On This Day

Events in History on November 4

  • 922 Richarius becomes bishop of Luik
  • 1333 Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.

Historic Siege

1429 Joan of Arc and Charles d'Albret liberate the heavily fortified town of Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier after a siege

  • 1501 Philip de Blank & Juana "la Loca" depart to Spain
  • 1519 Flood ravages Dutch/Friese coast

Royal Coronation

1520 Danish Norwegian king Christian II crowned King of Sweden

  • 1529 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey arrested on charges of treason
  • 1576 Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp
  • 1619 Frederick V crowned king of Bohemia
  • 1631 Ferdinand of Austria installed as land guardian of South Netherlands

Victory in Battle

1645 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Hulst

  • 1646 Massachusetts uses death penalty for denying that Holy Bible is God's word
  • 1675 Storm hits Western Europe: flood in Amsterdam
  • 1737 The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, inaugurated.
  • 1771 Carlo Goldoni's "Le Bourru Bienfaisant" premieres in Paris
  • 1819 Māori Chiefs Hongi Hika and Rewa sell 13,000 acres (5260 hectares) at Kerikeri to the Church Missionary Society for 48 felling axes, New Zealand
  • 1839 The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain
  • 1841 First wagon train arrives in California
  • 1845 First nationally observed uniform election day in the United States, the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
  • 1846 American inventor Benjamin Palmer from Meredith, New Hampshire, patents the artificial leg
  • 1852 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy
  • 1854 Lighthouse built on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay

Election of Interest

1856 James Buchanan elected 15th US president

  • 1861 University of Washington founded in Seattle

Historic Invention

1862 American inventor Richard Jordan Gatling patents the hand cranked Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis

  • 1864 Confederate assault on Johnsonville, Tennessee
  • 1864 Battle at Reynoldsburg Island near Johnsonville, Tennessee: Confederate troops bombard Union supplies and fleet destroying four gunboats
  • 1866 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • 1867 90 kegs of powder used to get rock from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, for seawall
  • 1873 Dentist John Beers of San Francisco patents the gold crown
  • 1874 Samuel J. Tilden elected governor of New York
  • 1875 Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery, Washington, 236 die
  • 1875 Tonga adopts constitution
  • 1875 Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston

Historic Invention

1879 African American inventor Thomas Elkins patents the Refrigerating Apparatus [1]

  • 1879 James Ritty patents first cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his saloon in Dayton, Ohio

Historic Event

1884 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G. Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term (only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms)

  • 1886 Edward MacDowell's orchestra suite "Ophelia" premieres
  • 1890 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
  • 1890 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1893 British South Africa Company troops under Dr Jamesons occupy Bulawayo, Matabeleland

Theater Premiere

1901 Clyde Fitch's play "Way of the World" premieres in NYC

  • 1903 Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
  • 1904 First stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium)
  • 1905 Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • 1910 Start of South Africa's 1st F-C game in Aust (v S Aust). It rained

Agreement of Interest

1910 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East

  • 1911 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco & Congo
  • 1918 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect

Historic Event

1921 The Sturmabteilung or SA (the "Brown Shirts") is formally established by Adolf Hitler

  • 1921 Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated by a right wing fanatic in Tokyo
  • 1924 Nellie Tayloe Ross one of the first two women elected US governor (Wyoming) [See also Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, of Texas]

Election of Interest

1924 Calvin Coolidge is elected to a full term as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John W. Davis

Election of Interest

1924 Stanley Baldwin becomes Britain's Prime Minister for a second time after a landslide victory over Ramsay MacDonald's Labour Party

  • 1924 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson one of the first two women elected US governor (of Texas) [See also Nellie Tayloe Ross, of Wyoming]
  • 1928 Jose Moncada elected president of Nicaragua

Historic Event

1928 American gangster Arnold Rothstein is shot at a business meeting for reputedly refusing to pay gambling debts (dies 6th November)

Historic Expedition

1929 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould and their polar expedition team begin a 2½ month, 1500-mile dog-sledge journey into the Queen Maud Mountains. The first exploration of the interior of Antarctica.

Theater Premiere

1931 Jean Genet's play "Judith" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1933 Bulgarian communist Georgi Dimitrov defends himself and the ideology of communism against Hermann Goering and his Nazi accusers on charges of setting the Reichstag on fire

  • 1933 Young Park (1) in the Bronx named in honor of James Young
  • 1939 First air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1939 US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II
  • 1940 Eggs & cake rationed in Netherlands
  • 1942 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afrika Korps draws back
  • 1944 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1944 RAF bombs Dinteloord (Netherlands), 54 killed
  • 1946 United Nations Educational, Scientific, & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) formed

Nobel Prize

1948 American-born British poet T. S. Eliot wins Nobel Prize for literature

  • 1949 "One Man's Family" premieres on TV in the US, after running as a radio show since 1932
  • 1950 Indonesian troops reconquer Ambon
  • 1950 US troops vacate Pyongyang, North Korea
  • 1952 Earthquake & flood strike Kamshatka-South America

Election of Interest

1952 Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

  • 1954 Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
  • 1956 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1957 2nd Soviet Earth-satellite launched

Papal Inauguration

1958 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli crowned as Pope John XXIII

Historic Event

1958 Belgian minority government of Gaston Eyskens resigns

  • 1958 Democrats win US congressional election

Historic Discovery

1960 Mary Leakey and Louis Leakey discover first Homo habilis jaw fragments (OH 7) at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

  • 1961 Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes premier of Greece
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1965 Lee Breedlove sets female land speed record (308.56 MPH) in Utah
  • 1966 Flooding of Arno River (Florence, Italy) destroys countless art works, kills 113
  • 1968 Battles between Jordanian army & Al Fatah-arm forces

