Events in History on November 14

  • 1380 King Charles VI of France crowned at age 12

Historic Expedition

1524 Francisco Pizarro begins his 1st great expedition, near Colombia

Historic Event

1550 Pope Julius III proclaims new seat on Council of Trente

Historic Event

1666 Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs)

  • 1675 Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine
  • 1680 Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch's Comet/Newton's Comet)
  • 1698 Spanish king Carlos appoints grandson prince Jozef Ferdinand as heir
  • 1732 First professional librarian in north America, Louis Timothee, hired in Philadelphia
  • 1755 Henry Fox appointed British 'Secretary of State for the Southern Department'
  • 1775 -15] Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces
  • 1792 Captain George Vancouver is first Englishman to enter San Francisco Bay
  • 1832 First streetcar (horse-drawn) (John Mason) debuts in NYC; fare 12 cents rode on 4th Avenue between Prince and 14th Streets

Historic Event

1834 William Thomson enters Glasgow University at 10 yrs 4 months

Historic Publication

1851 "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US

Historic Invention

1856 American Gail Borden is issued a patent for technology related to his invention of condensed milk

  • 1863 Skirmish at Danville, Mississippi

Assassination

1881 Charles J. Guiteau put on trial for the assassination of US President Garfield

  • 1881 Leon Gambetta forms French government

Historic Publication

1883 "Treasure Island" by Robert Louis Stevenson is first published as a book by Cassell & Co.

  • 1885 Serbia invades Bulgaria, beginning the two-week Serbo-Bulgarian War; the Serbs are later defeated decisively [O.S. November 2]
  • 1888 USC Trojans (then Methodists) play their 1st football game

Historic Event

1889 New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) begins her attempt to surpass fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg by traveling around the world in under 80 days. She succeeds, finishing the trip in 72 days, 6 hours

Theater Premiere

1893 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin, Germany

  • 1896 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
  • 1896 The Emancipation Run: 33 motorists parade from London to Brighton to celebrate England's Locomotives on Highways Act 1896, which increased automobile speed limit to 14 mph
  • 1905 David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt visits Panama

Meeting of Interest

1907 The Third Duma (Parliament) meets in Russia; following Tsar Nicholas II's limiting of the franchise, a conservative majority holds sway and suppresses the radical elements

Historic Event

1908 Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light

  • 1908 Liberal candidate Jose Miguel Gomez wins national elections for president in Cuba
  • 1910 1st airplane flight from deck of a ship, Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1914 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game

Historic Event

1915 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia

  • 1919 Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia
  • 1920 American Pro Football League's Chic Tiger Joe Guyon punts 95 yards
  • 1920 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • 1921 The Communist Party of Spain is founded
  • 1922 German Reichs Chancellor Joseph Wirth's term ends
  • 1923 Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.
  • 1927 World's largest gas tank in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, explodes; 28 die
  • 1931 Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in Britain

Philippine Revolution

1935 FDR proclaims Philippine Islands a free commonwealth

  • 1935 Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship
  • 1938 Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • 1939 Oil refinery fire kills 500 & destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela
  • 1940 During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England
  • 1941 British aircraft carrier Ark Royal sank in Mediterranean, having been torpedoed by a German submarine the day before
  • 1941 Governr-General Wouters of Dutch Antilles refuses Jews refuge
  • 1942 -Nov 15th) Japanese/US sea battle at Savo-Island in Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
  • 1943 J Postma, C Schalker, D Goulooze arrested for leading illegal CPN
  • 1945 H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • 1946 Dutch Dakota flight to Schiphol crashes, kills 11
  • 1952 Greek General Alexander Papagos wins elections
  • 1954 Egyptian President Naguib resigns, state of emergency declared
  • 1956 Hungarian revolt put down by Soviet invasion
  • 1957 The Apalachin Meeting outside Binghamton, New York is raided by law enforcement, and many high level Mafia figures are arrested
  • 1959 Kilauea's most spectacular eruption (in Hawaii)
  • 1960 2 passenger trains collided at high-speed killing 110 (Czech)
  • 1960 Belgium threatens to leave UN due to criticism on its policy on Congo
  • 1960 Riot due to school integration in New Orleans
  • 1965 George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) at 152 W 54th NYC, demolished
  • 1965 US government sends 90,000 soldiers to Vietnam
  • 1967 The Congress of Colombia in commemoration of the 150 years of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta, declares this day as "Day of the Colombian Woman"
  • 1968 "National Turn in Your Draft Card Day" features draft card burning
  • 1968 First European lung transplant
  • 1968 Yale University announces it is going co-educational
  • 1969 2nd Vietnam Moratorium Day in US
  • 1969 Apollo 12 (Conrad/Gordon/Bean) launched for 2nd manned Moon landing
  • 1970 Marshall U football team wiped out in DC-9 air crash at Kenova, West Virginia, killing 75
  • 1971 Enthronment of Pope Shenouda III as Pope of Alexandria
  • 1972 Dow Jones closes above 1,000 for 1st time (1003.16)
  • 1975 Spain, Morocco and Mauretania sign accord about Spanish Sahara

