On This Day

Events in History on November 18

  • 326 Old St. Peter's Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th - 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica
  • 794 Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
  • 1105 Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I
  • 1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
  • 1307 William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son's head
  • 1421 Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands
  • 1424 Storm flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 1477 First English dated printed book "Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers" by William Caxton
  • 1494 French King Charles VIII occupies Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama reaches the Cape of Good Hope

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama

Papal VisitSt. Peter's Basilica

1626 St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated, replacing an earlier basilica on the same site and becoming the world's largest Christian basilica
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St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
  • 1667 Treaty of Bongaja: King Hassan-Udin of Makasar & VOC
  • 1686 Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practising the surgery on several peasants.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1718 Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1738 France & Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1742 Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Carlisle

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1755 Worst quake in Massachusetts Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths reported
  • 1776 Hessians capture Ft Lee, NJ
  • 1787 First Unitarian minister in US ordained, Boston
  • 1803 Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • 1804 Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • 1805 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • 1820 Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
  • 1833 Netherlands & Belgium sign Treaty of Zonhoven

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1837 Letter by Göttingen Seven published protesting abolition of constitution of Kingdom of Hanover, by seven professors including Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

  • 1852 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • 1852 Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • 1861 The first provisional meeting of the Confederate Congress is held in Richmond, Virginia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1865 Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1874 National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • 1883 Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
  • 1883 Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
  • 1889 Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • 1893 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus

  • 1894 Richard Outcault's early comic strip "Origin of a New Species" published in World
  • 1899 Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
  • 1901 The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
  • 1902 Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names the teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt
  • 1903 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
  • 1904 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London

  • 1905 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
  • 1906 Langdon Mitchell's "New York Idea" premieres in NYC
  • 1906 Anarchists bomb St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
  • 1909 US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
  • 1911 Britain's first seaplane flies
  • 1912 Cholera breaks out in Constantinople, in the Ottoman Empire
  • 1913 Lincoln Deachey becomes the first American pilot to perform an aircraft loop-the-loop in his Curtiss aeroplane near San Diego

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million CasualtiesFive Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

1916 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded
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Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
  • 1917 Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1918 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • 1918 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • 1920 Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1922 Turkish National Assembly nominates Abdul Medjid kalief
  • 1926 Pope Pius XI encyclical On persecution of Church in Mexico
  • 1926 George Bernard Shaw accepts the Nobel Prize for Literature but refuses the prize money, saying "I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."
  • 1929 Large earthquake in Atlantic breaks transatlantic cable in 28 places
  • 1930 Sōka Kyōiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1936 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
  • 1938 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 1939 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • 1939 The Irish Republican Army explodes three bombs in Piccadilly Circus
  • 1940 George Matesky, New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
  • 1941 British troops open attack on Tobruk, North Africa
  • 1941 Jerome Chodorov/Joseph Fields' "Junior Miss" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1942 Thornton Wilders "Skin of our Teeth" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 First US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
  • 1943 444 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1943 U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1949 The U.S. Air Force grounds B-29s after two crashes and 23 deaths in three days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 South Korean President Syngman Rhee forced to end mass executions

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1951 "See it Now" premieres on TV
  • 1951 British troops occupy Ismailiya, Egypt
  • 1953 Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) accept female suffrage
  • 1955 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • 1956 Morocco gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1957 Tunisia refuses Russian weapons
  • 1958 1st true reservoir in Jerusalem opens
  • 1958 Indians minority stockholders sell their stock to William Delay
  • 1959 Wash Senator Bob Allison wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1960 Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
  • 1963 Bell Telephone introduces the touch-tone telephone to customers in Pennsylvania
  • 1963 Dartford-Purfleet tunnel under River Thames opens
  • 1963 King Hassan II opens 1st parliament in Morocco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 J. Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as "most notorious liar"

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Twins SS Zoilo Versalles is named AL MVP
  • 1966 Sandy Koufax announces his retirement due to arthritic left elbow
  • 1966 US Roman Catholic bishops ends rules against eating meat on Fridays
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 British government devalues pound from US equivalent of $2.80 to $2.40
  • 1968 Soviets recover the Zond 6 spacecraft after a flight around the moon
  • 1969 Prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi assigned to the Tate and LaBianca murders, will eventually convict Charles Mason for orchestrating the killings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Linus Pauling declares large doses of Vitamin C could ward off colds

