Events in History on November 23

  • 602 Byzantine senate elects army officer Phocas Emperor in a mutiny against the reigning Emperor Maurice (who is then killed)

Historic Event

800 Charlemagne arrives in Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III

  • 1165 Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
  • 1227 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa
  • 1334 St Clemens Flood: Storm surge overwhelms dikes along Flemish and Dutch North Sea coast, killing thousands; city of Ostend moves church inland to higher ground (an effort repeated twice more over the next two centuries)

Execution

1499 Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV

Historic Event

1556 King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts

  • 1577 Water Geuzen under Captain Slope enters Amsterdam
  • 1584 English parliament expels Jesuits

Historic Publication

1644 "Areopagitica", a pamphlet by John Milton decrying censorship, is published

Historic Event

1654 French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.

  • 1700 Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • 1705 Nicholas Rowe's play "Ulysses" premieres in London
  • 1765 People of Frederick County, Maryland, refuse to pay British Stamp tax
  • 1783 Annapolis, Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • 1832 French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
  • 1835 Henry Burden patents horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy, NY)
  • 1844 Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
  • 1848 Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • 1852 Just past midnight, a sharp jolt likely caused by heavy rains causes Lake Merced, California, to drop 30 feet (9m)
  • 1863 Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, Tennessee begins (results in Union victory 25 Nov)
  • 1863 Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
  • 1864 -25] Battle at Ball's Ferry, Georgia (30 casualties)
  • 1867 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester, England for shooting a police officer
  • 1868 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • 1869 The clipper Cutty Sark is launched In Dumbarton, Scotland, one of the last clippers ever built and the only one still surviving
  • 1876 Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • 1885 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • 1887 Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
  • 1889 Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • 1890 General elections in Italy won by the Left group headed by Francesco Crispi
  • 1890 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit
  • 1892 Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed
  • 1897 American inventor Andrew Jackson Beard invents the "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • 1897 Portable pencil sharpener patented by American inventor John Lee Love
  • 1899 Battle at Belmont: General Methuen's British brigades engage Boer force during Second Boer War
  • 1903 Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
  • 1905 Henry Watson Furness, an American physician from Indiana is named US minister to Haiti
  • 1909 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state record)
  • 1909 Wright Brothers form million dollar corporation to manufacture airplanes
  • 1911 Post Hospital at Presidio, San Francisco, renamed Letterman General Hospital
  • 1912 Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
  • 1913 Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers
  • 1914 The US Army withdraws from Mexico
  • 1915 On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day

Historic Event

1921 US President Warren G. Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes

  • 1923 German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD

Historic Event

1923 Germany's Gustav Stresemann's government falls to the SPD

  • 1930 NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
  • 1931 Nationally Crisis Committee forms in The Hague
  • 1934 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • 1936 1st issue of Life picture magazine created by Henry R. Luce published
  • 1937 Clifford Odets' play "Golden Boy" premieres on Broadway in NYC
  • 1937 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Theater Premiere

1937 John Steinbeck's play "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1939 Nazi Governor of Poland Hans Frank requires Jewish Poles above the age of 11 years to wear a blue Star of David

  • 1940 1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes
  • 1940 Romania signs Tripartite Pact
  • 1941 German troops conquer Klin, NW of Moscow
  • 1942 3rd & 5th Romanian army corps surrenders

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

1942 Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days adrift after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat and he is the sole survivor

  • 1942 German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
  • 1942 Japanese bombing of Port Darwin, Australia
  • 1942 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • 1942 US Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
  • 1943 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
  • 1943 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operations
  • 1943 US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese

Victory in Battle

1944 US 7th army under General Alexander Patch conquers Straatsburg

  • 1945 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • 1946 French Navy fire in Haiphong, Vietnam, kills 6,000
  • 1946 The Workers Party of South Korea is founded
  • 1947 French government of Schumann forms
  • 1948 Dr Frank G. Back (NYC) patents lens to provide zoom effects
  • 1954 For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash
  • 1955 Britain transfers the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean to Australia
  • 1960 Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched
  • 1963 Debut of "Doctor Who" the long-running British sci-fi series
  • 1963 Horatio Alger Society founded

