Events in History on November 20

Historic Event

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

  • 762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire
  • 1168 Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope
  • 1194 Palermo, Sicily, is conquered by Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI

Historic Event

1272 Edward I proclaimed King of England after death of his father, Henry III. He would take two years to return to England from the Ninth Crusade.

  • 1342 Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1347 Cola di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addresses a meeting of on the Capitol during people's revolt in Rome

Agreement of Interest

1407 A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.

  • 1431 First meeting of Order of the Golden Fleece
  • 1461 Astronomer Regiomontanus returns with Cardinal Basilios Bessarion's to his house in Rome, home to one of largest libraries in Europe
  • 1520 Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
  • 1521 Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
  • 1583 Duke of Parma conquers Aalst
  • 1616 Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War
  • 1637 Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
  • 1695 Zumbi, the last King of the Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed and decapitated, his head displayed on a pike to dispel any legends of his immortality
  • 1719 Sweden & Hannover sign for peace Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1759 Battle of Quiberon Bay begins: British win crucial naval victory over the French, thwarting a planned French invasion of Britain

Bill of Rights

1789 New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights

  • 1795 Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday
  • 1815 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England sign an Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" on the same day as the Treaty of Paris

Treaty of Interest

1815 Second Treaty of Paris: France and her allies agree France will pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending the Napoleonic Wars

  • 1820 Whaling ship Essex attacked and sunk by a sperm whale in the southern Pacific, only eight of the 20 crew men eventually survive (through cannibalism). Inspiration for the novel "Moby-Dick"
  • 1829 Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol, Russia
  • 1861 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government
  • 1862 Confederate armies of Mississippi and Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee, under General Braxton Bragg
  • 1866 First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • 1866 Howard University founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1886 Sherlock Holmes's first story "A Study in Scarlet" is accepted by publisher Ward and Lock with payment of £25
  • 1888 Willard Bundy patents timecard clock

Catholic Encyclical

1890 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"

  • 1894 US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua

Theater Premiere

1906 George Bernard Shaw's play "Doctor's Dilemma" premieres in London

  • 1909 Jack Williams of Canadian football team Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1910 Revolution breaks out in Mexico, led by Francisco I. Madero

Historic Event

1911 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

  • 1914 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
  • 1917 1st successful tank use in battle, at the Battle of Cambrai in World War I as Britain uses the new technology to break through German lines
  • 1917 Ukrainian Republic declared
  • 1919 1st municipally owned airport in US opens in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1922 Zoe Akins' play "Texas Nightingale" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Garrett Morgan patents his traffic signal design, an important development in automobile safety
  • 1923 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark
  • 1928 WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 First broadcast of "Goldbergs" on US radio

Historic Event

1929 Salvador Dali's first one-man show

  • 1931 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
  • 1932 Earthquake at Uden, Netherlands

Historic Event

1934 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC

  • 1934 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
  • 1936 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad
  • 1938 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • 1940 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • 1941 Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
  • 1941 German "auxiliary cruiser" (armed merchant raider) Kormoran sinks near Australia
  • 1942 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • 1942 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • 1943 U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1943 US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
  • 1944 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • 1944 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • 1944 Dutch Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda, Netherlands

Historic Event

1945 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague

  • 1946 Lillian Hellman's play "Another Part of the Forest" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey)

Catholic Encyclical

1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei

  • 1947 UN General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps
  • 1948 US balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record)
  • 1949 Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
  • 1951 Snowdonia becomes a British National Park
  • 1952 George Axelrod's play "Seven Year Itch" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1952 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

  • 1953 Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH)
  • 1959 UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights
  • 1962 USSR agrees to remove remaining Ilyushin Il-28 bomber jets from Cuba, US lifts blockade
  • 1965 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1966 Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
  • 1967 At 11 AM, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Alcatraz Island, off San Francisco, is seized by militant Native Americans
  • 1970 UN General Assembly accepts membership of People's Republic of China
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 2 British soldiers are killed in a booby trap bomb in Cullyhanna, County Armagh
  • 1974 Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP
  • 1974 The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T

Historic Event

1975 Ronald Reagan announces candidacy for Republican nomination for US President

Historic Event

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset

  • 1979 Islamic extremists led by Juhayman al-Otaybi occupy the Grand Mosque of Mecca, declare the arrival of the Mahdi (the "redeemer of Islam") in the form of Mohammed Abdullah al-Qahtani and call for the overthrow of the House of Saud. Siege lasts two weeks with 100s killed and sets Saudi Arabia on an ultra-conservative path. [1]
  • 1979 US's 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at University of Minnesota Hospital
  • 1980 Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight

Historic Event

1980 United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad

  • 1981 Burundi adopts its constitution
  • 1981 El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive"
  • 1984 McDonald's makes its 50 billionth hamburger
  • 1984 SETI Institute (Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) is founded.
  • 1985 Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released
  • 1986 Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees
  • 1986 World Health Organization announces first global effort to combat AIDS

Leadership Contest

1990 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher fails to defeat Michael Heseltine's bid for leadership of the Conservative Party

Historic Event

1990 Saddam Hussein announces plans to release German hostages

  • 1990 Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq
  • 1990 US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) returns from space
  • 1992 Queen Elizabeth's home Windsor Castle catches fire
  • 1993 Jakovlev-42 crashes into mountain at Ohrid Macedonia, 116 killed
  • 1993 Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.

Murder of Interest

1993 Winnie Mandela's driver and bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg

  • 1994 Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war
  • 1994 Russian Kosmos satellites 2294, 2295 and 2296 launch

Historic Event

1995 Diana, Princess of Wales, admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview

  • 1995 FDA approves new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC
  • 1995 NASA Space Shuttle STS 74 (Atlantis 15), lands back at Kennedy Space Center
  • 1997 Iraq's Revolution Command Council formally endorses an agreement, arranged by Russia, that enables UN weapons inspection teams to resume operations in Iraq
  • 1997 Yohannes Haile-Selassie discovers the partial skull of a 2.5 million year old human ancestor, confirming and establishing the new species Australopithecus garhi, in Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Historic Event

1998 Court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania

  • 1998 First module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched

Historic Event

2001 US President George W. Bush dedicates the US Department of Justice headquarters the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, on what would have been his 76th birthday

  • 2003 After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
  • 2008 After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.
  • 2009 The Mexican government declares its economy technically out of recession after 2.93% GDP growth in the third quarter of 2009; Mexico had been in a severe economic crisis for over a year prior to its economic rebound
  • 2012 Toshiba unveils a robot designed to help in nuclear disasters

Historic Event

2013 Ben Bradlee is presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama at a White House ceremony

Historic Event

2013 US President Barack Obama posthumously awards civil rights activist Bayard Rustin the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Historic Event

2014 Nearly 5 million illegal migrants in the US have the threat of deportation deferred, after President Barack Obama announces sweeping immigration changes

  • 2015 More than half of all trees in Amazon forest at risk of extinction according to data published in journal "Sciences Advances"

Historic Event

2016 South Korean President Park Geun-hye's controversial friend Choi Soon-sil charged with abuse of authority and coercion amid calls to also impeach the President

  • 2017 Atlanta's Georgia Dome, once the world's largest covered stadium, is destroyed in a controlled implosion

Historic Event

2017 German Chancellor Angela Merkel announces that coalition talks to form a government have collapsed

  • 2017 Investment corporation Tencent's market value hits $511 billion, - first Asian company to join the $500 billion club
  • 2018 Airbnb bans listings in Israeli settlements in the West Bank
  • 2018 Mississippi 15 week abortion ban overturned by US judge saying it violated women's constitutional rights
  • 2018 More than 40 religious scholars killed, at event to mark birth of prophet Mohammed, by a suicide bomber near the airport in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2018 Sell-off in technology stocks leads stock market losses wiping out all 2018 market gains
  • 2019 Britain's Prince Andrew announces he is stepping back from public duties after outcry from disastrous interview on his friendship with Jeffry Epstein
  • 2019 Oxford Dictionaries word of the year is "climate emergency"
  • 2019 Snakes lived with hind legs for 70 million years (Najash rionegrina), according to research from La Buitrera Palaeontological Area, Argentina, published in "Science Advances"
  • 2019 US Ambassador Gordon Sondland testifies in impeachment inquiry that “We followed the president’s orders.” and that “everyone was in the loop” over Ukraine dealings
  • 2022 New York state activates the National Guard to assist with historic snow event around Buffalo, with Orchard Park receiving almost 6 1/5 ft [1]
  • 2022 UN COP27 summit agrees to establish fund to help poor and vulnerable countries with climate change, with committee to be made up of representatives from 24 countries [1]

Historic Event

2022 US President Joe Biden turns 80 years old, becoming first octogenarian to serve in country's highest office

  • 2022 World's longest-serving president, authoritarian leader Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, 80, wins re-election in Equatorial Guinea, extending his 43-year rule [1]