Events in History on November 1

  • 835 All Saints Day made compulsory by Pope Gregory IV throughout Frankish Kingdom
  • 996 First recorded use of modern name for Austria in the 'Ostarrîchi Document'
  • 1179 Phillip II crowned King of France aged 14 at Reims, with his father Louis VII in ill health

Historic Event

1210 King John of England begins imprisoning Jews

  • 1248 Earl William II of Holland crowned as King of Germany
  • 1349 Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells
  • 1462 Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna

Historic Event

1512 Michelangelo's paintings on ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican first exhibited

  • 1570 All Saints Flood, tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland; killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 1590 Army of Moroccan ruler Ahmad al-Mansur led by Spanish Eunuch Jawdar leaves Marrakesh to cross the Sahara to conquer the Songhai Empire

Historic Event

1604 William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" first presented

  • 1612 (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
  • 1623 Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts, destroys several buildings

Historic Event

1628 French King Louis XIII occupies La Rochelle

Historic Publication

1665 Robert Hooke's landmark work "Micrographia" with drawings using a microscope and coining the word "cell" is published by the Royal Society

Treaty of Interest

1671 French King Louis XIV & RC German emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

  • 1683 The English crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • 1721 Prince Eugenius of Savoye unveals statue of himself
  • 1755 Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000 in Portugal
  • 1765 Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • 1776 Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
  • 1784 Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette and his descendants
  • 1787 First free school in NYC (African Free School) opens

Historic Event

1800 John Adams becomes the first US President to live in the White House

  • 1802 Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio, to form a state constitutional convention.

Historic Event

1814 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars

  • 1834 First published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
  • 1848 Classes begin at Boston Female Medical College, 1st US female medical college
  • 1849 Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
  • 1859 The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.

Historic Event

1861 General George McClellan made general in chief of Union armies

  • 1863 -8] Averell's Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia
  • 1863 Fortifications built on Angel Island (San Francisco Bay) by troops
  • 1865 Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens
  • 1869 Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
  • 1870 US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
  • 1876 King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
  • 1876 New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
  • 1877 Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
  • 1878 Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)

Catholic Encyclical

1885 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei

  • 1886 Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.

Historic Event

1894 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after the death of his father, Tsar Alexander III

Historic Event

1894 Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Émile Roux of Paris

  • 1896 First bare-breasted women (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Magazine
  • 1901 Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
  • 1902 France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente

Historic Publication

1910 First issue of "Crisis" published by editor W.E.B. Du Bois

Italo-Turkish War

1911 The first aerial bomb is dropped by an Italian pilot on Turkish troops in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War

Historic Event

1913 Less than a week after the US non-intervention promise, President Woodrow Wilson demands that Mexican dictator Huerta resigns

  • 1914 German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile

Historic Event

1914 Paul von Hindenburg named marshal of the Eastern front

  • 1914 Pope Benedictus Xv's encyclical Ad beatissimi, against integrity
  • 1915 Parris Island is officially designated a US Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
  • 1916 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government
  • 1918 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • 1918 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians

Historic Event

1919 British Admiral David Beatty becomes First Sea Lord

Historic Event

1920 Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones" premieres in NYC

  • 1921 National Birth Control League & Voluntary Parenthood League merge as American Birth Control League

End of the Ottoman Empire

1922 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk takes Constantinople from Mehmed VI, proclaiming the Republic of Turkey and bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire

Historic Event

1922 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch Historical Maritime museum in Amsterdam

  • 1923 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
  • 1925 VARA, Vereniging van Workers Radio Amateurs forms in Amsterdam
  • 1926 US Air Commerce Act passes
  • 1928 1st celebration of Authors' Day
  • 1929 Lundy Island, part of British Isles, issue its own stamps
  • 1931 Dupont introduces synthetic rubber

Appointment of Interest

1932 Wernher von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program

Theater Premiere

1935 T. S. Eliot's play "Murder in the Cathedral" premieres in London

Historic Event

1936 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

  • 1936 Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (then Cowboys' Turtle Association) is established after disagreement with rodeo promoter W.T. Johnson, who finally gives in to cowboys' pay demands

