Events in History on May 3

  • 1374 BC Solar eclipse (2m 07s) seen at Ugarit by Mesopotamian astronomers "On the day of the new moon, in the month of Hiyar, the Sun was put to shame, and went down in the daytime, with Mars in attendance."
  • 1294 John II becomes Duke of Brabant and Limburg
  • 1342 Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)
  • 1382 Battle of Beverhoutsveld near Bruges in modern-day Belgium - the army of Ghent beats a drunken Bruges militia
  • 1491 Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptized by Portuguese missionaries, adopting the baptismal name of João I

Historic Event

1512 Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateran at St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome

  • 1537 Strategic city of Santa Cruz de Mompox founded on the Magdalena River (modern Colombia) by Spanish conquistadors
  • 1558 Ferdinand I officially appointed Holy Roman Emperor after his brother Charles abdicated in 1556
  • 1616 Treaty of Loudun ends French civil war
  • 1624 Spanish silver fleet sails to Panama
  • 1629 French huguenot leader Duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain
  • 1640 English Upper house accepts Act of Attainder
  • 1654 Bridge at Rowley, Massachusetts begins charging tolls for animals
  • 1660 Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • 1661 Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen
  • 1662 Royal charter granted to Connecticut
  • 1678 French conquering fleet at Curacao, 1200 die

Historic Event

1715 Edmond Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"

  • 1722 Pierre de Marivaux' "La Double Inconstance" premieres in Paris
  • 1747 Willem IV appointed viceroy of Holland/Utrecht
  • 1765 1st North American medical college opens in Philadelphia
  • 1791 Constitution of May 3 is proclaimed by the Great Sejm (Parliament) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, becoming the 1st modern constitution in Europe
  • 1802 Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city

The Third of May 1808

1808 Day depicted by Spanish painter Goya in his "The Third of May", painted 1814

  • 1808 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia
  • 1808 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill

Historic Event

1810 English poet Lord Byron swims the Hellespont (modern day Dardanelles)

  • 1815 Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats King Joachim of Naples
  • 1822 Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded in Lyon, France
  • 1830 1st regular steam train passenger service starts
  • 1837 The University of Athens is founded
  • 1841 New Zealand proclaimed a colony independent of New South Wales
  • 1845 1st African American lawyer, Macon B Allen, admitted to the bar in Massachusetts
  • 1845 Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China
  • 1846 Mexican Army begins the Siege of Fort Texas near Brownsville, Texas, during the Mexican–American War
  • 1849 The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848
  • 1851 Sixth major fire in San Francisco destroys 1500-2000 buildings
  • 1855 Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
  • 1860 Charles XV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden
  • 1861 General Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in American Civil War
  • 1861 Lincoln asks for 42,000 Army Volunteers and another 18,000 seamen
  • 1863 Battle of Salem Church, Virginia
  • 1863 The Second Battle of Fredericksburg occurs in Virginia, part of the Chancellorsville Campaign of the American Civil War
  • 1864 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
  • 1867 The Hudson's Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island.
  • 1886 M A Maclean elected 1st mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1898 Camp Merriman forms at Presidio San Francisco (see 0517)
  • 1901 Fire destroys 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1906 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey

Historic Event

1915 John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields"

  • 1916 Irish Nationalists Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas Clarke are executed by firing squad following their involvement in the Easter Rising
  • 1919 Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
  • 1921 Northern Ireland is created under the UK Government of Ireland Act partitioning off six north eastern counties with a Protestant majority
  • 1921 West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
  • 1922 Salt layer find at Winterswijk
  • 1923 1st nonstop north American transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
  • 1924 Aleph Zadik Aleph is formed in Omaha, Nebraska by Sam Beber

Volunteers Help Defeat General Strike

1926 Britain's Trade Union Congress calls for the country's first ever general strike, begins at 1 minute to midnight in support striking coal miners, lasts 9 days

  • 1926 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)
  • 1926 US Marines land in Nicaragua (9 months after leaving), stay until 1933
  • 1928 Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.
  • 1929 Prussia bans anti-fascists
  • 1932 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switzerland)
  • 1933 Nellie T Ross the 1st female director of the US Mint takes office
  • 1936 French People's Front wins elections

Historic Event

1937 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With The Wind"

  • 1938 Concentration camp at Flossenburg goes into use
  • 1938 Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941

Historic Event

1938 Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain

  • 1939 The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Subhash Chandra Bose
  • 1941 -4] German air raid on Liverpool
  • 1942 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • 1942 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • 1942 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • 1942 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star

Historic Event

1943 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • 1943 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • 1943 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • 1944 Meat rationing ends in US
  • 1945 1st Polish Armoured Division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West occupies Wilhelmshafen in Germany
  • 1945 British troop join in Rangoon
  • 1945 World War II: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • 1946 International military tribunal in Tokyo begins

Historic Event

1947 Japan's post-war constitution goes into effect, granting universal suffrage, stripping Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power and outlawing Japan's right to make war

Historic Event

1948 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams

  • 1949 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km
  • 1951 Royal Festival Hall opens in London
  • 1951 The Festival of Britain opens
  • 1952 1st landing by an airplane at geographic North Pole
  • 1953 Westchester conference of American Library Association proclaims "Freedom to Read"

Historic Event

1954 Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick

  • 1956 A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000')
  • 1958 WINS suspends disc jockey Alan Freed for being charged with inciting a riot at a Boston concert, he quits, charges are dropped
  • 1959 Tiger's Charlie Maxwell hits 4 consecutive HRs in a doubleheader

