Events in History on November 11

Roman Empire

308 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

  • 725 English pilgrim Willibald (later St. Willibald) arrives in Jerusalem. One of the first known Europeans to visit the Holy Land.
  • 887 Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns

Historic Event

1158 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy

  • 1208 Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king
  • 1215 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1400 Battle of Aleppo: Timur and his army defeat the forces of Sultan Faraj, Mameluke ruler of Egypt, 20,000 people reportedly massacred and a pyramid of their skulls built
  • 1417 Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V
  • 1500 Treaty of Granada: France & Aragon divide the Kingdom of Naples

Papal Inauguration

1503 Pope Julius II elected

  • 1572 Duke of Alva's son Don Fredrik begins siege of Haarlem
  • 1606 Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
  • 1620 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod, the 1st framework of government in the territory that is now the USA [N.S. Nov 21]
  • 1620 Mayflower Pilgrims make their first landing in America, at Provincetown Harbor, Massachusetts [1]
  • 1634 Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery".
  • 1640 Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, impeached by the House of Lords on the evidence of John Pym, and imprisoned in the Tower of London; he was later executed.
  • 1647 Massachusetts passes first compulsory school attendance law in the American colonies
  • 1648 Dutch & French agree to divide St Maarten, Leeward Islands
  • 1671 Dutch States-General forbids importation of French wine
  • 1673 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.

Historic Event

1675 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function

  • 1688 Prince William of Orange's invasion fleet sails to England
  • 1714 A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street
  • 1750 The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.
  • 1752 Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna

Historic Event

1775 Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war

  • 1778 British Soldiers and Loyalists, allied with Iroquois and Seneca raiders, slaughter 40 in the "Cherry Valley Massacre" in central New York
  • 1790 Chrysanthemums are introduced to England from China

Battle of Interest

1805 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.

Historic Publication

1807 Washington Irving's Salmagundi periodical published - first to associate the name "Gotham" with New York City

  • 1811 Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • 1813 Dresden surrenders to allied armies
  • 1836 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1839 The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
  • 1851 Alvan Clark patents telescope
  • 1864 Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL
  • 1865 Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
  • 1865 Thomas Robertson's "Society" premieres in London
  • 1865 Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.

Victory in Battle

1868 War of the Triple Alliance: Allied victory in the Battle of Avay leaves 3,000 Paraguayan soldiers dead, 600 wounded and the road to Asunción open

  • 1880 Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
  • 1887 Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies (b. 1855), Albert Parsons (b. 1848), Adolph Fischer (b. 1858) and George Engel (b. 1836) are executed.
  • 1887 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1889 Washington admitted as 42nd state of USA
  • 1890 D McCree patents portable fire escape
  • 1895 Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
  • 1896 Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
  • 1896 Samuel Pierpont Langley's Number 6 'heavier-than-air' aircraft model flies over 1,500 m (5,000 ft).
  • 1899 Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora" premieres in London
  • 1905 High Commissioner Prince George declares amnesty for all leaders of the insurrection that has been disturbing Crete during the recent months - but which never gained mass support
  • 1906 Ethel Smyth's "Standrecht" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1909 Construction of US navy base begins at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  • 1909 J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding" premieres in London
  • 1911 Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through. (see The 11/11/11 cold wave).
  • 1911 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • 1918 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • 1918 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • 1918 Poland declares independence

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

1918 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

  • 1919 Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political and business views
  • 1920 Great Britain's monument to her war dead, the Cenotaph in Whitehall, designed by Edwin Lutyens, unveiled
  • 1920 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, and at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris

Historic Event

1921 US President Warren G. Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery

  • 1922 Largest US flag displayed (150' X 90') expanded in 1939 (270' X 90')
  • 1923 Eternal flame lit for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • 1924 Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St NYC
  • 1924 Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated in San Francisco

Scientific Discovery

1925 American scientist Robert A. Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays

  • 1925 Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD
  • 1925 Night of Kersten - Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn's Dutch government falls by SGP-amendement
  • 1926 U.S. Route 66 is established from Chicago, Illinois to Santa Monica, California 2,448 miles (3,940 km)
  • 1928 France's 5th government of Raymond Poincaré forms
  • 1928 KXO-AM in El Centro CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 WGL-AM in Ft Wayne IN begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 WOL-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions

Historic Invention

1930 Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention of the Einstein refrigerator

  • 1933 "Great Black Blizzard" 1st of the great dust storms that created the dust bowl rips through South Dakota
  • 1934 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM
  • 1935 Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over South Dakota
  • 1937 German aircraft Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies a new world air speed record for landplanes with piston engines of 610.95 km/h (379.62 mph)
  • 1937 Nobel prize for physics awarded to American Clinton Joseph Davisson and Briton George Paget Thomson "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
  • 1938 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
  • 1940 Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100
  • 1940 British Fleet Air Arm attack destroys half of Italian fleet at Taranto
  • 1940 Thousands of Paris students lay a wreath at the Grave of the Unknown Soldier
  • 1940 Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle ("Jeep")
  • 1941 Czech premier General Eliasj arrested by Nazis
  • 1942 -12] last German offensive in Stalingrad

Historic Event

1942 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz

  • 1942 Germany completes its WWII occupation of France
  • 1942 Jews in the Free Zone of France ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • 1942 Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
  • 1942 Transport #45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany

Victory in Battle

1942 WWII: British led Allied forces defeat Erwin Rommel's German and Italian Army Panzers in Second Battle of El-Alamein, North Africa, helping to secure the Suez Canal

  • 1943 US air raid on Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
  • 1957 Demolition begins on cable car barn at California & Hyde, San Francisco
  • 1958 AL announces Kansas City will play AL record 52 night games in 1959
  • 1961 "Catch-22" by Joseph Heller is published by Simon and Schuster in New York
  • 1961 Adulterous couple ride a dung cart through Staphorst, Netherlands
  • 1961 Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian UN pilots

Historic Event

1961 Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj expelled from USSR's communist party

  • 1961 Stalingrad renamed Volgograd
  • 1962 Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait
  • 1964 Murray Schisgal's "Luv" premieres in NYC
  • 1965 Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith signs Unilateral Declaration of Independence, proclaiming independence from Britain
  • 1965 William Alfred's "Hogan's Goat" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Gemini 12 (Lovell & Aldrin) launched on 4-day flight
  • 1966 Methodist Church & Evangelical United Brethren Church unite as United Methodist Church (USA)
  • 1966 NASA launches spaceship Gemini 12
  • 1968 Maldives (in Indian Ocean) becomes a republic
  • 1968 Ron Hill sets record 10-mile run (46:44) at Leicester England
  • 1970 Baltimore Oriole Boog Powell wins AL MVP
  • 1971 Man-made earthslide at Kawasaki Japan, kills 15
  • 1972 Dow Jones Index moves above 1,000 for 1st time
  • 1972 US Army turns over Long Bihn base to South Vietnamese army
  • 1975 Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • 1975 Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam removed from office by Governor General Sir John Kerr - 1st elected PM removed in 200 yrs

Historic Event

1975 Liberal leader Malcolm Fraser sworn in as caretaker Prime Minister of Australia after sacking of the Whitlam Government by Governor General John Kerr

  • 1978 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom becomes president of Maldives
  • 1979 Boston Court issues occupancy permit for Cambridge Buddhist Center
  • 1980 Crew of Soyuz 35 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 37
  • 1982 5th NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Columbia makes the first officially "operational" shuttle mission
  • 1982 Gas explosion in Israeli army headquarters near Tyre; kills 60
  • 1983 1st US cruise missiles arrive in Great Britain

Historic Event

1983 President Reagan became 1st US President to address Japanese legislature

  • 1985 Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan Air Force Base
  • 1985 Yonkers is found guilty of segregating schools & housing
  • 1986 Houston's Astro Mike Scott (18-10) wins NL Cy Young Award
  • 1986 Suriname government proclaims gold purification