Historic Event

1963 JFK's body lies in repose in the East Room of the White House

Historic Event

1963 LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)

  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Arthur Young resigns as Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)
  • 1971 China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council
  • 1973 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa
  • 1974 60 Ethiopia government officials executed
  • 1976 Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100m undersea without breathing equipment.
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1980 4,800 die in series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy
  • 1980 National Black Independent Party forms

Historic Event

1981 President Reagan vetoes House Joint Resolution 357 which called for further appropriations for fiscal year 1982

  • 1982 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida), for mating in preparation for STS-6
  • 1982 FCC drops limits on duration & frequency of TV ads
  • 1983 Soyuz T-9 lands
  • 1983 USSR leaves weapon disarmament talks
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 58 die as Egyptian commandos storm hijacked Egyptair jet in Malta
  • 1985 Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin, arrested of spying for China
  • 1988 France performs nuclear test
  • 1988 President Reagan announces that he is pocket-vetoing a bill designed to further restrict lobbying by former federal employees.
  • 1989 Pilots Union give up sympathy strike against Eastern Airlines
  • 1989 Xenophon Zolotas is sworn in as premier of Greece
  • 1992 10,000,000 cellular telephone sold
  • 1996 The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 1998 Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
  • 2001 Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.

Election of Interest

2003 Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections

  • 2007 MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.
  • 2008 Economists at the University of Hawaii report that the state entered recession in the previous quarter based on the drop in tourist figures and growing unemployment, with 8,800 jobs expected to be cut in 2009
  • 2009 Maguindanao massacre occurs in Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Mindanao, Philippines
  • 2010 The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines.
  • 2011 Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, The Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh Signs a deal to transfer power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity.
  • 2012 JR Tokai unveil a maglev LO train prototype capable of travelling up to 500km per hour
  • 2014 A magnitude 6.7 earthquake strikes central Japan
  • 2014 An adviser to the Kenyan president says the slaughter of 28 people on a bus by the Somali militant Islamist group al-Shabab is intended to create a religious war in the country
  • 2014 Mass protests in Mexico by relatives of 43 missing Mexican students, who the authorities say were murdered by a drugs gang

Historic Event

2014 Republicans condemn US President Obama's use of executive powers to force through immigration reform

Historic Event

2015 President Yahya Jammeh of Gambia bans "Khatna", the Islamic ritual practice of genital mutilation of young girls [1]

  • 2017 Papua New Guinea Police storm Manus Island refugee camp, forcibly removing asylum seekers
  • 2018 Alabama police kill the wrong suspect after a gunman shoots 18-year-old man and 12-year-old girl at Riverchase Galleria Mall in Hoovermall
  • 2018 US Federal Climate report estimates climate change will reduce economy by 10% by 2100 with $141 billion cost from heat-related deaths, $118 billion from sea level rise
  • 2019 Sumatran rhino officially declared extinct in Malaysia after last known specimen, 25-year-old Iman, dies of cancer in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo
  • 2020 AstraZeneca is the third drugmaker to report an effective vaccine for COVID-19 (62% or 90% effective depending on how it is given) and easy-to make and distribute
  • 2020 Charli D'Amelio becomes the first person to hit 100 million followers on TikTok
  • 2020 China launches Chang’e-5 mission to the Moon from Wenchang space site, Hainan Island, to collect lunar rock and soil samples

Historic Event

2020 US President-elect Joe Biden introduces his new cabinet including Alejandro Mayorkas 1st Latino head of homeland security, Avril Haines 1st female director of national intelligence

  • 2021 At least 45 people are killed when a bus crashes and catches fire, near Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 2021 Egypt reopens its 3000 year old Avenue of the Sphinxes in Luxor with a grand ceremony [1]

Historic Event

2021 Manuscript of early workings of Albert Einstein's theory of relativity "one of the most important scientific documents of the 20th century" sells at auction for $13 million [1]

  • 2022 European Space Agency is the first to announce the inclusion of a disabled person amongst their new class of astronauts - Britain's John McFall [1]
  • 2022 Russia steps up airstrike campaign on Ukraine, with widespread power blacks across the country and Moldova, Kyiv 80% without power or water [1]