On This Day

Events in History on May 7

TurkeyHagia Sophia

558 In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses. Justinian I immediately orders the dome rebuilt.
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Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1274 2nd Council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opens, convened by Pope Gregory X
  • 1355 1,200 Jews of Toledo, Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara
  • 1416 Monk Nicolaas Serrurier arrested because of heresy at Tournay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1429 English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc and the French army

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1579 Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands
  • 1624 Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru
  • 1638 Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
  • 1660 Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni
  • 1663 Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1664 Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1697 Stockholm's medieval royal castle is destroyed by fire, the Codex Gigas (world's largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript) survives by being thrown out a window

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1700 William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1718 The city of New Orleans founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
  • 1727 Jews are expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia
  • 1748 French troops conquer Maastricht in the War of the Austrian Succession

  • 1765 HMS Victory launched; Admiral Nelson's flagship at Trafalgar, 40 years later
  • 1771 Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • 1775 Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 First US Presidential inaugural ball (for George Washington in NYC)

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1792 Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor (Washington)
  • 1794 Influential Gothic romance "The Mysteries of Udolpho" is published by Ann Ratcliffe in London
  • 1800 Indiana Territory organized
  • 1832 Greece becomes independent, Otto of Bavaria is chosen as king
  • 1836 The settlement of Mayagüez elevates Puerto Rico to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain
  • 1840 Tornado strikes Natchez, Mississippi, kills 317

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1846 First printed copies of "Poems" by Emily, Charlotte and Anne Brontë received, published under pseudonym of Acton, Currer and Ellis Bell (2 copies sold)

  • 1847 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1848 Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • 1856 Argentina & Brazil sign a navigation pact
  • 1861 Riot occurs between prosecessionist & Union supporters in Knoxville TN
  • 1862 Battle of West Point, Virginia (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
  • 1862 Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
  • 1864 Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)

MurderAssassination Attempt

1866 German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

  • 1867 Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans

Historic InventionNobel Patents Dynamite

1867 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite in England, the first of three patents he would receive for the explosive material
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Alfred Nobel's Dynamite
Alfred Nobel's Dynamite
  • 1873 US marines attack Panama
  • 1875 German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • 1877 Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
  • 1885 John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti
  • 1891 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed
  • 1895 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • 1902 La Soufrière volcano on St Vincent kills 1,680 people
  • 1904 Flexible Flyer trademark registered
  • 1907 Charles Collier wins 1st Isle of Man TT Race: (38.22 mph)
  • 1908 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • 1909 Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
  • 1912 Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer
  • 1913 British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • 1913 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • 1914 US Congress establishes Mother's Day
  • 1915 RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland; 1198 lives lost
  • 1919 A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • 1920 USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • 1923 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • 1924 Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
  • 1927 SF Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated
  • 1927 Angelos Sikelianos organizes the first Delphic Festival in Delphi to celebrate the ancient Greek Delphic ideal.
  • 1928 The United Kingdom lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
  • 1928 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for "Bridge of San Luis Rey"
  • 1930 Duleepsinhji scores 333 for Sussex v Northants in 330 mins
  • 1934 Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht
  • 1934 Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
  • 1934 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley for his play "Men in White"
  • 1934 World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
  • 1938 Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • 1939 Germany and Italy announce an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 British House of Commons votes for Winston Churchill (477-3)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1942 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • 1942 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • 1943 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • 1943 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • 1943 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • 1943 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1945 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

Nazi Leader Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader
Alfred Jodl
  • 1945 Princess Irene Brigade moves into The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1945 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • 1945 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • 1946 William H Hastie inaugurated as 1st black governor of Virgin Islands
  • 1946 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 General MacArthur approves Japanese constitution

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1947 Paraguayian government unleashes contra revolt
  • 1948 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentenced to death
  • 1951 Pulitzer prize awarded to Conrad Richter (The Town)
  • 1952 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer
  • 1953 "Can Can" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 892 performances

  • 1953 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • 1954 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • 1954 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • 1955 USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great Britain
  • 1955 West European Union established
  • 1956 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • 1956 NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat
  • 1956 Pulitzer prize awarded to Frances Goodrich & Albert Hackett
  • 1958 US Air Force Major Howard Johnson sets world aircraft altitude record in a Lockhead F-104 Starfighter at 27,810 m
  • 1960 LA Dodger Norm Sherry's 11th HR wins the game for brother Larry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of USSR

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1960 USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confesses to being a CIA spy
  • 1962 Pulitzer prize awarded to Theodore H. White (Making of President 1960)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 SETC Telstar 2 launched (apogee 6,700 miles (10,800 km))
  • 1969 Lt General Robert E Cushman, Jr, USMC, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1973 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eudora Welty (Optimist's Daughter)
  • 1974 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Lowell (Dolphin)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford declares an end to "Vietnam Era"

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 53 launched to study X-rays
  • 1979 5th UNCTAD-conference opens in Manila
  • 1980 Yugoslav President Josip Tito is buried
  • 1980 Samm-Art Williams' "Home" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 August Hoffman performs record 29,051 consecutive sit-ups

