Events in History on October 10

  • 354 Roman Emperor Constantius gives grand circus and theater shows to mark 30th year of his reign as Caesar in Arles
  • 680 Al-Hussein (Al-Ḥusayn ibn) and his followers killed at Karbala by army of Yazid, the Umayyad caliph, on the way to Kufa
  • 732 Battle of Tours: Umayyad army led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi defeated by Frankish Aquitainian force led by Charles Martel during Umayyad invasion of Gaul
  • 1375 Westfriese sea wall breaks flooding northern Netherlands
  • 1471 Battle of Brunkeberg: Swedish regent Sten Sture defeats forces led by Danish King Christian I
  • 1549 Duke of Somerset fired as Lord Protector & imprisoned
  • 1575 Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1578 Count Johan Casimir occupies Ghent with 500 horsemen
  • 1631 Saxon army occupies Prague

Historic Event

1695 King William III escapes South Netherlands, back to England

  • 1720 French government proclaims strike on banknotes

Declaration of War

1733 France declares war on emperor Charles VI

  • 1760 Suriname Colonial Regime signs treaty with Aukaners (ex-slaves)
  • 1780 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in the Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane.
  • 1787 Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
  • 1799 Convention of Alkmaar: British-Russian invasion army departs Holland
  • 1802 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma

Historic Event

1839 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut

  • 1845 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • 1846 Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • 1846 Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
  • 1854 US Assay Office in NYC, New York opens
  • 1863 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)

Historic Invention

1865 John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball made from cellulose nitrate (celluloid) in Albany, New York (patent US50359A)

  • 1868 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • 1868 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain

Great Chicago Fire

1871 The Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, leaving approximately 300 dead, 100,000 homeless, and costing $222m in damage

  • 1874 Fiji becomes a British possession
  • 1886 1st dinner jacket (tuxedo) worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, NY
  • 1888 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania
  • 1889 Barnard College is founded in New York City after Columbia University refuses to accept women
  • 1900 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • 1900 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Murder of Interest

1902 American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

Historic Event

1902 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht

Historic Event

1903 The Women's Social and Political Union is formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women's rights in Britain

  • 1904 Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC

Historic Event

1911 Robert Borden becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Canada

Historic Event

1911 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

  • 1911 The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.
  • 1913 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • 1913 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix

Historic Event

1913 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China

  • 1914 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WWI)
  • 1917 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • 1918 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • 1920 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • 1923 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government

Historic Event

1928 Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China

  • 1931 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
  • 1931 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast" premieres in Leeds
  • 1932 "Betty & Bob" premieres on radio
  • 1932 Dnjepr Dam in USSR put into operation (world's biggest)
  • 1933 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale
  • 1935 Coup under Gen Giorgios Kondylis in favor of Greek monarchy
  • 1935 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia

Historic Event

1938 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland

  • 1941 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing
  • 1941 WW2: Battle of Moscow - Germans Wehrmacht forces encounter stronger than expected resistance at the Mozhaisk line, west of Moscow
  • 1942 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • 1943 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • 1944 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • 1946 Max Frisch' "Die Chinesische Mauer" premieres in Zurich

Historic Event

1954 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops

  • 1957 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England becomes the world's first major nuclear accident

Historic Event

1957 US President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Historic Event

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald signs guestbook in hotel Helsinki

  • 1959 Pan Am begins regular flights around the world
  • 1960 16 California Poly football team members die in plane crash in Toledo
  • 1960 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 4000 die
  • 1961 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 Indies assault up Chinese positions in North-India attack

Nobel Prize

1963 American chemist and anti-nuclear weapons campaigner Linus Pauling wins the Nobel Peace Prize the same day the first nuclear test treaty comes into effect [1]

  • 1963 France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia
  • 1963 Netherlands population hits 12,000,000
  • 1965 "Vinland Map" is introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America, drawn about 1440
  • 1966 The Beach Boys release their influential single "Good Vibrations"

Historic Event

1967 Brendan Behan's "Borstal Boy" premieres in Dublin

  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1972 3 members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature explosion in a house in Balkan Street, Lower Falls, Belfast

Historic Event

1973 US Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to allegations of tax fraud

  • 1974 A's Mike Andrews files $25 million lawsuit against Charlie Finley
  • 1974 Canadian John Hathaway begins 2-yr ride of 50,600 miles

Election of Interest

1974 Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins UK general election

  • 1974 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP) founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin
  • 1975 Israel formally signs protocol for the Sinai II Agreement accord with Egypt, in Jerusalem [1]

Historic Event

1976 Beijing reports arrest of Mao Zedong's widow

Historic Event

1978 Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Jomo Kenyatta as President of Kenya

  • 1978 Steve Perry joins Journey

Historic Event

1978 US Congress approves dollar coin honoring women's suffrage campaigner Susan B. Anthony

  • 1979 Panama assumes sovereignty over Canal Area (ie Canal Zone)
  • 1979 Recorded trace of snow in Central Park NYC
  • 1980 4,500 die when a pair of earthquakes strikes NW Algeria
  • 1980 Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope network dedicated

Historic Event

1981 Anwar Sadat's funeral service held in Cairo

  • 1982 Hernan Siles Zuazo installed as president of Bolivia

Canonization

1982 Pope John Paul II canonizes Rev Maximilian Kolbe, who volunteered to die in place of another inmate at Auschwitz concentration camp, a saint

  • 1982 US imposes sanctions against Poland for banning Solidarity trade union

Historic Event

1983 Israel's Knesset votes 60-53 to endorse Yitzḥak Shamir as Prime Minister

  • 1985 Sudan adopts interim constitution
  • 1985 US fighter jets force Egyptian plane carrying hijackers of Italian ship Achille Lauro to land in Italy, gunmen are placed in custody
  • 1986 7.5 Earthquake strikes San Salvador, El Salvador

Historic Event

1986 Shimon Peres resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

  • 1987 Garfield Park Nature Center opens, latest in Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1987 Giant's Jeffrey Leonard hits playoff record HR in his 4th cons game
  • 1990 American Petroleum Institute (API) reports crude inventories dropped by more than 4 MMB in the last week
  • 1990 US 67th manned space mission STS 41 (Discovery 11) returns from space
  • 1991 Ex-postal worker Joseph Harris kills 4 postal workers
  • 1991 Greyhound Bus ends bankruptcy
  • 1991 US cuts all foreign aid to Haiti
  • 1992 Floriade (Flower Show) closes at Hague, Netherlands
  • 1993 Ferry boat leaves for west coast of South Korea, 120 killed
  • 1994 Lt-general Raoul Cedras resigns as dictator of Haiti
  • 1994 Nobel prize for physiology awarded to Alfred G. Gilman & Martin Rodbell for G-protein discoveries
  • 1994 Value of Russian ruble decreases, 3081 rubles per dollar
  • 1995 Israel begins West Bank pullback, frees hundreds of Palestinian prisoners
  • 1995 Most Dutch telephone numbers increase to 10 digits
  • 1995 Robert E Lucas awarded Nobel Prize in economics
  • 1996 Cornerstone dedication for Holocaust Museum in New York City
  • 1997 Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74

Nobel Prize

2002 American Vernon L. Smith and Daniel Kahneman awarded Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences for work in experiment economics

Nobel Prize

2002 Hungarian writer and Holocaust survivor Imre Kertész is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

Nobel Prize

2003 Shirin Ebadi is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, making her the 1st Iranian Muslim women to receive the prize

Election of Interest

2005 Negotiations between the CDU/CSU and SPD in Germany conclude with the two parties agreeing to form a grand coalition with Angela Merkel as chancellor after both parties lost seats in the 2005 German federal election

  • 2008 Singapore becomes the first Asian country to slip into a recession since the credit crisis began: growth has faltered as a result of less demand for exports, a reduction in tourism, and the end of the real-estate boom
  • 2009 After closed borders for nearly two hundred years, Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich to open their borders
  • 2010 The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved

Nobel Prize

2012 Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on G protein-coupled receptors

  • 2013 Alice Munro is awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize for literature

Nobel Prize

2014 Malala Yousafzai & Kailash Satyarthi win the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize

  • 2015 Bombing at a peace rally in Ankara, Turkey kills at least 95, injures 200
  • 2016 Nobel Prize for Economics awarded to UK-born Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmstrom of Finland for work on contract theory
  • 2018 Flash floods kills at least 10 in Sant Llorenç des Cardassar, Majorca, Spain
  • 2018 Hurricane Michael makes landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida, as a category 4 hurricane with winds of 155 mph (250 km/h), going on to kill 27, having killed 15 in Central America
  • 2019 2018 Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to Polish writer Olga Tokarczuk, after a year's delay due to Swedish Academy scandal
  • 2019 2019 Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to Austrian Peter Handke
  • 2020 Italian teenage computer genius Carlo Acutis, who died of leukemia at 15, beatified by the Catholic Church in Assisi, Italy

Historic Event

2021 Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen says country won't bow to Chinese pressure in defiant speech on Taiwanese National Day, day after Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed to "fulfil reunification"

Nobel Prize

2022 Nobel Prize for Economics awarded to Ben Bernanke, Douglas Diamond and Philip Dybvig for discoveries which improved how society deals with financial crises [1]