Events in History on October 11

  • 1138 Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria, kills an estimated 230,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1531 Battle of Kappel: Swiss Roman Catholic cantons beat protestant forces of Zurich; Huldrych Zwingli Swiss reformation leader is killed
  • 1540 Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan
  • 1573 Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
  • 1614 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
  • 1634 Burchardi flood - "the second Grote Mandrenke" kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany
  • 1674 Pierre Corneille's "Surena" premieres in Paris
  • 1687 Hungary accepts Habsburg sovereignty
  • 1698 France, England & Netherlands ratified the First Partition Treaty, which eventually led to the War of the Spanish Succession

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1726 Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1737 Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta, India
  • 1746 Battle of Rocoux: French defeat British, Austrian and Dutch armies
  • 1776 Brigadier-General Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British during the Battle of Valcour Island (American Revolutionary War)
  • 1797 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): British navy defeats Dutch fleet
  • 1811 The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
  • 1852 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • 1861 Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
  • 1864 Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • 1864 Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1865 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • 1871 Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • 1873 Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
  • 1881 David Houston patents roll film for cameras
  • 1887 A Miles patents elevator
  • 1890 First 100 yard dash under 10 seconds run by John Owen in 9.8 sec at Analostan Island, Washington D.C.
  • 1890 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • 1895 Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia rejects a treaty with Italy
  • 1899 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • 1906 San Francisco Board of Education orders segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children sparking diplomatic crisis
  • 1914 German troops occupy Ghent
  • 1915 Bulgarian anti-Serbian offensive begins
  • 1915 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners
  • 1918 Major tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • 1919 First transcontinental air race ends
  • 1922 First woman FBI "special investigator", Alaska Davidson, appointed
  • 1922 Turkey & Greece sign cease fire
  • 1923 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
  • 1924 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers
  • 1925 Belgian episcopelian speaks against Flemish activism
  • 1929 Sean O'Casey's "Silver Tassle" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1930 Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • 1931 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Stalin forces Zinoviev & Kamenev out of Communist Party

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1936 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Albert Einstein informs FDR of the possibilities of an atomic bomb

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again
  • 1939 NAACP organized Legal Defense & Education Fund

  • 1941 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
  • 1942 -Oct 12] Naval battle at Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal
  • 1944 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • 1944 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1945 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • 1947 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
  • 1955 All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
  • 1955 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1956 AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
  • 1958 2nd US Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back
  • 1960 Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)
  • 1961 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1962 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII

  • 1967 Yoko Plus Me art exhibit opens in London (the me is John Lennon)
  • 1968 Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
  • 1968 Coup d'état in Panama against President Arnulfo Arias
  • 1969 -28] Rome: 2nd bishop synod
  • 1969 Soyuz 6 launched; Soyuz 7 & 8 follow in next 2 days
  • 1969 Three people shot dead during street violence in the loyalist Shankill area of Belfast
  • 1971 Brooks Robinson ties Series record, reaches base 5 straight times
  • 1971 Frank McGee becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • 1971 Switzerland recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1972 Panama adopts constitution
  • 1972 Prison uprising at Washington, D.C. jail
  • 1973 Oakland beats Baltimore 3 games to 2 to win AL pennant
  • 1973 Héctor José Cámpora is elected President of Argentina
  • 1974 A's Catfish Hunter charge owner Charlie Finley with breach of contract

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Mao Zedong's widow Jiang Qing & "Gang of Four" arrested & charged with plotting a coup

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1977 Soyuz 25 returns to Earth
  • 1978 Aristides Royo elected president of Panama
  • 1978 Belgium government of Tindemans resigns
  • 1979 German DR frees dissidents Rudolf Bahro & Nico Hubner
  • 1979 Allan McLeod Cormack & Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan
  • 1980 Cosmonauts Popov & Ryumin set space endurance record of 184 days
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1981 LeRoy Irvin sets yards gained on punt returns record (207 yds)
  • 1982 English ship Mary Rose, which sank during an engagement with France in 1545, raised at Portsmouth, England
  • 1982 Riot in Amsterdam as tram catches fire
  • 1983 Last hand-cranked telephones US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial
  • 1984 1st space walk by US woman (Dr Kathryn D Sullivan)
  • 1984 August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom" premieres in NYC
  • 1984 NASA launches space vehicle S-208
  • 1984 US Vice Presidential candidates' debate - Geraldine Ferraro (D) & George H. W. Bush (R)
  • 1985 Atlantis (51-J) returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB
  • 1985 US intercepts Egyptian Boeing with Achille Lauro terrorists
  • 1987 200,000 march for gay and lesbian civil rights in Washington D.C.
  • 1990 Center for Urban archaeology opens in NYC South Street Seaport Museum
  • 1990 Mexican writer Octavio Paz is awarded the Nobel Prize for literature
  • 1990 Oil hits a record $40.42 per barrel
  • 1990 Libya's Qadhafi says Israel must be eliminated
  • 1990 UK Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd says force would be used if Iraq does not withdraw from Kuwait
  • 1991 Anita Hill testifies Clarence Thomas sexually harrased her
  • 1991 Televangelist Jimmy Swaggart seen soliciting a prostitute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 1st three-way US presidential debate (George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Ross Perot)

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 Toronto down 6-1 in 7th beats A's 7-6 in 11th in AL playoff
  • 1993 Norwegian Rushdie publisher William Nygaard injured in attack
  • 1993 US warship Harlan County anchors off Port-au-Prince Haiti
  • 1994 Russian ruble decreases to 3,926 rubles per dollar
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-68 (Endeavour 7), lands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Nobel Prize in economics is awarded to John Harsanyi, John Nash and Reinhard Selten for their "pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"

Mathematician and Economist John Nash
Mathematician and Economist
John Nash
  • 1995 John Bobbitt has plastic surgery to increase his penis 3 inches
  • 1996 Ford buys rights to name Detroit domed stadium for $40 million
  • 1998 A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40 people.
  • 2000 The 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown.
  • 2001 The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
  • 2002 A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.
  • 2012 A further 83 people are killed throughout Syria by the Syrian army
  • 2012 A US appeal court overturns a district court ruling banning the sale of Samsung

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Mo Yan, a Chinese hallucinatory realist writer, wins the 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature

Novelist Mo Yan
Novelist
Mo Yan
  • 2013 10 people are killed and a hospital fire in Fukuoka prefecture, Japan
  • 2013 27 people are killed after a migrant boat sinks in the Channel of Sicily
  • 2013 The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons wins the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize
  • 2015 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister
  • 2016 South Korean firm Samsung announces it will permanently stop production of Note 7 phones after complaints devices caught fire