Events in History on May 4

  • 1256 Augustinian monastic order constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV issues papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae
  • 1303 Flemings conquers Middelburg
  • 1415 Religious reformers John Wycliffe and Jan Hus are condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance

Battle of Tewkesbury

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, final battle between the Houses of Lancaster and York: Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster killed and King Edward IV restored to his throne. Re-restores political stability to England until his death in 1483.

  • 1493 Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides America between Spain and Portugal


1535 Five Carthusian monks from London Charterhouse monastery hung, drawn and quartered at Tyburn, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England

  • 1540 Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1572 Veere sides with Geuzen
  • 1626 Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherlands
  • 1634 Johan van Walbeeck's fleet departs to West Indies
  • 1652 Battle of Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels
  • 1686 Municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines

Historic Event

1688 King James II orders his Declaration of Indulgence read in English churches

  • 1747 Willem IV appointed Viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1776 Rhode Island declares independence from Great Britain

Historic Event

1780 American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston, James Bowdoin, John and Samuel Adams founding members

  • 1780 Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby

Historic Event

1783 William Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus

Historic Siege

1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam ends the Siege of Seringapatam when the city is assaulted and the Sultan of Mysore Tipu Sultan is killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris

  • 1805 Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in the Bronx
  • 1814 Bourbon reign restored in France

Historic Event

1814 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism

  • 1818 Netherlands & Britain sign treaty against illegal slave handling
  • 1839 The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
  • 1843 Great Britain annexes Natal
  • 1846 US state Michigan ends death penalty
  • 1847 NY State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • 1858 War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz
  • 1859 The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.
  • 1861 At Gretna, Louisiana, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast
  • 1862 -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia

Historic Event

1862 Yorktown, VA - Mcclellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains

  • 1863 U.S. Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville, action at Salem Church; Union Army withdraws
  • 1864 -16] actions at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia

Historic Event

1864 General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army at Potomac attacks Robert E. Lee's Confederates at Rappahannock River

  • 1865 Battle of Citronelle, Alabama; Richard Taylor surrenders
  • 1866 Woodward's Gardens opens to the public in San Francisco
  • 1868 World's largest book, the Kuthodaw Inscription Shrines recording whole of Buddhist scriptures on 729 marble tablets completed and opened to the public in Mandalay, Burma
  • 1869 The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • 1883 John Gordon Cashmans publishes 1st edition "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Mississippi)
  • 1886 Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen
  • 1888 Italy & Spain sign military covenant
  • 1896 1st edition of London Daily Mail (halfpenny)
  • 1896 Grease fire ignites half ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek, Colorado
  • 1897 Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
  • 1904 Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal
  • 1910 Canadian Currency Act, 1910, receives Royal Assent

Historic Event

1910 Wilfrid Laurier passes the Naval Service Act, which creates the Royal Canadian Navy

  • 1912 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
  • 1915 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1916 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
  • 1916 Ned Daly, Willie Pearse, Michael O'Hanrahan and Joseph Plunkett are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising, at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • 1917 A flotilla of US destroyer ships arrive in Queenstown, Ireland, to aid in convoying ships to England
  • 1919 Demonstrates organised by students erupt in China, after news from the Paris Peace Conference that the Allies intend to give Shangtung to Japan
  • 1922 KNX-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Bloody street battles between Nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • 1923 New York state revokes its Mullan-Gage Act Prohibition law; federal Volstead Act still in place
  • 1924 German Republic election: fascists & communists win
  • 1925 League of Nations conference on arms control & poison gas usage
  • 1927 1st balloon flight over 40,000 feet (Scott Field, Illinois)
  • 1927 Nicaragua agrees to a US supervised presidential election in 1928
  • 1931 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president

Historic Event

1932 Al Capone enters Atlanta Penitentiary convicted of income tax evasion

Historic Event

1933 Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald MacLeish (Conquistador)

  • 1936 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
  • 1938 Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire
  • 1940 21 "not neutral" Nazis & communists arrested in Netherlands
  • 1942 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • 1942 Food 1st rationed in US
  • 1942 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • 1942 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • 1943 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • 1945 German forces in Bavaria surrender unconditionally to American commander Jacob L. Devers

Historic Event

1945 German forces in Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands surrender unconditionally to British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery at Luneburg Heath

  • 1946 5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco bay
  • 1946 Wash's Cecil Travis gets 6 straight hits before being stopped
  • 1948 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)

Historic Event

1953 Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for "The Old Man & The Sea"

