Events in History on November 12

  • 295 Origin of Era of Ascension
  • 764 Tibetan troops occupy Chang'an for 15 days, capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty
  • 954 Lotharius becomes King of France
  • 1439 Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament

Historic Event

1468 Duke of Burgundy Charles the Bold occupies and plunders Liège

  • 1555 The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism
  • 1591 Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza
  • 1614 Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends

Appointment of Interest

1661 Robert Hooke appointed Curator of Experiments to the Royal Society, England

  • 1673 Dutch troops under William of Orange occupy Bonn
  • 1682 Swedish king Charles XI establishes absolute monarchy
  • 1723 Ambrose Godfrey patents a gunpowder fueled fire extinguisher system in England
  • 1727 France & Bavaria renew secret treaty
  • 1775 General Washington forbids recruiting officers from enlisting black troops
  • 1793 The 1st Mayor of Paris and astronomer Jean Sylvain Bailly, is guillotined during the Reign of Terror
  • 1799 Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
  • 1813 Allied troops occupy Zwolle, Netherlands
  • 1823 Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens
  • 1833 The great Leonid Meteor shower recorded
  • 1847 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic
  • 1859 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1873 Bay District Race Track in San Francisco opens

Ben-Hur Turns Author Into a Soldier of Fortune

1880 Best selling American novel "Ben-Hur: A Tale of The Christ" by soldier Lew Wallace is published

Historic Publication

1890 Mabel Loomis Todd publishes the first edition of "Poems by Emily Dickinson"

  • 1893 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
  • 1894 Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire
  • 1899 British troops reach Durban, Natal
  • 1900 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris closes after 50 million visitors - Art Nouveau style dominates
  • 1905 (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • 1906 C W Gregory (NSW v Qld) starts day at 48*, is 366* at stumps

Historic Event

1908 Andrew Fisher assumes the position of prime minister for what turns out to be a short-lived second Labour government, Australia

Historic Event

1909 Mackenzie King takes his seat in the House of Commons as Minister of Labour

Historic Event

1912 British explorer Robert Falcon Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica

  • 1912 Spanish Prime Minister José Canalejas y Méndez is assassinated by an anarchist book shopping in Madrid
  • 1914 Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • 1915 Britain annexes Gilbert & Ellice archipelago in the Western Pacific
  • 1915 Theodore W. Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1918 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • 1919 Ross & Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • 1920 The Dalmatian coast between Italy and Yugoslavia is ceded to Yugoslavia
  • 1921 Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
  • 1922 The Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority is founded on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1923 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored

Coup d'état

1923 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup

  • 1924 Jewish school Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Hebron, Palestine
  • 1925 US & Italy sign peace accord about war debts
  • 1926 The first recorded aerial bombing on US soil took place in Williamson County, Illinois, during a feud between rival liquor gangs, the Sheltons and the Birgers

Historic Event

1927 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power

  • 1927 Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changes blue jerseys for green
  • 1928 British steamer "Vestris" capsizes & sinks off Virginia, kills 110
  • 1932 24 killed at Lancashire mine explosion
  • 1933 First known photo of so-called Loch Ness monster is taken by Hugh Gray
  • 1933 Nazis receive 92% of vote in German parliamentary elections
  • 1935 Egas Moniz performs the first modern brain surgery on the frontal lobes to treat mental disorders, at Santa Marta Hospital in Lisbon, Portugal

Nobel Prize

1936 Nobel Prize for literature awarded to American playwright Eugene O'Neill

  • 1936 Oakland Bay Bridge opens
  • 1936 St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt

Historic Event

1938 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

  • 1939 Jews in Lodz, Poland, ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • 1940 Blizzard strikes North American midwest, 154 die (69 on boat on Great Lakes)
  • 1941 Alma Heflin, 1st female test pilot for commercial aircraft - Piper Corporation, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
  • 1941 Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
  • 1941 Radio stations WOV-AM & WNEW-AM in NYC swaps call letters
  • 1942 WWII Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in Solomon Islands
  • 1943 Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
  • 1944 RAF sinks German battleship Tirpitz at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • 1945 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to American politician Cordell Hull (for establishing the UN)
  • 1946 A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows
  • 1947 Schilderijenvervalser Han of Meegeren to 1 years jail sentenced

Historic Event

1948 Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo sentenced to death by war crimes tribunal

  • 1948 The first mobile betatron (particle accelerator) begins operation at the U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory, White Oak, Maryland

Historic Event

1953 David Ben-Gurion, resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

  • 1954 Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor is closed

Historic Event

1954 Lee Kuan Yew and others form the People's Action Party (PAP) in Singapore to work towards self-rule in Singapore

  • 1955 1st West German officers sworn in
  • 1956 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted

Coup d'état

1960 Coup against South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm fails

  • 1960 Mercury-Redstone 1 test launch fails at 10 cm altitude
  • 1964 Jean becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 1964 Paula Murphy sets female land speed record 226.37 MPH

Election of Interest

1965 Ferdinand Marcos elected 10th President of the Philippines

  • 1965 General strike in Morocco against disappearance of Ben Barka
  • 1965 Mad Dog Vachon beats Crusher in Denver, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Venera 2 launched by Soviet Union toward Venus
  • 1966 18-year-old US High schooler Robert Smith kills 5 people at Arizona's Rose-Mar Beauty College for fame