Meeting of Interest

1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill meets British Prime Minister Harold Wilson for talks on Northern Ireland; Wilson states no change of constitutional position of Northern Ireland possible without consent of the its people

Historic Event

1970 Russian nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov forms Human Rights Committee

  • 1970 Genie, a 13 year old feral child found in Los Angeles, California, having been locked in her bedroom by her father for most of her life
  • 1972 Bangladesh adopts constitution
  • 1973 Thousands commemorate former Greek premier Georgios Papandreou
  • 1973 Mark Medoff's "When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder?" premieres in NYC
  • 1973 The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists and roller skaters.
  • 1977 UN Security council proclaims weapon embargo against South Africa
  • 1978 Iranian troops fire on anti-Shah student protesters by Tehran University
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Iran Hostage Crisis

1979 500 Iranian students loyal to Ayatollah Khomeini seize the US Embassy in Tehran, taking 90 hostages for 444 days

  • 1980 Libyan invasion in Chad

Election of Interest

1980 Republican candidate Ronald Reagan is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent Democrat US President Jimmy Carter by a landslide

  • 1981 Beth Henley's "Crimes of the Heart" premieres in NYC
  • 1981 Columbia shuttle launch scrubbed with 31 secs remaining
  • 1981 Dr George Nichopoulas is acquitted of overprescribing addictive drugs for Elvis Presley
  • 1982 Ruud Lubbers becomes Dutch premier
  • 1983 Bomb attack on Israeli headquarter in Tyrus Lebanon, 60 killed
  • 1984 Nicaragua holds first free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas win 63%
  • 1987 Lisa Steinberg, battered into coma by her adoptive father Joel
  • 1989 Rene Muawad elected president of Lebanon
  • 1989 The congress of the Solidarity Party is inaugurated in Sweden. The congress decides, contrary to the proposal of the central committee, not to disband the party.
  • 1989 Alexanderplatz demonstrations for political reforms draw over half a million people in East Berlin, significant event that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall
  • 1990 Iraq says it is preparing for a "dangerous war"
  • 1990 US Secretary of State James Baker visits American troops in Saudi Arabia
  • 1991 Mid East peace conference ends in Madrid Spain

Historic Event

1991 Imelda Marcos returns from exile to the Philippines and was arrested the next day for tax fraud and corruption. She was then released on $6,400 bail.

  • 1993 Bolivia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

Appointment of Interest

1993 Jean Chretien is appointed the Prime Minister of Canada by Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn

  • 1994 Soyuz TM-20 lands in Kazakhstan
  • 1994 San Francisco: First conference that focuses exclusively on the subject of the commercial potential of the World Wide Web.
  • 2002 Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress
  • 2003 The most powerful solar flare as observed by satellite instrumentation is recorded.
  • 2003 Former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy becomes the first person indicted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. He was eventually acquitted.
  • 2004 12 French soldiers, 3 UN personnel and hundreds of civilians die during the Côte d'Ivoire civil war.

Election of Interest

2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate John McCain

  • 2012 Bishop Tawadros appointed as the 118th Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church
  • 2012 Syrian rebels capture a major oil field in Deir ez-Zor Governorate
  • 2014 The US votes in mid-term elections: Republicans retain the house & regain the Senate

Battle of Interest

2014 Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko orders army reinforcements to key southern and eastern cities to combat potential rebel offensive

  • 2014 The body of the last missing victim is found on board the wrecked Costa Concordia, during its dismantling in Genoa
  • 2014 Tim Scott becomes the first African-American Senator in the south since the Reconstruction
  • 2014 Protectionist wins the 2014 Melbourne Cup
  • 2015 Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta announces his resignation after protests over a Bucharest nightclub fire that killed 32

Historic Event

2015 Justin Trudeau sworn in as Canadian Prime Minister with a cabinet split equally between men and women

  • 2015 Plane crashes after take-off from Juba international airport, South Sudan, killing 37, 1 year old survives in father's arms
  • 2016 Paris Agreement on climate change becomes effective
  • 2017 Saudi Arabia arrests 11 princes and other ministers on corruption charges, including billionaire investor Prince Alwaleed bin Talal
  • 2017 Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Nusantara opens in Jakarta with items from the collection of Indonesian tycoon Haryanto Adikoesoemo
  • 2017 Scottish champions Celtic sets new all-time British record (63) for matches undefeated in all domestic football competitions beating St. Johnstone, 4-0 at McDiarmid Park
  • 2018 Death toll from week-long storm in Italy rises to 29 with death of nine people in floods in Casteldaccia, Sicily
  • 2018 New York City Marathon: Lelisa Desisa of Ethiopia runs 2:05:59, 2nd fastest men's time in history; Kenya's Mary Keitany captures her 4th women's NYC crown in 2:22:48
  • 2019 Largest mass commutation in US history when 462 non-violent inmates freed from Oklahoma prisons as part of state prison reforms
  • 2019 Major investigation finds unsafe lead levels in 11 Canadian cities between 2014 and 2018 mostly due to antiquated pipes
  • 2019 Nine members of a US Mexican Mormon family, including six children, shot and killed in attack by criminal gang in Northern Mexico

Battle of Interest

2020 Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed orders military offensive and state of emergency in northern region of Tigray, amid fears of a civil war

  • 2021 COP26 climate pledges, if kept, could help limit global warning to 1.8 °C (above pre-industrial averages) according to the International Energy Agency [1]
  • 2021 WHO says Europe is again the Epicenter for COVID-19 after cases rise 50% in a month [1]
  • 2021 Albino activist Overstone Kondowe is sworn in as Malawi's first MP with albinism [1]