Execution

1937 Stalinists execute by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).

  • 1938 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • 1939 First animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed
  • 1939 First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry

Catholic Encyclical

1939 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae

  • 1940 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa
  • 1940 Dutch "Curfew" forms (12 AM - 4 AM)

Famous Photo

1941 Ansel Adams shoots 'Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico', one of his most famous photographs

Historic Event

1941 Chetniks attacks Tito's partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia

Attack on Pearl Harbor

1941 Japanese naval staff offiicers Suzuki & Maejima arrive at Pearl Harbor

  • 1942 10th day of battle at El Alamein
  • 1942 John H. Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
  • 1943 Dim-out ban lifted in San Francisco Bay area
  • 1943 US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
  • 1944 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1944 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • 1945 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H. Johnson
  • 1946 Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black president of Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1946 Future pope Karol Wojtyla of Poland is ordained to Catholic priesthood
  • 1946 West German state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) created
  • 1947 First Aloha Week Parade held in Hawaii
  • 1947 UN trusteeship for Nauru granted to Australia, NZ & UK
  • 1948 Mao's Red army conquers Mukden, Manchuria
  • 1950 82°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Nov

Assassination Attempt

1950 Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry Truman at Blair House in Washington D.C.; attack thwarted by White House Police, including Officer Leslie Coffelt who was killed in the line of duty [1]

  • 1951 1st H Bomb test, code named "Ivy Mike", detonates on Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands, the north Pacific Ocean
  • 1951 Jet magazine founded by John H. Johnson
  • 1951 US performs 1st atomic explosion witnessed by troops, Nevada Test Site, New Mexico

Historic Event

1952 "Ivy Mike", the first thermonuclear weapon to utilize the H-bomb design of Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam, is detonated in the Marshall Islands, Pacific Ocean

Election of Interest

1954 General Fulgencio Batista elected President of Cuba

  • 1954 India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
  • 1954 The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence against France.

Historic Event

1954 US Senate admonishes Joseph McCarthy because of his slander campaigns

  • 1955 Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont, Colorado
  • 1956 Delhi becomes a union territory of India
  • 1956 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is formed
  • 1956 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and most of the East Punjab States Union merge as the Punjab State
  • 1956 Karnataka (then known as Mysore State) is formed from the merge of Kannada-speaking regions in India
  • 1956 Kerala state is formed in India
  • 1956 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
  • 1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum
  • 1957 Mackinac Straits Bridge, Michigan, world longest suspension bridge between anchorages opens
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1959 WOV-AM in NYC changes call letters to WADO
  • 1960 Benelux treaty goes into effect
  • 1962 Greece enters European Common Market
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1962 USSR launches Mars 1; radio contact lost before arrival at Mars
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1964 Vietcong-assault on airport Bien Hoa at Saigon
  • 1965 Trackless trolley plunged into Nile River drowning 74 (Cairo Egypt)
  • 1966 Indian Haryana state created from Punjab; Chandigarh terr created
  • 1966 William Dana in X-15 reaches 93 km
  • 1968 Motion Picture Association of America introduces rating system (G, M, R, X)
  • 1968 University of Suriname opens
  • 1970 Fire at Club Cinq-Sept Discotheque in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France, kills 146, as all emergency exits were padlocked

Historic Event

1971 Eisenhower dollar put into circulation

  • 1972 Germaoin Gagnon scores 1st Islander hat trick
  • 1973 Indian state of Mysore is renamed Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu
  • 1974 Fire kills 189 in less than 25 min (Sao Paulo Brazil)
  • 1974 UN affirms independence of Cyprus
  • 1976 Britain gives Gilbert Island (Kiribati) self rule
  • 1976 W German Generals Krupinski and Franke admit to having been Nazis
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1977 US President Jimmy Carter raises the minimum wage from $2.30 to $3.35 an hour, effective from 1st Jan 1981

