Events in History on November 2

  • 676 Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II
  • 1208 Peace treaty between the Chinese Jin and Song dynasties, the Song resume paying tribute after two years of fighting
  • 1327 King Alfonso IV of Aragon crowned
  • 1355 English invasion army under King Edward lands at Calais
  • 1418 Utrecht conquers Ijsselstein
  • 1642 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
  • 1648 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia
  • 1675 King Philip's War: Plymouth Colony Governor Josiah Winslow leads Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut militias attacks against the Narragansetts, fearing they would join King Philip's cause
  • 1698 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony
  • 1712 Suriname government gives French hijacker Jacques Cassard, ƒ682,800
  • 1722 Willem KH Friso (11) appointed viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1749 English Ohio Trade Company forms first trading post
  • 1772 Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms

Historic Event

1783 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War

  • 1813 Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig
  • 1841 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan

Election of Interest

1852 Franklin Pierce elected as President of US

  • 1854 Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont and Kearny starts

Murder of Interest

1859 American abolitionist John Brown found guilty of murder, inciting slaves to revolt, and treason against the Virginia Territory during his raid of Harpers Ferry Armory, and sentenced to hang

  • 1861 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • 1867 Women's fashion magazine "Harper's Bazaar" is 1st published
  • 1868 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • 1875 Verney Cameron reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa's east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa from sea to sea

Election of Interest

1880 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

  • 1881 Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
  • 1886 German patent granted to inventor Carl Benz for "vehicle with gas engine operation", the first automobile (No. DE37435C)
  • 1889 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • 1892 French poet Paul Verlaine visits Netherlands

First Official Cheerleader

1898 Cheerleading begins in the United States as Johnny Campbell leads the crowd cheering on the football team at the University of Minnesota

  • 1898 French government of Dupuy forms
  • 1898 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem
  • 1899 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • 1903 British newspaper "Daily Mirror" begins publishing
  • 1903 Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC
  • 1903 New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1907 Ottawa Mint Proclamation is published

Historic Event

1907 US banker J. P. Morgan locks over 40 bankers in his library to force them to find ways to avert New York banking crisis

  • 1914 Great Britain annexes Cyprus
  • 1914 Great Britain declares the entire North Sea a military area: neutral ships will transit it at their own risk
  • 1914 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914 V Herbert & H Blossoms "Only Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1915 First US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot

Historic Event

1917 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

  • 1917 In WWI the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat: James Gresham, Thomas Enright and Merle Hay
  • 1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China

Election of Interest

1920 Warren G. Harding is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate James M. Cox

  • 1920 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins broadcasting, with presidential and local election returns

Theater Premiere

1921 Eugene O'Neill's play "Anna Christie" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 Allies deliberate over German mark
  • 1923 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic

Historic Event

1923 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down

  • 1924 Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle

Royal Coronation

1930 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethiopian Solmonic Dynasty

  • 1932 The "Great Emu War" begins: Australian soldiers armed with Lewis Guns sought to cull the Emu population over crop destruction in Campion district, Western Australia
  • 1942 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • 1943 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • 1944 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald

Historic Event

1947 Howard Hughes flies "Spruce Goose", a huge wooden airplane for the first and last time

Election of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman is re-elected in an upset victory over Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey

  • 1949 NL scheme for national distribution of textiles, meat and cheese disbands
  • 1949 The Netherlands recognizes its former colony Indonesia as a sovereign state
  • 1950 The Clover Dairy Company test-market the first concentrated milk (Sealtest) in the U.S. in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1953 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1954 Charles Diggs Jr is elected Michigan's 1st black congressman to the House of Representatives

Election of Interest

1954 Strom Thurmond is the 1st senator elected by write-in vote (South Carolina)

  • 1956 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • 1957 1st titanium mill opened, Toronto, Ohio
  • 1957 The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history
  • 1959 Charles Van Doren confesses that TV quiz show "Twenty-One" was fixed
  • 1959 The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway

Historic Publication

1960 Penguin Books cleared of obscenity for publishing DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover"

  • 1961 Max Frisch's "Andorra" premieres in Zurich

Coup d'état

1963 Ngô Đình Diệm, the President of South Vietnam, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup by the South Vietnamese Army

Historic Event

1964 Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia

  • 1966 The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the US
  • 1968 A banned march in Derry, North Ireland, by members of the Derry Citizen's Action Committee (DCAC) is joined by thousands; due to the number of people taking part, the Royal Ulster Constabulary is unable to prevent it
  • 1972 Construction begins on Kingdome, Seattle
  • 1972 Government of the Republic of Ireland introduce a bill to remove the special position of the Catholic Church from the Irish Constitution
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 OLADE (Latin American Energy Organization) forms
  • 1974 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Election of Interest

1976 Democrat candidate Jimmy Carter is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford; Walter Mondale elected vice president

  • 1977 Microbiologist Carl R. Woese and scientists from the University of Illinois announce the identification of methanogens, a form of microbial life (Archaea) dating back some 3.5 billion years
  • 1978 Crew of Soyuz 29 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 31
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Studio 54's owners are arrested for tax evasion
  • 1982 Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die
  • 1983 Abp Hickey conducts papal investigation of Abp Hunthausen, Seattle

Historic Event

1983 US President Ronald Reagan signs bill establishing Dr Martin Luther King Jr. holiday

  • 1984 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1984 Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962
  • 1987 Entertainer Lola Falona is diagnosed with multiple schlerosis
  • 1988 The Morris worm, first internet-distributed computer worm to gain mainstream media attention launched from MIT, strikes Pentagon, SDI research lab & 6 universities
  • 1991 Bartholomew I becomes the Patriarch of Constantinople, head of 300 million followers of the Eastern Orthodox Church
  • 1992 First test flight of Airbus A330
  • 1993 Christie Todd Whitman (R) elected 1st woman governor of New Jersey
  • 1993 Dow Jones hits record 3697.64
  • 1993 Ehud Olmert elected mayor of Jerusalem

Election of Interest

1993 Rudy Giuliani wins the New York mayoral election, becomes 1st Republican mayor since 1965

  • 1994 Benzine explosion in Dronka Egypt, 400+ killed
  • 1995 Spanish Broadcasting System buys NY radio station WPAT-FM for $83.5M
  • 1997 Typhoon Linda kills at least 208 in southern Vietnam
  • 2000 The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

Election of Interest

2004 George W. Bush is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John Kerry

  • 2012 New York City Marathon: cancelled because of the effects of Hurricane Sandy in NYC the week before
  • 2014 60 people were killed and 110 injured by a suicide bombing in Lahore, Pakistan

Knighthood

2015 Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull scraps Knights and Dames from Australia's honours system

Historic Event

2017 Jerome Powell nominated by US President Donald Trump to be next Chair of the Federal Reserve

Historic Event

2017 On This Day and Xiaomi launch a content partnership to display today in history content in Xiaomi's calendar app to users in India

  • 2018 Tiger thought to have killed 13 people shot dead after month-long hunt near Pandharkawada, central India
  • 2020 Gunmen storm Kabul University, Afghanistan, shooting at least 22 dead with Islamic State group claiming responsibility
  • 2021 Former police captains Eric Adams elected the second African American mayor of New York
  • 2021 Jihadist gunman ambush and kill 69 people, including a local mayor in south-west Niger, adding to the 530 killed in 2021 to date
  • 2022 Ethiopia’s government and Tigrayan authorities reach an agreement end fighting after two years at peace talks in South Africa [1]
  • 2022 US Federal Reserve hikes interest rates for a fourth straight time to range of between 3.75% and 4.00%, its highest since 2008 in an effort to fight ongoing inflation [1]