Events in History on November 22

  • 498 St Symmachus begins his reign as Pope replacing Anastasius II
  • 845 First King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeats Frankish King Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon, near Redon
  • 1220 Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome by Pope Honorius III
  • 1346 Street fights in Utrecht, Hollandsgezinde Gunterlingen statements

Event of Interest

1492 Pinta under Martín Alonso Pinzón separates from Christopher Columbus's fleet

Event of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope on way to first voyage from Europe to reach India

  • 1542 Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • 1573 The Brazilian city of Niterói is founded
  • 1574 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile

Event of Interest

1595 English fleet led by Francis Drake and John Hawkins unsuccessfully attack San Juan, Puerto Rico during the Anglo-Spanish War [1]

  • 1621 English Poet and preacher John Donne is made Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral in London aged 49

Event of Interest

1675 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament

  • 1683 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • 1699 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark, Russia, Saksen and Poland divide Sweden

Event of Interest

1707 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Friesland

  • 1714 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden
  • 1794 Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision and wearing of beards
  • 1809 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen

Election of Interest

1830 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • 1842 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • 1861 Battle of Fort McRee, Florida
  • 1864 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864 Union General O Howard orders plunderers be shot to death
  • 1872 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • 1884 T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • 1886 Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1899 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)

Event of Interest

1900 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France

  • 1905 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1914 Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia
  • 1914 Ypres, Belgium, burned by German bombing
  • 1918 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • 1918 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels

Event of Interest

1918 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland

  • 1918 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • 1919 15,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam
  • 1919 Labor conference committee in US urges 8-hour work day and 48-hour week

Election of Interest

1922 British Labour party elects Ramsay MacDonald as leader

  • 1922 Library Ave in Bronx named
  • 1922 Wilhelm Cuno forms new German government

Event of Interest

1923 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

  • 1924 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • 1926 Imperial Conference ends, giving autonomy inside British Commonwealth
  • 1927 1st snowmobile patent granted to Carl Eliason (Sayner, Wisconsin)
  • 1927 Belgian government of Henri Jaspar falls but is reformed the same day
  • 1927 Neil Simon Theater (Alvin) opens at 250 W 52nd St NYC
  • 1930 1st Irish Sweepstake run
  • 1930 1st US football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)

Event of Interest

1930 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit

  • 1931 1st performance of Ferde Grofé's "Grand Canyon Suite" given by Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra at Studebaker Theater, Chicago
  • 1932 Pump patented that computes quantity and price delivered
  • 1934 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
  • 1935 Flying boat "China Clipper" takes off from Alameda, California, carrying 100,000 pieces of mail on 1st trans-Pacific airmail flight

Historic Siege

1939 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

  • 1940 500 students in Delft demonstrate against Nazis
  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis
  • 1941 NZ troops conquer Ft Capuzzo Libya

Event of Interest

1942 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel's Africa Korps to fight to the last man

  • 1942 General-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov
  • 1943 British RAF begins air bombing of Berlin, Germany
  • 1943 France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprisoned Lebanese government
  • 1943 US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island in the South Pacific
  • 1944 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • 1950 79 die in a train crash in Richmond Hills, NY
  • 1952 As' Harry Byrd selected AL Rookie of Year
  • 1954 Humane Society (US) forms in Washington, D.C.
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1957 Simon & Garfunkel appear on "American Bandstand" as "Tom & Jerry"
  • 1960 French National Meeting decide to build own nuclear weapons
  • 1962 7th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Perth, Australia

Event of Interest

1963 Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as the 36th US President after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

1963 US President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in an open-topped motorcade in Dallas, Texas

  • 1967 Silver hits record $2.17 an ounce in New York
  • 1967 UN Security council passes resolution 242; Israel must give back occupied land
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of Interest

1968 Terence O'Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, announced a package of reform measures granting concessions to the Catholic minority, in response to protest movement

  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Isolation of a single gene announced by scientists at Harvard University
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Lurgan, County Armagh
  • 1972 Belgium government of Eyskens resigns
  • 1972 US ends 22 year travel ban to China
  • 1973 Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo disbands
  • 1974 Lake Buena Vista Club opens
  • 1974 UN General Assembly recognizes Palestine right to sovereignty
  • 1975 Drummuckavall Ambush: 3 British Army soldiers are killed and one captured when the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a watchtower in South Armagh, North Ireland

