Events in History on November 12

  • 295 Origin of Era of Ascension
  • 764 Tibetan troops occupy Chang'an, capital of Chinese Tang Dynasty, occupy for fifteen days
  • 954 Lotharius becomes king of France
  • 1439 Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
  • 1555 The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
  • 1591 Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza
  • 1614 Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends
  • 1673 Dutch troops under Willem III occupy Bonn
  • 1682 Swedish king Karel XI establishes absolute monarchy
  • 1727 France & Bavaria renew secret treaty
  • 1775 General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
  • 1793 Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • 1799 Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
  • 1813 Allied troops occupy Zwolle Neth
  • 1823 Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens
  • 1833 The great Leonid Meteor shower was recorded
  • 1847 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • 1859 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1873 Bay District Race Track in San Francisco opens
  • 1885 Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • 1892 Allegheny Athletic Association beats Pitts Athletic CLub, 4-0 in football
  • 1893 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
  • 1894 Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire
  • 1899 British troops reach Durban Natal
  • 1900 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris closes after 50 million visitors - Art Nouveau style dominates
  • 1905 (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • 1906 C W Gregory (NSW v Qld) starts day at 48*, is 366* at stumps
  • 1908 Andrew Fisher assumes the position of prime minister for what turns out to be a short-lived second Labour government, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Mackenzie King takes his seat in the House of Commons as Minister of Labour

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 British explorer Robert Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
  • 1914 Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • 1915 Britain annexes Gilbert & Ellice archipelago
  • 1915 Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
  • 1918 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • 1919 Ross & Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • 1920 The Dalmatian coast between Italy and Yugoslavia is ceded to Yugoslavia
  • 1921 Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
  • 1922 The Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority is founded on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana.

BattleCoup d'état

1923 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • 1924 Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
  • 1925 US & Italy sign peace accord about war debts
  • 1926 The first recorded aerial bombing on US soil took place in Williamson County, Illinois, during a feud between rival liquor gangs, the Sheltons and the Birgers
  • 1927 Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changes blue jerseys for green

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Leon Trotsky expelled from Soviet Communist Party, paving way for Joseph Stalin

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1928 British steamer "Vestris" capsizes & sinks off Virginia, kills 110
  • 1931 Sibelius/Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott" premieres in London
  • 1932 24 killed at Lancashire mine explosion
  • 1933 1st Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal)
  • 1933 First known photo of so-called Loch Ness monster is taken by Hugh Gray
  • 1933 Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany

  • 1935 Egas Moniz performs the first modern brain surgery on the frontal lobes to treat mental disorders, at Santa Marta Hospital in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1936 Nobel for literature awarded to Eugene O'Neill
  • 1936 Oakland Bay Bridge opens
  • 1936 St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1939 Jews in Lodz Poland ordered to wear yellow star of David
  • 1940 Blizzard strikes midwest, 154 die (69 on boat on Great Lakes)
  • 1941 Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
  • 1941 WOV-AM & WNEW-AM in NYC swaps call letters
  • 1941 Alma Heflin, the first American female test pilot for commercial aircraft, made her first test flight for the Piper Aircraft Corporation, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
  • 1942 Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in Solomon Islands (WWII)
  • 1943 Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
  • 1944 RAF sinks German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • 1945 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • 1946 A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows.
  • 1947 Schilderijenvervalser Han of Meegeren to 1 years jail sentenced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo sentenced to death by war crimes tribunal

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1948 The first mobile betatron (particle accelerator) begins operation at the U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory, White Oak, Maryland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 David Ben-Gurion, resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1954 Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor, closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Lee Kuan Yew and others form the People's Action Party (PAP) in Singapore to work towards self-rule in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1955 1st West German officers sworn in
  • 1956 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
  • 1958 Bob Turley of Yankees wins Cy Young Award

BattleCoup d'état

1960 Coup against South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm fails

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • 1960 Mercury-Redstone 1 test launch fails at 10 cm altitude
  • 1963 Train crash in Japan, kills 164
  • 1964 Jean becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 1964 Paula Murphy sets female land speed record 226.37 MPH

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 Ferdinand Marcos elected 10th President of Philippines