  • 1979 Bolivia military coup under General Busch, President Guevara flees
  • 1979 Tanker Burmah Agate off Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 10.7 m gallons of oil, in US's worst oil spill disaster
  • 1979 US Federal government proposes making a $1.5 billion loan to Chrysler
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1981 1st Class US Mail raised from 18 cents to 20 cents
  • 1981 Antigua & Barbuda gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1982 Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of their factory in Marysville, Ohio. The Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
  • 1984 Larry Shue's "Foreigner" premieres in NYC
  • 1984 Willem de Kooning's "Two Women" sells for $1,980,000, a then record for a contemporary work of art and for a living artist
  • 1985 Netherlands decides definitive sites for cruise missiles
  • 1986 Fire in Sandoz factory in Basel, 30 tons of chemicals in the Rhine
  • 1988 Staten Island ferry gets 1st pay phones
  • 1989 Scandinavian Airlines System bans smoking on many flights

Historic Event

1990 Last of Margaret Thatcher's original government resigns, Deputy PM Howe

Historic Event

1990 Rhetoric escalates as George Bush likens Saddam Hussein to Adolf Hitler

  • 1991 Last of Kuwait oil well fires extinguished by Canadian well control team "SafetyBOSS"
  • 1991 New Dutch Regulations Traffic rules & Traffic signs enforced
  • 1991 Three faculty, and one staff member of the department of physics and astronomy, were killed, along with one administrator, when physics graduate student Gang Lu went on a shooting rampage at the University of Iowa.
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS 52 (Columbia 13) lands (scheduled)
  • 1993 Atlantic Radio (20 radio stations) becomes American Radio Systems
  • 1993 STS-58 (Columbia) lands
  • 1993 The Maastricht Treaty, the Treaty on European Union comes into effect
  • 1994 Muslim fundamentalists in Mostaganem Algeria murder 5 children
  • 1998 The European Court of Human Rights is instituted.
  • 2005 First part of the Gomery Report, which discusses allegations of political money manipulation, is released in Canada.

Historic Publication

2011 Danielle Steel’s novel “Hotel Vendome” is published

  • 2012 2 Iranian fighter jets fire on a US General Atomics MQ-1 Predator drone in international air space
  • 2012 22 people are killed and 111 injured after a fuel tanker explodes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 2012 Acid is poured over a 15 year old girl by her parents after being seen talking to a young man in an "honour killing" in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
  • 2012 Google's Gmail becomes the world's most popular email service
  • 2012 Scientists detect evidence of light from the universe's first stars, predicted to have formed 500 million years after the big bang
  • 2012 Yellow fever kills 32 people and sickens 50 more in Darfur, Sudan
  • 2015 Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet's Davutoglus Justice and Development Party regains its parliamentary majority in a surprise result
  • 2017 Boiler explosion at a NTPC government-run coal-fired power plant in Rae Bareli, India, kills 29
  • 2017 UK Defense Secretary Michael Fallon resigns due to his behavior towards women, part of wider scandal of sexual harassment by UK politicians
  • 2018 Google employees stage mass walkout to protest the company's handling of sexual harassment
  • 2018 Ground assault mounted on Yemeni port city of Hudaydah by Saudi-backed government forces
  • 2018 Palau becomes the first country to ban sunscreen and its chemicals which bleach coral reefs
  • 2019 Former Texan congressman Beto O'Rourke ends his presidential campaign
  • 2020 Gunmen kill at least 32 people, set fire to homes in Oromia state, Ethiopia, in attack blamed on rebel Oromo Liberation Army
  • 2020 Slovakia completes testing two-thirds of its population for COVID-19 using quick antigen tests, 1.06% test positive out of 3.625 million
  • 2020 Super typhoon Goni makes landfall on Catanduanes island, Philippines, leaving at least 16 dead and 370,000 people displaced
  • 2021 Global death toll from COVID-19 passes 5 million according to Johns Hopkins, with estimates the true toll is at least twice as high [1]
  • 2021 Novavax COVID-19 vaccine receives its first emergency use authorization in Indonesia. The first protein-based covid vaccine. [1]

Election of Interest

2022 Fifth Israeli election held in under four years won by Benjamin Netanyahu and his Likud party, defeating sitting Prime Minister Yair Lapid [1]