Historic Event

1976 Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten captured one day after fleeing

  • 1980 Guinee-Bissau Premier Vieira fires President Luis Cabral
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 2nd NASA Space Shuttle Mission: Columbia 2 returns to Earth
  • 1981 Old Dutch Windmill in Golden Gate Park repaired and working again
  • 1981 Pakistan all out 62 v Australia at WACA, Lillee 5-18
  • 1981 Paul 'Bear' Bryant ties Amos Alonzo Stagg with 314 football wins

Historic Event

1982 Polish Solidarity chairman Lech Wałęsa freed

  • 1983 First cruise missile placed at Greenham Common, England
  • 1984 Astronauts aboard "Discovery" pluck a 2nd satellite from orbit
  • 1984 NASA launches NATO-3D
  • 1984 Zamboanga City mayor Cesar Climaco, a prominent critic of the government of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, is assassinated in his home city.
  • 1985 Volcano Nevado del Ruiz Colombia erupts, 1000s killed
  • 1986 FCC issues Notice Of Apparent Liability to WYSP Philadelphia
  • 1986 SEC imposes a record $100 million penalty against Ivan Boesky
  • 1987 Sam's Town National Bowling Pro-Am won by Debbie Bennett
  • 1990 Doug Drabek (22-6) wins NL Cy Young Award
  • 1990 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1990 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1990 Michael Heseltine contests Margaret Thatcher's leadership of the British Conservative Party

  • 1990 Philippines hit by typhoon, 110 die
  • 1991 American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103

Historic Event

1991 Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile

  • 1993 Puerto Rico votes against becoming the 51st US state

Latest Wonder of the World

1994 1st public trains run through the Channel Tunnel linking England and France under the English Channel

  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-66 (Atlantis 13), lands
  • 1997 Colo Rockie Larry Walker wins NL MVP
  • 2001 OPEC announces that it intends to cut its crude oil output quotas by 1.5 million barrels per day effective, but only if non-OPEC producers cut their output by 500,000 barrels per day as well
  • 2001 War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters takeover the capital Kabul
  • 2002 Argentina defaults on an $805 million World Bank payment.

9/11 Attack on New York's World Trade Towers

2002 The United States House of Representatives votes not to create an independent commission to investigate the September 11 attacks

  • 2007 the last direct-current distribution by Con Edison was shut down.

Appointment of Interest

2008 Elizabeth Warren is appointed to chair a Congressional Oversight Panel for the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act

  • 2008 Eurozone officially slips into recession for the first time since its creation in 1999, pushed down by recessions in Germany and Italy
  • 2008 Hong Kong becomes the second Asian economy to tip into recession, its exports hit by weakening global demand
  • 2008 Italy plunges into recession, its first since the start of 2005, after GDP contracts a steeper-than-expected 0.5% in the third quarter
  • 2009 The National Statistical Service of Greece states that the country has been in recession since the beginning of the year
  • 2012 A series of protests against austerity measures occur across Europe including Spain, Portugal, and Greece
  • 2012 CFBDSIR 2149-0403 is discovered, the closest rogue planet to earth (100 light-years away)

Historic Event

2013 Boston gangster Whitey Bulger is sentenced to two consecutive life terms plus five years for his crimes

  • 2016 7.8 earthquake cuts off town of Kaikoura, New Zealand, raising sea bed by 4m, and killing 2 people

Robert Mugabe Ousted

2017 Zimbabwe Army seizes key sites in capital Harare following tensions over Robert Mugabe's dismissal of vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa

  • 2018 Archaeologists announce discovery of ancient Greek city of Tenea near Corinth, supposedly founded by captives from Trojan War
  • 2018 Astronomers announce discovery of Super-Earth planet (3.2x bigger than Earth) orbiting red dwarf Barnard's star, 6 light years away
  • 2018 Attempt to move 720,000 Rohingya back to Myanmar from Bangladesh refugee camps amid international criticism. They refuse to go.
  • 2018 Edward Hopper's painting "Chop Suey" sells $92 million, a record for the artist at auction in New York

Historic Event

2018 Jewellery that belonged to French Queen Marie Antoinette is auctioned off in Geneva, after not being seen for 200 years

  • 2018 Large impact crater, 31 km wide, from iron meteorite identified under Hiawatha Glacier in Greenland

Historic Event

2018 UK Prime Minister Theresa May’s cabinet approves draft plan for country's exit from the European Union (Brexit)

  • 2020 Record global daily total of 660,905 COVID-19 cases declared to the WHO, with total known infections over 54 million
  • 2021 Attack on a military police outpost near a gold mine in Inata, northern Burkina Faso, kills at least 53, prompting three days of national mourning [1]
  • 2022 Earliest evidence of fire being used to cook by humans found in study of fish remains 780,000 years ago at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov in northern Israel [1]
  • 2022 US President Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping met in person for the first time as national leaders at a G20 meeting in Bali, Indonesia [1]