A Selfie in Space

1966 Buzz Aldrin takes the first 'space selfie', a photo of himself performing extravehicular activity in space during the Gemini program

  • 1966 Dick The Bruiser beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1967 Packers' Travis Williams returns 2 kickoffs for TDs against Browns, setting largest margin of Browns defeat (48), winning 55-7
  • 1968 US Supreme Court: Epperson v. Arkansas, court declares unconstitutional Arkansas law banning teaching evolution in public schools

Historic Event

1969 Author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn expelled from the Soviet Writers Union

  • 1969 US army announces investigating William Calley for alleged massacre of civilians at Vietnamese village of My Lai in March, 19
  • 1970 Cyclone Bhola makes landfall in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) killing up to 500,000, making it the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded
  • 1970 Scientists perform 1st artificial synthesis of a live cell
  • 1970 The Northern Ireland Housing Executive (NIHE) is formed; the NIHE gradually took over control of the building and allocation of public sector housing in Northern Ireland
  • 1972 Charity concert for United Crusade (now United Way) in San Diego, California attracts nearly 52,000; performers include: J. Geils Band, Jesse Colin Young, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Foghat, and Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show
  • 1974 A salmon is discovered in the River Thames, England, for the first time since 1833
  • 1974 South Africa suspended from UN General Assembly over racial policies
  • 1975 American Supreme Court Justice William O Douglas (77) retires after 36 years
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1977 New Orleans elects 1st black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial
  • 1979 US President Carter announces a halts to Iranian oil imports & freezes Iranian assets
  • 1980 Baltimore's Steve Stone wins AL Cy Young Award

Historic Event

1980 NYC Mayor Ed Koch admits to trying marijuana

  • 1980 US space probe Voyager I approaches 77,000-mi (124,000 km) of Saturn
  • 1981 1st balloon crossing of Pacific is completed (Double Eagle V)
  • 1981 2nd shuttle mission-1st time spacecraft launched twice (Columbia 2)
  • 1981 Bill C Davis' "Mass Appeal" premieres in NYC
  • 1981 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 4 die in a train crash in Marshall Texas
  • 1984 Space shuttle astronauts snared a satellite 1st space salvage
  • 1985 Secretary in Ann Arbor Mich wounded by package bomb
  • 1985 STS 61-B vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 France performs nuclear test
  • 1987 Heavy snow closes schools from DC to Maine
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 Brazil holds its 1st free presidential election in 29 years

Historic Event

1990 Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.

Historic Event

1990 The World Wide Web is first proposed by CERN computer scientists Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau [1]

  • 1991 Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of protesters in Dili, East Timor, killing at least 250
  • 1995 NY MTA raises subway & bus fares from $1.25 to $1.50
  • 1995 STS 74 (Atlantis 15), launches into orbit
  • 1996 Saudi Arabian Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 collide in midair over Charkhi Dadri in India, killing 349 people, the third-deadliest aviation disaster in history
  • 1996 Toronto's Pat Hentgen wins AL Cy Young Award

Historic Event

1998 Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol

  • 1999 The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
  • 2001 In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
  • 2001 Taliban forces abandon Afghanistan's capital Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops
  • 2003 Iraq war: In Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
  • 2003 With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.
  • 2006 Former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a second referendum on independence from Georgia

Historic Event

2011 Silvio Berlusconi resigns as Prime Minister of Italy due, in large part, to the European sovereign debt crisis.

  • 2012 Into the Silence by Wade Davis wins the 2012 Samuel Johnson Prize
  • 2014 European Space Agency's Rosetta lands the Philae probe on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

Historic Event

2015 Out Magazine names Barack Obama 'Ally of the Year', Obama becomes 1st sitting US President to pose for cover of a gay magazine

  • 2015 Suicide bombings in Lebanon kill 43, Isis claim responsibility
  • 2017 7.3 earthquake hits near Halabjal, Iraq, on border with Iran, killing over 500 people, with 7,000 injured

Historic Event

2017 For the first time Prince Charles lays the wreath to Great Britain's war dead, replacing Queen Elizabeth

Historic Publication

2018 Former US First lady Michelle Obama publishes her memoir "Becoming"

  • 2018 Israeli secret operation in Gaza kills eight including one Israeli and an Hamas Commander, igniting tensions with retaliatory rocket attack from Gaza

Historic Event

2019 550th anniversary of the birth of Guru Nanak - the founder of Sikhism celebrated in India and Pakistan

Historic Event

2019 Former Bolivian President Evo Morales takes asylum in Mexico

  • 2019 Israeli forces kill senior commander of Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant group in the Gaza Strip with Palestinian militants setting off retaliatory rockets at Israel

Historic Event

2020 US President-elect Joe Biden announces Ron Klain will be his White House Chief of Staff

  • 2021 At least 68 inmates killed in new fighting at Ecuadorean prison, the Litoral Penitentiary, Guayaquil, following earlier violence in September
  • 2022 Two vintage aircraft cash in midair at the Wings Over Dallas WWII Airshow, killing all six people [1]
  • 2022 US Mid-term elections: Democrats retain control of the Senate with Catherine Cortez Masto's victory in Nevada 50-49, with run-off in Georgia still to be decided [1]