Historic Event

1987 Judge Anthony Kennedy nominated to Supreme Court

  • 1987 Moscow party secretary Boris Jerusalem resigns

Historic Event

1987 van Gogh's "Irises" sells for record $53.6 million at auction

  • 1988 Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science
  • 1989 Romanian students protest in Bucharest before the Communist Party congress, shouting "we want reforms", in a sign of the revolution to come
  • 1992 The Church of England approves the ordination of female priests

Historic Event

1993 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 2 days for fractured shoulder

Historic Event

1994 Bill Gates buys Leonardo da Vinci's "Codex" for $30,800,000

  • 1994 Progress M-25 launched to space station Mir
  • 1999 Last upside down date until January 1, 6000
  • 2001 Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.
  • 2004 New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.

Election of Interest

2004 Yasser Arafat's death through unidentified causes confirmed by Palestine Liberation Organization, Mahmoud Abbas elected PLO chairman minutes later.

Historic Event

2006 New Zealand war memorial monument unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army

  • 2008 The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) set sail on her final voyage to Dubai.
  • 2012 12 people are killed by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake in Burma
  • 2013 100 people are killed in a tropical cyclone in the Puntland region, Somalia
  • 2013 4 people are killed and 8 are injured after a building catches fire in Mumbai, India
  • 2014 58 people are killed in a bus crash in the Sukkur District, Pakistan
  • 2014 An Italian appeals court overturns a manslaughter conviction against 6 scientists for failing to give adequate warning of a deadly earthquake
  • 2014 The captain of the South Korean ferry which sank in April is found guilty of gross negligence and sentenced to 36 years in prison
  • 2014 The leaders of China and Japan meet for formal talks after more than two years of severe tension over a territorial dispute
  • 2014 The people of Catalonia in north-eastern Spain vote in a disputed and non-binding poll on independence
  • 2015 Flawless 12 carat Blue Moon Diamond sells for $48.4 million at auction in Geneva
  • 2015 Montreal begins a controversial dumping of raw sewage (2.1bn gallons) into the St Lawrence River

World Record

2017 Largest Singles Day sales ever - Alibaba says its sales alone were $25.3 billion

  • 2017 Nationalist march in Warsaw, Poland, draws 60,000, to coincide with country's independence day
  • 2018 Chinese e-commerce company Alibaba sets new record for their Singles Day sale, $1 billion in 85 seconds, $30.8bn in 24 hours
  • 2018 Democratic Republic of Congo announces its worst-ever outbreak of Ebola with 198 deaths

End of World War I

2018 On centenary of WWI Armistice Day French President Macron urges world to reject Nationalism in speech to under Arc de Triomphe in Paris

  • 2019 Arctic blast brings record low temperatures for November to the US Midwest including Kansas, Wisconsin, Michigan and Illinois
  • 2019 More than 120 bush fires in Australia cause the country to declare state of emergency in two states with a catastrophic threat issued for Sydney region
  • 2019 Transit of Mercury across the sun, closer than any other transit this century
  • 2019 Violent day in Hong Kong as protests continue with person set alight and another shot amid general strike
  • 2020 All Hong Kong's pro-democracy lawmakers resign after China passes resolution allowing for removal of four of their colleagues
  • 2020 UK becomes the first European country to record over 50,000 Covid-19 related 50,000; 5fth country, after the US, Brazil, India, and Mexico
  • 2021 Near-earth asteroid Kamo`oalewa, the size of a ferris wheel, very likely a fragment of the moon, according to a new study [1]

Historic Event

2022 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's 21st studio album "Only The Strong Survive", his covers of American '60s and '70s" R&B and soul songs

  • 2022 Cypto currency FTX, founded by Sam Bankman-Fried files for bankruptcy, amid accusations of financial mismanagement and criminal misconduct [1]