Historic Event

1960 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  • 1962 Express train crashed into wreckage of a commuter train & a freight, killing 163, injuring 400 in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1963 Birmingham officials turn high pressure hoses and dogs on children's crusade protest against segregation prompting widespread condemnation
  • 1963 Leslie Narum is only Baltimore Oriole to homer on his 1st at bat
  • 1965 1st use of satellite TV, Today Show on Early Bird Satellite
  • 1965 Cambodia drops diplomatic relations with the US
  • 1965 Don Steele, begins a 40+ year radio career at KRTH (Los Angeles California)
  • 1965 Pulitzer prize awarded to Irwin Unger (Greenback Era)
  • 1967 African American students seize finance building at Northwestern University
  • 1968 Holland Pirate Radio Station VRON becomes Radio Veronica Intl
  • 1970 Trans-Arabian Pipeline delivery from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Syria, driving oil tanker rates to all time highs
  • 1971 "All Things Considered" premieres on 112 National Public Radio stations
  • 1971 Erich Honecker succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German communist party leader
  • 1971 National Public Radio begins programming
  • 1971 Nixon administration arrests 13,000 anti-war protesters in 3 days
  • 1971 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Toland (Rising Sun)
  • 1973 Chicago's Sears Tower, world's tallest building (443 m), topped out
  • 1976 Panama 747SP lands after record flight around world (46:26)

Historic Event

1976 Pulitzer prize awarded to Saul Bellow (Humboldt's Gift)

  • 1978 "Sun Day" - solar energy events are held in US
  • 1978 First unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail ("spam") is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the US west coast
  • 1979 Martin Sherman's "Bent" premieres in London
  • 1981 "Moony, Shapiro Songbook" opens & closes at Morosco Theater NYC
  • 1982 NY Times reports that military will get 25% of NASA's budget

Radio Premiere

1982 President Reagan begins 5 minute weekly radio broadcasts

Historic Event

1983 Soviet leader Yuri Andropov decreases nuclear weapons in Europe

  • 1983 US bishops condemn nuclear weapons
  • 1985 Date of $5 million check in "A View To A Kill"
  • 1986 Air Lanka crashes, killing 22
  • 1986 NASA launches Goes-G, it fails to achieve orbit
  • 1987 Miami Herald reports a woman spent Friday & Saturday with Gary Hart
  • 1988 4,200 kg Colombian cocaine in seized at Tarpon Springs Florida
  • 1988 Jasper Johns' "Diver" sold for $4,200,000
  • 1991 The Declaration of Windhoek (on press freedom) signed by African journalists
  • 1994 D66/Dutch Liberal Party win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
  • 1995 David Bell debuts for the Indians (3rd generation player, Gus & Buddy)
  • 1996 Martin Moxon & Michael Vaughan make 362 1st wkt Yorks v Glam
  • 1999 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is slammed by an F5 tornado killing forty-two people, injuring 665, and causing $1 billion in damage. The tornado was one of 66 from the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak.
  • 1999 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 11,000 for the first time in its history at 11,014.70.
  • 2001 The United States loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947.
  • 2002 A military MiG-21 aircraft crashes into the Bank of Rajasthan in India, killing eight.
  • 2003 New Hampshire's famous Old Man of the Mountain collapses.
  • 2006 Armavia Flight 967 crashes into the Black Sea, killing 113 people on board, with no survivors
  • 2006 Zacarias Moussaoui is sentenced to life in prison in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 2007 British girl Madeleine McCann disappears from her bed in a holiday apartment in Praia da Luz, Portugal
  • 2013 Aorun zhaoi, a Theropod dinosaur, dating from 161 million years ago, is discovered in China
  • 2016 Ted Cruz suspends his campaign to be the Republican Presidential nominee
  • 2018 Indian government confirms around 110 people have died in dust storms in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in the last 9 days
  • 2018 Kilauea volcano on Big Island, Hawaii begins erupting forcing the evacuation of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and residential areas
  • 2019 Cyclone Fani strikes Odisha State, India and Bangladesh, killing 33 people after one of the biggest human evacuations ever - 1.2 million in India in 24 hours
  • 2020 Brazilian confirmed COVID-19 cases pass 100,000 with the death toll at 7,025, the 9th country to do so

Historic Event

2020 Investor Warren Buffett dumps his holdings in four major US airlines saying "the world has changed" for aviation, reflecting an increasingly bleak outlook for the industry

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says China responsible for the spread and severity of COVID-19 and should be held accountable

  • 2021 DR Congo announces the end of the latest Ebola outbreak after three months with a death toll of six
  • 2021 Former U.S. Senator and astronaut Bill Nelson, becomes Administrator of NASA
  • 2021 German police announce operation and arrests into 'Boystown' world's largest child abuse image website with 400,000 members worldwide [1]
  • 2021 Subway overpass carrying a train collapses in Mexico City killing at least 24 people
  • 2021 US Environmental Protection Agency takes first significant step against climate change by announcing new limits on hydrofluorocarbons (-85% over 15 years) [1]
  • 2022 Heatwave continues across North and Central India disproportionally affecting the poor, with March and April temperatures the hottest ever recorded in 122 years [1]
  • 2022 US government says W.N.B.A. player Brittney Griner has been "wrongfully detained" in Russia, after being taken into custody when drugs were found in her luggage in Feb 2022 [1]