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • 1970 Netherlands & Albania form diplomatic relations
  • 1970 Russia lands self propelled rover on Moon
  • 1971 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1971 A British soldier is shot dead by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Belfast
  • 1973 Greek regime calls emergency crisis due to mass protests
  • 1973 Arab oil ministers cancel the scheduled 5 percent cut in production for EEC
  • 1975 Black Panther leader Eldridge Cleaver returns to US
  • 1976 Spain's parliament establishes democracy after 37 yrs of dictatorship
  • 1978 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

MurderMurder of Interest

1978 In Jonestown, Guyana, 918 members of the Peoples Temple are murdered or commit suicide under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones

Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult
Jim Jones

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Ayatollah Khomeini charges US ambassador and embassy with espionage

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1983 Argentina announces its ability to produce enriched uranium for nuclear weapons
  • 1984 Browns set team records for most sacks (11)
  • 1984 The Soviet Union helps deliver American wheat during the Ethiopian famine
  • 1985 Dwight Gooden (NL) & Bret Saberhagen (AL) win Cy Young
  • 1985 Enterprise (OV-101) flies from Kennedy Space Center to Dulles Airport
  • 1985 Howard Stern radio show returns to NYC (WXRK 92.3 FM-afternoons)
  • 1987 31 people die in a fire at King's Cross, London's busiest tube station
  • 1987 Congressional committee reports on Iran-Contra affair
  • 1989 Pennsylvania is first to restrict abortions after US Supreme Court gave states the right to do so
  • 1991 France deports Marlon's daughter Cheyenne Brando to Tahiti

  • 1991 Muslim Shi'ites release hostages Terry Waite & Thomas Sutherland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1991 The Croatian city of Vukovar surrenders to Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces after an 87-day siege

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman
  • 1992 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Las Vegas NV on KXTE 107.5 FM
  • 1993 27 killed at prison in Morazan, El Salvador
  • 1993 Black and white leaders in South Africa approve new democratic constitution
  • 1993 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) passes US House of Representatives
  • 1993 North-Siberia record cold for November (-55°C)
  • 1996 Eappens hire Louise Woodward as nanny, later she's charged with murder
  • 1997 FBI says no evidence of foul play in 1996 TWA 800 crash
  • 1997 70s glam-rock star Gary Glitter (real name Paul Gadd) arrested by British police in child porn probe
  • 1997 Rare black pearl necklace auctioned for record $902,000
  • 1997 Willem de Kooning painting "Two Standing Women" sold for $4,182,500
  • 1999 In College Station, Texas, 12 are killed and 27 injured at Texas A&M University when a massive bonfire under construction collapses.
  • 2001 Phillips Petroleum and Conoco merge into a new company as 'ConocoPhillips', the third-largest oil and natural gas company in the US
  • 2002 Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
  • 2003 The congress of the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides to merge the party into Kanu Sanyal's CPI(ML).
  • 2003 In England, the Local Government Act 2003, repealing controversial anti-gay amendment Section 28, becomes effective
  • 2003 Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules the state's ban on same-sex marriages is unconstitutional
  • 2004 Russia officially ratifies the Kyoto Protocol.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2011 Former Filipino President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is arrested and held at Veterans Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City under charges of electoral sabotage

14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  • 2011 Video game Minecraft is officially released by Mojang
  • 2012 Israeli Gaza rocket strikes kill 80 alleged terrorist targets
  • 2013 20 people are killed after a train collides with a minibus in Cairo, Egypt
  • 2014 Jamaica win the 2014 Caribbean Cup in football
  • 2015 French police raid terrorist cell in Saint Denis, killing 2 including the leader of the Paris terror attacks Abdelhamid Abaaoud
  • 2015 2 female suicide bombers aged 18 and 11 blow themselves up in Kano, Nigeria, killing 15 and injuring over 100
  • 2018 APEC Summit in Papa New Guinea fails to produce a joint agreement for first time in two decades after US and China clash on definition of trade
  • 2018 American missionary John Allen Chau killed on forbidden North Sentinel Island, Bay of Bengal by one of world's most isolated tribe
  • 2019 Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reverses US policy regarding Israeli West Bank settlements as illegal after 24 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Book written by Charlotte Bronte aged 14 for her toy soldiers bought by the Bronte Society for €600,000 at auction in Paris

  • 2019 Deforestation of Brazil's Amazon rainforest worst since 2008, has lost 9,762 sq km (3,769 sq miles) of vegetation in 12 months according to country's Space Agency
  • 2019 World wind speeds have risen, 3x faster since 2010 than previous decades of decline, according to Princeton study published in "Nature Climate Change"