is re-elected President of Lithuania
  • 2017 Pitched battles between Islamic State-linked militants and Philippine government troops in and around Marawi, leave 43 dead, with thousands fleeing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg receives an honorary degree from Harvard University, after dropping out in 2004

Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook Founder
Mark Zuckerberg
  • 2018 Barbados elects its first female Prime Minister Mia Mottley, who leads the Barbados Labour Party to victory
  • 2019 Tornado tears through El Reno, Oklahoma. killing two and injuring dozens
  • 2019 Boat capsizes on Lake Mai-Ndombe, western Democratic Republic of Congo, drowning at least 45 with 200 missing
  • 2019 First ever albino panda footage in the wild released (taken in April) from China's Wolong National Nature Reserve