  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Historic Event

1957 Anne Frank Foundation forms in Amsterdam

  • 1958 Alberto Lleras Camargo chosen president of Colombia
  • 1959 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Archibald MacLeish (J.B.)
  • 1960 1st great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland
  • 1961 1st on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.
  • 1961 CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Malcolm Ross & Victor Prather reach 34,668 m (record) in balloon
  • 1961 South Africa ANC leader John Nkadimeng arrested
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1964 "Another World" premieres on TV in the US
  • 1964 70 GATT-countries confer in Geneva
  • 1964 Pulitzer prize awarded to Richard Hofstadter (Anti-intellectualism)
  • 1966 Soviet government signs accord about building Fiat factory in USSR
  • 1967 Lunar Orbiter 4 launched by US; begins orbiting Moon May 7
  • 1968 Dancer Image disqualified due to drugs after winning 94th Kent Derby in 2:02½
  • 1969 Charles Gordone's "No Place to be Somebody" premieres in NYC
  • 1970 National Guard kills 4 student anti-war protesters at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio
  • 1970 Premier Kosygin affirms existence Russian military advisors in Egypt
  • 1970 Pulitzer prize awarded to Erik H Erikson (Gandhi's Truth)
  • 1972 "The Don't Make A Wave Committee," a fledgling environmental organization founded in Canada in 1971, officially changes its name to the "Greenpeace Foundation"
  • 1972 Vietcong forms revolutionary government in Quang Tri, South Vietnam
  • 1973 1st TV network female nudity-Steambath (PBS)-Valerie Perrine
  • 1973 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Millie Martorella
  • 1973 Patriarch Shenuda II of Kopitisch church visits the pope
  • 1975 Ed Bullins' "Taking of Miss Jane" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 US Catholic bishops rescind automatic excommunications for divorced and remarried Catholics (receiving communion still outlawed if the previous marriages were not annulled by Church tribunals)
  • 1978 Russian leader Brezhnev visits West-Germany

Election of Interest

1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman to be elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • 1979 NASA launches Fltsatcom-2
  • 1981 Rockline premieres on KLOS FM in Los Angeles
  • 1981 Silvana Cruciata runs 15k female world record (49:44.0)
  • 1982 British destroyer HMS Sheffield hit by Exocet rocket off Falkland Islands: 20 of her crew died.
  • 1983 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1986 President Babrak Karmal resigns as party leader of Afghanistan
  • 1988 PEPCON chemical plant in Henderson, Nevada explodes killing 2 and injuring 372 causing damage within 10-mile (16 km) radius
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 NASA launches Magellan probe to Venus from Space Shuttle Atlantis
  • 1989 NASA launches space shuttle Atlantis (STS-30) from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida
  • 1990 Latvia's parliament votes 138-0 (1 abstention) for Independence
  • 1990 Pakistan beat Australia by 36 runs to win Austral-Asia Cup, Sharjah
  • 1991 Indians' Chris James sets club record for most RBIs in a game (9)
  • 1991 US politician Mo Udall, Representative for Arizona (1961-91), resigns due to Parkinson disease

Historic Event

1991 US President George H. W. Bush is hospitalized for erratic heartbeat

Rodney King Riots

1992 US Army and Marine Corps forces arrive in Los Angeles to end rioting following the acquittal of four police officers over the beating of Rodney King

  • 1996 Greg Pavlik one-hits Tigers making the Rangers 1st AL team to pitch back-to-back one-hitters since the Washington Senators in 1917

Agreement of Interest

1998 A federal judge in Sacramento, California, gives "Unabomber" Ted Kaczynski four life sentences plus 30 years after Kaczynski accepts a plea agreement sparing him from the death penalty.

  • 2000 Ken Livingstone becomes the first Mayor of London
  • 2001 The Milwaukee Art Museum addition, the first Santiago Calatrava-designed structure in the United States, opens to the public
  • 2007 Greensburg, Kansas is almost completely destroyed by a 1.7m wide EF-5 tornado
  • 2007 The Scottish National Party wins the Scottish general election and becomes the largest party in the Scottish Parliament for the first time ever
  • 2012 14 decapitated bodies and 9 hung from a bridge are found in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico
  • 2013 39 people are killed at a funeral in Wukari, Nigeria
  • 2013 5 US soldiers are killed by a bomb in Kandahar, Afghanistan
  • 2013 77 people are killed by the Syrian Army in Baniyas

Historic Event

2013 Harper Lee files a lawsuit against a literary agent over the copyright of "To Kill a Mockingbird"

  • 2013 Juventus F.C. win their 29th Serie A football title
  • 2014 Juan Carlos Varela is elected President of Panama
  • 2016 Ohio Governor John Kasich bows out of the race for US Republican Presidential nominee
  • 2018 California overtakes Great Britain to become the worlds fifth largest economy
  • 2020 Countries in Europe begin cautious reopening after COVID-19 lockdown, Italy restarts construction and takeaways, Germany reopens schools
  • 2020 India begins lifting some restrictions in regions with fewer COVID-19 cases
  • 2020 World leaders pledge $8 billion to research treatments and a vaccine for COVID-19, with the US and Russia not taking part
  • 2021 Malian woman Halima Cisse gives birth to nonuplets (nine babies) in Morocco, in only the third known case worldwide

Historic Event

2021 Mexico's President Andrés Manuel López Obrador makes an historic apology to the Mayan people for abuses against them in the five centuries since the Spanish conquest [1]

Historic Event

2021 US President Joe Biden announces new goal of 160 million people, nearly of 70% of adults, vaccinated by July 4

  • 2022 "'World's most dangerous trafficker" Columbian drug kingpin Dairo Antonio Úsuga (known as Otoniel) is extradited to the US for drug charges [1]
  • 2022 First of its kind study of transgender children, by Princeton University, transitioning aged 3-12, found vast majority continue to identify with their new gender five years later [1]
  • 2022 US Federal Reserve makes largest interest rate increase since 2000 (+0.5%), attempting to combat the fastest rate of inflation in four decades [1]