Event of Interest

1975 Juan Carlos I proclaimed King of Spain as monarchy restored after 31 years

  • 1976 Algeria Constitution goes into effect
  • 1976 Comic strip "Cathy" by Cathy Guisewite debuts
  • 1977 Regular Concorde passenger service between NY and Europe begins

Event of Interest

1977 US President Jimmy Carter presents engineer Peter Goldmark with the National Medal of Science for his work communication and entertainment technology

  • 1980 Georgia tanker at Pilottown Louisiana, spills 1.3 million gallons of oil after an anchor chain causes a ship to leak
  • 1981 Browns' QB Brian Sipe sets club record by being intercepted 6 times
  • 1981 SD Charger Dan Fouts passes for 6 touchdowns vs Oakland (55-21)
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB, Texas
  • 1985 Columbia moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 61-C
  • 1985 Largest swearing-in ceremony, 38,648 immigrants become US citizens
  • 1985 PNP/MAN win Antilian parliamentary election
  • 1987 Patriots shutout Indianapolis 24-0
  • 1989 Conjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn, and the Moon
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines pilots and flight attendants end their strike, but most are not rehired
  • 1989 US 63rd manned space mission STS 33 (Discovery 9) launches into orbit

Event of Interest

1990 George H. W. Bush visits US troops in Saudi Arabia

Event of Interest

1990 Margaret Thatcher announces her resignation as British Prime Minister

  • 1990 Professor Amos Sawyer installed as interim President of Liberia

Event of Interest

1992 Washington Post reports Oregon Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 10 women

  • 1995 OPEC states that it will roll over its current oil production quota of 25.42 million barrels per day
  • 1995 Rosemary West found guilty in England of killing 10 women
  • 1999 Elian Gonzalez, Cuban boy at the center of a heated 2000 controversy involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, and his mother are sighted off of Florida's coast by U.S. Coast Guard

Event of Interest

1999 Fortune Magazine names General Electric CEO Jack Welch 'Manager of the Century"

Event of Interest

2003 In Tbilisi, Georgia, opponents of President Eduard Shevardnadze seize the parliament building and demand the president's resignation

  • 2004 The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections

Event of Interest

2005 Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany

Event of Interest

2009 President Hugo Chávez states that Venezuela is in recession as the economy contracted 4.5% in the third quarter

  • 2012 2 people are killed and 120 injured after a 100-vehicle pile-up in dense fog in Texas
  • 2012 6 attacks across Pakistan kill 37 people and injure 92
  • 2014 Tamir Rice, a 12-year-old boy, is shot dead by police in Cleveland, after brandishing what turned out to be a fake gun in a playground
  • 2015 In Argentine elections Mauricio Macri (PRO) wins a narrow election victory over his left-wing opponent

Presidential Medal of Freedom

2016 US President Barack Obama posthumously awards the Presidential Medal of Freedom to pioneering computer scientist and Navy Admiral Grace Hopper

Murder of Interest

2017 Californian man Craig Coley pardoned for a double murder after serving 39 years by Governor Jerry Brown. Longest prison term to be overturned in the state.

Event of Interest

2017 Ratko Mladic the "Butcher of Bosnia" is convicted of genocide and other atrocities during the Bosnian war and jailed for life in The Hague

  • 2017 Uber admits hackers stole personal information affecting 57 million people worldwide and paid $100,00 to keep quiet
  • 2017 Vanellope Wilkins, born with her heart outside her body, is first UK baby to survive birth and operations to reinsert her heart
  • 2018 Leaning Tower of Pisa's tilt reduced by 4 cm in 20 year project to stabilise it

Battle of Interest

2020 Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed gives Tigrayan forces 72 hours to surrender before the military begins offensive on regional capital of Mekelle

  • 2020 G20 virtual two-day summit ends with pledge to ensure affordable access to vaccines for all
  • 2022 An out-of-control rebellion by terrorist groups in West Africa’s Sahel area is threatening the entire region, warns Ghana's President Nana Akufo-Addo at a security conference in Accra [1]
  • 2022 UK faces a bigger hit to its economy from the global energy crisis than any other advanced economy according to the OECD, projected to shrink by 0.4% [1]

Event of Interest

2022 UK's King Charles hosts his first state visit - welcoming South African President Cyril Ramaphosa at Buckingham Palace [1]