VietnamAgent Orange in Vietnam

1984 $180m out-of-court settlement reached in Agent Orange suit
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An American aircraft sprays Agent Orange over the forest during the Vietnam War
An American aircraft sprays Agent Orange over the forest during the Vietnam War
  • 1986 Iraq bombs a Tehran oil refiner
  • 1987 105°F in Sacramento, CA
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

  • 1989 Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 mins in Nepal at 21,030 feet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Panamanian voters reject dictator Manuel Noriega's bid for presidency

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1991 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1992 5 NYC cops arrested in Hauppauge, Long Island, for selling cocaine
  • 1992 Constitutional amendment barring mid-term congressional raises passes
  • 1992 US space shuttle STS-49 launched (maiden voyage of Endeavour)
  • 1993 South Africa agrees to multi-racial elections

Person of InterestThe Scream

1994 Edvard Munch's painting "The Scream" is recovered 3 months after it was stolen
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"The Scream", pastel on cardboard by Edvard Munch

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1995 Jacques Chirac wins French presidential election

President of France Jacques Chirac
President of France
Jacques Chirac
  • 1995 Twins beat Indians 10-9 in 17 innings, 6 hours & 36 minutes
  • 1997 Expos scores 13 in 6th at Giants
  • 1997 Galileo, 4th Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 8)
  • 1998 Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for $US40 billion and forms DaimlerChrysler in the then largest industrial merger in history
  • 1999 Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade
  • 1999 In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup.

BeatificationPapal Visit

1999 Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1999 Jury finds "The Jenny Jones Show" and Warner Bros. liable in death of Scott Amedure, after purposely deceiving Jonathan Schmitz to appear on a same-sex crush episode. Schmitz later kills Amedure, jury awards Amedure's family $25 million
  • 2002 A China Northern Airlines MD-82 plunges into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people.
  • 2007 Ehud Netzer of Hebrew University announces he has discovered the tomb of Herod the Great at Herodium, West Bank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 Dmitry Medvedev is sworn in as the 3rd President of the Russian Federation

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Russian President
Dmitry Medvedev
  • 2012 NATO air strike kills 14 and woulds 6 civilians in Afghanistan's Badghis Province

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Vladimir Putin sworn in for third six-year term as President of Russia

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 2012 Paeleoclimatological research claims dinosaur flatulence may have warmed the earth
  • 2013 55 people are killed by a Boko Haram attack in Nigeria
  • 2013 The Dow Jones Industrial average and S&P 500 set record highs
  • 2013 4 people are killed after the Mayon Volcano erupts in the Philippines
  • 2013 20 people are killed and 36 are injured after a gas tanker explodes in Ecatepec de Morelos, Mexico
  • 2013 8 people are killed and a dozen are injured after bear attacks in Orissa, India
  • 2013 Jolly Nero, an Italian cargo ship, crashes into the port of Genoa, killing seven people
  • 2013 Delaware becomes the 11th US State to legalize same-sex marriage

  • 2014 Fighting between pro-Russian and Kiev forces continue amid fears internationally of a civil war in the Ukraine

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2015 British General Elections: Conservative Party win outright majority and David Cameron returns as Prime Minister

British Prime Minister David Cameron
British Prime Minister
David Cameron

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Underwater explorers discover a silver ingot of Captain William Kidd's treasure near Madagascar

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2017 Emmanuel Macron wins France's presidential election defeating Marine Le Pen

President of France Emmanuel Macron
President of France
Emmanuel Macron
President of the National Front Party Marine Le Pen
President of the National Front Party
Marine Le Pen
  • 2018 Vladimir Putin is sworn in as Russian President for another 6 years
  • 2018 More mudslides in Rwanda kill 18 people bringing the year's death toll to 200
  • 2018 Global tourism accounts for 8% of the world's carbon emissions according to a University of Sydney study
  • 2018 Iran-Contra figure Oliver North announced as the new President of the US National Rifle Association
  • 2019 Denver is the first US city to decriminalize psilocybin "magic mushrooms"
  • 2019 Turkish electoral body decides to re-run the Istanbul mayoral election, won by the opposition, amid worldwide criticism
  • 2019 Venezuela's Congress strips opposition lawmakers of immunity and accuses them of treason
  • 2019 Hackers seize control of the computer system of the US city of Baltimore, demanding a ransom in Bitcoins to unlock them
  • 2020 UK economy heading for its' worst crash in 300 years (-14%), since 1706, according to Bank of England forecast
  • 2020 US Father and son arrested for the murder of Ahmaud Arbery in Brunswick, Georgia, after video of the killing surfaces
  • 2020 Toxic leak at Indian chemical factory near Visakhapatnam kills at least 13 and injures many when it tried to reopen after lockdown
  • 2020 US unemployment claims hit 33.3 million or 20% of the workforce, vs two months ago unemployment 3.5%, a 50-year low