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1965 General strike in Morocco against disappearance of Ben Barka
  • 1965 Mad Dog Vachon beats Crusher in Denver, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Venera 2 launched by Soviet Union toward Venus
  • 1966 Dick The Bruiser beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1966 High schooler Robert Smith kills 7 for fame

DiscoverySelfie in Space

1966 Buzz Aldrin takes the first 'space selfie', a photo of himself performing extravehicular activity in space during the Gemini program
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  • 1967 Packers' Travis Williams returns 2 kickoffs for TDs against Browns, setting largest margin of Browns defeat (48), winning 55-7
  • 1968 US Supreme Court: Epperson v. Arkansas, court declares unconstitutional Arkansas law banning teaching evolution in public schools
  • 1969 Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from Soviet Writers Union
  • 1969 Minnesota's Harmon Killebrew is voted AL MVP
  • 1969 US army announces investigating William Calley for alleged massacre of civilians at Vietnamese village of My Lai in March, 19
  • 1970 Scientists perform 1st artificial synthesis of a live cell
  • 1970 Cyclone Bhola makes landfall in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) killing up to 500,000, making it the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded
  • 1970 The Northern Ireland Housing Executive (NIHE) is formed; the NIHE gradually took over control of the building and allocation of public sector housing in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 14th String Quartet premieres
  • 1974 South Africa suspended from UN General Assembly over racial policies
  • 1974 A salmon is discovered in the River Thames, England, for the first time since 1833
  • 1975 Supreme Court Justice William O Douglas retired after 36 years
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1977 New Orleans elects 1st black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial
  • 1979 US President Carter announces a halts to Iranian oil imports & freezes Iranian assets
  • 1980 Baltimore's Steve Stone wins AL Cy Young Award
  • 1980 NYC Mayor Ed Koch admits to trying marijuana
  • 1980 US space probe Voyager I approaches 77,000-mi (124,000 km) of Saturn
  • 1981 1st balloon crossing of Pacific is completed (Double Eagle V)
  • 1981 2nd shuttle mission-1st time spacecraft launched twice (Columbia 2)
  • 1981 Bill C Davis' "Mass Appeal" premieres in NYC
  • 1981 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 KGB Chief Yuri Andropov succeeds Leonid Brezhnev as leader of the Soviet Union

Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary
Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1983 4 die in a train crash in Marshall Texas
  • 1984 Space shuttle astronauts snared a satellite 1st space salvage
  • 1985 STS 61-B vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1985 Secretary in Ann Arbor Mich wounded by package bomb
  • 1986 France performs nuclear test
  • 1987 Heavy snow closes schools from DC to Maine
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 Brazil holds its 1st free presidential election in 29 years
  • 1990 Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
  • 1991 "Full House" 100th episode, the twins are born
  • 1991 Atlanta Brave Tom Glavine wins NL Cy Young Award
  • 1991 Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of protesters in Dili, East Timor, killing at least 250
  • 1995 NY MTA raises subway & bus fares from $1.25 to $1.50
  • 1995 STS 74 (Atlantis 15), launches into orbit
  • 1996 Toronto's Pat Hentgen wins AL Cy Young Award
  • 1996 Saudi Arabian Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 collide in midair over Charkhi Dadri in India, killing 349 people, the third-deadliest aviation disaster in history
  • 1997 Pedro Martinez wins NL Cy Young Award

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol.

45th Vice President of the United States Al Gore
45th Vice President of the United States
Al Gore
  • 1999 The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
  • 2001 Taliban forces abandon Afghanistan's capital Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops
  • 2001 In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
  • 2003 With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.
  • 2003 Iraq war: In Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
  • 2006 The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.
  • 2011 Silvio Berlusconi resigns as Prime Minister of Italy due, in large part, to the European sovereign debt crisis.
  • 2012 Into the Silence by Wade Davis wins the 2012 Samuel Johnson Prize
  • 2014 European Space Agency's Rosetta lands the Philae probe on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
  • 2015 Suicide bombings in Lebanon kill 43, Isis claim responsibility

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Out Magazine names Barack Obama 'Ally of the Year', Obama becomes 1st sitting US President to pose for cover of a gay magazine

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2017 7.3 earthquake hits near Halabjal, Iraq, on border with Iran, killing over 500 people, with 7,000 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 For the first time Prince Charles lays the wreath to Great Britain's war dead, replacing Queen Elizabeth

Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles